Of Concentration Patents (Class 203/3)
  • Patent number: 9005404
    Abstract: An accelerated vapor recompression apparatus 10 converts incoming flow 35a to a concentrate 35c by developing a concentration profile 146 within a tank 30 holding a liquid 23 containing dissolved solids. The resulting curve 160 of saturation temperature of the stratified liquid 23 (such as a brine 23 or other material 23) moves away from the curve 162 corresponding to fully mixed conditions. The shift 174, 180 in saturation temperature results in increased boiling without increased energy from a heater 70 or compressor 50. A method 90, 200 of control of the system provides interventions 203, 204, 205, 206 at different levels 92, 94, 96, 98 of control, ranging from mass flows 35 to work of a compressor 50, heat from a heater 70, and a predictive processing 215 of feedback 217 for controlling commands 216 algorithmically.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Purestream Services, LLC
    Inventors: J. Clair Batty, Neil W. Richardson, David A. Bell, Christopher M. Miller
  • Publication number: 20150083576
    Abstract: A processes is for purifying an amine compound from a feed solvent which includes an amine salt of the amine compound. The process includes heating the feed solvent in a single stage evaporator of a reclaimer at a reduced operating pressure by feeding the evaporator with a constant amount of thermal energy; and evaporating the amine compound to purity the amine compound from the feed solvent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 28, 2013
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Applicant: HTC Purenergy Inc.
    Inventors: Ahmed A. Aboudheir, Walid H. Elmoudir
  • Patent number: 8986509
    Abstract: An accelerated vapor recompression apparatus 10 converts incoming flow 35a to a concentrate 35c by developing a concentration profile 146 within a tank 30 holding a liquid 23 containing dissolved solids. The resulting curve 160 of saturation temperature of the stratified liquid 23 (such as a brine 23 or other material 23) moves away from the curve 162 corresponding to fully mixed conditions. The shift 174, 180 in saturation temperature results in increased boiling without increased energy from a heater 70 or compressor 50. A method 90, 200 of control of the system provides interventions 203, 204, 205, 206 at different levels 92, 94, 96, 98 of control, ranging from mass flows 35 to work of a compressor 50, heat from a heater 70, and a predictive processing 215 of feedback 217 for controlling commands 216 algorithmically.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Purestream Services, LLC
    Inventors: J. Clair Batty, Neil W. Richardson, David A. Bell, Christopher M. Miller
  • Publication number: 20150047965
    Abstract: The invention disclosed and claimed herein relates to treatment of water contaminated with glycol to be recycled for further effective use of the cleaned water resulting therefrom, especially at airports. More specifically, this invention relates to improved techniques for efficiently and reliably generating continuous flows of cleaned water as well as a continuous flow of recyclable glycol water of controlled concentration.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 24, 2014
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Inventor: Brad M. MALATESTA
  • Patent number: 8951392
    Abstract: A modular portable evaporator system for use in a Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD) systems having an evaporator, with a sump including an oil skimming weir, a short tube vertical falling film heat exchanger including an outer shell containing short tubes provided for lower water circulation rate. The system further having external to the evaporator, a compressor for compressing evaporated steam from the tube side of the heat exchanger and routing to the shell side of the same exchanger, a distillate tank to collect hot distilled water, a recirculation pump to introduce liquids from the sump into the heat exchanger and an external suction drum protecting the compressor from liquid impurities. The evaporator system receives produced water from the SAGD process into the sump and provides cleaned hot water to a boiler.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: 1nSite Technologies Ltd.
    Inventor: Kenneth James
  • Patent number: 8951391
    Abstract: A solar distillation apparatus utilizing a substantially vertical reactor assembly is disclosed. The reactor includes a tubular outer shell, a base, a cap, and a central tension member. The annular space between the outer tube and the central tension member forms the reactor chamber. Seawater or other feed liquid enters the reactor chamber through the base plate. Reflected or direct solar energy heats the feed liquid, generating low pressure vapor. The vapor exits the reactor through the cap structure or the base. The concentrate left behind settles by gravity to the bottom region of the reactor's liquid column. Extension tubes on the feed openings allow feed liquid to enter the liquid column above the concentrate layer and avoid excessive mixing of the feed liquid and the concentrate. The concentrate exits the reactor through one or more openings in the base.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Inventor: Miles McClure
  • Publication number: 20140374235
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention are directed toward a novel pressurized vapor cycle for distilling liquids. In an embodiment of the invention, a liquid purification system is revealed, including the elements of an input for receiving untreated liquid, a vaporizer coupled to the input for transforming the liquid to vapor, a head chamber for collecting the vapor, a vapor pump with an internal drive shaft and an eccentric rotor with a rotatable housing for compressing vapor, a condenser in communication with the vapor pump for transforming the compressed vapor into a distilled product, and an electric motor with motor rotor and magnets hermetically sealed within the fluid pressure boundary of the distillation system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 8, 2014
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Inventors: Jason A. Demers, Scott A. Leonard, Kingston Owens
  • Publication number: 20140299460
    Abstract: A distillation system comprising: an evaporator section for holding a source liquid to be distilled and including a first heat exchanger arranged to heat the source liquid; a condenser section for receiving vapor from the evaporator section and condensing it to form a liquid distillate and including a second heat exchanger arranged to cool the vapor; and a heat exchange system comprising the first and second heat exchangers connected by means of a fluid circuit containing a working fluid that circulates between the first and second heat exchangers, the fluid circuit further comprising a compressor for compressing fluid passing from the second heat exchanger to the first heat exchanger, and a throttle valve limiting flow between the first heat exchanger and the second heat exchanger.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 5, 2013
    Publication date: October 9, 2014
    Applicant: International For Energy Techonlogy Industries LLC
    Inventor: Ayman Al-Maaitah
  • Patent number: 8828192
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention are directed toward a novel pressurized vapor cycle for distilling liquids. In an embodiment of the invention, a liquid purification system is revealed, including the elements of an input for receiving untreated liquid, a vaporizer coupled to the input for transforming the liquid to vapor, a head chamber for collecting the vapor, a vapor pump with an internal drive shaft and an eccentric rotor with a rotatable housing for compressing vapor, a condenser in communication with the vapor pump for transforming the compressed vapor into a distilled product, and an electric motor with motor rotor and magnets hermetically sealed within the fluid pressure boundary of the distillation system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2014
    Assignee: DEKA Products Limited Partnership
    Inventors: Jason A. Demers, Scott A. Leonard, Kingston Owens
  • Patent number: 8808511
    Abstract: The invention disclosed and claimed herein relates to treatment of water contaminated with glycol to be recycled for further effective use of the cleaned water resulting therefrom, especially at airports. More specifically, this invention relates to improved techniques for efficiently and reliably generating continuous flows of cleaned water as well as a continuous flow of recyclable glycol water of controlled concentration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Inventor: Brad Michael Malatesta
  • Patent number: 8741109
    Abstract: A method for purifying a crude acetone raw material containing low molecular weight impurities using two columns is disclosed. Crude acetone raw material is fed into a first column; adding an alkaline reagent and an oxidative agent into the first column to form high molecular weight impurities; removing a top fraction from the first column by distillation to form bottom fraction containing an acetone mixture containing high molecular weight impurities; feeding the bottom fraction containing the acetone mixture obtained to a second rectification column at a charge point on the column; adding an alkaline reagent to the second column above the charge point of the bottom fraction fed; and separating a purified acetone from the high molecular weight impurities and removing the purified acetone as a top fraction by distillation in the second column, wherein the second rectification column is operated at atmospheric pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignee: Sabic Innovative Plastics IP B.V.
    Inventors: Mark Erik Nelson, Andrey Yurievich Sokolov, Ilya Yurievich Krupenko, Valery Yurievich Aristovich
  • Publication number: 20140097077
    Abstract: Safely processing fluid via monitoring and decreasing explosiveness of vapor-gas species formed therefrom, or contained therein. Fluid input unit 12, for transporting source fluid 24; first fluid processing unit 14, for receiving and processing fluid 26, and forming processed fluid including vapor-gas portion 30; vapor-gas explosiveness monitoring and decreasing unit 16, for measuring at least an indication of explosiveness level of vapor-gas portion 30, wherein if the measurement exceeds a pre-determined threshold explosiveness level (PDTEL), then vapor-gas portion 30 is condensed, for forming condensate and output vapor-gas 32 whose explosiveness level is less than lower explosion limit (LEL) of output vapor-gas 32; second fluid processing unit 18, for processing output vapor-gas 32, and forming processed vapor-gas product 34.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 11, 2013
    Publication date: April 10, 2014
    Applicant: Elcon Recycling Center (2003) Ltd.
    Inventors: Zvi ELGAT, Yaron Aviezer
  • Patent number: 8608912
    Abstract: Embodiments of extraction unit and an analysis method are provided. In one embodiment, the analysis method includes the steps of providing a feed stream and a species-selective solvent to the distillation column, drawing a vapor sample from the distillation column, condensing the vapor sample, and analyzing at least a portion of the condensed vapor sample.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Jason L. Noe, Ian Horn, Lars Sullivan, Bruce R. Beadle, Edward M. Casey, James W. Harris
  • Patent number: 8591704
    Abstract: A fractionation process for producing at least two concentration fractions of a fluid including a solute, suspended or dissolved content using at least two fluidly connected evaporator units is provided. The process includes the steps of: feeding a feed fluid including a solute, suspended or dissolved content into at least a first evaporator unit; evaporating a first amount of fluid from the feed fluid in at least the first evaporator unit to produce a first concentrated fluid; feeding at least a portion of the first concentrated fluid into at least a second evaporator unit; and evaporating a second amount of fluid from the first concentrated fluid in at least the second evaporator unit to produce a second concentrated fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2013
    Assignee: Creative Water Technology Ltd.
    Inventor: Stephen Shelley
  • Patent number: 8562791
    Abstract: A system and method for decontaminating water and generating water vapor includes introducing contaminated water in to a vessel. The water is moved through a series of rotating trays alternately separated by stationary baffles so as to swirl and heat the water to effect the vaporization thereof to produce a vapor having at least some of the contaminants separated therefrom. The vapor is removed from the vessel for condensing apart from the separated contaminants and the remaining water. The vapor may be passed through a turbine connected to an electric generator. Sensors in a controller may be employed to adjust the speed of rotation of the trays or water input into the vessel in response to the sensed conditions. The treated water may be recirculated and reprocessed through the vessel to increase the purification thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2013
    Assignee: Verno Holdings, LLC
    Inventors: John D. Riley, Dana L. Johnson
  • Patent number: 8551296
    Abstract: Ultra high purity hexachlorodisilane is prepared from hexachlorodisilane-containing mixtures from numerous sources by distillation wherein water is present at less than 10 ppbw.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Assignee: Wacker Chemie AG
    Inventors: Wolfgang Knies, Karin Boegershausen, Hans Eiblmeier
  • Patent number: 8545704
    Abstract: Provided is a method for recovering high-concentration and high-purity amine from amine-containing waste water generated from nuclear power plants and thermal power plants. The method includes: capturing amine and concentrating waste water using a cation exchange resin; separating amine from the concentrated amine-containing waste water; and carrying out further separation of amine via distillation. The method may be applied to treat amine, which causes an increase in biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and total nitrogen concentration, drastically at the time of its generation from waste water of nuclear power plants and thermal power plants. In this manner, the method may prevent an increase in load of existing waste water treating plants and avoid a need for modifying the equipment in the existing plants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2013
    Assignee: Soonchunhyang University Industry Academy Cooperation Foundation
    Inventors: In H. Rhee, Byung G. Park, Hyun J. Jung
  • Publication number: 20130233695
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention are directed toward a novel pressurized vapor cycle for distilling liquids. In an embodiment of the invention, a liquid purification system is revealed, including the elements of an input for receiving untreated liquid, a vaporizer coupled to the input for transforming the liquid to vapor, a head chamber for collecting the vapor, a vapor pump with an internal drive shaft and an eccentric rotor with a rotatable housing for compressing vapor, a condenser in communication with the vapor pump for transforming the compressed vapor into a distilled product, and an electric motor with motor rotor and magnets hermetically sealed within the fluid pressure boundary of the distillation system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 5, 2012
    Publication date: September 12, 2013
    Applicant: DEKA Products Limited Partnership
    Inventors: Jason A. Demers, Scott A. Leonard, Kingston Owens
  • Patent number: 8440058
    Abstract: Method for concentrating nitrogen isotope to obtain a final product nitrogen, in which the stable nitrogen isotope, 15N, is concentrated, by low-temperature distillation of raw material nitrogen containing trace amounts of oxygen and argon using a plurality of distillation columns in a cascade arrangement. An argon-oxygen mixture is discharged from the bottom of the final column and 15N-concentrated nitrogen is extracted from a lower intermediate point of the final column. The flow rate of the argon-oxygen mixture discharged from the bottom of the final column is controlled based on the reading of a thermometer installed below the point where the final product 15N-concentrated nitrogen is extracted, thereby providing a stable nitrogen product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2013
    Assignee: Taiyo Nippon Sanso Corporation
    Inventor: Hitoshi Kihara
  • Patent number: 8404085
    Abstract: Separation and purification of hydroquinone from crude mixtures thereof essentially containing hydroquinone in combination with very small amounts of impurities including resorcinol and pyrogallol, include a topping distillation allowing the resorcinol to be removed as the distillation top product, and allowing a crude mixture essentially containing hydroquinone and the heavy impurities to be recovered at the column bottom, such mixture then being subjected to a bottoming distillation which allows the pyrogallol to be removed at the column bottom and allows hydroquinone in a purified form to be recovered at the column top.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2013
    Assignee: Rhodia Operations
    Inventors: Hubert Gayet, Bruno Heinisch
  • Patent number: 8328994
    Abstract: Processes for the recovery of ethanol, useful as a fuel, from various cellulosic feedstock materials fermented to produce ethanol-containing beer are disclosed. The present invention provides a method and a system for ethanol recovery from highly viscous fermented citrus waste biomass. The systems overcome various challenges, including effectively stripping the ethanol from biomass beer in an energy efficient and economical manner that may allow for the further dehydration of the ethanol/water mix in a traditional rectifier distillation column. In certain embodiments, a series of flash stages and beer stripping columns are capable of operating with highly viscous slurries and/or feedstocks containing high levels of solids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2012
    Inventor: David A. Stewart
  • Patent number: 8257557
    Abstract: A dehydration method for removing water from a hydrolysis reaction mixture containing unreacted water generated when monochlorobenzene is hydrolyzed to produce phenol, the method for dehydrating the hydrolysis reaction mixture includes supplying a hydrolysis reaction mixture to a distillation tower, supplying a liquid containing monochlorobenzene to the tower top portion of the distillation tower, and removing the substantially whole amount of the water in the hydrolysis reaction mixture together with monochlorobenzene from the tower top portion by distillation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2012
    Assignee: Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited
    Inventors: Tateo Seo, Tetsuya Suzuta, Toshiaki Ui
  • Patent number: 8252149
    Abstract: The invention disclosed and claimed herein relates to treatment of water contaminated with glycol to be recycled for further effective use of the cleaned water resulting therefrom, especially at airports. More specifically, this invention relates to improved techniques for efficiently and reliably generating continuous flows of cleaned water as well as a continuous flow of recyclable glycol water of controlled concentration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2012
    Inventor: Brad Michael Malatesta
  • Publication number: 20120205232
    Abstract: An accelerated vapor recompression apparatus 10 converts incoming flow 35a to a concentrate 35c by developing a concentration profile 146 within a tank 30 holding a liquid 23 containing dissolved solids. The resulting curve 160 of saturation temperature of the stratified liquid 23 (such as a brine 23 or other material 23) moves away from the curve 162 corresponding to fully mixed conditions. The shift 174, 180 in saturation temperature results in increased boiling without increased energy from a heater 70 or compressor 50. A method 90, 200 of control of the system provides interventions 203, 204, 205, 206 at different levels 92, 94, 96, 98 of control, ranging from mass flows 35 to work of a compressor 50, heat from a heater 70, and a predictive processing 215 of feedback 217 for controlling commands 216 algorithmically.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 13, 2012
    Publication date: August 16, 2012
    Inventors: J. Clair Batty, Neil W. Richardson, David A. Bell, Christopher M. Miller
  • Publication number: 20120160660
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for purification of bilge and sludge water on a ship, especially at sea, using excess heat from the ship's engine(s) to a level of oil contamination of less than 15 ppm. The invention also relates to a plant for carrying out the method, and a vessel including such plant, as well as the use of the method and plant.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 25, 2012
    Publication date: June 28, 2012
    Applicant: PPMCLEAN AB
    Inventors: Benny Karlström, Jan Hedkvist
  • Publication number: 20120090979
    Abstract: Safely processing fluid via monitoring and decreasing explosiveness of vapor-gas species formed therefrom, or contained therein. Fluid input unit 12, for transporting source fluid 24; first fluid processing unit 14, for receiving and processing fluid 26, and forming processed fluid including vapor-gas portion 30; vapor-gas explosiveness monitoring and decreasing unit 16, for measuring at least an indication of explosiveness level of vapor-gas portion 30, wherein if the measurement exceeds a pre-determined threshold explosiveness level (PDTEL), then vapor-gas portion 30 is condensed, for forming condensate and output vapor-gas 32 whose explosiveness level is less than lower explosion limit (LEL) of output vapor-gas 32; second fluid processing unit 18, for processing output vapor-gas 32, and forming processed vapor-gas product 34.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 29, 2008
    Publication date: April 19, 2012
    Inventors: Zvi Elgat, Yaron Aviezer
  • Publication number: 20120073951
    Abstract: Embodiments of extraction unit and an analysis method are provided. In one embodiment, the analysis method includes the steps of providing a feed stream and a species-selective solvent to the distillation column, drawing a vapor sample from the distillation column, condensing the vapor sample, and analyzing at least a portion of the condensed vapor sample.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 29, 2010
    Publication date: March 29, 2012
    Applicant: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Jason L. Noe, Ian Horn, Lars Sullivan, Bruce R. Beadle, Edward M. Casey, James W. Harris
  • Patent number: 8062482
    Abstract: A method for removing acetaldehyde from a mixture of methyl acetate, methanol and acetaldehyde includes: (a) feeding the mixture of methyl acetate, methanol and acetaldehyde to a distillation column; (b) distilling the feed mixture of methyl acetate methanol and acetaldehyde at a pressure of 10 psig or more to generate an overhead vapor stream enriched in acetaldehyde as compared with the feed mixture and a residue stream depleted in acetaldehyde as compared with the feed mixture; and (c) withdrawing the residue stream depleted in acetaldehyde from the distillation column.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2011
    Assignee: Celanese International Corporation
    Inventor: R. Jay Warner
  • Publication number: 20110203915
    Abstract: A solar distillation apparatus utilizing a substantially vertical reactor assembly is disclosed. The reactor consists of a tubular outer shell, a base, a cap, and a central tension member. The annular space between the outer tube and the central tension member forms the reactor chamber. Seawater or other feed liquid enters the reactor chamber through the base plate. Reflected or direct solar energy heats the feed liquid, generating low pressure vapor. The vapor exits the reactor through the cap structure or the base. The concentrate left behind settles by gravity to the bottom region of the reactor's liquid column. Extension tubes on the feed openings allow feed liquid to enter the liquid column above the concentrate layer and avoid excessive mixing of the feed liquid and the concentrate. The concentrate exits the reactor through one or more openings in the base.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 2, 2011
    Publication date: August 25, 2011
    Inventor: Miles McClure
  • Patent number: 7907283
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for determining the total oxygen content and the total carbon content in ammonia, in which ammonia is first split into nitrogen and hydrogen, then the oxygen still present in the ammonia is reacted essentially fully with hydrogen to give water and the carbon still present is reacted essentially fully with hydrogen to give methane. In a next step, the water content and the methane content in the gas are determined. Finally, the total oxygen content is determined from the water content and the total carbon content from the methane content. The invention further relates to an apparatus for performing the process, which comprises a cracker for splitting the ammonia and for converting the oxygen- and/or carbon-comprising compounds, and at least one cavity ring-down spectrometer for detecting the water content and/or carbon content.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2011
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Karl-Heinz Wostbrock, Walther Schmid
  • Patent number: 7691239
    Abstract: A differential vapor pressure (DYP) cell is disposed in a divided wall column that receives a feed comprising a first, second, and third component. A separation section on the feed side of the divided wall column separates the feed in a vapor comprising the first and second component, and a liquid comprising the second and third component. The DYP cell is disposed in the divided wall column at a level below the point where the feed enters the column, and the DYP cell measures the concentration of the first component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 6, 2010
    Assignee: Fluor Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Henry Kister, Walt Stupin
  • Publication number: 20090313996
    Abstract: A system and method for decontaminating water and generating water vapor includes introducing contaminated water in to a vessel. The water is moved through a series of rotating trays alternately separated by stationary baffles so as to swirl and heat the water to effect the vaporization thereof to produce a vapor having at least some of the contaminants separated therefrom. The vapor is removed from the vessel for condensing apart from the separated contaminants and the remaining water. The vapor may be passed through a turbine connected to an electric generator. Sensors in a controller may be employed to adjust the speed of rotation of the trays or water input into the vessel in response to the sensed conditions. The treated water may be recirculated and reprocessed through the vessel to increase the purification thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 22, 2009
    Publication date: December 24, 2009
    Applicant: VERNO HOLDINGS, LLC
    Inventors: John D. Riley, Dana L. Johnson
  • Publication number: 20090277770
    Abstract: The invention disclosed and claimed herein relates to treatment of water contaminated with glycol to be recycled for further effective use of the cleaned water resulting therefrom, especially at airports. More specifically, this invention relates to improved techniques for efficiently and reliably generating continuous flows of cleaned water as well as a continuous flow of recyclable glycol water of controlled concentration.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 23, 2008
    Publication date: November 12, 2009
    Inventor: Brad Michael Malatesta
  • Patent number: 7556716
    Abstract: Described is a method for recording the boiling curve of liquids, in particular petroleum products and/or solvents, in which a sample amount of the liquid to be analyzed is evaporated and subsequently condensed, wherein the vapor temperature and the respectively evaporated amount of liquid are monitored, the sample amount is dosed by a a pump, for example, wherein the pump and the condensate collection chamber are brought to a defined, and preferably identical, temperature level. The condensed volume is determined volumetrically and the distillation residue of the sample amount is determined by weighing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2003
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2009
    Assignee: Grabner Instruments Messtechnik NFG. Gesellschaft m.b.H. & Co. KG
    Inventors: Matthias Burian, Roland Aschauer
  • Publication number: 20080283382
    Abstract: A device and method for measuring the level of elemental sulfur present in a gas in a gas line. The device may include: an access fitting detachably connectable with the gas line, the access fitting having a first end and a second end; a probe detachably connectable to at least one end of the access fitting and adapted for insertion into a gas flow stream from the gas line to recover condensed components on the prober's outer surface; and a piping partially disposed within the probe for providing a cooling medium to the probe.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 30, 2008
    Publication date: November 20, 2008
    Applicant: Saudi Arabian Oil Company
    Inventors: Ihsan Al-Taie, Abdulaziz A. Al-Mathami, Helal M. Al-Mutairi
  • Patent number: 7435318
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for separating close-boiling, homo- and heteroazeotropic mixtures by using ionic liquids. Due to the selectivity and unusual combination of properties of the ionic liquids the process is superior to conventional extractive rectification from the point of view of costs and energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2002
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2008
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Wolfgang Arlt, Matthias Seiler, Carsten Jork, Thomas Schneider
  • Patent number: 7402720
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process for removing methyl acetylene and/or propadiene from a propylene stream and/or a butylene stream by two step fractionation. Methyl acetylene and/or propadiene avoids the use of a hydrogenation reactor and makes the methyl acetylene and/or propadiene recoverable from the process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2008
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventor: Cor F. Van Egmond
  • Publication number: 20080164137
    Abstract: Naphthenic acid corrosivity of hydrocarbon feedstocks is correlated with the chemical composition of naphthenic acids, and especially with a ratio between an alpha fraction and a beta fraction of naphthenic acids. Contemplated plants, configurations, and methods are directed to reducing naphthenic acid corrosivity of hydrocarbon feedstocks by increasing the beta fraction over the alpha fraction.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 1, 2004
    Publication date: July 10, 2008
    Applicant: FLUOR CORPORATION
    Inventors: Barry Messer, Bart Tarleton, Michael Beaton
  • Patent number: 7393436
    Abstract: A thermal separating process for removing a stream containing enriched (meth)acrylic monomers from a mixture containing (meth)acrylic monomers, in which the liquid phases retained in the separating space at high temperature and high (meth)acrylic monomer content are minimized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2008
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Bernd Eck, Ulrich Hammon, Klaus Joachim Mueller-Engel, Juergen Schroeder, Joachim Thiel, Hans Martan
  • Patent number: 7347918
    Abstract: An evaporation system uses the weight of condensed liquid as an energy source. An inlet feed is introduced into an enclosure through an inlet. The inlet feed is vaporized in an evaporation region of the enclosure, and condensed to a liquid in a condensation region of the enclosure. The condensed liquid collects in a liquid region of the enclosure. The liquid region has an outlet. A blower between the evaporation region and the condensation region maintains the condensation region at a higher pressure than the evaporation region. The level of the liquid in the liquid region defines the volume and pressure of the evaporation and condensation regions, such that as the liquid is drained from the outlet, at least in part by the weight of the liquid, the pressure in the evaporation region decreases. The flow through the inlet and the outlet is regulated to maintain the pressure in the evaporation region at a pressure that tends to vaporize the inlet feed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2008
    Inventor: Lynn L. Northrup, Jr.
  • Patent number: 7329330
    Abstract: A process for working up by distillation the crude products obtained in the process according to DE-A 196 07 954 and containing 1,6-hexanediol (HDO), 1,5-pentanediol (PDO) or caprolactone (CLO) in order to obtain the corresponding pure products, the working-up by distillation being carried out in each case in a dividing wall column (TK) in which a dividing wall (T) is arranged in the longitudinal direction of the column with formation of an upper common column region (1), a lower common column region (6), a feed section (2, 4) having a rectification section (2) and stripping section (4), and a take-off section (3, 5) having a stripping section (3) and rectification section (5), with feeding of the respective crude product HDO, PLO or CLO in the middle region of the feed section (2, 4) and removal of the high boiler fraction (C) from the bottom of the column, of the low boiler fraction (A) via the top of the column and of the medium boiler fraction (B) from the middle region of the take-off section (3, 5), or
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 2002
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2008
    Assignee: Basf Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Martin Gall, Gerd Kaibel, Thomas Krug, Harald Rust, Frank Stein
  • Patent number: 7326823
    Abstract: A method for the solvent extraction recovery of an aromatic wherein an aromatic extract is formed that contains the aromatic and non-aromatics that are both lighter than and heavier than the aromatic, analyzing at least two separate groups of lighter and heavier non-aromatics in the extract, determining from the analyses the distribution of lighter and heavier non-aromatics present and whether the aromatic product that will be recovered from the process will be too far from its predetermined maximum non-aromatic content specification, and making process changes that will cause the process to produce the aromatic product with a non-aromatic content that is closer to its predetermined maximum non-aromatic content specification.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2008
    Assignee: Equistar Chemicals, LP
    Inventors: Solon B. Williams, Reynaldo E. Vera, Robert W. Whitmire, Paul A. Barnard, Brian J. Narowski
  • Patent number: 7304176
    Abstract: It is an object of the present invention to provide a process for producing easily polymerizable substance, which can realize stable operation of a purification system, and can stably maintain a production amount by avoiding production stoppage, upon production of an easily polymerizable substance in plural reactors. The present invention is directed to a process for producing easily polymerizable substance, which comprises mixing easily polymerizable substances obtained in plural reactors in advance, and supplying the mixture to a purification apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2007
    Assignee: Nippon Shokubai Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Takeshi Nishimura
  • Patent number: 7300555
    Abstract: A process for rectificatively separating liquids containing (meth)acrylic monomers in a rectification column is provided, in which a stream is withdrawn from the rectification column and recycled into the rectification column as a molecular oxygen-enriched liquid phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2007
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Juergen Schroeder
  • Patent number: 7291250
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a vacuum distillation plant and a process for concentrating organic aqueous solutions, especially spissum extracts, using said plant. The vacuum distillation plant of the invention comprises a flash evaporator, a means for vapor concentration and a multi-stage condenser positioned down-stream of said means for vapor concentration, means for recycling at least part of the condensate from a condensation stage into the bottoms product being provided. In addition, the present invention relates to a process for concentrating organic aqueous solutions such as concentrated extracts using said plant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 1999
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2007
    Assignee: Bionorica AG
    Inventors: Michael A. Popp, Heinz Walter Joseph, Michael R. Rannow
  • Patent number: 7285187
    Abstract: A process for purifying propylene oxide characterized by subjecting a liquid reaction mixture containing propylene oxide, and water, hydrocarbons and oxygen-containing organic compounds as impurities obtained by reacting cumene hydroperoxide with propylene to extractive distillation using an extractant of a hydrocarbon having 7 to 20 carbon atoms with an extractive distillation column, and controlling a concentration of propylene glycol in the extractant supplied to the extractive distillation column to 20% by weight or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2003
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2007
    Assignee: Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited
    Inventors: Noriaki Oku, Toshio Nakayama, Koji Shinohara
  • Patent number: 7258766
    Abstract: A method for collecting acrylic acid is provided, which includes the step of collecting acrylic acid using an aqueous medium from a reaction gas containing acrylic acid obtained by catalytic vapor-phase oxidation of propane, propylene, and/or acrolein, the step being conducted so as to satisfy the following formula (1) (B/A)<1.25 (1) wherein A represents a weight fraction of acrylic acid to all condensable ingredients in the reaction gas before collecting acrylic acid and B represents a weight fraction of acrylic acid in bottoms of a collection device used in the step of collecting. According to the method, acrylic acid can be efficiently collected from the reaction gas containing acrylic acid obtained by catalytic vapor-phase oxidation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2007
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Shuhei Yada, Kimikatsu Jinno, Yasushi Ogawa, Yoshiro Suzuki
  • Patent number: 7241928
    Abstract: A liquid phase process is disclosed for producing halogenated alkane adducts of the formula CAR1R2CBR3R4 (where A, B, R1, R2, R3, and R4 are as defined in the specification) which involves contacting a corresponding halogenated alkane, AB, with a corresponding olefin, CR1R2?CR3R4 in a dinitrile or cyclic carbonate ester solvent which divides the reaction mixture into two liquid phases and in the presence of a catalyst system containing (i) at least one catalyst selected from monovalent and divalent copper; and optionally (ii) a promoter selected from aromatic or aliphatic heterocyclic compounds which contain at least one carbon-nitrogen double bond in the heterocyclic ring. When hydrochlorofluorocarbons are formed, the chlorine content may be reduced by reacting the hydrochlorofluorocarbons with HF. New compounds disclosed include CF3CF2CCl2CH2CCl3, CF3CCl2CH2CH2Cl and CF3CCl2CH2CHClF. These compounds are useful as intermediates for producing hydrofluorocarbons.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2007
    Assignee: E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Velliyur N.Mallikarjuna Rao, Allen Capron Sievert
  • Patent number: 7189311
    Abstract: A method for separating difluoromethane from a mixture of difluoromethane and at least one impurity, the method involving extractively distilling the mixture using dichloromethane as an extractive agent to recover a product stream of purified difluoromethane having a concentration of impurity lower than that of the mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2007
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventor: Paul G. Clemmer
  • Patent number: 7169267
    Abstract: A process is proposed for the separation of C5+ cuts by distillation into a low-boiler (A), a medium-boiler (B) and a high-boiler fraction (C) in one or more dividing-wall columns (TK), in which a dividing wall (T) is arranged in the longitudinal direction of the column with formation of an upper, common column region (1), a lower, common column region (6), a feed part (2, 4) with rectifying section (2) and stripping section (4), and a withdrawal part (3, 5) with rectifying section (5) and stripping section (3), with feed of the C5+ cut (A, B, C) into the central region of the feed part (2, 4), discharge of the high-boiler fraction (C) from the bottom of the column, discharge of the low-boiler fraction (A) via the top of the column, and discharge of the medium-boiler fraction (B) from the central region of the withdrawal part (3, 5), wherein the dividing ratio of the liquid reflux at the upper end of the dividing wall (T) is set in such a way that the proportion of high-boiling key components in the liquid re
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 2001
    Date of Patent: January 30, 2007
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Gerd Kaibel, Carsten Oost, Manfred Stroezel, Gerald Meyer, Peter Trübenbach, Karl-Heinz Sartor, Jürgen Heners