Rotating The Heating Tool Patents (Class 175/15)
  • Patent number: 8936108
    Abstract: Downhole cutting systems, devices and methods for utilizing 10 kW or more laser energy transmitted deep into the earth with the suppression of associated nonlinear phenomena. Systems and devices for the laser cutting operations within a borehole in the earth. These systems and devices can deliver high power laser energy down a deep borehole, while maintaining the high power to perform cutting operations in such boreholes deep within the earth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Assignee: Foro Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Mark S. Zediker, Charles C. Rinzler, Brian O. Faircloth, Yeshaya Koblick, Joel F. Moxley
  • Patent number: 8869914
    Abstract: Workover and completion systems, devices and methods for utilizing 10 kW or more laser energy transmitted deep into the earth with the suppression of associated nonlinear phenomena. Systems and devices for the laser workover and completion of a borehole in the earth. These systems and devices can deliver high power laser energy down a deep borehole, while maintaining the high power to perform laser workover and completion operations in such boreholes deep within the earth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: Foro Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Mark S. Zediker, Charles C. Rinzler, Brian O. Faircloth, Yeshaya Koblick, Joel F. Moxley
  • Patent number: 8807218
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for wellbore perforation in which a laser beam at a downhole location of a wellbore is directed to a target area of a wellbore wall to be perforated. The laser beam is guided through a longitudinally extensible nozzle onto the target area and a purge fluid is introduced into the longitudinally extensible nozzle, thereby longitudinally extending the nozzle toward the target area. The purge fluid in the longitudinally extensible nozzle is passed through a purge fluid outlet of the nozzle onto the target area, thereby removing debris from the target area generated by the laser beam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Gas Technology Institute
    Inventors: Mark S Kleefisch, Iraj Salehi
  • Patent number: 8757292
    Abstract: Methods for utilizing 10 kW or more laser energy transmitted deep into the earth with the suppression of associated nonlinear phenomena to enhance the formation of Boreholes. Methods for the laser operations to reduce the critical path for forming a borehole in the earth. These methods can deliver high power laser energy down a deep borehole, while maintaining the high power to perform operations in such boreholes deep within the earth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Foro Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Mark S. Zediker, Charles C. Rinzler, Brian O. Faircloth, Yeshaya Koblick, Joel F. Moxley
  • Patent number: 8701794
    Abstract: Systems devices and methods for the transmission of 1 kW or more of laser energy deep into the earth and for the suppression of associated nonlinear phenomena. Systems, devices and methods for the laser perforation of a borehole in the earth. These systems can deliver high power laser energy down a deep borehole, while maintaining the high power to perforate such boreholes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Foro Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Mark S. Zediker, Charles C. Rinzler, Brian O. Faircloth, Yeshaya Koblick, Joel F. Moxley
  • Patent number: 8678087
    Abstract: Systems, apparatuses, and methods for producing fluids from a wellbore wherein fluids may be communicated through an aperture in a wall of the wellbore. A laser can then be used to seal the aperture in the wall of the wellbore. The wall of the wellbore may include a casing, and the laser can be used to seal the aperture in the wall of the wellbore by fusing apertures in the casing shut. Fusing the aperture in the casing can involve heating the casing such that opposite sides of the aperture fuse together or can involve selectively laser sintering fusible powders. The wall of the wellbore can be an open hole and using a laser to seal the aperture can include sealing the aperture in side surfaces of the open hole by glazing the surface of hole extending into a subterranean formation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Roger L. Schultz, Loyd E. East, Harold G. Walters, Billy Wilson McDaniel, Mohamed Y. Soliman, Neal Gregory Skinner
  • Patent number: 8636085
    Abstract: The removal of material from the path of a high power laser beam during down hole laser operations including drilling of a borehole and removal of displaced laser effected borehole material from the borehole during laser operations. In particular, paths, dynamics and parameters of fluid flows for use in conjunction with a laser bottom hole assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2014
    Assignee: Foro Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Charles C. Rinzler, Mark S. Zediker, Brian O. Faircloth, Joel F. Moxley
  • Patent number: 8550182
    Abstract: A drill bit, system and method for penetrating a material such as a mineral bearing rock or the like. The system comprises a drill bit comprising a cutting face comprising at least one cutting tool, an emitter of microwaves positioned behind the cutting face, wherein at least a portion of the microwaves are emitted in a direction away from the cutting face, and a reflector for directing the portion to the cutting face. In operation the emitted microwaves irradiate the material prior to the irradiated material being removed by the at least one cutting tool.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Assignee: McGill University
    Inventors: Jacques Ouellet, Peter Radziszewski, Vijaya Raghavan, Hemanth Satish, Ferri Hassani
  • Patent number: 8540026
    Abstract: Methods may include selecting a slot size of apertures to control sand production including formation fines in fluid from a subterranean zone. The slot size may be selected based on a distribution of sizes of particles in fluid from the subterranean zone. A laser may be used to form apertures with the selected slot size in a casing installed in a wellbore in the subterranean zone. Systems and apparatuses may be configured to perform the above operations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2013
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Roger L. Schultz, Loyd E. East, Harold G. Walters, Billy Wilson McDaniel, Mohamed Y. Soliman, Neal Gregory Skinner
  • Patent number: 8534357
    Abstract: Systems, methods, and apparatuses involve selecting an aperture geometry to filter solids from fluid from a subterranean zone, the aperture geometry selected based on a distribution of sizes of particles in the fluid from the subterranean zone. A laser can be used to form slots with the selected aperture geometry in a casing installed in a well in the subterranean zone, the aperture geometry having a size selected based on the distribution of sizes of the particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Roger L. Schultz, Loyd E. East, Harold G. Walters, Billy Wilson McDaniel, Mohamed Y. Soliman, Neal Gregory Skinner
  • Patent number: 8528643
    Abstract: Methods, systems, and devices related to downhole wellbore operations such as drilling and completing wells in an earth formation include a laser device. For example, a method may include characterizing a subterranean formation, selecting an orientation of an aperture based on characteristics of the subterranean formation, and using a laser to form an aperture of the selected orientation in the wall of the wellbore.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2013
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Roger L. Schultz, Loyd E. East, Harold G. Walters, Billy Wilson McDaniel, Mohamed Y. Soliman, Neal Gregory Skinner
  • Patent number: 8511401
    Abstract: Systems, devices and methods for the transmission of 1 kW or more of laser energy deep into the earth and for the suppression of associated nonlinear phenomena. Systems, devices and methods for the laser drilling of a borehole in the earth. These systems can deliver high power laser energy down a deep borehole, while maintaining the high power to advance such boreholes deep into the earth and at highly efficient advancement rates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Assignee: Foro Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Mark S. Zediker, Charles C. Rinzler, Brian O. Faircloth, Yeshaya Koblick, Joel F. Moxley
  • Patent number: 8464794
    Abstract: Methods, systems, and devices related to downhole wellbore operations, such as drilling and completing wells in an earth formation, include a laser device. A first portion of a subterranean formation can be characterized, the first portion being at a first location. A first orientation of an aperture can be selected based on the characteristics of the first portion of the subterranean formation. A laser beam can be used to create the aperture having the first orientation. A second portion of the subterranean formation can be characterized, the second portion being at a second location different from the first location. A second orientation, different from the first orientation, can be selected based on the characteristics of the second portion of the subterranean formation. The laser beam can be moved to the second location and can be used to form the aperture having the second orientation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2013
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Roger L. Schultz, Loyd E. East, Harold G. Walters, Billy W. McDaniel, Mohamed Y. Soliman, Neal G. Skinner
  • Publication number: 20120261188
    Abstract: There is provided a laser-mechanical method for drilling boreholes that utilizes specific combinations of high power directed energy, such as laser energy, in combination with mechanical energy to provide a synergistic enhancement of the drilling process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 23, 2012
    Publication date: October 18, 2012
    Inventors: Mark S. Zediker, Brian O. Faircloth, Erik C. Allen
  • Patent number: 8256531
    Abstract: A method and device for installing a tube of a geothermal closed loop system in the ground. A drill rod includes a hook for removably mounting the heat exchange tube for positioning the tube in the hole bored in the ground by the drill bit. The tube may be inserted into the bored hole once the drill is removed therefrom, mounted to the tube and then reinserted into the hole. Alternatively, the tube is mounted to the drill rod as the hole is being bored.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2012
    Assignee: Williams Comfort Air, Inc.
    Inventors: Terry R. Biggs, Joseph A. Huck
  • Patent number: 8235140
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for spalling a material, for example to thermally drill a wellhole, are provided. Such methods may include directing a fluid having a temperature greater than about 500° C. above the ambient temperature of the material and less than about the temperature of the brittle-ductile transition temperature of the material to a target location on the surface of the material, wherein the fluid produces a heat flux of about 0.1 to about 50 MW/m2 at an interface between the fluid and the target location, and thereby creating spalls of the material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2012
    Assignee: Potter Drilling, Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas W. Wideman, Jared M. Potter, Donald Dreesen, Robert M. Potter
  • Publication number: 20120067643
    Abstract: There is provided a system and method for having multiple movable isolation zones within a borehole, to provide for zones having predetermined properties, such as pressure, flow or optical properties. These movable isolation zones provide advantages in downhole activities, such as, laser cutting and laser drilling to advance a borehole.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 17, 2011
    Publication date: March 22, 2012
    Inventors: Ron A. DeWitt, Mark S. Zediker, Charles C. Rinzler, Lance D. Underwood, Mark S. Land, Daryl L. Grubb, Sam N. Schroit
  • Publication number: 20110168443
    Abstract: Deep drillholes of 2 or more meters diameter down to 14-20 km and more, are with current technology extremely expensive and often not possible. Such wells are needed to run almost anywhere old nuclear/coal powerstations cheaply by geothermal steam: Water/cool steam down and hot steam up. As by-product energy is CO2-free. Steel and rock can be cut by heat of any type: conductive, radiative and heat-transmission by contact. This principle is used in the steel industry by (translated from German) “burning-cutting machines”. In addition rock can be cut by heat-induced evaporation. A ring with radii and segments that carry one to hundreds heat-generating elements moves through the rock. This way, with fairly low energy-consumption, coring is done at a high speed at almost (any) diameter. Stafette-type core- and equipment transport ensures the speed of the drilling system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 27, 2010
    Publication date: July 14, 2011
    Inventor: Peter Paul Smolka
  • Publication number: 20100089576
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for spalling a geological formation, for example to thermally drill a wellhole, are provided. Such methods may include providing a housing comprising a reaction chamber and a catalyst element held within the reaction chamber, providing at least one jet nozzle, contacting one or more unreacted fluids or solids with the catalyst element, wherein the unreacted fluid or solid is adapted to react over the catalyst element, thus generating a reacted fluid, and emitting the reacted fluid through the at least one nozzle, wherein the at least one nozzle is directed to an excavation site within or on the geological rock formation, thereby creating spalls and/or a reacted rock region.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 8, 2009
    Publication date: April 15, 2010
    Applicant: Potter Drilling, Inc.
    Inventors: THOMAS W. WIDEMAN, JARED M. POTTER, DONALD S. DREESEN, ROBERT M. POTTER
  • Publication number: 20100044102
    Abstract: There is provided a system, apparatus and methods for removal of material for the path of a laser beam during laser drilling of a borehole and for removal of displaced borehole material from the borehole during laser drilling. In particular, there are provided paths, dynamics and parameters of fluid flows, and apparatus for obtaining such, for use in conjunction with a laser bottom hole assembly.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 19, 2009
    Publication date: February 25, 2010
    Inventors: Charles C. Rinzler, Mark S. Zediker, Brian O. Faircloth, Joel F. Moxley
  • Patent number: 7487834
    Abstract: Apparatus and methods of using lasers are provided for the perforation of oil and gas well casings and rock formations. A rock removal process called laser spallation is provided that utilizes a combination of laser-induced thermal stress and laser induced superheated steam explosions just below the surface of the laser/rock interaction to spall or fracture the rock into small fragments that can then be easily removed from the rock formation. The use of high power laser beams of kilowatt level is provided to rapidly cut the steel casings and perforate into the formation. Techniques of the invention increase permeability and reduce hole tapering while perforating a deep hole in reservoir rock formations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2009
    Assignee: UChicago Argonne, LLC
    Inventors: Claude B. Reed, Zhiyue Xu
  • Patent number: 7179018
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for working asphalt pavement, comprising one or both of a mechanical, hydraulic, electric, or pneumatic means for providing high-speed rotation; a rotary tool comprising a first end comprising a working surface and a second end adapted for connection to the means for providing high-speed rotation; and a screed, cooperatively arranged with the rotary tool, and comprising a working surface adjacent the working surface of the rotary tool, wherein the rotary tool is spun at high speed and applied to the asphalt pavement, frictionally heating the asphalt pavement to a temperature sufficient to work the pavement locally adjacent rotary tool and the screed. The screed and rotary tool comprising abrasion resistant materials selected from the group consisting of high-strength steel, hardened alloys, cemented metal carbide, polycrystalline diamond, and cubic boron nitride. The rotary tool and the screed apparatus may comprise a closed loop control system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2007
    Inventors: David R. Hall, Francis Leany, Robert P. Chase, Garret Smith, Matthew Hellewell, Joe Fox
  • Patent number: 6880646
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for providing fluid flow into a wellbore in which an apparatus having at least one laser energy output is lowered into the wellbore and the at least one laser energy output is directed at a wall of the wellbore. At least a portion of the wall is heated using the at least one laser energy output, whereby flow of a fluid into the wellbore is initiated and/or- enhanced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2005
    Assignee: Gas Technology Institute
    Inventor: Samih Batarseh
  • Patent number: 5771984
    Abstract: Various rock spallation devices and methods reduce the cost of deep hole excavation. A spallation head has rotating, circumferentially spaced jets. The jets may be combustion flame jets or very hot water. In a combustion embodiment, air and water are delivered to the spallation apparatus downhole in a mixture, and are separated. In a low density embodiment, the borehole is essentially empty. In a high density embodiment, more water is included in the mixture of air and water, and the borehole is filled with fluid. Instead of combustion, the kinetic energy of flowing water at the spallation device can be used to power a turbogenerator that generates electric energy to heat the water and spall the rock. The jets may also be aimed and configured to fuse the excavation material, if spallation is not feasible. New lengths of feed and return pipe can be added while spallation continues uninterrupted, either due to well head alternating equipment, or a downhole relative motion device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 30, 1998
    Assignee: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Robert M. Potter, Jefferson W. Tester
  • Patent number: 4776638
    Abstract: A method for the electro-thermal and electrochemical underground conversion of coal into oil and by-products comprises the steps of inserting an underground probe into a bore hole until the probe is in close proximity to a coal seam. A mixture of air, steam, an electrolyte and a suitable catalyst is supplied to the probe, and the mixture is then sprayed directly on the coal seam through a passage in a nozzle. The probe is also energized with electricity applied to the nozzle to produce an arc between the coal and the probe, simultaneous with the spraying of the mixture on the coal seam. Heat of the combustion from the arc and the steam combine to produce a pyrolysis, oxidation, and reduction of the coal, thereby converting the coal into a gaseous combination of oil and by-products. The arc can be rotated to increase the tunnel diameter. An apparatus for performing the method is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 1987
    Date of Patent: October 11, 1988
    Assignee: University of Kentucky Research Foundation
    Inventor: Ottfried J. Hahn
  • Patent number: 4260194
    Abstract: A method of producing an underground cavity in a driving shield advance operation comprises, prior to excavation, forming an annular slot corresponding to the contour and wall thickness of the shield ahead of the shield by using hot gas jets to form the slot and to separate a core from the surrounding rock formation, advancing the shield into the annular slot, and breaking out the core under the protection of the shield. The device for producing the underground cavity comprises a tubular drive shield adapted to be advanced into the cavity and having an interior support wall on which is rotatably supported a support member having an arm carrying a gas jet lance. The gas jet lance advantageously includes at least one gas nozzle directed forwardly to form an inwardly extending cavity ahead of the shield, and one or more nozzle discharges directing the gas laterally.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 1978
    Date of Patent: April 7, 1981
    Assignee: Messerschmitt-Bolkow-Blohm GmbH
    Inventors: Friedrich-Karl Blindow, Jurgen Decker, Heinrich Kluibenschedl, German Munding, Armin Sowa, Harald Wagner
  • Patent number: 4190121
    Abstract: A thermal drilling device which operates in a rotary or circumferentially oscillatory motion and which is particularly adapted for drilling geological formations comprises a drill body which has an interior combustion chamber with a bottom having an outlet defining a discharge nozzle. Means are provided for adding fuel components into the combustion chamber and for igniting them to generate hot gaseous products of combustion which are discharged through a nozzle slot arranged at the bottom of the combustion chamber. The nozzle slot extends diametrically of the drilling area at the bottom and slot outline or a plurality of slots arranged symmetrically relative to the longitudinal axis of the drilling body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 1978
    Date of Patent: February 26, 1980
    Assignee: Messerschmitt-Bolkow-Blohm GmbH
    Inventors: Werner Baum, German Munding
  • Patent number: 4073351
    Abstract: A burner in the form of a flame jet drill bit engine for liquid fuels is disclosed. The burner has particular utility in a flame jet drill and comprises an axially elongated body with a combustion chamber disposed therein. At least one flame jet nozzle is disposed through the body adjacent the bottom so as to communicate with the reaction chamber. At least one set of water or other liquid jet nozzles is also disposed on the bottom of the body which produce a pulsating water jet at extremely high velocities. The flame jet nozzle and the water jet nozzles are arranged and configured on the bottom of the body so as to be substantially parallel to the axis of the body. By the use of the combination of flame jets and water jets, a cutting means is produced which can cut through a wide range of amorphous and sedimentary rocks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 1976
    Date of Patent: February 14, 1978
    Assignee: Pei, Inc.
    Inventor: Werner Baum
  • Patent number: 3991817
    Abstract: Apparatus and method for recovering resources from subterranean rock formations, particularly heat energy, and more particularly geothermal energy. A heat-drill, which has means associated therewith for removing some rock from the earth and forming other rock into shafts, drills into the earth and forms two shafts at the same time. Both shafts communicate with each other and with the surface and are used to circulate a drilling mud which passes through the drill body and carries off the rock being removed. The heating means is shaped in a coil or grid pattern and operates at a temperature well above the melting point of the rock, heating the rock it displaces to well above its melting point, while raising the average temperature of the total rock melted to slightly above its melting point. The drilling mud absorbs heat as it circulates and the absorbed heat is put to any desirable use, particularly by being recovered from the drilling mud by a heat-exchanger on the surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 1974
    Date of Patent: November 16, 1976
    Inventor: Rufus G. Clay
  • Patent number: 3934659
    Abstract: The apparatus is a rocket with a drill head provided with a group of jet nozzles. One nozzle of this group is the face-forming one, while the plurality of the rows of the rest of the nozzles belong to imaginary circles concentric with the longitudinal axis of the rocket. The spacing of the nozzles in each row equals 4 to 7 critical diameters of the jet nozzle of the respective row, while the spacing of any pair of the adjacent rows of the nozzles in a projection of the drill head upon a plane perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the rocket is 4 to 7 times greater than the mean diameter of the nozzles of the said pair of rows of nozzles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 1975
    Date of Patent: January 27, 1976
    Inventor: Mikhail Ivanovich Tsiferov