Diffusion Transfer Process, Element, Or Identified Image Receiving Layers Therefor Patents (Class 430/202)
  • Patent number: 8916326
    Abstract: A thermal image receiver element dry image receiving layer has a Tg of at least 25° C. and is the outermost layer. The dry image receiving layer has a dry thickness of at least 0.5 ?m and up to and including 5 ?m. It comprises a water-dispersible release agent and a polymer binder matrix that consists essentially of: (1) a water-dispersible acrylic polymer comprising chemically reacted or chemically non-reacted hydroxyl, phospho, phosphonate, sulfo, sulfonate, carboxy, or carboxylate groups, and (2) a water-dispersible polyester that has a Tg of 30° C. or less. The water-dispersible acrylic polymer is present in an amount of at least 55 weight % and at a dry ratio to the water-dispersible polyester of at least 1:1. The thermal image receiver element can be used to prepare thermal dye images after thermal transfer from a thermal donor element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignee: Kodak Alaris Inc.
    Inventor: Teh-Ming Kung
  • Patent number: 8895221
    Abstract: A thermal image receiver element dry image receiving layer has a Tg of at least 25° C. as the outermost layer. The dry image receiving layer has a dry thickness of at least 0.5 ?m and up to and including 5 ?m. It comprises a polymer binder matrix that consists essentially of: (1) a water-dispersible acrylic polymer comprising chemically reacted or chemically non-reacted hydroxyl, phospho, phosphonate, sulfo, sulfonate, carboxy, or carboxylate groups, and (2) a water-dispersible polyester that has a Tg of 30° C. or less. The water-dispersible acrylic polymer is present in an amount of at least 55 weight % of the total dry image receiving layer weight and at a dry ratio to the water-dispersible polyester of at least 1:1 to and including 20:1. The thermal image receiver element can be used to prepare thermal dye images after thermal transfer from a thermal donor element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: Kodak Alaris Inc.
    Inventors: Teh-Ming Kung, Peter John Ghyzel, John Leonard Muehlbauer
  • Patent number: 8822124
    Abstract: A method of forming a pattern comprises diffusing an acid formed by irradiating a portion of a photosensitive layer, into an underlayer comprising an acid sensitive copolymer having acid decomposable groups and attachment groups covalently bonded to the surface of the substrate and/or forming an interpolymer crosslink. Diffusing comprises heating the underlayer and photosensitive layer. The acid sensitive group reacts with the diffused acid to form a polar region on the underlayer, with the shape of the pattern. The photosensitive layer is removed, forming a self-assembling layer comprising a block copolymer having a first block with an affinity for the polar region, and a second block having less affinity for the polar region. The first block forms a domain aligned to the polar region, and the second block forms another domain aligned to the first. Removing either domain exposes a portion of the underlayer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2014
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Peter Trefonas, Phillip Dene Hustad, Cynthia Pierre
  • Patent number: 8691489
    Abstract: A thermal image receiver element dry image receiving layer has a Tg of at least 25° C. as the outermost layer. The dry image receiving layer has a dry thickness of at least 0.5 ?m and up to and including 5 ?m. It comprises a polymer binder matrix that consists essentially of: (1) a water-dispersible acrylic polymer comprising chemically reacted or chemically non-reacted hydroxyl, phospho, phosphonate, sulfo, sulfonate, carboxy, or carboxylate groups, and (2) a water-dispersible polyester that has a Tg of 30° C. or less. The water-dispersible acrylic polymer is present in an amount of at least 55 weight % of the total dry image receiving layer weight and at a dry ratio to the water-dispersible polyester of at least 1:1. The thermal image receiver element can be used to prepare thermal dye images after thermal transfer from a thermal donor element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: Kodak Alaris, Inc.
    Inventors: Teh-Ming Kung, Peter J. Ghyzel, John L. Muehlbauer
  • Patent number: 8673535
    Abstract: A thermal image receiver element dry image receiving layer has a Tg of at least 25° C. and is the outermost layer. The dry image receiving layer has a dry thickness of at least 0.5 ?m and up to and including 5 ?m. It comprises a water-dispersible release agent and a polymer binder matrix that consists essentially of: (1) a water-dispersible acrylic polymer comprising chemically reacted or chemically non-reacted hydroxyl, phospho, phosphonate, sulfo, sulfonate, carboxy, or carboxylate groups, and (2) a water-dispersible polyester that has a Tg of 30° C. or less. The water-dispersible acrylic polymer is present in an amount of at least 55 weight % and at a dry ratio to the water-dispersible polyester of at least 1:1. The thermal image receiver element can be used to prepare thermal dye images after thermal transfer from a thermal donor element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Assignee: Kodak Alaris Inc.
    Inventor: Teh-Ming Kung
  • Patent number: 7820359
    Abstract: A coating composition for forming a heat-sensitive transfer image-receiving sheet provided with at least one receptor layer on a support, wherein the composition comprises a latex polymer containing a repeating unit derived from a monomer represented by formula (1); and a heat-sensitive transfer image-receiving sheet prepared by using the coating composition: wherein, R1 represents a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom or a methyl group; L1 represents a divalent linking group; R2 represents an alkylene group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms which may be further substituted; n represents an integer of 1 to 40; Z1 represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 30 carbon atoms, a cycloalkyl group, or an aryl group; and when n is 2 or more, R2s may be the same or different.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 26, 2010
    Assignee: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventors: Toshihide Yoshitani, Takuya Arai
  • Patent number: 7807330
    Abstract: A heat-sensitive transfer image-receiving sheet provided with at least one receptor layer on a support, wherein the receptor layer has a polymer containing a repeating unit derived from a monomer represented by formula (1); and a coating composition for forming the heat-sensitive transfer image-receiving sheet: wherein, R1 represents a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom or a methyl group; L1 represents a divalent linking group; R2 represents an alkylene group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms which may be further substituted; n represents an integer of 1 to 40; Z1 represents a hydrogen atom or a linear, branched or cyclic aliphatic hydrocarbon group having 1 to 30 carbon atoms which may be further substituted; and when n is 2 or more, R2s may be the same or different.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 5, 2010
    Assignee: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventors: Toshihide Yoshitani, Takuya Arai
  • Patent number: 7585609
    Abstract: The present invention provides methods for forming images in positive- or negative-tone chemically amplified photoresists. The methods of the present invention rely on the vertical up-diffusion of photoacid generated by patternwise imaging of an underlayer disposed on a substrate and overcoated with a polymer containing acid labile functionality. In accordance with the present invention, the vertical up-diffusion can be the sole mechanism for imaging formation or the methods of the present invention can be used in conjunction with conventional imaging processes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2009
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Carl Eric Larson, Gregory Michael Wallraff
  • Patent number: 7534544
    Abstract: In a method of using a donor element in a radiation-induced thermal transfer process, an assemblage is provided that includes a donor element and a receiver element, wherein the donor element has a support layer and a transfer layer having one side adjacent the support layer and the other side adjacent the receiver element. After image-wise exposing the assemblage to radiation whereby a portion of the transfer layer is transferred to the receiver element, relative movement between the support layer and the receiver element is provided before separating the donor element from the receiver element. Advantages include improved edge straightness, image width predictability, improved thermal mass transfer, and improved color filters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2009
    Assignee: E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Frank S. Principe, Edmund Francis Schieffer, Jr., Ian Michael Garben, Paul Holt
  • Patent number: 7264752
    Abstract: Conductive coatings usable for coating various elements of corona generating devices and method of forming such coatings are provided. The coatings include graphite and at least one transition metal oxide catalyst. When the conductive coatings are employed in elements of corona generating devices and the devices are activated, the conductivity of the elements is maintained in a manner that preserves the ability of a photoreceptor in an image forming device to retain an image charge in a fashion sufficient to allow subsequent development with toner. The coatings also function to scavenge ozone and neutralize nitrogen oxides formed during operation of corona generating devices. Corona generating devices including elements having such coatings are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2007
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventor: Stephan V. Drappel
  • Patent number: 7160665
    Abstract: The present invention provides methods for forming images in positive- or negative-tone chemically amplified photoresists. The methods of the present invention rely on the vertical up-diffusion of photoacid generated by patternwise imaging of an underlayer disposed on a substrate and overcoated with a polymer containing acid labile functionality. In accordance with the present invention, the vertical up-diffusion can be the sole mechanism for imaging formation or the methods of the present invention can be used in conjunction with conventional imaging processes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2007
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Carl Eric Larson, Gregory Michael Wallraff
  • Patent number: 7022386
    Abstract: A method for forming a glossy image comprising: using (A) a heat transfer sheet comprising a substrate, a light-heat conversion layer and an image forming layer in this order, wherein the light-heat conversion layer comprises a polyamide-imide resin, and the image forming layer comprises at least one of tabular inorganic compound particles and metal particles and a thixotropic agent, (B) a heat transfer sheet comprising a substrate, a light-heat conversion layer and an image forming layer in this order, wherein the light-heat conversion layer comprises a polyamide-imide resin, and the image forming layer comprises a transparent colorant, and (C) an image receiving sheet comprising an image receiving layer; and imagewise transferring the image forming layer of each of the heat transfer sheet (A) and the heat transfer sheet (B) to the image receiving layer by laser thermal transfer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 4, 2006
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Tamotsu Suzuki
  • Patent number: 6893790
    Abstract: A method for producing an electrode pattern in a conductive polymer disposed on a substrate, the method comprising the steps of: applying a layer containing a conductive polymer on a substrate; and printing a pattern on said layer using a printing solution containing a conductivity enhancing agent such that the resistivity of the areas that are contacted with the printing solution decreases by at least a factor of 10. A formulation and a thin film element for performing the method are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2005
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Mark Lelental, Charles C. Anderson, Yongcai Wang
  • Patent number: 6872500
    Abstract: An element for making patterns on an electroconductive substrate, the element comprising a support, on which is disposed: a) a conductive layer containing an electrically conductive polymer, a polyanion and a conductivity enhancing agent; and b) a mixing layer containing a thermally mobile material; wherein, upon imagewise heating the mixing layer, the thermally mobile material mixes with the conductive layer, thereby causing the initial surface resistivity (SR) of the conductive layer to imagewise increase from an initial value SRi, which is lower than 105?/square, to SRi?, ? being at least 102.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2005
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Mitchell S. Burberry, Charles C. Anderson, Mark Lelental
  • Publication number: 20030228546
    Abstract: An information recording material which contains a fluorine-containing nonionic surfactant, 1.5×10−5 mol/m2 or more of a polyvalent metal salt, and an anionic surfactant capable of forming a sparingly soluble salt in an aqueous solution with the polyvalent metal, in the outermost layer on a support on the side of an information recording layer. The information recording material is less in static charge and improved in surface deficiencies due to coating.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 21, 2003
    Publication date: December 11, 2003
    Inventors: Tomoaki Nagahara, Gen Hayashi
  • Publication number: 20020018956
    Abstract: This invention relates to packaged photographic film that is capable of being alternately processed, according to individual consumer choice, by either (1) a traditional wet-chemistry process with a developer solution followed by desilvering in one or more subsequent solutions to obtain a color negative film, or (2) a dry thermal process without the use of aqueous solutions in which a blocked developing agent located within the photographic element is thermally activated or unblocked, optionally followed by electronic scanning of the developed film without desilvering. This invention enables a single film stock to be developed in both a conventional deep tank process and in a dry thermal process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 25, 2001
    Publication date: February 14, 2002
    Inventors: David H. Levy, James H. Reynolds, David T. Southby, Paul D. Zimmerman, Mark E. Irving
  • Patent number: 6241842
    Abstract: A transfer film for printing onto at least partially three-dimensional articles, with the intention that surfaces having different planar portions can be printed onto at the same time and with equally good effect, is partially cut into in the region of contour lines of the planar portions. The article printed onto is characterized by scarcely visible printing defects in marginal zones of the printing. Applications include any articles having raised planar portions, for example containers, rotary knobs etc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2001
    Assignee: EMTEC Magnetics GmbH
    Inventors: Gilbert Nägele, Heinrich Wollensack, Klaus Schöttle
  • Patent number: 6232469
    Abstract: A novel 4-acylamino-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine derivatives and antioxidants comprising the same. The 4-acylamino-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine derivatives are represented by formula (A): wherein R1 represents a hydrogen atom, a hydroxyl group, an oxyradical group, an aliphatic group, an acyl group, an aliphatic oxy group or an acyloxy group; and R2 represents an aliphatic group having at least 3 carbon atoms and at least two hydroxyl groups.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2001
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Nobuo Seto, Takayoshi Kamio
  • Patent number: 6214151
    Abstract: A method is described for preparing opto-electronic devices such as organic light-emitting diodes. The method is a thermal dye transfer process in which a dye pattern is transferred from a dye transfer plate into a receiving layer of a substrate by bringing the dye transfer plate into contact with the receiving layer and heating to a relatively low temperature, preferably below the vaporization or sublimation temperature of the dye. The pattern of the dye is maintained upon transfer and diffusion. Preferably, the method is repeated to provide a three-color pattern in the receiving layer. The invention also encompasses an opto-electronic device comprising a receiving layer as prepared by the aforementioned method wherein the receiving layer is sandwiched between two electrodes, one of which is transparent. Optionally, a hole-transporting or electron-transporting layer can be deposited between each electrode and the receiving layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 1999
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2001
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Jianping Chen, Jesse Richard Salem, John Campbell Scott
  • Patent number: 6208364
    Abstract: A process of forming a diffusion resistant lenticular element: a) contacting at least one dye-donor element having a support having thereon a dye layer having an image dye in a binder having an infrared-absorbing material associated therewith, the image dye comprising a nonionic dye capable of being converted to a cationic dye with an acid, with a lenticular element having a support with a lenticular array thereon on the opposite side thereof; b) imagewise-heating the dye-donor element with a laser; c) transferring a dye image to the support of the lenticular element; d) contacting the dye image with an acidic mordanting layer; and e) heating the lenticular element to cause the nonionic dye to convert to a cationic dye which is mordanted in the acidic mordanting layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 1999
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2001
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Lee W. Tutt, Christine M. Vargas, Steven Evans
  • Patent number: 6156475
    Abstract: An image forming process comprises the steps of image-wise exposing to light a light-sensitive material, heating the light-sensitive material to develop the silver halide within the exposed area and to harden the hardening layer, and removing the light-sensitive layer and the unhardened area of the hardening layer from the light-sensitive material with an etching solution to form a replica image of the hardened area on the support. The light-sensitive material comprises a support, a hardening layer and a light-sensitive layer in this order. The hardening layer contains an ethylenically unsaturated polymerizable compound represented by the formula (I).A(--NH--CO--Y--L--Q.sub.n).sub.m (I)in which A is an m-valent organic group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms; Y is --O-- or --NR--, wherein R is hydrogen or an alkyl group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms; L is an (n+1)-valent aliphatic group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms; Q is acryloyloxy or methacryloyloxy; n is 1, 2 or 3; and m is 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 1999
    Date of Patent: December 5, 2000
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Hiromitsu Yanaka
  • Patent number: 6136495
    Abstract: A silver halide light-sensitive material comprises a support, a hardening layer and a light-sensitive layer in order. The hardening layer contains an ethylenically unsaturated polymerizable compound or a cross-linkable polymer. The light-sensitive layer contains silver halide and fine particles containing a reducing agent. The fine particles are made of a mixture of a reducing agent and a non-reducing compound. A melting point of the mixture is lower than a melting point of the reducing agent. The difference between the melting points is not smaller than 10.degree. C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2000
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Kaku Sakata
  • Patent number: 6132925
    Abstract: A silver halide light-sensitive material comprises a support, a hardening layer and a light-sensitive layer in order. The light-sensitive layer contains silver halide and a hydrophilic polymer. The hardening layer or the light-sensitive layer contains a reducing agent. The hardening layer contains a mixture of a polymer (A) and a polymer (B). The mixture contains the polymer (A) in an amount of 5 to 70 wt. % and the polymer (B) in an amount of 30 to 95 wt. %. The polymer (A) comprises repeating units of (A1) in an amount of not less than 95 mol %. The polymer (B) comprises repeating units of (B1) in an amount of 10 to 90 mol % and repeating units of (B2) in an amount of 10 to 90 mol %.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 29, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 17, 2000
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Satoshi Hoshi
  • Patent number: 6066432
    Abstract: A silver halide light-sensitive material comprises a support, a hardening layer and a light-sensitive layer in order. The light-sensitive layer contains silver halide and a hydrophilic polymer. The hardening layer or the light-sensitive layer contains a reducing agent. The hardening layer contains a mixture of a polymer (A) and a polymer (B). The mixture contains the polymer (A) in an amount of 5 to 70 wt. % and the polymer (B) in an amount of 30 to 95 wt. %. The polymer (A) comprises repeating units of (A1) in an amount of not less than 95 mol %. The polymer (B) comprises repeating units of (B1) in an amount of 10 to 90 mol % and repeating units of (B2) in an amount of 10 to 90 mol %.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2000
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Hiromitsu Yanaka
  • Patent number: 6013408
    Abstract: A silver halide light-sensitive material comprises a support, a hardening layer and a light-sensitive layer in the order. An overcoating layer may be provided on the light-sensitive layer. The hardening layer contains an ethylenically unsaturated polymerizable compound or an ethylenically unsaturated cross-linkable polymer. The light-sensitive layer contains silver halide. The light-sensitive layer or the overcoating layer contains polyvinyl alcohol having a saponification degree of not less than 90%. The hardening layer or the light-sensitive layer contains a reducing agent. The hardening layer or the light-sensitive layer further contains a phenol compound represented by the formula (I): ##STR1## in which L.sup.1 is a divalent linking group; and each of the benzene rings A.sup.1 and B.sup.1 may have one to four substituent groups.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 1998
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2000
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Naonori Makino
  • Patent number: 5998086
    Abstract: A silver halide light-sensitive material comprises a support, a hardening layer and a light-sensitive layer. The hardening layer contains an ethylenically unsaturated polymerizable compound and a hydrophobic polymer. The light-sensitive layer contains silver halide and a water-soluble polymer. The water-soluble polymer forms a water-soluble phase. The silver halide is dispersed in the water-soluble phase. The hardening layer or the light-sensitive layer contains a reducing agent. The light-sensitive layer further contains a water-insoluble polymer. The water-soluble polymer has a glass transition temperature of not higher than 0.degree. C. The water-insoluble polymer forms a water-insoluble phase. The water-insoluble phase is separated from the water-soluble phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 1998
    Date of Patent: December 7, 1999
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Satoshi Hoshi
  • Patent number: 5945202
    Abstract: The invention provides an ink-oozing plate for a stamp with an ink-impregnated part having stamp-ink impregnable open cells, where the printing face of the stamp comprises a stamp ink-oozing part and a stamp ink-non-oozing part, where the stamp ink-non-oozing part is concave and is 0.01 mm or more lower than the ink-oozing part, the stamp ink-non-oozing part being made of a stamp material-molten part and a penetrating molten-mixing part where a heat-fusing substance penetrating part and a stamp material-molten part are present together.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 31, 1999
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Pencil Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Yoichi Ando
  • Patent number: 5882838
    Abstract: A silver halide light-sensitive material comprises a support, a hardening layer and a light-sensitive layer. The hardening layer contains an ethylenically unsaturated polymerizable compound or an ethylenically unsaturated cross-linkable polymer. The light-sensitive layer contains silver halide and a hydrophilic polymer. The hardening layer or the light-sensitive layer contains a reducing agent. An adhesive layer or the light-sensitive layer contains a water-soluble synthetic polymer. The adhesive layer is provided between the hardening layer and the light-sensitive layer. The water-soluble synthetic polymer comprises a repeating unit represented by the formula (I) in an amount of at least 50 mol %: ##STR1## in which each of n1 and n2 is an integer of 10 to 5,000; each of R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 is hydrogen, an alkyl group or an aryl group; X is --O--R.sup.4 --O-- or --NR.sup.5 --; R.sup.4 is an alkylene group, an alkyleneoxyalkylene group, an arylene group or an aralkylene group; R.sup.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 16, 1999
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Satoshi Hoshi, Hiroyuki Nagase
  • Patent number: 5861230
    Abstract: There is described a novel process of polymerizing 4-vinyl pyridine monomer in an aqueous polymerization system which comprises preparing an aqueous solution of polyvinyl alcohol, and contacting said aqueous solution of a polyvinyl alcohol with less than about 10% by weight of 4-vinyl pyridine monomer and a water-soluble initiator capable of decomposing to give free radicals.The resultant dispersion of the novel polymerization process comprises a homogeneous, i.e., weight average molecular weight and particle size, poly-4-vinylpyridine, with no appreciable residual 4-vinyl pyridine monomer.The resultant dispersion may be used to coat image- and ink-receiving layers of image-recording materials and ink jet recording sheets, respectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 1997
    Date of Patent: January 19, 1999
    Assignee: Polaroid Corporation
    Inventors: Shawn P. Lambert, Xiaojia Z. Wang
  • Patent number: 5843619
    Abstract: A silver halide light-sensitive material comprises a support, a hardening layer and a light-sensitive layer. The hardening layer contains an ethylenically unsaturated polymerizable compound and a hydrophobic polymer having an acidic group. The light-sensitive layer contains silver halide and a hydrophilic polymer. The hardening layer or the light-sensitive layer contains a reducing agent. An adhesive layer or a light-sensitive layer contains a water-soluble synthetic polymer. The adhesive layer is provided between the hardening layer and the light-sensitive layer. The water-soluble synthetic polymer comprises a repeating unit represented by the formula (I) in an amount of at least 10 mol %: ##STR1## in which each of R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 independently is hydrogen, an aliphatic group or an aromatic group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 1, 1998
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Satoshi Hoshi
  • Patent number: 5789285
    Abstract: In a BiMOS semiconductor device, emitter and base electrodes formed by polycrystalline Si of a bipolar transistor are isolated from each other by way of a sidewall and an insulator layer. As this insulator layer acts as an offset during the formation of the sidewall, its layer thickness can be made larger. Further, as this insulator layer is not provided in a MOS region, its step can be made smaller. Consequently, parasitic capacitance can be reduced while the insulator layer can be made thicker. Thus, there can be achieved both fast operation and high reliability of the bipolar transistor and, moreover, reduction in the reliability of a MOS transistor can also be prevented.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 1996
    Date of Patent: August 4, 1998
    Assignee: Sony Corporation
    Inventor: Ikuo Yoshihara
  • Patent number: 5783353
    Abstract: A sealed self-contained photohardenable imaging assembly comprising:a first transparent polymeric film support;a second polymeric film support which may be opaque or transparent;an imaging layer disposed between said first transparent support and said second support;a subbing layer disposed between said first transparent support and said imaging layer, said subbing including a polymer having chemical moieties which bond to said microcapsules; and an adhesive material disposed between said imaging layer and said second support;said imaging layer comprising a developer material and a plurality of microcapsules, said microcapsules encapsulating a photohardenable composition containing a color precursor, a polyethylenically unsaturated compound, a cyanine dye/borate photoinitiator and a disulfide having the formula: ##STR1## where X is selected from the group consisting of S and O except X is N when the disulfide includes one or more tetrazolyl groups; n represents 0 or 1; A represents the residue of the ring con
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 1995
    Date of Patent: July 21, 1998
    Assignee: Cycolor, Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph C. Camillus, Mark A. Johnson, John M. Taylor, Darrell A. Terry, William Lippke, S. Thomas Brammer
  • Patent number: 5695908
    Abstract: There are disclosed a process for preparing a printing plate which comprises the steps of providing, on a support, a layer containing a water-soluble polymer which becomes water-insoluble by a metal ion, and feeding the metal ion imagewisely from the surface of the layer to form an image pattern comprising the hardened water-soluble polymer on the support, anda plate for preparing a printing plate which comprises a support and a layer containing a water-soluble polymer which becomes water-insoluble in contact with a metal ion provided on the surface of the support.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 9, 1997
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Paper Mills, Limited
    Inventor: Akira Furukawa
  • Patent number: 5654122
    Abstract: Pyridone dyes useful for thermal transfer have the formula ##STR1## where R.sup.1 is hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 - alkyl,R.sup.2 and R.sup.3 are identical or different and each is, independently of the other, hydrogen, substituted or unsubstituted C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 -alkyl, C.sub.5 -C.sub.7 -cycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted phenyl, substituted or unsubstituted pyridyl, substituted or unsubstituted C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 -alkanoyl, C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 -alkoxycarbonyl, substituted or unsubstituted C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 -alkylsulfonyl, C.sub.5 -C.sub.7 -cycloalkylsulfonyl, substituted or unsubstituted phenylsulfonyl, substituted or unsubstituted pyridylsulfonyl, substituted or unsubstituted benzoyl, pyridylcarbonyl or thienylcarbonyl or are together with the nitrogen atom to which they are bonded unsubstituted or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 - alkyl-substituted succinimido, unsubstituted or C.sub.1 -C.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 1995
    Date of Patent: August 5, 1997
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Karl-Heinz Etzbach, Ernst Schefczik, Ruediger Sens, Matthias Wiesenfeldt
  • Patent number: 5589317
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for reproducing continuous tone images by means of a thermal head. The method involves the image-wise heat transfer of a reducing agent from a donor element to a receiving layer of a receiving element. The receiving element contains a thermoreducible silver source such as e.g. silver behenate. The process of the present invention provides high density images with multiple intermediate density levels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 31, 1996
    Assignee: Agfa-Gevaert N.V.
    Inventors: Geert Defieuw, Wilhelmus Janssens, Herman Uytterhoeven, Bart Horsten, Jean-Marie Dewanckele, Jan Van den Bogaert
  • Patent number: 5587269
    Abstract: The present invention provides a thermal imaging process using (i) a donor element comprising on a support having a thickness of 3-10 .mu.m a donor layer comprising a binder, a thermotransferable reducing agent capable of reducing a silver source to metallic silver upon heating and particles protruding from the surface of said donor layer and (ii) a receiving element comprising on a support a receiving layer comprising a silver source capable of being reduced by means of heat in the presence of a reducing agent, said thermal imaging process comprising the steps ofbringing said donor layer of said donor element into face to face relationship with said receiving layer of said receiving element,image-wise heating a thus obtained assemblage, thereby causing image-wise transfer of an amount of said thermotransferable reducing agent to said receiving element in accordance with the amount of heat supplied by said thermal head andseparating said donor element from said receiving element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 24, 1996
    Assignee: Afga-Gevaert N.V.
    Inventor: Geert Defieuw
  • Patent number: 5576162
    Abstract: Imaging elements, such as photographic, electrostatographic and thermal imaging elements, are comprised of a support, an image-forming layer and an electrically-conductive layer comprising a dispersion of carbon nanofibers in a film-forming binder. Use of carbon nanofibers provides a controlled degree of electrical conductivity and beneficial chemical, physical and optical properties which adapt the electrically-conductive layer for such purposes as providing protection against static or serving as an electrode which takes part in an image-forming process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 19, 1996
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventor: Kimon Papadopoulos
  • Patent number: 5494774
    Abstract: A thermal transfer system for transferring material in an imagewise manner by means of thermal transfer printing from a donor element to an image receiving element is used to prepare printing plates. In one construction, a donor element, which is prepared by coating a photoinitiator (and optionally a sensitizer) in a binder on a backing material, is used with an image receiving element, which is prepared by coating a photopolymer (and optionally a sensitizer) on a substrate having a microporous hydrophilic crosslinked silicated surface. In an alternative construction, a donor element, which is prepared by coating a sensitizer in a binder on a backing material, is used with an image receiving element, which is prepared by coating a photopolymer and photoinitiator on a substrate having a microporous hydrophilic crosslinked silicated surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 1995
    Date of Patent: February 27, 1996
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: M. Zaki Ali, Mahfuza B. Ali, David R. Boston, Jeffrey C. Chang
  • Patent number: 5470699
    Abstract: Gelatin hardeners, suitable for use in hardening gelatin-containing photographic layers, of the formula: ##STR1## wherein: X is a member selected from the group consisting of O and S or is absent,each Y independently is a member selected from the group consisting of O, S and a bond,each R.sup.1 independently represents an aliphatic group of up to 10 carbon atoms or the two R.sup.1 groups together represent the necessary atoms to complete a 5, 6 or 7-membered ring,--NR.sup.2 R.sup.3 contains not more than 12 skeletal atoms andR.sup.2 and R.sup.3 are independently members of the group consisting of hydrogen, cyclic groups and acyclic groups or R.sup.2 and R.sup.3 together represent the necessary atoms to complete a heterocyclic ring.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 1994
    Date of Patent: November 28, 1995
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Anthony L. Beck, Julian M. Wallis, Martin D. Attwood, Stephen Newman
  • Patent number: 5460918
    Abstract: A thermal transfer system for transferring material in an imagewise manner by means of thermal transfer printing from a donor element to an image receiving element is used to prepare printing plates. In one construction, a donor element, which is prepared by coating a photoinitiator (and optionally a sensitizer) in a binder on a backing material, is used with an image receiving element, which is prepared by coating a photopolymer (and optionally a sensitizer) on a substrate having a microporous hydrophilic crosslinked silicated surface. In an alternative construction, a donor element, which is prepared by coating a sensitizer in a binder on a backing material, is used with an image receiving element, which is prepared by coating a photopolymer and photoinitiator on a substrate having a microporous hydrophilic crosslinked silicated surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 24, 1995
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: M. Zaki Ali, Mahfuza Ali, David R. Boston, Jeffrey C. Chang
  • Patent number: 5434119
    Abstract: A transparent recording medium is disclosed which can directly record a fine, precise image. With the recording medium, a compact, fine image occupying a small storage space can be easily enlarged and confirmed by an enlarged projection. It is prepared by applying a coating liquid for recording comprising a developer in which a hydroxyl group with a developing function is blocked by an N-substituted carbamoyl group or an O-substituted oxycarbonyl group, an iron salt of an organic acid or a leuco dye, a near-infrared absorbing agent, and a binder, uniformly dissolved in an organic solvent such as MEK, to a transparent plastic substrate, and drying to obtain a transparent recording layer with a thickness of 3 .mu.m to 8 .mu.m. A visible, precise, fine direct image can then be recorded using a semiconductor laser beam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 1992
    Date of Patent: July 18, 1995
    Assignee: Jujo Paper Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Toshimi Satake, Tomoaki Nagai, Toshiyuki Takano, Akio Sekine
  • Patent number: 5422230
    Abstract: A slide blank comprises a support; a mask layer having a substantially transparent central portion and a non-transparent peripheral portion surrounding the central portion; and an imageable layer which is not substantially photosensitive but is imageable to form an image which can be viewed in transmission. The support, mask layer and imageable layer are secured together so that the support and the imageable layer extend across essentially the entire transparent central portion of the mask layer, at least the portion of the support adjacent the central portion of the mask layer being substantially transparent. This slide blank can be imaged to produce a ready-mounted slide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 1994
    Date of Patent: June 6, 1995
    Assignee: Polaroid Corporation
    Inventors: Roger A. Boggs, Warren D. Slafer, Stephen J. Telfer, Michael J. Zuraw
  • Patent number: 5413902
    Abstract: A color light-sensitive material comprising at least three light-sensitive layers having different color-sensitivity from one another provided on a support. Each layer comprises a combination of at least a light-sensitive silver halide, a binder and a dye-providing compound. At least one layer thereof has a spectral sensitization peak in at least two wavelength regions, the peaks in the at least two wavelength regions being at least 50 nm away from each other and at least one spectral sensitization peak thereof exists in the wavelength region of 700 nm or above.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 1992
    Date of Patent: May 9, 1995
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiroshi Hara, Takanori Hioki, Keiichi Adachi
  • Patent number: 5384238
    Abstract: Positive-acting photothermographic elements suitable for use at contact speeds comprising a base layer having at least two layers thereon, which layers define a photosensitive medium comprising a photocurable composition, a reducible silver source, and a reducing system for silver ion comprising one or more components including a compound capable of reducing silver ion to silver metal, such that the reducible silver source and at least one component of the reducing system for silver ion are present in separate layers, wherein exposure of the element to actinic radiation causes curing of the photocurable composition in the exposed area(s), said curing preventing the reducing system from interacting with the reducible silver source during thermal processing and in which the photocurable composition comprises a free radical curable resin and a photoinitiator therefor having an absorbance to radiation in the wavelength range of 340 to 440 nm, which photoinitiator upon exposure to said actinic radiation or during
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 1994
    Date of Patent: January 24, 1995
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Richard J. Ellis, Ranjan C. Patel, Robert J. D. Nairne
  • Patent number: 5374496
    Abstract: An image forming method is conducted by subjecting a dry silver salt image forming medium to imagewise exposure and heating to form a light-absorbing organic compound. Thereafter, the medium is subjected to polymerization exposure to imagewise polymerize the medium based on the formation pattern of the light-absorbing compound. The light-absorbing organic compound has specific sensitivities to light in order to maximize contrast.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 1993
    Date of Patent: December 20, 1994
    Assignee: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Kenji Kagami, Akihiro Mouri, Masato Katayama, Kazuo Isaka, Tetsuro Fukui, Susumu Nakamura, Masao Suzuki
  • Patent number: 5372910
    Abstract: A process for preparing images on a tonable, light-sensitive layer using a transfer layer containing at least 20 percent by weight of a toner and a polymer with a maximum tensile strength of at least 2 N/mm.sup.2 as a binder. The pigmented transfer layers can be used in color proofing processes requiring high resolution, reproducible color density and low dot gain.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 1993
    Date of Patent: December 13, 1994
    Assignee: E. I. Du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Bernhard Metzger, Helmet H. Frohlich
  • Patent number: 5354650
    Abstract: Photographic elements are described which contain a release compound that during photographic processing provides an imagewise distribution of a photographically inert compound which can react with a uniform distribution of a second compound contained in the element to form a photographically active compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 11, 1994
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: David T. Southby, Daniel L. Kapp, Wojciech Slusarek, Louis E. Friedrich, Zbyslaw R. Owczarczyk, Xiqiang Yang
  • Patent number: 5348836
    Abstract: The present invention provides a photographic material comprising on a support photosensitive silver halide particles, and substantially light insensitive silver salt particles having a speed at least a factor 10 less under the same conditions of exposure and development of said photosensitive silver halide particles than said photosensitive silver halide particles and a releasing compound of formula (I) or (II) as specified in the claims capable of image-wise releasing sulphide or a sulphide under conditions for image-wise development of said photosensitive silver halide particles to silver. The present invention further provides a method for obtaining an image and a lithographic printing plate with said photographic material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 1993
    Date of Patent: September 20, 1994
    Assignee: AGFA-Gevaert, N.V.
    Inventors: Ludo Van Rompuy, Jean-Marie Dewanckele
  • Patent number: 5326667
    Abstract: The present invention provides 6 embodiments of a new image forming method. The image forming method uses a light-sensitive material and an image receiving material. The light-sensitive material comprises a support and a light-sensitive polymerizable layer provided thereon. Some embodiments of the light-sensitive material further have an adhesive layer. The light-sensitive polymerizable layer contains silver halide, a reducing agent and an ethylenically unsaturated polymerizable compound or/and a cross-linkable polymer. Some embodiments of the light-sensitive polymerizable layer further contain a colorant. The image forming method comprises an exposing step, a developing step, a removing step and a transferring step or a laminating step. Some embodiments of the image forming method further contains a peeling step or a toning step. The present invention is characterized in the combination of the removing step with the transferring step or the laminating step.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 1992
    Date of Patent: July 5, 1994
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiroaki Yokoya, Keiji Takeda, Osami Tanabe, Katsuji Kitatani
  • Patent number: 5324622
    Abstract: The present invention provides a photographic material comprising on a support (i) photosensitive silver halide particles, (ii) substantially light insensitive silver salt particles having a speed at least a factor 10 less than said photosensitive silver halide particles under the same conditions of exposure and development of said photosensitive silver halide particles and (iii) a releasing compound capable of image-wise releasing under the conditions for image-wise development of said photosensitive silver halide to silver a chemical sensitizer, said chemical sensitizer rendering said substantially light insensitive silver salt particles developable. The present invention also provides a method for making an image therewith and a method for making a lithographic printing plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 1992
    Date of Patent: June 28, 1994
    Assignee: AGFA-Gevaert, N.V.
    Inventors: Ludo L. Van Rompuy, Jean-Marie O. Dewanckele, Jos A. Vaes, Marcel J. Monbaliu