Apple Patents

Apple Inc. designs, manufactures and markets smartphones, tablets and personal computers, including the iPhone, iPad, Mac. It also produces the iPod, Apple Watch and Apple TV, as well as the operating systems and applications that support these devices. The company also sells digital content and applications through its iTunes Store, App Store, Mac App Store, iBooks Store and Apple Music.

Apple Patents by Type

  • Apple Patents Granted: Apple patents that have been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).
  • Apple Patent Applications: Apple patent applications that are pending before the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).
  • Publication number: 20170141522
    Abstract: Connector inserts having retention features with good reliability and holding force. These connector inserts may include ground contacts that provide an insertion portion having a reduced length. These connector inserts may be reliable, have an attractive appearance, and be readily manufactured.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 5, 2016
    Publication date: May 18, 2017
    Applicant: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Nathan N. Ng, Zheng Gao, Mahmoud R. Amini, Min Chul Kim, Colin J. Abraham
  • Patent number: 9655082
    Abstract: To effectively and efficiently provide control information, a broadcast pointer channel (BPCH) may be used to identify the type and perhaps relative location of control information that is being provided in a given frame structure, such as a sub-frame, frame, or superframe. A sub-frame (or like framing entity, such a frame or superframe) may have a BPCH and a corresponding system control information segment in which control information may reside. The system control information segment may have any number of control information blocks, wherein each control information block that is present may correspond to a particular type of control information. The BPCH is used to identify the type of control information that is present in a corresponding system control information segment, and if needed or desired, the relative locations of the various control information.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Mo-Han Fong, Hang Zhang, Sophie Vrzic, Robert Novak, Jun Yuan, Dong-Sheng Yu
  • Patent number: 9649685
    Abstract: Various embodiments provide methods and apparatus for forming bulk metallic glass (BMG) articles using a mold having a stationary mold part and a movable mold part paired to form a mold cavity. A molten material can be injected to fill the mold cavity. The molten material can then be cooled into a BMG article at a desired cooling rate. While injecting and/or cooling the molten material, the movement of the movable mold part can be controlled, such that a thermal contact between the molten material and the mold can be maintained. BMG articles can be formed without forming an underfilled part. Additional structural features can be imparted in the BMG article during formation. At least a portion of the formed BMG article can have an aspect ratio (first dimension/second dimension) of at least 10 or less than 0.1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Theodore A. Waniuk, Joseph Stevick, Sean O'Keeffe, Dermot J. Stratton, Joseph C. Poole, Matthew S. Scott, Christopher D. Prest
  • Patent number: 9648928
    Abstract: An expandable band includes one or more expandable links and one or more expansion mechanisms. The expandable link is movable between expanded and contracted positions. The expandable link is biased toward the contracted position. The expansion mechanism can be manipulated to transition the expandable link between the expanded and contracted positions, thus expanding and/or contracting the expandable band. The expandable links may be X links, pantographs, and/or other linkages. The expansion mechanism may include one or more restrictors operable to restrict expansion of the expandable band. The expansion mechanism may also include one or more lock mechanisms operable to prevent and/or resist contracting of the expandable band.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Motohide Hatanaka, Douglas J. Weber
  • Patent number: 9651999
    Abstract: An array of electrical components may be mounted in openings in an electronic device housing. Gaskets may be used to seal the electrical components to a housing wall. The housing wall may be planar or may have a cylindrical shape or other curved shape. A support structure such as a hollow tube may be mounted within the interior of a cavity region defined by the housing wall. The electrical components may be radially deployed into the openings. Mating ramped structures may be translated with respect to each other to push elongated strips of components outward or each electrical component may be pushed outward using a threaded nut that engages threads on the electrical component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Phillip Michael Hobson, Nathan P. Bosscher, John J. Baker, Craig M. Stanley, Brad G. Boozer
  • Patent number: 9651593
    Abstract: An alternating current (AC) to direct current (DC) power converter may have a connector with a pair of power supply contacts and a pair of data contacts. An electronic device may be connected to the connector of the power converter. The power converter may supply DC power to the electronic device using the power supply contacts. The power converter may include control circuitry that has a resistor coupled across the data contacts. When the electronic device and the power converter are connected to each other, each may advertise to the other that capabilities are present that exceed industry standards. At the same time, standard-compliant discovery operations may be performed to probe the value of the resistance of the resistor that is coupled across the data contacts. When extended capabilities are discovered, extended functions may be performed including accelerated charging functions and data communications functions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Nicholas A. Sims, Jeffrey J. Terlizzi, Alexei Kosut, Timothy Johnson, Barry Corlett
  • Patent number: 9651405
    Abstract: A light source in a rotary optical encoder can illuminate a pattern on a rotatable shaft and an optical sensor can detect either the light that is reflected or transmitted based on the pattern. A sampling rate of the optical sensor is dynamically adjusted based on a rotational speed of the rotatable shaft. A pulse rate of the light source may also be dynamically adjusted based on the sampling rate of the optical sensor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Baboo V. Gowreesunker, Joseph William Colosimo, Vladimir Fedorov
  • Patent number: 9651417
    Abstract: Mapping apparatus includes a transmitter, which emits a beam comprising pulses of light, and a scanner, which is configured to scan the beam, within a predefined scan range, over a scene. A receiver receives the light reflected from the scene and to generate an output indicative of a time of flight of the pulses to and from points in the scene. A processor is coupled to control the scanner so as to cause the beam to scan over a selected window within the scan range and to process the output of the receiver so as to generate a 3D map of a part of the scene that is within the selected window.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Alexander Shpunt, Raviv Erlich
  • Patent number: 9651319
    Abstract: Laminated rolls of sealed graphite pouches and methods for making the same are provided. The laminated roll can include a first substrate having a length and a plurality of sealed pouches disposed on the substrate at predetermined intervals along its length. Each sealed pouch can include a graphite sheet having first and second sides, the first side affixed to the substrate, and a second substrate affixed to at least the second side of the graphite sheet and to a portion of the substrate to fully seal the graphite sheet within an enclosed space. In one embodiment, the roll of sealed graphite sheet pouches can be fixed to a roll of another substrate in a roll-to-roll fashion and the combined rolls can be cut into discrete portions for use in a particular application. For example, the roll of the other substrate can be a roll of enhanced spectral reflector (ESR).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Benjamin Rappoport, Derek W. Wright
  • Patent number: 9652233
    Abstract: Instructions may require one or more operands to be executed, which may be provided from a register file. In the context of a GPU, however, a register file may be a relatively large structure, and reading from the register file may be energy and/or time intensive An operand cache may be used to store a subset of operands, and may use less power and have quicker access times than the register file. Hint values may be used in some embodiments to suggest that a particular operand should be stored in the operand cache (so that is available for current or future use). In one embodiment, a hint value indicates that an operand should be cached whenever possible. Hint values may be determined by software, such as a compiler, in some embodiments. One or more criteria may be used to determine hint values, such as how soon in the future or how frequently an operand will be used again.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Terence M. Potter, Timothy A. Olson, James S. Blomgren, Andrew M. Havlir, Michael Geary
  • Patent number: 9651628
    Abstract: Some embodiments of the present invention provide a system that accurately and reliably updates a full charge capacity of a battery. During operation, the system charges the battery from an initial state to a rest point prior to reaching a fully charged state. The system then interrupts the charging process to allow the battery to relax to a resting voltage. Next, the system measures the resting voltage. The system then resumes the charging process toward the fully charged state. The system subsequently estimates the capacity of the battery based on the measured resting voltage and one or more other parameters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Nils E. Mattisson, Thomas C. Greening, Jeffrey G. Koller
  • Patent number: 9652518
    Abstract: Synchronization architectures, methods, systems, and computer readable media are described. One exemplary embodiment includes a first software component which is configured to cause retrieval and storage of structured data for a first data class from a first store of the structured data on a device, such as a first data processing system, and is configured to synchronize structured data for the first data class in the first store with structured data of the first data class in a second store on a host, such as a second data processing system. The first software component is separate from an application software which provides a user interface to allow a user to access and edit the structured data. The first software component synchronizes the structured data through a second software component which interfaces with the host and the device and which controls an order of synchronizing and a plurality of data classes including the first data class.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventor: Gordon J. Freedman
  • Patent number: 9652040
    Abstract: An electronic device may generate a canceling component that reduces or eliminates the unforced response for a base waveform applied to a component haptic output device of the electronic device. The electronic device may create a sculpted waveform that has no or reduced unforced response and may store the created sculpted waveform. The electronic device may apply the sculpted waveform to the component haptic output device. In one embodiment, a space of at least possible parameters may be defined. Canceling component corresponding to points in the space may be iteratively tested. A heat map may be generated based on the unforced response cancellation or elimination of the canceling components corresponding to the points. Based at least on the heat map, a canceling component may be selected. A sculpted waveform may then be generated by combining the base waveform with the canceling component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Melisa Orta Martinez, Wayne C. Westerman, Zhiqiang Gu, Duncan Kerr, Patrick Kessler
  • Patent number: 9652194
    Abstract: In an embodiment, a host computing device includes an internal display and also includes a connector to connect to an external display. A cable is provided to connect to the connector and to connect to the external display. The cable includes video processing capabilities. For example, the cable may include a memory configured to store a frame buffer. The frame buffer may store a frame of video data for further processing by the video processing device in the cable. The video processing device may manipulate the frame in a variety of ways, e.g. scaling, rotating, gamma correction, dither correction, etc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Anup K. Sharma, Scott P. Krueger, James M. Hollabaugh, Roberto G. Yepez, Brijesh Tripathi, Jeffrey J. Terlizzi
  • Patent number: 9649733
    Abstract: A housing for an electronic device as well as methods for forming the housing are disclosed. The housing can be formed from a substrate having perforations to assist in adhering components internal to the housing. The substrate is typically a multi-layer substrate having at least two layers. In one embodiment, an inner layer of the multi-layer substrate can be provided with perforations. The perforations can them be used to adhere internal features to the multi-layer substrate. The internal features can be used for attaching parts or components to the multi-layer substrate, thereby securing the parts or components to the multi-layer substrate and thus the housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventor: Douglas Joseph Weber
  • Patent number: 9652242
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for calculating flag bits is disclosed. The flag bits may be used in a processor utilizing branch predication. More particularly, the apparatus and method may be used to calculate a predicate that can be used by a branch unit to evaluate whether a branch is to be taken. In one embodiment, the apparatus is coupled to receive a condition code associated with an instruction, and flag bits generated responsive to execution of the instruction. The condition code is indicative of a condition to be checked resulting from execution of the instruction. The apparatus may then provide an indication of whether the condition is true.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Rajat Goel, Sandeep Gupta, Yamini Modukuru
  • Patent number: 9652371
    Abstract: A circular queue implementing a scheme for prioritized reads is disclosed. In one embodiment, a circular queue (or buffer) includes a number of storage locations each configured to store a data value. A multiplexer tree is coupled between the storage locations and a read port. A priority circuit is configured to generate and provide selection signals to each multiplexer of the multiplexer tree, based on a priority scheme. Based on the states of the selection signals, one of the storage locations is coupled to the read port via the multiplexers of the multiplexer tree.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Rajat Goel, Hari S. Kannan, Khurram Z. Malik
  • Patent number: 9652066
    Abstract: An electronic device may include a touch display including at least one display layer, and at least one transparent conductive layer thereon defining touch sensing pixels. The electronic device may also include a finger biometric sensor carried by the touch display and that includes a finger biometric sensing layer including an array of transparent conductive finger biometric sensing pixels capacitively coupled to the at least one transparent conductive layer of the touch display. The finger biometric sensor may also include switchable transparent conductive blocking areas between the finger biometric sensing layer and the at least one transparent conductive layer of the touch display and may be selectively switchable between blocking and reading states.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventor: Dale R. Setlak
  • Patent number: 9652088
    Abstract: Fabrication of a touch sensor panel using laser ablation is disclosed. The fabricated touch sensor panel can have its touch sensors formed from conductive layers disposed on a surface such as an undersurface of the panel's cover substrate. A fabrication method can include ablating a first conductive layer to define the first part of the touch sensors and then ablating a second conductive layer proximate to the first conductive layer to define the second part of the touch sensors. The touch sensor panel can be incorporated into a mobile telephone, a digital media player, or a personal computer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventor: Jonah A. Harley
  • Patent number: 9652090
    Abstract: A computing device configured to communicate with an input device. The computing device includes a processor, a touch interface, such as a touch screen, and a receiving unit. The touch interface is configured to detect an input signal corresponding to an object approaching or contacting a surface. The receiving unit is configured to receive, through the touch interface, at least one input signal from the input device, and the receiving unit amplifies the at least one input signal creating at least one amplified input signal. Additionally, at least one of the processor or the receiving unit analyzes the at least one amplified input signal and creates at least one output digital signal corresponding to the at least one input signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Liquan Tan, Jonah A. Harley, Feiqiao Brian Yu
  • Patent number: 9652096
    Abstract: A circuit panel of an electronic device is disclosed. The circuit panel includes a substantially flat surface including an active area of the electronic device; a bent border area contiguous with and extending from the active area of the substantially flat surface; and a plurality of traces coupled to the active area and routed in the bent border area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventor: Steven J. Martisauskas
  • Patent number: 9652125
    Abstract: An electronic device provides, to a display, data to present a user interface with a plurality of user interface objects that includes a first user interface object and a second user interface object. A current focus is on the first user interface object. The device receives an input that corresponds to a request to move the current focus; and, in response, provides, to the display, data to: move the first user interface object from a first position towards the second user interface object and/or tilt the first user interface object from a first orientation towards the second user interface object; and, after moving and/or tilting the first user interface object, move the current focus from the first user interface object to the second user interface object, and move the first user interface object back towards the first position and/or tilt the first user interface object back towards the first orientation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Henrique D. Penha, Graham R. Clarke, Gary I. Butcher, Marcos Alonso Ruiz, Pavel Pivo{hacek over (n)}ka, Jeffrey L. Robbin, William M. Bachman, Benjamin W. Keighran, Jennifer L. C. Folse, Jonathan Lochhead, Joe R. Howard, Joshua K. McGlinn, Elbert D. Chen
  • Patent number: 9652134
    Abstract: Methods, systems, and computer-readable media for creating and using customized avatar instances to reflect current user states are disclosed. In various implementations, the user states can be defined using trigger events based on user-entered textual data, emoticons, or states of the device being used. For each user state, a customized avatar instance having a facial expression, body language, accessories, clothing items, and/or a presentation scheme reflective of the user state can be generated. When one or more trigger events indicating occurrence of a particular user state are detected on the device, the avatar presented on the device is updated with the customized avatar instance associated with the particular user state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas Goossens, Laurent Baumann, Geoff Stahl
  • Patent number: 9652481
    Abstract: Playlists having media items from more than one source are described. Media items in a first library are mapped to media items from an online media item store. Media items within the playlist that can be found in the first library will be played from the first library, while media items not within the first library will be played from the online media store. By identifying media items present in both libraries and playing them only from the first library, the described method can reduce the royalties needing to be paid by the online media store. Further methods are disclosed for setting limits on the number of media items that can be shared by a second library.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: William Martin Bachman, Christopher J. Sanders, Timothy B. Martin
  • Patent number: 9652486
    Abstract: A method of conserving power for a navigation application of a device is provided. The method determines a time for timely departure to an event that is stored in a calendar application of the device. The time for timely departure is determined based on the starting time of the event and an estimated travel time from the current location of the device to the location of the event. The method provides the time for timely departure to the calendar application. The method calculates the time for providing an update to the time for timely departure based on the remaining time before the time for timely departure. The method hibernates the navigation application until the time for providing the update. The method repeats the determining, providing, calculating, and hibernating several times.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Christine B. McGavran, Christopher Y. Tremblay, Thomas Wagner, Ketan Singh
  • Patent number: 9652739
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus involve attestation of items, such as user profiles, roles, assets, etc. In a computing environment, a compliance administrator initiates an attestation process, including specifying particular attributes of a user that require attestation. A workflow is launched to present the user with a workflow form in a browser page of his computing device. As part of the launch, a UI control makes calls to an attestation service to determine which attributes of the user were specified by the compliance administrator and to query an association between each of the specified attributes and a particular UI control and field value therefor. Upon obtaining the results, the particular UI control for the specified attributes are presented to the user in the workflow form, along with an attestation question UI control, and an option for the user to update at least one of their field values.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Bess L. M. Siegal, Rudy Duym
  • Patent number: 9655068
    Abstract: A user equipment and a method performed by the user equipment. The user equipment includes a transceiver configured to enable the user equipment to establish a connection with a first network and a second network, the first network configured to provide signals to control a transmit power of the transceiver and a processor configured to control the transmit power of the transceiver. The processor controls the transmit power by determining at least one network operation of the user equipment, the network operation associated with a configuration of the connection with the LTE network, receiving a signal from the LTE network indicating an increase in the transmit power to be used and performing a power operation that adjusts the transmit power of the transceiver less than the increase indicated in the signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Yingjie Zhao, Li Su, Wanping Zhang, Sreevalsan Vallath
  • Patent number: 9652657
    Abstract: An electronic device may include a housing, and a finger sensor carried by the housing to sense a user's finger placement at different rotational angles. The electronic device may also include an orientation sensor carried by the housing to sense an orientation thereof, and a processor coupled to the finger sensor and the orientation sensor. The processor may acquire finger-matching biometric data of the user's finger at an unknown rotational angle relative to a known rotational angle of finger-enrollment data, generate an estimated rotational angle of the acquired finger-matching biometric data and based upon a sensed orientation of the housing, and attempt an authentication of the user based upon the estimated acquired rotational angle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventor: Mark Allen Heilpern
  • Patent number: 9653079
    Abstract: In an embodiment, a system on a chip (SOC) may include one or more central processing units (CPUs), a memory controller, and a circuit configured to remain powered on when the rest of the SOC is powered down. The circuit may be configured to receive audio samples and match those audio samples against a predetermined pattern. The circuit may operate according to a first clock during the time that the rest of the SOC is powered down. In response to detecting the predetermined pattern in the samples, the circuit may cause the memory controller and processors to power up. During the power up process, a second clock having one or more better characteristics than the first clock may become available. The circuit may switch to the second clock while preserving the samples, or losing at most one sample, or no more than a threshold number of samples.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Manu Gulati, Gilbert H. Herbeck, Alexei E. Kosut, Girault W. Jones, Timothy J. Millet
  • Patent number: 9652782
    Abstract: Systems, methods, and non-transitory computer-readable storage media for interaction-aware advertising to minimize banner blindness. First, the system concurrently displays, via a graphical user interface, an advertisement and application content. Next, the system detects a user interaction with the application content. Based on the user interaction, the system then locks the advertisement within a viewable area of display for concurrent display at the graphical user interface with a portion of the application content, wherein the advertisement is configured to remain locked until an unlocking event is detected.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Mehul K. Sanghavi, Michael Froimowitz Greenzeiger, Ravindra Phulari
  • Patent number: 9652816
    Abstract: Systems, apparatuses, and methods for adjusting the frame refresh rate used for driving frames to a display. A display pipeline is configured to drive a display using a reduced frame refresh rate in certain scenarios. The reduced frame refresh rate may be specified in frame packets which contain configuration data for processing corresponding frames. The display pipeline may drive idle frames to the display to generate the reduced frame refresh rate. When a touch event is detected, the display pipeline may override the reduced frame refresh rate and instead utilize a standard frame refresh rate until all of the frames corresponding to stored frame packets have been processed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Peter F. Holland, Brijesh Tripathi, Joshua P. de Cesare, Arthur L. Spence, Christopher P. Tann, Paolo Sacchetto
  • Patent number: 9653777
    Abstract: An electronic device may have a metal housing. The metal housing may have an upper housing in which a component such as a display is mounted and a lower housing in which a component such as a keyboard is mounted. Hinges may be used to mount the upper housing to the lower housing for rotation about a rotational axis. A slot-shaped opening may separate the upper and lower housing. A flexible printed circuit with ground traces may bisect the slot-shaped opening to form first and second slots. Cavity antennas may be aligned with the slots. Each cavity antenna may include a hollow carrier with a pair of speakers. The speakers may have ports that emit sound through aligned openings in the lower housing. Conductive gaskets surrounding the ports may acoustically seal the speaker ports while shorting the cavity antenna to the lower housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Jerzy Guterman, Edward T. Sweet, Huan-Chu Huang, Daniel K. Boothe
  • Patent number: 9652867
    Abstract: A method and system for providing a dynamic grain effect tool for a media-editing application that generates a grain effect and applies the grain effect to a digital image. The application first generates a random pixel field for the image based on a seed value. The application then generates a film grain pattern for the image by consecutively applying a blurring function and an unsharp masking function, based on an ISO value, to the randomly generated pixel field. The application then blends the grain field with the original image by adjusting each pixel based on the value of the corresponding pixel location in the grain field. The application then adjusts the grain amount in the previously generated full-grain image by receiving a grain amount value from a user and applying this value to the full-grain image.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Russell Y. Webb, Garrett M. Johnson, Alexis Gatt
  • Patent number: 9652948
    Abstract: A haptic actuator may include a housing, at least one coil carried by the housing, and a field member movable within the housing responsive to the at least one coil. The housing, at least one coil, and field member may define a resonant frequency. The haptic actuator may also include drive circuitry coupled to the at least one coil and being capable of generating first and second drive waveforms having respective different frequencies spaced about the resonant frequency to drive the field member at a beat frequency lower than the resonant frequency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventor: Arman Hajati
  • Patent number: 9653228
    Abstract: The systems and methods described herein are directed to a switch for use in an electronic device. The switching assembly may include an elastically deformable actuator having a conductive inner surface and a cosmetic outer surface. The actuator may be disposed on an exterior surface of an enclosure that houses an electric circuit board of the electronic device. The enclosure may have one or more openings for providing an electrical connection between the actuator and the enclosed circuit of the electronic device. When the actuator is pressed, an electrical circuit may be closed and electric current may flow through the conductive inner surface of the actuator. The actuator may be combined with a perimeter element for snapping on and off the enclosure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Emery Sanford, Douglas Joseph Weber, Stephen Zadesky
  • Patent number: 9653029
    Abstract: This application relates to methods and apparatus for refreshing a display device at various frequencies. Specifically, multiple areas of the display device can be refreshed concurrently at different frequencies. In this way, when static content is being displayed in certain areas of the display device, those certain areas can be refreshed at a lower rate than areas displaying dynamic content such as video or animation. By refreshing at lower rates, the energy consumed by the display device and subsystems associated with the display device can be reduced. Additionally, processes for reducing flicker when refreshing the display device at different refresh rates are disclosed herein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Chaohao Wang, Szu-Hsien Lee, Paolo Sacchetto, Shih Chang Chang, Chun-Yao Huang, Paul S. Drzaic
  • Patent number: 9653425
    Abstract: Anisotropic conductive film (ACF) structures and manufacturing methods for forming the same are described. The manufacturing methods include preventing clusters of conductive particles from forming between adjacent bonding pads and that are associated with electrical shorting of ACF structures. In some embodiments, the methods involve use of multiple layered ACF materials that include a non-electrically conductive layer that reduces the likelihood of formation of conductive particle clusters between bonding pads. In some embodiment, the methods include the use of ultraviolet sensitive ACF material combined with lithography techniques that eliminate conductive particles from between neighboring bonding pads. In some embodiments, the methods involve the use of insulation spacers that block conductive particles from entering between bonding pads. Any suitable combination of the described methods can be used.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Bo Zhang, Sang Ha Kim, Cyrus Y. Liu, Kuo-Hua Sung
  • Patent number: 9653448
    Abstract: In an embodiment, an ESD protection circuit is provided in which diodes may be formed between N+ and P+ diffusions within an insulated semiconductor region and in which additional diodes may be formed between adjacent insulated regions of opposite conduction type as well. The diodes may be used in parallel to form an ESD protection circuit, which may have low on resistance and may sink high ESD current per unit area. To support the formation of the ESD protection circuit, each silicon region may have alternating N+ and P+ diffusions, and adjacent silicon regions may have N+ and P+ diffusions alternating in opposite locations. That is a perpendicular drawn between the N+ diffusions of one adjacent region may intersect P+ diffusions in the other adjacent region, and vice versa.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Xin Yi Zhang, Xiaofeng Fan, Junjun Li
  • Patent number: 9652560
    Abstract: Techniques are disclosed relating to handling page faults created by a processor unit. In some embodiments, such techniques may be used within the context of graphics processor units (GPUs) to reduce the chances that a page fault will result in a GPU-pipeline stall. In one embodiment, a processor includes a graphics processor pipeline and a memory management unit. The graphics processor pipeline includes a plurality of pipeline stages. The memory management unit is configured to determine that a first data request from a first of the plurality of pipeline stages causes a page fault, and to service requests from one or more others of the plurality of pipeline stages while the page fault is being serviced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: James Wang, Robert A. Drebin, Patrick Y. Law
  • Patent number: 9655008
    Abstract: A user equipment (“UE”) that performs methods to connect to multiple radio access networks (RAN) including a home network RANs and roaming RANs to perform communications. An exemplary method performed by a UE initially connected to a Long Term Evolution radio access network (LTE-RAN) of a home network and registered with a voice over LTE (VoLTE) service of the home network to perform voice communications via the LTE-RAN, includes detecting a service disrupting event preventing VoLTE communication with the LTE-RAN, deregistering from the VoLTE service of the home network, scanning for available bands in the LTE-RAN of the home network and while scanning for the available bands in the LTE-RAN of the home network, connecting to a further radio access network (RAN) of the home network that allows circuit-switched communications with the home network, wherein the UE performs voice communications as circuit-switched communications via the further RAN.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Swaminathan Balakrishnan, Sarma V. Vangala
  • Patent number: 9653783
    Abstract: Electronic devices are provided that contain wireless communications circuitry. The wireless communications circuitry may include radio-frequency transceiver circuitry and antenna structures. An inverted-F antenna may have first and second short circuit legs and a feed leg. The first and second short circuit legs and the feed leg may be connected to a folded antenna resonating element arm. The antenna resonating element arm and the first short circuit leg may be formed from portions of a conductive electronic device bezel. The folded antenna resonating element arm may have a bend. The bezel may have a gap that is located at the bend. Part of the folded resonating element arm may be formed from a conductive trace on a dielectric member. A spring may be used in connecting the conductive trace to the electronic device bezel portion of the antenna resonating element arm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Joshua G. Nickel, Juan Zavala, Yijun Zhou, Mattia Pascolini, Robert W. Schlub, Ruben Caballero
  • Patent number: 9654154
    Abstract: Systems and method for improving operation of a radio frequency system are provided. One embodiment includes instructions to execute a coarse calibration to associate a first output power with a first operational parameter set; instruct the radio frequency system to transmit a signal based at least in part on the first operational parameter set and a base detrough function; determine performance metrics resulting from transmission of the signal; determine changes in the performance metrics resulting from operating the radio frequency based at least in part on the first operational parameter set and each of a plurality of augmented detrough functions; and associate a second operational parameter set with a second output power, in which the second operational parameter set includes one of the plurality of augmented detrough functions selected based at least in part on the changes that reduce margin between the performance metrics and performance metric thresholds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Gurusubrahmaniyan Subrahmaniyan Radhakrishnan, Wassim El-Hassan
  • Patent number: 9654258
    Abstract: Methods described herein are for wireless communication systems. One aspect of the invention is directed to a method for a HARQ process, in which the HARQ process includes a first transmission of an encoder packet and at least one retransmission. The method involves allocating a transmission resource for each respective transmission. The method involves transmitting control information from a base station to a mobile station for each respective transmission. The control information includes information to uniquely identify the HARQ process and an identification of one of a time resource, a frequency resource and a time and frequency resource that is allocated for the transmission. In some embodiments of the invention, specific control information is signalled from a base station to a mobile station to enable RAS-HARQ operation. In some embodiments of the invention, retransmission signaling in included as part of regular unicast signaling used for both first transmission and retransmissions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Mo-Han Fong, Sophie Vrzic, Robert Novak, Jun Yuan, Dong-Sheng Yu
  • Patent number: 9654076
    Abstract: An audio encoding device and an audio decoding device are described herein. The audio encoding device may examine a set of audio channels/channel groups representing a piece of sound program content and produce a set of ducking values to associate with one of the channels/channel groups. During playback of the piece of sound program content, the ducking values may be applied to all other channels/channel groups. Application of these ducking values may cause (1) the reduction in dynamic range of ducked channels/channel groups and/or (2) movement of channels/channel groups in the sound field. This ducking may improve intelligibility of audio in the non-ducked channel/channel group. For instance, a narration channel/channel group may be more clearly heard by listeners through the use of selective ducking of other channels/channel groups during playback.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Tomlinson M. Holman, Frank M. Baumgarte, Eric A. Allamanche
  • Patent number: 9654104
    Abstract: A resistive force sensor with capacitive discrimination is disclosed. According to an example of the disclosure, a sensor is directed to detect resistance and capacitance in an alternating fashion, the resistance indicating a force being applied to an input area of a device, and the capacitance indicating a proximity of a body part to the input area of the device, and the detected resistance and capacitance are utilized to determine whether the body part has pressed the input area of the device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Fletcher R. Rothkopf, Stephen P. Zadesky
  • Patent number: 9653778
    Abstract: An electronic device has a display mounted in a housing using a plastic display frame. The display has an active area and an inactive area. A display cover layer may have polymer coating layers in the inactive area. The display frame may lie under the inactive area. A patterned metal coating layer may be formed on the display frame. The patterned metal coating layer may have portions that form adhesion promotion structures for promoting adhesion between the frame and the adhesive. The patterned metal coating layer may also have portions that form antenna structures. The antenna structures may be used to transmit and receive radio-frequency signals and may be used as adhesion promotion structures. Adhesive may be interposed between the polymer coating layers and the metal coating layer on the display frame to attach the display cover layer and the display to the display frame.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Kelvin Kwong, Lee E. Hooton
  • Patent number: 9654581
    Abstract: A system and method are described for establishing two-way push communication between an intermediate or companion device and a mobile device. Mobile devices register to listen for push notifications delivered through a push notification service from a specified set of providers. The presence of the mobile devices is delivered to the push notification service that maps the mobile devices to connections made between their respective companion devices and the push notification service. If the push notification service determines that a mobile device is “online,” in response to receiving a push notification for the mobile device, a current network connection over which a companion device is listening for push notifications is identified and the push notification is forwarded to the companion device. The companion device then can deliver the push notification to the mobile device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Daniel B. Pollack, Gokul P. Thirumalai
  • Patent number: D786907
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Marcos Alonso Ruiz, Graham Clarke, Alan C. Dye, Jonathan P. Ive, Henrique Penha
  • Patent number: D786913
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Alan C. Dye, Christopher Foss, Wan Si Wan, Christopher Wilson
  • Patent number: D786921
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Jody Akana, Stephen O. LeMay, Dennis Park, Christopher Daryl Soli, Lawrence Yang