Spring Biased Patents (Class 175/291)
  • Patent number: 9068407
    Abstract: A drilling assembly for drilling a subterranean wellbore includes an expandable reamer and an expandable stabilizer. The expandable reamer and the expandable stabilizer each have a tubular body with a longitudinal axis and a drilling fluid flow path extending therethrough. A plurality of blades is carried by the reamer and a plurality of bearing pads is carried by the stabilizer. The blades and bearing pads are outwardly movable from a retracted position to an extended position with respect to the longitudinal axes of the reamer and stabilizer, respectively. The reamer and stabilizer each include an actuation device for moving the blades and bearing pads, respectively, from the retracted position to the extended position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2015
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Steven R. Radford, L. Allen Sinor, Anders K. Nesheim
  • Patent number: 8967300
    Abstract: A downhole tool includes a pressure activated flow switch for selectively actuating and deactuating a device, such as a reaming block. The flow switch is deployed external to the flow bore and includes a flow piston configured to reciprocate between axially opposed open and closed positions such that the device is actuated when the flow piston is in the open position and deactuated when the flow piston is in the closed position. The flow piston is configured to translate from the closed position to the open position when a differential pressure exceeds a predetermined threshold. The flow piston may be further configured to remain in the open position at differential pressures less than the threshold.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Smith International, Inc.
    Inventors: Charles H Dewey, John E. Campbell, Daniel LeVon
  • Publication number: 20140318869
    Abstract: Systems and methods for reducing the amount of torque transferred to the Bottom Hole Assembly and the drill string during drilling operations are disclosed. The drill string includes an optionally non-rotatable portion. A rotational hold down system is positioned at a first position on the drill string where it is not rotationally coupled to the drill string. The rotational hold down system is then moved to a second position on the drill string where it is rotationally coupled to the optionally non-rotatable portion of the drill string. In the second position, one or more bars on the rotational hold down system substantially prevent rotation of the optionally non-rotatable portion of the drill string.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 9, 2014
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Inventors: Jim B. Surjaatmadja, Loyd East
  • Patent number: 8863863
    Abstract: An undercutting tool for producing transverse grooves in a drilled hole. An upper support and a lower support axially delimit a receiving region of a shank. At least two spreading elements are disposed in the receiving region between the spreading elements and the receiving region. The shank and the supports are disposed so the axial distance between the supports can be reduced by exerting an axial force. The spreading elements each have an oblique upper and lower end face, which each have such an outer geometric shape, extending in a direction not perpendicular to the longitudinal axis and are displaced in substantially opposite radial directions, and the axial force is in each case converted to a radial force in the radial directions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Inventor: Josef Hasler
  • Patent number: 8746371
    Abstract: Expandable reamers for enlarging wellbores include a tubular body and one or more blades configured to extend and retract. A sleeve member within the tubular body has open ends to allow fluid to flow therethrough. A fluid port extends through a wall of the sleeve member. A restriction member within the sleeve is movable between first and second positions. In the first position, fluid flow through the downhole end of the sleeve is generally unimpeded, and fluid flow through the fluid port is generally impeded. In the second position, fluid flow through the downhole end of the sleeve member is generally impeded, and fluid flow through the fluid port is generally unimpeded. The restriction member may be configured to move responsive to changes in the rate of fluid flow through the sleeve member. Methods of using such reamers are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventor: Steven Richard Gentry
  • Patent number: 8727041
    Abstract: Expandable apparatus for use in subterranean boreholes include a tubular body having at least one opening and at least one member positioned within the at least one opening. The member is configured to move between a retracted position and an extended position. A sleeve member including a constricted portion may be disposed in the tubular body and may selectively retain the at least one member in the retracted position. In some embodiments, the sleeve member may be biased in an initial position. Methods of moving a member of an expandable apparatus include repeating retracting and expanding of the member. Methods of triggering an expandable apparatus include forming a constriction in a fluid flow path extending through a sleeve member to move the sleeve member in a downhole direction responsive to fluid flow.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventor: Steven R. Radford
  • Patent number: 8668031
    Abstract: A drill bit comprises a bit body connectable to a drill string at an first end, which bit body is provided with a longitudinal passageway extending from an opening at the first end to a port at a second end. The drill bit further comprises a closure element for closing the passageway, and when the closure element is in a closing position, the closure element is removable. Further, the closure element comprises a first and a second member that are movable relative to each other between an expanded configuration and a collapsed configuration, in which collapsed configuration, the closure element is retractable through the passageway to the first end.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2014
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventor: Douwe Johannes Runia
  • Publication number: 20130186690
    Abstract: Systems and methods for reducing the amount of torque transferred to the Bottom Hole Assembly and the drill string during drilling operations are disclosed. The drill string includes an optionally non-rotatable portion. A rotational hold down system is positioned at a first position on the drill string where it is not rotationally coupled to the drill string. The rotational hold down system is then moved to a second position on the drill string where it is rotationally coupled to the optionally non-rotatable portion of the drill string. In the second position, one or more bars on the rotational hold down system substantially prevent rotation of the optionally non-rotatable portion of the drill string.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 8, 2013
    Publication date: July 25, 2013
    Inventors: Jim B. Surjaatmadja, Loyd East
  • Patent number: 8485282
    Abstract: Expandable reamers for enlarging wellbores include a tubular body and one or more blades configured to extend and retract. A sleeve member within the tubular body has open ends to allow fluid to flow therethrough. A fluid port extends through a wall of the sleeve member. A restriction member within the sleeve is movable between first and second positions. In the first position, fluid flow through the downhole end of the sleeve is generally unimpeded, and fluid flow through the fluid port is generally impeded. In the second position, fluid flow through the downhole end of the sleeve member is generally impeded, and fluid flow through the fluid port is generally unimpeded. The restriction member may be configured to move responsive to changes in the rate of fluid flow through the sleeve member. Methods of using such reamers are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2013
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventor: Steven Richard Gentry
  • Patent number: 8347987
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for forming a borehole in an earthen formation includes a side cutting device comprised of a laterally extendable side cutting element that can be actuated from a retracted position to an extended position in which the side cutting element is selectively employed to create a larger borehole diameter in a down hole location than the remaining portion of the borehole that is closer to the borehole opening.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2013
    Inventor: Ben L. Seegmiller
  • Patent number: 7882905
    Abstract: Drilling systems and methods for enlarging a borehole that include an expandable reamer and an expandable stabilizer axially coupled above the expandable reamer are disclosed. The expandable reamer includes a tubular body having a longitudinal axis and a drilling fluid flow path therethrough, a plurality of generally radially and longitudinally extending blades carried by the tubular body, and a cutting structure carried by at least one blade of the plurality of blades, wherein at least one blade of the plurality of blades is movable outwardly with respect to the longitudinal axis. The expandable stabilizer includes a tubular body having a longitudinal axis and a drilling fluid flow path therethrough, a plurality of generally radially and longitudinally extending bearing pads carried by the tubular body, wherein at least one bearing pad of the plurality of bearing pads includes an up-hole cutting structure carried thereupon and is movable outwardly with respect to the longitudinal axis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 8, 2011
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Steven R. Radford, Les T. Shale
  • Patent number: 7686103
    Abstract: A drill bit having a body with a stationary cutter and a rotatable cutter such that in a first position the rotatable cutter does not radially extend beyond a periphery of the stationary cutter and in a second position the rotatable cutter radially extends beyond the periphery of the stationary cutter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 30, 2010
    Assignee: San Juan Coal Company
    Inventor: James D. Pile
  • Patent number: 7581591
    Abstract: A production casing ripper comprising a swedge; spring housing; coupling; main housing; end piece; blade; and means for connecting the blade to the plunger; wherein the blade is situated inside of the main housing; wherein a plunger is situated inside of the main housing; wherein a primary spring is situated inside of the spring housing; wherein a primary pull rod is connected to the primary spring at one end and to the plunger at the other end; wherein when hydraulic pressure is introduced through the swedge, the plunger moves downward inside of the main housing and causes the blade to extend through an aperture in the main housing; and wherein when the hydraulic pressure is released, the primary spring causes the plunger to return to its original position, thereby causing the blade to retract.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2009
    Assignee: Liquid Gold Well Service, Inc.
    Inventor: Shane Schwindt
  • Patent number: 7493971
    Abstract: An expandable downhole tool comprises a tubular body, at least one moveable arm disposed within the tubular body and being radially translatable between a retracted position and a wellbore engaging position, and at least one piston operable to mechanically support the at least one moveable arm in the wellbore engaging position when an opposing force is exerted. A method of reaming a formation to form an enlarged borehole in a wellbore comprising disposing an expandable reamer in a retracted position in the wellbore, expanding at least one movable arm of the expandable reamer radially outwardly into engagement with the formation, reaming the formation with the at least one moveable arm to form the enlarged borehole; and mechanically supporting the at least one moveable arm in the radially outward direction during reaming.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2009
    Assignee: Smith International, Inc.
    Inventors: Kenneth M. Nevlud, Timothy P. Beaton
  • Patent number: 7195080
    Abstract: A system is provided (1) for increasing the diameter of at least a portion of a well bore, the system being intended to be attached to a drill pipe (3), the system having a support element (10) bearing cutting arms (13, 14) which is movably mounted with respect to a body (4) and wherein the arms and the chamber (6) of the body (4) are designed so as to cooperated. A method is also provided for increasing the diameter of at least a portion of a well bore by drilling.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2007
    Inventor: Italo De Luca
  • Patent number: 7048078
    Abstract: A downhole tool that functions as an underreamer or as a stabilizer in an underreamed borehole. The tool includes one or more moveable arms disposed within a body having a flowbore therethrough in fluid communication with the wellbore annulus. The tool alternates between collapsed and expanded positions in response to differential fluid pressure between the flowbore and the wellbore annulus. In one embodiment, the tool moves automatically in response to differential pressure. In a second embodiment, the tool must be selectively actuated before it is moveable. The tool may include borehole engaging pads that comprise cutting structures or wear structures or both, depending upon the function of the tool.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2006
    Assignee: Smith International, Inc.
    Inventors: Charles H. Dewey, Wei Xu
  • Patent number: 6880649
    Abstract: An apparatus for the directional drilling of a bore hole through a solid substrate includes a main bore head mounted for rotation on a flexible drive shaft and a pilot bore head for weakening a region of substrate in advance of the main bore head, the weakened region being eccentrically located relative to the main bore head. The apparatus further includes structure for enabling the drilling access of the main bore head, during subsequent drilling of the bore hole, to become substantially aligned with the weakened region of substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2005
    Inventor: William George Edscer
  • Patent number: 6732817
    Abstract: A downhole tool that functions as an underreamer, or alternatively, as a stabilizer in an underreamed borehole. The tool includes one or more moveable arms disposed within a body having a flowbore therethrough in fluid communication with the wellbore annulus. The tool alternates between collapsed and expanded positions in response to differential fluid pressure between the flowbore and the wellbore annulus. In one embodiment, the tool moves automatically in response to differential pressure. In a second embodiment, the tool must be selectively actuated before it is moveable. When the tool expands, the arms are preferably translated axially upwardly, while simultaneously being extended radially outwardly from the body. The expanded tool diameter is adjustable at the surface without changing components. The arms may include borehole engaging pads that comprise cutting structures or wear structures or both, depending upon the function of the tool.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2004
    Assignee: Smith International, Inc.
    Inventors: Charles H. Dewey, Wei Xu
  • Patent number: 6378632
    Abstract: An underreamer opens a borehole below a restriction that is larger than the restriction itself. The underreamer includes cutters which engage the formation by traversing outward and upward. The force pushing the cutters to the extended position is supplied by a piston built into each cutter support. Pressure acting on these pistons comes from the pressure differential between the annulus and drill string during circulation of drilling fluid. The cutters are supported on both sides of the cutting structure by arms that are supported by and in sliding contact with the body. A spring opposes the upward and outward motion of the cutter mechanism and returns the cutters to their collapsed position in the absence of differential pressure. The body of the tool incorporates by-pass ports for transmitting fluid through the tool to the remainder of the bottom hole assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 1999
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2002
    Assignee: Smith International, Inc.
    Inventors: Charles H. Dewey, James E. Saylor
  • Patent number: 6065551
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a rotary mining apparatus. The apparatus includes an elongated housing with a leading end and an opposite trailing end. The apparatus also includes a compression device coupled to the housing. The apparatus further includes a plurality of cables extending along the housing. Each of the cables has an end connected to the compression device. The apparatus also includes a plurality of cutting devices attached to the cables at ends of the cables opposite the ends connected to the compression device. The present invention is also directed to a method of removing subterranean material. The method includes the step of inserting a rotary mining device having radially extendable cutting devices into a subterranean shaft. The method also includes the steps of rotating the mining device such that the cutting devices contact the sides of the shaft and extending the cutting devices into the sides of the shaft.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2000
    Assignee: G & G Gas, Inc.
    Inventors: Allen James Gourley, Larry Parks Gourley
  • Patent number: 5735359
    Abstract: A cutting tool has been invented for use in a wellbore to cut formation through which the wellbore extends or to cut items in the wellbore, the tool having, in one aspect, a body disposable at a desired location in the wellbore, at least one first blade pivotably mounted to the body at a first height on the body, at least one second blade pivotably mounted to the body at a second height on the body, the second height above the first height, the blades movable from a first position against the body to a second position extending out from the body for cutting, and the first blades shorter in length than the second blades.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 1996
    Date of Patent: April 7, 1998
    Assignee: Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.
    Inventors: Mark H. Lee, Robert S. Beeman
  • Patent number: 5368114
    Abstract: An under-reaming tool for use in preferably horizontal and extended reach bore holes includes a succession of stabilizers, under-reamers and expandable stabilizers. A common drilling mud activator is provided for the expandable elements of under-reamers and expandable stabilizers. A preferred under-reaming device comprises a main body with a number of guiding surfaces distributed over the circumference thereof which have a pitch increasing radially in an axial direction and with a ring collar formed as a piston in a surrounding cylinder housing having a small and a large radial annular surface, and having reaming pads/wings and/or stabilizer pads/wings in sliding contact with a respective guiding surface, the pads being taken up in ports in a jacket surrounding the main body, in such a way that the pads can only be moved radially relative to the jacket, the jacket being attached to or formed as a part of the cylinder housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 1993
    Date of Patent: November 29, 1994
    Inventors: Geir Tandberg, Sigbjorn Sangesland, Asbjorn Andersen
  • Patent number: 5111893
    Abstract: A device for drilling and lining holes in earth bores wherein a casing is intended to be lowered into the bore along with the drilling unit. The drilling unit is mounted on a rotating drill. The drilling unit includes a plurality of cutters which can be arranged in the extended active position or can be retracted to a passive position arranged within the casing of the drilling unit. Drilling fluid through an activating piston repositions the cutters between the passive and the active position. The drilling unit includes a gripping device which contacts a groove in the casing which carries the casing down the bore with the drilling unit. Threaded ribs within the drilling unit act as a pump to maintain down hole drilling fluid pressure. A valve is provided in conjunction with the cutters whereby when the cutters are moved to the active position the valve will open allowing flow of the drilling fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 24, 1990
    Date of Patent: May 12, 1992
    Inventor: Alf G. Kvello-Aune
  • Patent number: 4549614
    Abstract: A drilling device comprises a drilling head including a rotating body through which runs a duct for supplying, under pressure, air, or mud, or water or other drilling fluid. At least one rotating cutting element is mounted on a shaft fixed on the rotating body so that the axes of rotation of the rotating body and of the cutting element diverge in the drilling direction. The cutting element is a disc having a ring-shaped cutting part. The rotating body bears on the opposite side to that bearing the rotating shaft of the disc a counter-reacting element placed in such a way that the element rests against the drilling wall to center the drilling head by compensating for the radial component of the reaction of the ground on the disc and to strengthen the wall. The point of contact of the element and wall which is highest up on the device is no higher than the highest point of the ring-shaped cutting part.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 1983
    Date of Patent: October 29, 1985
    Assignee: Engtech SA
    Inventors: Oscar W. Kaalstad, Neil G. Reid
  • Patent number: 4444279
    Abstract: A drilling tool adapted to produce a radial enlargement along a cylindrical elementary drilled hole in concrete masonry. The tool comprises at least one cutter which is mounted in a slot in a drill sleeve which enters the elementary drilled hole, this cutter being held so as to be fixed in the peripheral direction and axially but movable radially by an inner spreader element, provided with chamfered surfaces, which is movable axially relatively to the drill sleeve. This spreader element is in one piece with the shank, which is directly rotatively driven, is movable axially relatively to the drill sleeve and is close-fitted therewith in the peripheral direction. The end of the drill sleeve projecting out of the elementary drilled hole is connected to an abutment piece which determines the location of the radial enlargement along the drilled hole.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 1980
    Date of Patent: April 24, 1984
    Assignee: Hilti Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Juergen Kessler, Harry Melzer