Patents by Inventor Michael S. Marzalek

Michael S. Marzalek has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 9597502
    Abstract: An exemplary sound processor (104) 1) identifies a stimulation site within a cochlea of a patient that is to be stimulated in order to represent acoustic content presented to the patient, the stimulation site included within a plurality of stimulation sites associated with a stimulation channel corresponding to a plurality of electrodes, 2) determines a target excitation field width associated with the stimulation channel and 3) dynamically sets, based on the identified stimulation site, an amplitude and a polarity of current to be applied to each electrode included in the plurality of electrodes in order to represent the acoustic content so that an excitation field created by the current has a width that roughly matches the target excitation field width. A system and a corresponding method are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2017
    Assignee: Advanced Bionics AG
    Inventors: Leonid M. Litvak, Michael S. Marzalek
  • Publication number: 20150328456
    Abstract: An exemplary sound processor (104) may 1) identify a stimulation site within a cochlea of a patient that is to be stimulated in order to represent an audio signal presented to the patient, 2) dynamically designate, based on the identified stimulation site, a first group of one or more electrodes as a group of one or more main electrodes and a second group of one or more electrodes as a group of one or more compensating electrodes and 3) dynamically determine, based on the identified stimulation site, an amount of main current to be applied to each electrode included in the first group of one or more electrodes in order to represent the audio signal and an amount of compensating current to be applied to each electrode included in the second group of one or more electrodes to focus an excitation field created by the main current.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 29, 2013
    Publication date: November 19, 2015
    Inventors: Leonid M. Litvak, Michael S. Marzalek
  • Publication number: 20150328457
    Abstract: An exemplary sound processor (104) 1) identifies a stimulation site within a cochlea of a patient that is to be stimulated in order to represent acoustic content presented to the patient, the stimulation site included within a plurality of stimulation sites associated with a stimulation channel corresponding to a plurality of electrodes, 2) determines a target excitation field width associated with the stimulation channel and 3) dynamically sets, based on the identified stimulation site, an amplitude and a polarity of current to be applied to each electrode included in the plurality of electrodes in order to represent the acoustic content so that an excitation field created by the current has a width that roughly matches the target excitation field width. A system and a corresponding method are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 29, 2013
    Publication date: November 19, 2015
    Applicant: Advanced Bionics AG
    Inventors: Leonid M. Litvak, Michael S. Marzalek
  • Patent number: 7088088
    Abstract: A method of measuring a device under test (“DUT”) includes applying a pulsed-RF input signal to the DUT and coupling an output of the DUT to a receiver having an output bandwidth selected to measure a center tone in an RF pulse response spectrum from the output of the DUT. The receiver is triggered so as to sample data output from the DUT during a window period, and stops taking data after the window period.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2006
    Assignee: Agilent Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael S. Marzalek, David J. Ballo
  • Patent number: 6065137
    Abstract: A network analyzer measurement method adaptively adjusts measurement parameters of the network analyzer, based on a set of measurements of a device under test (DUT) and according to a user-specified limit contour, maximum permissible measurement error or other decision criteria. Measurement speed of the network analyzer is optimized by performing subsequent measurements on the DUT using the adjusted measurement parameters. Measurement bandwidth, the number of measurement sweeps or the frequency location of stimulus points of the analyzer is optimized when characterizing the DUT.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2000
    Assignee: Hewlett-Packard Company
    Inventors: Joel P. Dunsmore, Michael S. Marzalek, Susan Wood
  • Patent number: 6018246
    Abstract: A measurement method adjusts the IF bandwidth of a network analyzer to increase measurement speed for high dynamic range devices. According to the first preferred embodiment of the present invention, the bandwidth of the IF filter is adjusted for each corresponding measurement sweep of the network analyzer. The forward transmission and reflection characteristics of the device under test are measured using a first IF bandwidth, and the reverse transmission and reflection characteristics of the device are measured using a second IF bandwidth. When high measurement sensitivity of the forward transmission parameter of the high dynamic range device is sought, the first IF bandwidth is selected to be narrower than the second IF bandwidth. When high measurement sensitivity of the reverse transmission parameter of the high dynamic range device is sought, the first IF bandwidth is selected to be wider than the second IF bandwidth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 1997
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2000
    Assignee: Hewlett-Packard Company
    Inventors: Joel P. Dunsmore, Michael S. Marzalek, Susan D. Wood
  • Patent number: 5162723
    Abstract: A sampling signal analyzer in which the frequency of an input signal to be measured is initially ascertained, an appropriate sampling frequency is then determined, data needed to reconstruct the wave form of the input signal is acquired, and the input signal wave shape is reconstructed with a calibrated time axis and preferably displayed. The sampling signal analyzer synthesizes a sampler drive signal to enable continuous sampling of the input signal and therefore has the advantage over known data sampling signal measurement instruments that it is not triggered directly in response to the level of the input signal to be measured. Instead, sample timing is based on numerical analysis of the intermediate frequency (IF) signal produced by the sampler. The IF frequency can be an arbitrarily low frequency, which allows digitizing and digital signal processing for aligning measurement data from sweep to sweep with precision.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 1991
    Date of Patent: November 10, 1992
    Assignee: Hewlett-Packard Company
    Inventors: Michael S. Marzalek, Richard C. Keiter, John A. Wendler, Stephen R. Peterson, Ronald J. Hogan
  • Patent number: 4928251
    Abstract: Representations of signal edges of a repetitive signal are sampled without triggering, then sorted out based on frequency and sequence and then superimposed along a common time base of one period in order to reconstruct a signal. In a specific embodiment of a method according to the invention, a string of samples of a repetitive, input signal with high frequency components is captured without triggering with relatively low time resolution to determine an approximate waveform from the low resolution samples, then digital signal processing techniques in the form of a fast Fourier transform are applied to a reconstructed time record of the input signal to obtain an accurate frequency for each signal component, and finally the sampled waveform is reconstructed by overlaying sampled components with reference to a common time or phase reference. The FFT is employed to determine the frequency of each signal component very accurately.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 1987
    Date of Patent: May 22, 1990
    Assignee: Hewlett-Packard Company
    Inventors: Michael S. Marzalek, Stephen R. Peterson, John A. Wendler
  • Patent number: 4660150
    Abstract: An automatic spectrum analyzer is provided with enhanced features for measured data handling and analysis. One feature allows the user to establish a sequence of operations to be performed at the end of each sweep of the instrument. Another feature enables the user to specify a particular signal amplitude and to have a marker placed on a displayed signal trace at that amplitude. Still another feature provides a marker that can be positioned on the next signal peak to the right or the left of the current marker position, enabling the display of the amplitude and frequency of the signal on which the marker is placed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 1984
    Date of Patent: April 21, 1987
    Assignee: Hewlett-Packard Company
    Inventors: Gregory A. Anderson, Paul M. Eason, Michael S. Marzalek, Lynn M. Wheelwright
  • Patent number: 4264958
    Abstract: An input signal is mixed with sampling signals from oscillators which vary the frequency of the sampling signal from a first frequency to a second frequency. The resulting Intermediate Frequency (IF) signal is processed and digital values are stored in a memory in response thereto. Waveforms are then displayed which correspond to these frequency and amplitude values. Various input and display circuits facilitate the display and interpretation of these waveforms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 1978
    Date of Patent: April 28, 1981
    Assignee: Hewlett-Packard Company
    Inventors: Joseph Rowell, Jr., Michael S. Marzalek, Michael J. Neering
  • Patent number: 4257104
    Abstract: An input signal is mixed with sampling signals from oscillators which vary the frequency of the sampling signal from a first frequency to a second frequency. The resulting Intermediate Frequency (IF) signal is processed and digital values are stored in a memory in response thereto. Waveforms are then displayed which correspond to these frequency and amplitude values. Various input and display circuits facilitate the display and interpretation of these waveforms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 1978
    Date of Patent: March 17, 1981
    Assignee: Hewlett-Packard Company
    Inventors: Larry R. Martin, Michael S. Marzalek
  • Patent number: 4244024
    Abstract: An input signal is mixed with sampling signals from oscillators which vary the frequency of the sampling signal from a first frequency to a second frequency. The resulting Intermediate Frequency (IF) signal is processed and digital values are stored in a memory in response thereto. Waveforms are then displayed which correspond to these frequency and amplitude values. Various input and display circuits facilitate the display and interpretation of these waveforms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 1978
    Date of Patent: January 6, 1981
    Assignee: Hewlett-Packard Company
    Inventors: Michael S. Marzalek, Lynn M. Wheelwright
  • Patent number: 4130808
    Abstract: A variable frequency oscillator is disclosed which is electronically and periodically swept from one frequency to another. Prior to the beginning of each sweep, the variable frequency oscillator is phase locked to a reference signal source and the error voltage in the phase lock loop is stored. When the sweep begins the phase lock loop is opened and the error voltage is summed with a sweep voltage to provide for correction of oscillator drift on a sweep by sweep basis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 1977
    Date of Patent: December 19, 1978
    Assignee: Hewlett-Packard Company
    Inventor: Michael S. Marzalek
  • Patent number: 4016432
    Abstract: A counter circuit is incremented and decremented at a rate having a non-linear dependence on the rotational speed and direction of a rotary pulse generator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 1975
    Date of Patent: April 5, 1977
    Assignee: Hewlett-Packard Company
    Inventor: Michael S. Marzalek