Spraying Of Distilland Into Vaporization Zone Patents (Class 203/90)
  • Patent number: 8974643
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for purifying a liquid comprising liquid particles and residual particles. It is hereby possible to generate substantially pure water from, for instance seawater.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: High Voltage Water B.V.
    Inventors: Sybrand Jacob Metz, Gerrit Oudakker, Johannes Cornelis Maria Marijnissen
  • Patent number: 8906203
    Abstract: A system enables the use of solar heat energy together with electromagnetic energy and optionally energy produced during fermentation of organic products to produce fresh water from salt water, wastewater and water vapor contained in the atmosphere. The resulting fresh water can optionally be rendered drinkable by adding mineral salts at the desired concentration. A method and reactors combine electromagnetic and solar heating steps and optionally heat exchanges with a hot gas originating from combustion, to evaporate droplets of a spray produced from salt water or wastewater. The vapor obtained is separated from the salt particles or agglomerated impurities during evaporation using a cyclone system. The vapor can then be transported over a large distance before being condensed by bearings, in order to separate the water from any additives or impurities that may be present. Additives can be used to lower the vapor pressure of the liquid water and to facilitate droplet fractionation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Inventor: Nicolas Ugolin
  • Patent number: 8741102
    Abstract: The device for evaporating a treatment liquid comprises a cylindrical enclosure having an outlet orifice opening out into the top end of the enclosure, the enclosure being placed vertically and having a heated inside wall, and liquid nozzles associated with a blow pipe for blowing air under pressure so as to form a jet comprising a mixture of air and of pulverized treatment liquid in a direction that is tangential to the inside wall of the enclosure, each liquid nozzle and the associated blow pipe being arranged so that the jet of mixture is formed in an upper portion of the enclosure and is downwardly inclined.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignee: Serac Group
    Inventor: Bertrand Gruson
  • Patent number: 8696873
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for purification of bilge and sludge water on a ship, especially at sea, using excess heat from the ship's engine(s) to a level of oil contamination of less than 15 ppm. The invention also relates to a plant for carrying out the method, and a vessel including such plant, as well as the use of the method and plant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: PPM-Clean AB
    Inventors: Benny Karlström, Jan Hedkvist
  • Patent number: 8696870
    Abstract: Device for desalinating sea water comprising a unit (10) for spraying sea water in the form of droplets, a unit (20) for vaporizing the droplets into steam, a unit (30) for separating steam from salt particles, and a unit (40) for condensing steam into fresh water. The spraying unit comprises a sea water entry (12), an ambient-temperature dry air entry (14), and a device for generating acoustic waves at a frequency greater than 1 MHz focused by means of nozzles (17) receiving the sea water coming from the sea water entry so as to obtain microdroplets having a diameter comprised between about 2.5 microns and about 5 microns.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Inventors: Charles Pallanca, Henri Renggli, Gil Ching
  • Patent number: 8691056
    Abstract: A system and method for separating a fluid mixture is provided which employ vacuum distillation apparatus, and optionally, gas-handling apparatus operable to introduce a gas into the liquid mixture prior to being dispersed within the vacuum distillation apparatus. The liquid mixture is dispersed within the vacuum distillation apparatus as micro-sized droplets. When used, the gas that has been introduced into the liquid mixture is rapidly liberated from the micro-sized droplets thereby causing the droplets to break into still smaller droplets thereby maximizing the vaporization of the more volatile components in the liquid mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: Distillation Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Sam J. Burton, Dick Burton
  • Patent number: 8617359
    Abstract: A method for distilling a starting material that includes a liquid Fd to be distilled, uses a gas-tight container system that is resistant to excess and/or negative pressure. The container system includes a condenser for condensing the liquid Fd, which has turned to vapor and whose temperature can be adjusted, to give the condensation product, and a vapor chamber connecting the evaporator and the condenser. The pressure and temperature in the vapor chamber are monitored and controlled so that distillation is always carried out in a range close to the saturation vapor pressure of the liquid Fd to be distilled. If the pressure is too high, it is reduced so that especially foreign gas is removed. An installation includes a container for distillation according to method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Inventors: Markus Lehmann, Markus Braendli
  • Patent number: 8591704
    Abstract: A fractionation process for producing at least two concentration fractions of a fluid including a solute, suspended or dissolved content using at least two fluidly connected evaporator units is provided. The process includes the steps of: feeding a feed fluid including a solute, suspended or dissolved content into at least a first evaporator unit; evaporating a first amount of fluid from the feed fluid in at least the first evaporator unit to produce a first concentrated fluid; feeding at least a portion of the first concentrated fluid into at least a second evaporator unit; and evaporating a second amount of fluid from the first concentrated fluid in at least the second evaporator unit to produce a second concentrated fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2013
    Assignee: Creative Water Technology Ltd.
    Inventor: Stephen Shelley
  • Patent number: 8496787
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for eliminating brine effluent from desalination plants by distillation, is disclosed. To eliminate the brine the salt is converted into a solid and all of the water in the brine is converted to distilled water. The key to achieving this is reducing or eliminating the scale formation in the heating chamber. In one embodiment the process can be used to reduce or eliminate scale formation in a vapor compression sea water desalinization system and there-by use this system to produce drinking water. This process requires no chemical additives but relies entirely upon separation of the process of vaporization of the fluid involved, from the process of heating of the fluid. In one embodiment of this apparatus sea water can be desalinated and the resulting products can be dry salt and pure water leaving no brine return to the ocean.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2013
    Inventor: Michael John Lord
  • Publication number: 20130168226
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method and a device with the aid of which hydrogen halide and water are removed from biomass hydrolyzates containing halogen acid. The core of the invention is an evacuated container (B1), which is continuously supplied with a heat-transfer medium and which is completely filled with the heat-transfer medium in a part. In said evaporation chamber, the biomass hydrolyzate is likewise continuously introduced. In the container (B1), heat is transferred from the heat-transfer medium to the hydrolyzate, wherein hydrogen halide and water are continuously evaporated. The remaining hydrolyzate particles are continuously discharged with the cooled heat-transfer medium and continuously removed by means of the heat-transfer medium and continuously separated from said heat-transfer medium. The invention described can also be used to treat other mixtures or solutions for the purpose of evaporation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 12, 2011
    Publication date: July 4, 2013
    Inventors: Frank Kose, Matthias Schmidt
  • Patent number: 8465628
    Abstract: A solar energy conversion and distillation apparatus floats on a body of saltwater and includes a matrix of buoyant distillation modules that produce and collect distilled water for on-shore usage. The distillation modules and other buoyant structures are mutually joined within a peripheral seawall to form an atmospheric barrier, and each distillation module includes a submerged energy absorber layer to form an energy conversion chamber that confines a shallow volume of solar-heated seawater. Water vapor in the air above the confined water condenses on chilled heat exchanger conduits, and the energy absorber layer is water permeable so that confined water lost to evaporation and condensation is replenished with water from a thermal reservoir underlying the energy conversion chamber. Buoyant mistifier units in each distillation module enhance the evaporative surface area of the water vapor subject to condensation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2013
    Inventor: Richard L. Henderson
  • Patent number: 8444830
    Abstract: A desalination process including heating brine in a preheating chamber and transferring the brine to a rotary kiln to be sprayed against the wall structure of the rotary kiln to boil to steam and a residue of salt/impurities, the exiting steam being pressurized in a compressor and passed to an externally powered heater to be heated and then fed to a hollow wall structure of the rotating kiln in which the steam condenses to pure water to be transferred to the preheating chamber to preheat the incoming brine, the rotating kiln being arranged to rotate past a scraper to remove salt/impurities from the wall structure for collection at the base of the kiln.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2013
    Inventor: Garth Davey
  • Patent number: 8372248
    Abstract: A water purification system having an oil and vapor separation subsystem for removing many heavy duty and toxic contaminants from the water. The subsystem removes volatile vapors from the feed water, heats the feed water, and by imparting a swirling vortex action to the heated water, the oils are separated from the water. The water separated from the oil is pumped by a high pressure pump through a helical coil that is heated to a high temperature by the burner. The high temperature, hot water is then fed to an expansion nozzle in an expansion chamber to flash the hot water into steam. The steam is passed through a condenser which converts the steam to purified water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2013
    Inventor: Raymond C. Sherry
  • Patent number: 8361280
    Abstract: A process is proposed for distillatively obtaining pure 1,3-butadiene from crude 1,3-butadiene in a plant comprising one or more distillation columns, comprising supply of a feed stream of crude 1,3-butadiene to the one distillation column or the first of the plurality of distillation columns, the one distillation column or the plurality of distillation columns having a flange with an internal diameter of ?80 mm, comprising two mutually opposite plane-parallel surfaces (1) with an intermediate seal (2) which seals the interior of the one distillation column or of the first of the plurality of distillation columns from an intermediate space (3) on the atmosphere side between the two mutually opposite plane-parallel surfaces (1), and the intermediate space (3) on the atmosphere side between the two mutually opposite plane-parallel surfaces (1) being closed off from the atmosphere to form a chamber, wherein the chamber is purged continuously during the operation of the plant with a low-oxygen gas or a low-oxygen
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Uwe Stabel, Harry Zachmann, Eberhardt Gaffron, Bernd Heida, Michael Jäger
  • Patent number: 8317982
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a process and apparatus for utilization of waste heat of flue gas liberated from different heat sources to provide high quality water from sea/brackish.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2012
    Inventor: Subrahmanyam Kumar
  • Patent number: 8097128
    Abstract: An efficient flash evaporation water purification system located at a hydrocarbon well site. An internal combustion engine uses hydrocarbon fuel from the well and drives a pump to pressurize production water from the well. The engine also generates thermal energy used to preheat the production water. An electrical generator is also driven by the engine to produce electrical power for the water purification system, as well as produce AC power for off-site consumers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 17, 2012
    Inventor: Raymond C. Sherry
  • Patent number: 8075740
    Abstract: A system for treating feedwater includes a fluidized bed heat exchanger unit connected to receive feedwater and a flash concentrator column connected to receive feedwater discharged from the fluidized bed heat exchanger unit. A spray dryer is provided to receive a solids/liquid slurry discharged from the flash concentrator column. Feedwater can be treated by converting dissolved solids in the feedwater to suspended solids, vaporizing a portion of the feedwater to produce a solids/liquid slurry, and separating solids from the solids/liquid slurry.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2011
    Assignees: AHT Solutions, LLC, Watervap, LLC
    Inventors: Robert E. Bailie, Robert R. Wright
  • Patent number: 8052847
    Abstract: A system and method for removing water from a liquid desiccant such as a glycol used to dry cooled air in order to restore the desiccant to a purity up to around 97% in a closed continuous flow process. Liquid desiccant can be sprayed into cooled air in a conditioner where it gains moisture. The wet or gained desiccant can be optionally preheated in an economizing heat exchanger and then routed into a concentrator. Desiccant pure to around 97% can be removed from the concentrator, passed through an economizing heat exchanger to provide the preheating and returned to the conditioner holding area. The concentrator can be heated by steam or other means such as natural gas to boil the wet desiccant causing mixed vapor to enter a vertical distillation column where most of the glycol condenses out on the column packing or plates and returns to the concentrator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 8, 2011
    Assignee: Niagara Blower Company
    Inventors: Matthew Koban, Phillip Rowland, Michael Harvey, Peter Demakos
  • Patent number: 8016977
    Abstract: Dry pond water evaporation systems and methods are used to evaporate large quantities of water from industrial waste water sources, such as water produced by oil and gas wells. Dry pond systems include a water evaporation system that emits waste water into the air as a fine spray or mist to promote evaporation. Water that falls to the ground and any initially dissolved solids are captured in a water capture depression. Water and solids are transferred from the water capture depression to a water collection pool. Water from the water collection pool is recirculated through the water evaporation system to further concentrate the total dissolved solids (TDS). When the TDS are sufficiently concentrated, they may be harvested, such as by evaporating off the water and recovering salts or minerals as a solid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2011
    Assignee: Reform Water, LLC
    Inventors: Rodney Rasmussen, Paul C. Cox
  • Publication number: 20110067995
    Abstract: An apparatus and method is disclosed which provides for an increased efficiency and reduced waste in an ethanol production facility. One aspect involves a burner assembly with a heat moderating material used in heating for distillation. Another aspect involves atomizing distillant for improved heat absorption in a distillation tank. Yet another aspect involves the utilization of waste products for growing plants in a hydroponics garden.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 23, 2009
    Publication date: March 24, 2011
    Inventor: James D. Lusk
  • Publication number: 20110042199
    Abstract: The present invention comprises a method and device for purifying a liquid (4) comprising liquid particules and residual particles, comprising the steps of;—heating the liquid particules and residual particules for purifying; (6)—carrying the liquid in of liquid droplets into a purification space,—applying a similar electric charge to the liquid droplets and to a condensation surface; (20)—evaporating liquid particles in the purification space;—condensing the evaporated liquid particles to form condensation on the condensation surface; (20)—discharging the condensation (22) and the unevaporated residual particles separately (24).
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 16, 2008
    Publication date: February 24, 2011
    Inventors: Sybrand Jacob Metz, Gerrit Oudakker, Johannes Cornelis Maria Marijnissen
  • Patent number: 7892403
    Abstract: A condenser includes: a top face of a tube plate on which acrylic acid may be condensed inside the condenser; a spray for spreading a polymerization inhibitor on the tube plate; a first polymerization inhibitor supply tube for supplying the polymerization inhibitor to the spray; and a supporter for supporting the spray at a predetermined position. The supporter supports the first polymerization inhibitor supply tube outside the condenser. The condenser allows a stable continuous operation for a long period of time by preventing polymerization of an easily polymerizable compound in the condenser into which a vapor of an easily polymerizable compound is supplied with a simple structure thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 22, 2011
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Shuhei Yada, Yasushi Ogawa, Yoshiro Suzuki, Kimikatsu Jinno
  • Patent number: 7802376
    Abstract: An apparatus for treating particulate material has a process chamber for receiving and treating the material. A bottom is composed of a plurality of overlapping guide plates which are placed one above the other and between which annular slots for process air to pass through are formed. An annular-gap nozzle is arranged centrally in the bottom, the orifice of this annular-gap nozzle being designed in such a way that a planar spray pancake which runs approximately parallel to the bottom plane can be sprayed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 28, 2010
    Inventor: Herbert Hüttlin
  • Patent number: 7771567
    Abstract: The salt water distillation system includes a sprinkler to form a mist of salt water over a distillation plate. The distillation plate is heated by applying electrical current to a heating coil. The steam is transferred to a condensation chamber and condensed fresh water is collected. During the desalination process, salt impurities are deposited on the hot distillation plate. A sludge remover, i.e., a steam head and movable ram, is provided to clean the distillation plate of the salt impurities. An exhaust fan is provided to cool fresh water condensate and lower air pressure in the system. Heat transferred from the steam during condensation is used to pre-heat the salt water to increase efficiency of the system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 10, 2010
    Inventors: Michael L. Rives, James O. Riley
  • Patent number: 7628893
    Abstract: A method and an apparatus is provided for the separation of liquid-liquid and liquid-solids compositions by flash evaporation in a heated vacuum chamber. The compositions are injected through an atomizing spray nozzle having a spray cone downward of about 30 to 150 degrees. The compositions are preheated and injected under pressure into the preheated vacuum evaporation chamber. The vaporized liquid that is formed is collected in a condenser which draws the vapors by vacuum or pressure differential. Any solids are collected at the bottom of the vacuum chamber as semi-dry or dry solids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2009
    Assignees: Pure Energy Technology Co, PPT Research Inc.
    Inventors: David William Bonser, Irl E. Ward, Alan R. Duly
  • Patent number: 7597785
    Abstract: A sub-atmospheric pressure desalinating still employs a closed top, open bottom pipe filled with source water to be distilled, such as seawater, having a height greater than the height of a column of seawater that can be supported by the pressure at the bottom of the tank so that a subatmospheric pressure volume is formed at the top. Water from the source is also pumped into the subatmospheric volume and passed through an evaporator which enlarges its surface volume. A small percentage of the water is vaporized and the balance is cooled to provide the heat of vaporization and falls into the top of the seawater column, creating a downward flow. The vapor is drawn from the vacuum and condensed, preferably in a second subatmospheric volume above a column of fresh water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2009
    Assignee: Smart VCR Limited Partnership
    Inventor: Michael R. Levine
  • Patent number: 7435317
    Abstract: An improved distillation of water. involves distilling significant quantities of water at temperatures well below the boiling point. During distillation, a compound is taken from a liquid-phase to a gas-phase and then condensed to the liquid-phase again to get a pure liquid. The present invention uses water sprayed (105) and absorbed onto a solid surface such as micro-powder (104) made from wood as a starting material. Absorbing water onto such a surface results in rapid evaporation with a relatively low temperature gradient when the water and particles are agitated. The present invention could be characterized as solid-phase distillation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2008
    Assignee: Biomass Conversions, L.L.C.
    Inventor: Seiji Hata
  • Patent number: 7431806
    Abstract: A sub-atmospheric pressure desalinating still employs a closed top, open bottom pipe filled with source water to be distilled, such as seawater, having a height greater than the height of a column of seawater that can be supported by the pressure at the bottom of the tank so that a subatmospheric pressure volume is formed at the top. Water from the source is also pumped into the subatmospheric volume and passed through an evaporator which enlarges its surface volume. A small percentage of the water is vaporized and the balance is cooled to provide the heat of vaporization and falls into the top of the seawater column, creating a downward flow. The vapor is drawn from the vacuum and condensed, preferably in a second subatmospheric volume above a column of fresh water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2008
    Assignee: LEV Group, LLC
    Inventor: Michael R. Levine
  • Patent number: 7368039
    Abstract: A distillation unit (10) employs a rotary heat exchanger (32) forming a multiplicity of evaporation chambers (56) into which a liquid to be purified is sprayed for evaporation. Spray arms (58) spray at a steady rate into all of the evaporation chambers (56) simultaneously but not at a rate that is adequate to maintain the wetting required for efficient transfer of heat to the liquid. A scanning sprayer (140) supplements this steady spray with spray from nozzles (142 and 144) into only a few of the evaporation chambers at a time, visiting all of them cyclically. The overall rate of spray from the two sources thus combined to spray the chamber cyclically maintains proper wetting even though on average it is lower than the rate that would be required of a constant-rate spray into all of the evaporation chambers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2008
    Assignee: Zanaqua Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: William H. Zebuhr
  • Patent number: 7347918
    Abstract: An evaporation system uses the weight of condensed liquid as an energy source. An inlet feed is introduced into an enclosure through an inlet. The inlet feed is vaporized in an evaporation region of the enclosure, and condensed to a liquid in a condensation region of the enclosure. The condensed liquid collects in a liquid region of the enclosure. The liquid region has an outlet. A blower between the evaporation region and the condensation region maintains the condensation region at a higher pressure than the evaporation region. The level of the liquid in the liquid region defines the volume and pressure of the evaporation and condensation regions, such that as the liquid is drained from the outlet, at least in part by the weight of the liquid, the pressure in the evaporation region decreases. The flow through the inlet and the outlet is regulated to maintain the pressure in the evaporation region at a pressure that tends to vaporize the inlet feed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2008
    Inventor: Lynn L. Northrup, Jr.
  • Patent number: 7150809
    Abstract: (Meth)acrylic monomers are separated by a thermal separation process by ascending at least one ascending gaseous stream in a separating column containing a sequence of mass transfer trays and a liquid stream that contains dissolved polymerization inhibitor which descends in the separating column, and in at least one of the streams being (meth)acrylic monomers; and spraying the inner surface of the separating column with the descending liquid stream that contains the dissolved polymerization inhibitor, and the separating column having internals, certain areas of which are shadow regions of the sprayed descending liquid stream; and which shadow regions are equipped by covering means which prevent contact of the shadow regions with (meth)acrylic monomers and consequently undesired polymerization of monomer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2006
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Volker Diehl, Ulrich Jaeger, Ulrich Hammon, Juergen Schroeder, Steffen Rissel
  • Publication number: 20040222079
    Abstract: A distillation unit (10) employs a rotary heat exchanger (32) forming a multiplicity of evaporation chambers (56) into which a liquid to be purified is sprayed for evaporation. Spray arms (58) spray at a steady rate into all of the evaporation chambers (56) simultaneously but not at a rate that is adequate to maintain the wetting required for efficient transfer of heat to the liquid. A scanning sprayer (140) supplements this steady spray with spray from nozzles (142 and 144) into only a few of the evaporation chambers at a time, visiting all of them cyclically. The overall rate of spray from the two sources thus combined to spray the chamber cyclically maintains proper wetting even though on average it is lower than the rate that would be required of a constant-rate spray into all of the evaporation chambers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 9, 2004
    Publication date: November 11, 2004
    Inventor: William H. Zebuhr
  • Publication number: 20040206617
    Abstract: Thermal separating process between at least one gaseous and at least one liquid stream, of which at least one comprises (meth)acrylic monomers, in a separating column whose separating internals are mass transfer trays, in which the liquid stream is polymerization-inhibited and used for spraying the surface of the separating column, and internal surfaces which are in the shadow region of the spraying are removed from the shadow region by covering.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 14, 2004
    Publication date: October 21, 2004
    Applicant: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Volker Diehl, Ulrich Jager, Ulrich Hammon, Jurgen Schroder, Steffen Rissel
  • Patent number: 6802941
    Abstract: A distillation unit (10) employs a rotary heat exchanger (32) forming a multiplicity of evaporation chambers (56) into which a liquid to be purified is sprayed for evaporation. Spray arms (58) spray at a steady rate into all of the evaporation chambers (56) simultaneously but not at a rate that is adequate to maintain the wetting required for efficient transfer of heat to the liquid. A scanning sprayer (140) supplements this steady spray with spray from nozzles (142 and 144) into only a few of the evaporation chambers at a time, visiting all of them cyclically. The overall rate of spray from the two sources thus combined to spray the chamber cyclically maintains proper wetting even though on average it is lower than the rate that would be required of a constant-rate spray into all of the evaporation chambers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 12, 2004
    Assignee: Ovation Products Corporation
    Inventor: William H. Zebuhr
  • Patent number: 6699369
    Abstract: A method for removing dissolved solids, particularly salts, from water. An apparatus for performing the inventive method is disclosed. The aqueous solution to be treated, for example sea water, is atomized using special non-pneumatic nozzles, and sprayed into an evaporation chamber through which air, heated by waste heat, is blown. The micro-droplets undergo rapid evaporation in the chamber, resulting in the separation of the salt solids from the vapor phase of the water. The mixture of suspended solids and water vapor is filtered to remove and collect the salts, and the water vapor is condensed to collect the salt-free water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 2, 2004
    Assignee: Aquasonics International
    Inventors: William Francis Hartman, Larry Joe Kepley, Jerry Van Fox
  • Patent number: 6689251
    Abstract: A distiller (10) that employs a rotary heat exchanger (32) introduces water to be evaporated into evaporation chambers (56). During most of its operation, it collects the water that has passed through the evaporation chamber (56) without evaporating, and it reintroduces the thus-collected liquid back into the evaporation chamber, where it also adds a minor amount of unrecirculated feed liquid to make up for evaporation and concentrate removal. Simultaneously, a minor amount of feed liquid is fed into one side of a transfer pump (116). During this mode of operation, the impurities concentration in the recirculating liquid tends to increase as a result of the evaporation of pure water vapor. Periodically, the erstwhile recirculating liquid is redirected to the other side of the transfer pump (116), where it causes the feed liquid stored in the transfer pump's first side to be fed without accompanying recirculant liquid into the rotary heat exchanger's evaporation chambers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2004
    Assignee: Ovation Products Corporation
    Inventor: William H. Zebuhr
  • Patent number: 6685802
    Abstract: This invention relates to a continuous process and an apparatus (1) for removing dissolved and undissolved solids and/or high boiling point liquid contaminants from a mixture of miscible liquids (9). A recycle liquor stream (6) is fed at high velocity through a heat exchanger having a single flow path (12) and the heat added by the heat exchanger is sufficient to vaporize the feed stream (2) when the recycle liquor and feed stream are mixed upon delivery to the separation vessel (3).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2004
    Inventor: Craig Nazzer
  • Patent number: 6638398
    Abstract: A method including evaporating aqueous solutions containing ammonia, adding an acid to the evaporated vapor flow to form an ammonium salt, and condensing the vapor flow to form a liquid containing the salt. By this method the ammonia formed into a salt is not present as an inert gas layer which would impede condensation on the condenser surfaces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2002
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2003
    Assignee: Hadwaco Ltd Oy
    Inventors: Leif Ramm-Schmidt, Matti Laajaniemi, Peter Koistinen
  • Publication number: 20030127315
    Abstract: A tert-C4-C8-alkyl (meth)acrylate is prepared by reacting (meth)acrylic acid with an olefin of the formula 1
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 27, 2003
    Publication date: July 10, 2003
    Inventors: Ruprecht Kroker, Gerhard Nestler, Werner Schmitt, Winfried Schumm
  • Patent number: 6585862
    Abstract: The present invention provides an apparatus for handling an easily polymerizable compound such as (meth)acrylic acid which includes a tubular member that is furnished to a side wall of the apparatus and opened to the inside of the apparatus, specifically, for example, an apparatus and a method which effectively inhibit the polymerization of (meth)acrylic acid in a distillation column for (meth)acrylic acid wherein the distillation column has such as an inlet or outlet of gas or liquid, a manhole, or a tube into which an instrument is inserted. The tubular member (e.g. an inlet or outlet, a manhole, a tube into which an instrument is inserted) is set so as to have a downward gradient (&agr;) in the range of 3° to 70° toward the inside of the apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2003
    Assignee: Nippon Shokubai
    Inventors: Takeshi Nishimura, Yukihiro Matsumoto
  • Patent number: 6500216
    Abstract: A method and an apparatus of producing natural salt or fresh water by treating sea water in an extremely short period of time and with high efficiently. The distilled water and salt components are treated for expediting crystallization of the salt components by evaporating water components by atomizing sea water and blowing warm wind thereto. During this treatment, there are provided a method and an apparatus of arranging net or cloth at one stage or a plurality of stages in a midway of a flow of the evaporated water components and adhering the salt components on the net or the cloth when the evaporated water components pass through the net or the cloth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 1999
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2002
    Inventor: Masakatsu Takayasu
  • Publication number: 20020092759
    Abstract: A distillation unit (10) employs a rotary heat exchanger (32) forming a multiplicity of evaporation chambers (56) into which a liquid to be purified is sprayed for evaporation. Spray arms (58) spray at a steady rate into all of the evaporation chambers (56) simultaneously but not at a rate that is adequate to maintain the wetting required for efficient transfer of heat to the liquid. A scanning sprayer (140) supplements this steady spray with spray from nozzles (142 and 144) into only a few of the evaporation chambers at a time, visiting all of them cyclically. The overall rate of spray from the two sources thus combined to spray the chamber cyclically maintains proper wetting even though on average it is lower than the rate that would be required of a constant-rate spray into all of the evaporation chambers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 18, 2001
    Publication date: July 18, 2002
    Inventor: William H. Zebuhr
  • Publication number: 20020092624
    Abstract: In a distillation unit (10) a rotary heat exchanger (32) receives from a radially inward position feed liquid to be purified and collects on the inner surface of a rotating exterior shell (36) liquid that has passed through its evaporation chambers (56). Stationary scoop tubes (122 and 124) scoop liquid from the resultant liquid layer that forms on the shell (36)'s inner surface, and the kinetic energy of the liquid scooped from the thus-spinning layer drives it radially inward through the scoop tubes (122 and 124) into spray arms (58) for reintroduction into the rotary heat exchanger's evaporation chambers (56).
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 18, 2001
    Publication date: July 18, 2002
    Inventor: William H. Zebuhr
  • Publication number: 20020088703
    Abstract: A method to treat wastewater brines to remove the salts prior to discharge. The method includes evaporating the water component of the pretreatment effluent into the atmosphere.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 11, 2001
    Publication date: July 11, 2002
    Inventor: Thomas Jeffrey Walker
  • Patent number: 6409886
    Abstract: In distillation of easily polymerizable compounds such as (meth)acrylic acid and (meth)acrylic esters using a distillation unit, a liquid having substantially the same composition with that of a liquid surrounding a constitutive member placed in the distillation unit is sprayed by a spraying and supplying device. The liquid supplied by the spraying and supplying device preferably has a wetting liquid rate (of the sprayed and supplied liquid, a flow rate of a liquid attaching to and wetting the constitutive member) of 0.5 m3/m2hr or more relative to the surface area of the constitutive member. The liquid supplied by the spraying and supplying device preferably contains a polymerization inhibitor. It is also preferred to supply a gas containing molecular oxygen to the distillation unit. This process can effectively inhibit the polymerization of the easily polymerizable compounds, which polymerization is liable to occur inside the distillation unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 2000
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2002
    Assignee: Nippon Shokubai Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yukihiro Matsumoto, Takeshi Nishimura
  • Patent number: 6348136
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to an apparatus and method for the distillation of a readily polymerizable vinyl aromatic compound employing a polymerization inhibitor. The vinyl aromatic compound is subjected to distillation in at least one fractionation column having at least one reboiler for maintaining the bottoms of said column at a proper temperature. The reboiler includes a heating section and a vapor phase section. The bottoms fraction from the fractionation column is cycled to the reboiler and subjected to heat to vaporize at least a portion of the bottoms fraction to form a vapor phase in the vapor section, A slip stream of the bottoms fraction is introduced to the vapor phase section of the reboiler. The slipstream contains polymerization inhibitor that had been added to the process at the fractionation column. The invention reduces fouling at the reboilers. The slipstream is optionally introduced to the reboiler using one or more spray nozzles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 29, 2000
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2002
    Assignee: Fina Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Marcus E. Ledoux, Kelli E. Prince, Adrian M. Jacobsen, Larry P. Braud, Jr.
  • Patent number: 6299735
    Abstract: An array of sonic hydraulic nozzles for injecting a mixture of water with dissolved or suspended particulate into a chamber to form a continuous spray of spherical droplets. Low pressure areas form in the wakes of the droplets which promotes a phase change and evaporation upon being submerged in heat vortices created along the edges of the sonic shock waves. All dissolved and/or suspended solid particles in the mixture precipitate from the spray upon the vaporization of the water. Shortly thereafter, the particle-free vapor re-condenses into a dense water mist of substantially pure water, while releasing the excess heat captured in the evaporation vortices. The water mist then is absorbed by nucleating screens located above the nozzles. The screens concentrate the dense mist into water streams through a channel running out of the apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2001
    Assignee: U.S. Aquasonics Corp.
    Inventor: Manuel G. Lumbreras
  • Patent number: 6294056
    Abstract: In a method for distilling (meth)acrylic acid and/or (meth)acrylic ester, the method has the step of uniformly distributing a supply liquid in a distillation tower over an entirety of a horizontal cross sectional area in the distillation tower. A distillation apparatus for distilling (meth)acrylic acid and/or (meth)acrylic ester in a distillation tower has a supply element for supplying the supply liquid into the distillation tower. The supply element is formed with at least two supply ports through which the liquid is supplied into the distillation tower.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2001
    Assignee: Nippon Shokubai Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yukihiro Matsumoto, Kazukiyo Arakawa, Osamu Dodo, Hiroo Iwato, Mamoru Takamura
  • Publication number: 20010011631
    Abstract: An array of sonic hydraulic nozzles for injecting a mixture of water with dissolved or suspended particulate into a chamber to form a continuous spray of spherical droplets. Low pressure areas form in the wakes of the droplets which promotes a phase change and evaporation upon being submerged in heat vortices created along the edges of the sonic shock waves. All dissolved and/or suspended solid particles in the mixture precipitate from the spray upon the vaporization of the water. Shortly thereafter, the particle-free vapor re-condenses into a dense water mist of substantially pure water, while releasing the excess heat captured in the evaporation vortices. The water mist then is absorbed by nucleating screens located above the nozzles. The screens concentrate the dense mist into water streams through a channel running out of the apparatus.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2001
    Publication date: August 9, 2001
    Inventor: Manuel G. Lumbreras
  • Patent number: 6045660
    Abstract: Apparatus for use in the rectification of liquid mixtures (separation of liquid mixtures into their constituents) and other processes requiring equilibration of liquid and gaseous phases in which mechanical energy is used to create and repeatedly regenerate free flying liquid structures that facilitate the intimate interaction and equilibration of said phases beyond standard practice and thereby allow smaller, more compact, more efficient, and more accessible apparatus and make practical lower operating temperatures and the use of inert carrier gases and otherwise increase the engineering options available to designers of rectification equipment and other equipment requiring liquid/vapor equilibration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 1997
    Date of Patent: April 4, 2000
    Inventors: Kern Savage, Richard C. Wingerson, William Lee Woodie, John L. Wyatt, deceased, by Diana Jacobs, legal representative, by Melody Balport, legal representative, by Mark Wyatt, legal representative