Material Distributor With Plant Manipulating, Cultivating Or Sensing (e.g., To Position Plant Relative To Distributor) Patents (Class 47/1.7)
  • Patent number: 9457473
    Abstract: Robotic systems and methods are provided for tending, manipulating, engaging, acting upon, observing and/or monitoring objects and conditions in a defined volume or space (“work space”) in or overlying a target area. The robotic system includes a mobile robot supported by or suspended from suspension cables secured to spaced apart anchor locations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2016
    Assignee: iRobot Corporation
    Inventor: Pavlo Rudakevych
  • Patent number: 9420776
    Abstract: An apparatus for selectively treating plants is provided which may include a frame arranged to provide a plurality of horizontally spaced apart, non-overlapping treatment regions. Each treatment region may include at least one sensor which is arranged to monitor the respective treatment region for a plant to be treated. The apparatus may also include an electronic controller operatively coupled to the plurality of sensors and operatively coupled to a fluid delivery system. The electronic controller may control the fluid delivery system to deliver an application fluid through a respective application device when a targeted plant is detected in a respective treatment region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2016
    Assignee: Dow AgroSciences LLC
    Inventors: William N. Kline, III, Vernon Langston, Peter N. Scherer
  • Patent number: 9167745
    Abstract: A liquid dispensing system that includes a carrier having a storage tank disposed thereon for storing a liquid product. A boom is coupled to the carrier and includes a distribution hose through which the liquid product flows from the storage tank and into a number of liquid placement apparatuses. Each liquid placement apparatus includes a drop assembly coupled to the boom and extending downward. A base assembly is coupled to the lower end of the drop assembly and a hose assembly extends from the distribution hose to the base assembly. A lower hose assembly is protected within the base assembly and includes a pair of dribble hoses extruding from the base assembly. The liquid product is delivered proximate to the ground surface through the dribble hoses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 27, 2015
    Assignee: 360 Yield Center, LLC
    Inventor: Dan Muff
  • Patent number: 9161497
    Abstract: An autonomously controlled greenhouse cultivation system includes a fuel cell module, an environment detection and control module, and environment set-up devices. The fuel cell module includes input terminals and output terminals. After fuel and air are received through the input terminals, the output terminals supply, respectively, various environmental products, including electrical power, thermal energy, carbon dioxide, and water, which are fed to the environment detection and control module that controls the output of these environmental products and includes detection units and control units to detect and effect feedback control of illumination, temperature, humidity, carbon dioxide concentration, and water level.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2015
    Assignee: Electric Energy Express Corporation
    Inventors: Ling-Yuan Tseng, Mingfu Chu, Tzetzung Chen
  • Patent number: 9038552
    Abstract: The invention provides a non-toxic photoluminescent adjuvant delivered to targeted crops, plants and seeds to assist spray operations in low light or dark light operations. These crops and plants include: not for human consumption crops, turf grass, ornamental flowers, seeds, shrubs and bushes. Spray operations are delivered to the foliar, crown and soil parts and seeds of a crop or plant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: Floratine Products Group, Inc
    Inventors: Kevin Cavanaugh, Timothy B. Cartwright
  • Patent number: 8894741
    Abstract: A plant air purifier and associated method for purifying air, comprising: at least one grow container; a filter bed comprising a surface which is horizontal within 20 degrees of a horizontal plane; at least one plant which grows within the filter bed; a reservoir for containing water for watering the at least one plant; a mechanical watering device which waters the filter bed from the top down; a pump for pumping water from the reservoir to and through the mechanical watering device; and an air propulsion mechanism for propelling air through the filter bed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Inventor: Martin Mittelmark
  • Publication number: 20140196363
    Abstract: An automatic agricultural cultivating equipment includes a supporting unit, a rotating unit, a driving unit, a loading unit, an operating unit, and a supply unit. The rotating unit is driven by the driving unit to rotate on the supporting unit about a vertical axis, and defines an operation region and a cultivation region. The loading unit includes a plurality of loading plates disposed on the rotating unit and in the cultivation region. The supply unit is disposed on the rotating unit for supplying water and light to the loading unit.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 16, 2013
    Publication date: July 17, 2014
    Applicant: Fung Gin Da Energy Science and Technology Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Fung Gin Da Energy Science and Technology Co., Ltd.
  • Publication number: 20140182197
    Abstract: Agricultural cultivating equipment includes a support unit, a rotating unit, a driving unit for driving the rotating unit, a transmission unit extending around the rotating unit, a plurality of loading units, and a supply unit. The transmission unit includes a plurality of hangers. The loading units are disposed respectively on the hangers. Each of the loading units is circulatable between an upper limit position and a lower limit position. The supply unit includes a water supplying device for supplying water into the loading units, and a lighting device for lighting the loading units.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 3, 2013
    Publication date: July 3, 2014
    Applicant: Fung Gin Da Energy Science and Technology Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Chun-Neng Chung
  • Patent number: 8683739
    Abstract: Aspects of the invention include a device (1) for accommodating plant material (4), such as in particular seed, but also a cutting, a seedling or other plant material. The device (1) comprises at least one holder (2) in which at least the plant material (4), and possibly herein a substrate material (5), can be placed, and the bottom of which is substantially open and can be closed with a closing element (6).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignees: Visser's-Gravendeel Holding B.V., Vitro Plus C.V.
    Inventor: John Bijl
  • Publication number: 20140026474
    Abstract: Embodiments generally relate to a system for growing plants or other living organisms. A container is used that includes sensors for sensing conditions of the plant. Dispensers, such as emitters, provide a way to dispense materials such as water, nutrients, insecticides, herbicides, etc. under human or machine control. A network connection allows monitoring and control of the container from a remote site. Management of plant growth can be local or remote, or a combination of the two. Control expertise can be selected by a user who is local to the container from a website. Control expertise can also be provided by a human expert who is remote from the container. Other features are described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: January 30, 2014
    Inventor: Charles J. Kulas
  • Patent number: 8627596
    Abstract: A method is provided for inhibiting plant growth by inducing hypothermia by applying a treating substance to summer annual weeds and grasses. Susceptible undesirable plants will be killed by this treatment, while non-susceptible desirable plants will not be adversely affected by this treatment. Compressed carbon dioxide may be applied to other summer grasses to cause the grasses to become dormant. An apparatus is provided for inducing hypothermia in undesirable plants by applying a treating substance. A canister capable of housing gas may be provided. A valve may be provided to control the amount and pressure of gas dispensed from the canister.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2014
    Assignee: Artic, Inc.
    Inventors: Robby James Howerton, Gina Marie Stewart, Steven Lee Worm, Michael Alan Batalia
  • Patent number: 8621752
    Abstract: A pruning clipper includes a pair of handles each having a distal end and a proximal end, with the handles being pivotally connected to each other close to the proximal ends of the handles. A first blade is connected to the proximal end of one of said handles, and a second blade is connected to the proximal end of the other handle. A chemical storage tank may be positioned within the distal end of one of said handles for storing a chemical to be selectively applied to vegetation. A bulb is connected to the proximal end of one of the handles, with the bulb being connected to the tank using a first connecting tube. A dispensing member extends along one of the blades and beyond the blade to a dispersion point, and the dispensing member is connected to the bulb using a second connecting tube. The user will thus cut the vegetation using the clippers, and selectively dispense an herbicide at the precise time and point as desired by the user.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2014
    Inventor: J. Croswell Brim, III
  • Publication number: 20130338931
    Abstract: A method and a device for discharging fertilizer for agricultural cultivated plants are disclosed. According to the invention, the required quantity of fertilizer is determined depending on the current nutrient uptake (nutrient status), optimum nutrient uptake (nutrient requirement) by the fertilizing deadline, and optimum nutrient uptake (nutrient requirement by the next fertilizing deadline, wherein other influencing factors are taken into consideration via a correction factor DIMA.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 2, 2012
    Publication date: December 19, 2013
    Applicant: Techische Universitat Munchen
    Inventor: Franz-Xaver Maidl
  • Publication number: 20130318867
    Abstract: A system for automating the growing of crops, such as grapevines. Combinations of data from sensors local to a vineyard, and from optional remote stations and sensors, is combined with a control system to accurately control the dispensing of water and chemicals such as insecticides, disease prevention fungicides and fertilizers. The materials are dispensed through a multiple channel conduit which allows conflicting, or incompatible, types of materials to be transported through a common assembly. Sensors are attached to the conduit so that the placement of sensors can occur simultaneously with the laying of the conduit. This approach also ensures correct placement and spacing of the sensors with respect to each plant, or plant area, to be monitored and treated.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 12, 2013
    Publication date: December 5, 2013
    Inventor: Paul W. Skinner
  • Patent number: 8528834
    Abstract: A system for automating the growing of crops, such as grapevines. Combinations of data from sensors local to a vineyard, and from optional remote stations and sensors, is combined with a control system to accurately control the dispensing of water and chemicals such as insecticides, disease prevention fungicides and fertilizers. The materials are dispensed through a multiple channel conduit which allows conflicting, or incompatible, types of materials to be transported through a common assembly. Sensors are attached to the conduit so that the placement of sensors can occur simultaneously with the laying of the conduit. This approach also ensures correct placement and spacing of the sensors with respect to each plant, or plant area, to be monitored and treated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2013
    Inventor: Paul W. Skinner
  • Patent number: 8464465
    Abstract: An inoculation apparatus is disclosed whereby plants may be inoculated with a pathogen. The inoculation apparatus may includes a plurality of wound members and one or more pads. The pathogen is provided in an inoculum. In one example, the pressure of the inoculum is up to about 2 psi.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2013
    Assignee: Agrigenetics Inc.
    Inventor: Joseph T. Metzler
  • Patent number: 8312670
    Abstract: A horticultural applicator having a raft, at least one cable attached to the raft, a boom associated with the raft, and a conduit in communication with the raft. The raft includes a lower surface, first and second side surfaces extending upwardly and outwardly from the lower surface at opposite ends thereof, and first and second end surfaces extending generally perpendicular from opposite ends of the lower surface between the first and second side surfaces. The cable is used to drag the raft over a surface containing vegetation. The boom is adapted to apply a substance onto the vegetation traveling below the lower surface of the raft.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2012
    Inventors: Timothy Dean Heckler, Adam Matthew Wake
  • Patent number: 8258952
    Abstract: A system for tracking treatments for at least one plant includes an electronic tag associated with the at least one plant, an electronic tag interrogator configured to interrogate the electronic tag, and a treatment apparatus for applying treatments to the at least one plant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2012
    Assignee: The Invention Science Fund I, LLC
    Inventors: Roderick A Hyde, Muriel Y. Ishikawa, Jordin T. Kare, Lowell L. Wood, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8258951
    Abstract: One or more plants may be associated with an electronic tag including a memory circuit and interrogation interface. The memory circuit in the electronic tag may include data corresponding to the one or more plants. According to an embodiment the data may include at least one data coordinate corresponding to an external database holding data related to the one or more plants. The external database may hold plant care information such as a record of treatments received by the one or more plants and/or plant care instructions, for example. The data may be structured.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2012
    Assignee: The Invention Science Fund I, LLC
    Inventors: Roderick A Hyde, Muriel Y. Ishikawa, Jordin T. Kare, Lowell L. Wood, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8181351
    Abstract: A pruning clipper includes a pair of handles each having a distal end and a proximal end, with the handles being pivotally connected to each other close to the proximal ends of the handles. A first blade is connected to the proximal end of one of said handles, and a second blade is connected to the proximal end of the other handle. A chemical storage tank is connected to the distal end of one of said handles for storing a chemical to be selectively applied to vegetation. A bulb is connected to the proximal end of one of the handles, with the bulb being connected to the tank using a first connecting tube. A dispensing member extends along the side of one of the blades and beyond the blade to a dispersion point, and the dispensing member is connected to the bulb using a second connecting tube. As a result, the user will be able to cut the vegetation as desired using the clippers, and selectively dispense an herbicide as desired by the user.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2012
    Inventor: J. Croswell Brim, III
  • Publication number: 20110296750
    Abstract: A rolling herbicide applicator contains an herbicide nozzle fastened to a rigid shaft and axle at the center of a rolling disc for selectively applying herbicide to undesirable plants, while shielding desirable plants from herbicide overspray. The rolling applicator allows a user to trace a flowing outline through landscape arrangements of any shape with a steady movement as the rolling disc proceeds along the outline. The open design simultaneously provides the operator a direct and continuous view of the sprayer in operation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 2, 2010
    Publication date: December 8, 2011
    Inventor: Ronnie Matthew Davis
  • Patent number: 7905054
    Abstract: An inoculation apparatus is disclosed whereby plants may be inoculated with a pathogen. The inoculation apparatus may includes a plurality of wound members and one or more pads. The pathogen is provided in an inoculum. In one example, the pressure of the inoculum is up to about 2 psi.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2011
    Assignee: Agrigenetics Inc.
    Inventor: Joseph T. Metzler
  • Publication number: 20090229177
    Abstract: A system for tracking treatments for at least one plant includes an electronic tag associated with the at least one plant, an electronic tag interrogator configured to interrogate the electronic tag, and a treatment apparatus for applying treatments to the at least one plant.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 29, 2008
    Publication date: September 17, 2009
    Applicant: Searete LLC
    Inventors: Roderick A. Hyde, Muriel Y. Ishikawa, Jordin T. Kare, Lowell L. Wood, JR.
  • Patent number: 7587297
    Abstract: A computerized system for targeted horticultural advertising. In some embodiments, the system comprises a computer. The computer receives environmental data collected at a horticultural site. The computer determines conformance of the environmental data to a plant species profile and directs a user to commercial information regarding a plant associated with the plant species profile based on the conformance. In some embodiments, the system is used in plant selection and purchasing. In some embodiments, the system is used in plant health diagnostics and troubleshooting.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2009
    Assignee: Plant Sense, Inc.
    Inventors: Matthew K. Glenn, David L. Wilkins
  • Patent number: 7581350
    Abstract: A gardening apparatus that isolates a targeted plant for spraying of chemicals such as herbicides, while protecting desired vegetation in proximity to the targeted plant. The gardening apparatus can be held and operated in one hand, while the other hand is used to operate a sprayer. The apparatus includes an elongated shaft that permits a user to spray a targeted plant from a safe distance such as in an erect position. Located at the distal end of the shaft is a shield, and on the opposite proximal end of the shaft is a hand control mechanism for adjusting the opening and closing of the shield around a plant stem. The adjustability of the opening/closing of the shield through the hand control mechanism permits targeting of different sized stems as the shield can be adjustably configured to surround the stem, whether thick or thin, without having to touch the targeted plant by hand.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2009
    Assignee: RASCO, LLC
    Inventor: Richard M. Ram
  • Patent number: 7571075
    Abstract: A computerized plant selection system comprises a probe and a computer. The probe is installed at a proposed site for a plant. The probe collects environmental data at the site. The environmental data are uploaded to a computer. The computer identifies one or more compatible plant species using the environmental data. Information regarding the compatible plant species is displayed to a user, which advantageously enables the user to select a plant that is environmentally compatible with the proposed site. The compatible plant species may be further identified using user interview data, which enables the user to advantageously select a plant that is compatible with the user's aesthetic and utilitarian preferences. The computer may further identify purchasing information, which advantageously saves the user time and effort in locating a plant and enables the user to purchase a plant that is compatible with the user's budget.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2009
    Assignee: Plant Sense, Inc.
    Inventors: Matthew K. Glenn, David L. Wilkins
  • Patent number: 7487925
    Abstract: A system for automating the growing of crops, such as grapevines. Combinations of data from sensors local to a vineyard, and from optional remote stations and sensors, is combined with a control system to accurately control the dispensing of water and chemicals such as insecticides, disease prevention fungicides and fertilizers. The materials are dispensed through a multiple channel conduit which allows conflicting, or incompatible, types of materials to be transported through a common assembly. Sensors are attached to the conduit so that the placement of sensors can occur simultaneously with the laying of the conduit. This approach also ensures correct placement and spacing of the sensors with respect to each plant, or plant area, to be monitored and treated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2009
    Inventor: Paul W. Skinner
  • Patent number: 7380730
    Abstract: Tunnel sprayer for rows of plants, is of the type having opposing shields (S, S?) which substantially cover the whole heights of the opposing sides of at least one row, and which comprise fans (14) to create a flow of air which in delivery travels parallel to the flow of treatment liquid sprayed on to each side of the row by at least one corresponding bar (22) with nozzles (122) and which in intake sucks in the air and treatment liquid delivered by the shield operating on the other side of the row, so as to avoid the dispersion due to wind drift and limit losses in the air and drips of excess liquid on to the ground.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2008
    Assignee: Bertoni S.r.l.
    Inventor: Sergio Bertoni
  • Patent number: 7344091
    Abstract: Spraying apparatus (1) is provided that has two horizontally disposed upright spray arm assemblies (33) that each carry sprayers (43). Each spray arm assembly (33) has a sprayer (43) in an upper part (35) and a sprayer (43) in a lower part (37). The upper part (35) is able to move relative to the lower part (37) so the axis of spraying from the upper part (35) will be downwardly directed towards an upper part of crop to be sprayed. The spray arm assemblies (33) are mounted on respective arms (25) for moving laterally inwardly or outwardly relative to a longitudinal direction of a row of crop to accommodate for different width crops and/or different crop row widths.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2008
    Inventor: Leon Joseph Caccaviello
  • Patent number: 7121040
    Abstract: Method and apparatus for applying liquids to foliage with a roller and adjustable spray nozzle apparatus. A large heavy roller is pulled or pushed across a field of plants, thereby forcing the plants very close to the ground. A height adjustable applicator nozzle directly following the roller can be adjusted very close to the compacted plants. The combination of an adjustable roller and adjustable applicator nozzles allows the fluid to be released very near the plants, thereby increasing the amount of fluid transferred to the plants' surface and lowering the amount of fluid sprayed into the atmosphere. This reduces the amount of fluid required to treat a given area. The result of the invention is a savings in the cost of fluids, improved effectiveness of the treatment and an improved environmental impact where the selected fluid has a negative environmental impact.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 2003
    Date of Patent: October 17, 2006
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of Agriculture
    Inventors: Adam H. Wiese, Daniel A. Netzer, Don Riemenschneider
  • Patent number: 6952876
    Abstract: A clipper and herbicide or other chemical dispenser comprises a pair of pivotal handle members that are squeezed together to operate a shear mechanism and a chemical dispenser that dispenses chemical directly on the end of the cut stem after the stem has been cut. Preferably, a clamping mechanism clamps a plant stem in place below the shears while the shears cut the stem. The chemical dispenser includes a liquid pump actuated by the handles that pumps a discreet amount of chemical through an opening in a cutting blade at a time when the opening is aligned with the cut end of the plant stem. The dispenser has an outlet mounted on a dispenser arm that is moved away from the opening in the cutting blade by the upper plant stem as the stem is being cut. When the upper stem falls away, the dispenser arm pivots back to align the outlet with the opening in the cutting blade for chemical dispensation on the lower cut stem.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2003
    Date of Patent: October 11, 2005
    Inventor: David S. Frazer
  • Patent number: 6947810
    Abstract: A system for automating the growing of crops, such as grapevines. Combinations of data from sensors local to a vineyard, and from optional remote stations and sensors, is combined with a control system to accurately control the dispensing of water and chemicals such as insecticides, disease prevention fungicides and fertilizers. The materials are dispensed through a multiple channel conduit which allows conflicting, or incompatible, types of materials to be transported through a common assembly. Sensors are attached to the conduit so that the placement of sensors can occur simultaneously with the laying of the conduit. This approach also ensures correct placement and spacing of the sensors with respect to each plant, or plant area, to be monitored and treated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2005
    Assignee: Terra Spase, Inc
    Inventor: Paul Skinner
  • Patent number: 6862083
    Abstract: A lazer rangefinder employs time-of-flight measurements for providing high resolution when measuring range and intensity in a system for accurately mapping and classifying agriculture foliage. Profiles and parameters of the foliage and trees are measured and calculated for classifying the tree, controlling mechanical devices for applying only a pre-selected amount of treatment materials to the tree, and estimating production yeilds. Using a global positioning receiver, a global location for the center of each tree, whether fully grown, juvenile, or dead is identified and used in mapping the measured trees.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2005
    Inventors: Robert E. McConnell, Sr., Robert A. Hoppenfeld, Matthew G. Taylor
  • Publication number: 20040035161
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a culture system for plants and/or plant tissues, comprising at least one culture medium comprising one or more nutrients and a stock of one or more nutrients from which the nutrients are gradually dispensed to the culture medium. Thus is ensured that a sufficient quantity of nutrients is available in the culture system during the whole of the culture without additional manipulations of the culture system, such as adding new nutrients after a period of time, being necessary. In the case of for instance sterile culture systems, there is hereby less chance of compromising the sterility.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 2, 2003
    Publication date: February 26, 2004
    Inventor: Louis Johan Wagenaar
  • Publication number: 20040003535
    Abstract: The present invention is an improved method and apparatus for applying liquids to foliage with a roller and height adjustable spray nozzle apparatus. A large heavy roller is pulled or pushed across a field of plants, thereby forcing the plants very close to the ground. A height adjustable applicator nozzle directly following the roller can be adjusted very close to the compacted plants. The combination of an adjustable roller and height adjustable applicator nozzles allows the fluid to be released very near the plants, thereby increasing the amount of fluid transferred to the plants' surface at a reduced rate and increasing the effectiveness of the treatments while lowering the amount of fluid sprayed into the atmosphere. The result of the invention is a savings in the cost of fluids, improved effectiveness of the treatment and an improved environmental impact where the selected fluid has a negative environmental impact.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 6, 2003
    Publication date: January 8, 2004
    Inventors: Adam H. Wiese, Daniel A. Netzer, Don Riemenschneider
  • Patent number: 6637151
    Abstract: A spray shield assembly for providing an expandable spray shield connectable to a variety of sprayer types. The spray shield assembly includes a shield member having an accordion section to permit expanding a length of the shield member. The spray shield assembly includes a plurality of interchangeable lids, each lid being designed for attachment to a particular type of sprayer including a garden hose type sprayer and a bottle type sprayer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2002
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2003
    Inventor: Connie J. Tillman
  • Patent number: 6606820
    Abstract: A spraying apparatus for spraying agricultural chemicals over shrubbery and small size trees and plants in early stages of their growth positioned in arrays with empty areas therebetween, has a storage for an agricultural chemicals to be sprayed, a spraying assembly having the shape of an upside down “U” and provided with a plurality of spraying nozzles, a detector for detecting the presence of a plant, and an activator for activating the spraying nozzles, after the detector detects a plant, to spray the plant inside the spraying assembly, the spraying assembly having a substantially flat frame composed of a plurality of substantially flat elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2003
    Assignee: Maquinas Agricolas Jacto, S.A.
    Inventor: Shiro Nishimura
  • Patent number: 6594950
    Abstract: A wick applicator for applying agricultural liquid chemicals to crops, weeds and other vegetation. The wick applicator includes an elongated tube for holding and dispensing liquid chemicals. An air inlet extends from the tube and is communicatively open to the internal chamber of the tube. To meter or regulate the flow of liquid chemicals from the elongated tube, a non-variable fixed size orifice is disposed in the air inlet tube. In use, the wick applicator is useful in applying a growth regulating composition to the upper portion of a cotton crop. This is achieved by setting the wick applicator at a selected height and then moving it through a cotton field at that height and in the process, engaging and mopping the portion of any cotton crop in its path.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2003
    Inventor: Louie H. Johnson
  • Publication number: 20030106260
    Abstract: A method and apparatus are provided for using microvariations of a biological living organism to generate a sequence of environmental changes perceptible through one of the human senses. The method includes the steps of transforming microvariations within a living organism into an analog electrical signal and generating the sequence of environmental changes perceptible through the human senses based on said analog signal. The sequence of changes can include the generation of music based on the signal, or the control of lighting, aromas, or air movement in the environment of the organism. One example application is the generation of music from electrical microvariations detected in a house plant.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 29, 2002
    Publication date: June 12, 2003
    Inventors: Oberto Airaudi, Roger Rognas, Lee Weinstein
  • Patent number: 6505437
    Abstract: A method of destroying or controlling unwanted vegetation and agricultural pests is disclosed. The method produces a jet stream of treatment fluid, being mixed combustion gas and superheated or dry steam for application to thermally destroy unwanted vegetation and posts. The method involves the use of a hydrocarbon burner and a water source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2000
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2003
    Assignee: Origin Energy LPG Limited
    Inventors: Ian Johnstone, Robert Smith
  • Publication number: 20020189160
    Abstract: A method for spraying a liquid on plants by means of a spraying assembly adapted for mounting on a pair of upper and lower wires parallel to each other. The spraying assembly comprises a sprayer having at least one nozzle adapted for fluid communication with a source of the liquid, and a sprayer holder. The sprayer holder comprises a rigid rod and upper and lower holder members mounted on the rod and having clamping means for being clamped to the respective upper and lower wires. One of the holder members has a sprayer seat for fixedly supporting the sprayer in a predetermined orientation relative to the rod.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 26, 2002
    Publication date: December 19, 2002
    Applicant: NETAFIM (A.C.S.) LTD.
    Inventor: Joseph Breitner
  • Publication number: 20020170229
    Abstract: A method of assessing a state of a plant is provided. The method includes: (a) collecting data pertaining to at least one plant related parameter over a predetermined time period; and (b) analyzing the data collected over the predetermined time period to thereby identify a trend in the data over at least a portion of the predetermined time period, the trend being indicative of the state of the plant.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 13, 2001
    Publication date: November 21, 2002
    Applicant: Phytech Ltd.
    Inventors: Yuri Ton, Michael Kopyt, Nikolai Nilov
  • Patent number: 6443365
    Abstract: A method and device for discriminating different types of ground vegetation in agriculture is disclosed in which an artificial source (24) of electromagnetic radiation is employed for directing a beam (26) of radiation onto the vegetation. A sensor assembly (30) is provided for detecting reflected radiation from the vegetation in a selected frequency band and generating a sensing signal in response to the detection. A logic controller (32) determines whether a magnitude of the sensing signal falls within a predetermined range of values in order to distinguish one type of vegetation from another type. In the near infred region of the electromagnetic spectum different types of weeds absorb significantly less infra-red radiation than other types of vegetation. Logic controller (32) compares the amplitude of the sensing signal with a decision window.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2002
    Assignee: Weed Control Australia Pty Ltd.
    Inventors: Robert M Tucker, Christopher C. Scott
  • Patent number: 6402063
    Abstract: A spray head for a spraying apparatus comprising a body formed as a conduit leading from an inlet end to a discharge end at which it forms a discharge pattern. A high velocity stream of air is injected into the head at its inlet end and flows through the conduit to its discharge end. Adjacent to the discharge end, a rank of injection nozzles injects liquid into the air stream, and adjacent to the nozzles, a rank of electrodes is formed as ports in the wall of the conduit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 2000
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2002
    Assignee: Progressive Ag, Inc.
    Inventors: Leonard C. Turner, Elroy G. De Winkle
  • Patent number: 6334578
    Abstract: A spray hood assembly for containing the spray mist of pesticides or other liquid agricultural chemicals in an application area as the pesticide or other liquid is applied to soil or vegetation. In a preferred embodiment, the spray hood assembly includes an elongated hood characterized by a selected number of arcuate hood segments attached to each other in end-to-end relationship and mounted on a trailer hitched to a tractor or other towing vehicle. As the suspended hood migrates over soil or vegetation, the pesticide or other liquid is sprayed into the hood. Air intake openings in the front of the hood segments permit entry of turbulent air which promotes mixing of the air and sprayed mist inside the hood and substantially uniform application of the mist to the soil or vegetation within the confines of the hood. In a preferred embodiment, a mist curtain extends downwardly from the curved front and rear panels of the adjacent hood segments for enhancing confinement of the mist in the hood during application.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2000
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2002
    Inventor: John L. House
  • Publication number: 20010023554
    Abstract: A spraying apparatus for spraying agricultural chemicals over shrubbery and small size trees and plants in early stages of their growth positioned in arrays with empty areas therebetween, has a storage for an agricultural chemicals to be sprayed, a spraying assembly having the shape of an upside down “U” and provided with a plurality of spraying nozzles, a detector for detecting the presence of a plant, and an activator for activating the spraying nozzles, after the detector detects a plant, to spray the plant inside the spraying assembly, the spraying assembly having a substantially flat frame composed of a plurality of substantially flat elements.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 29, 2001
    Publication date: September 27, 2001
    Inventor: Shiro Nishimura
  • Patent number: 6286250
    Abstract: A wick applicator for applying agricultural liquid chemicals to crops, weeds and other vegetation. The wick applicator includes an elongated tube for holding and dispensing liquid chemicals An air inlet extends from the tube and is communicatively open to the internal chamber of the tube. To meter or regulate the flow of liquid chemicals from the elongated tubes a non-variable fixed size orifice is disposed in the air inlet tube. In use, the wick applicator is useful in applying a growth regulating composition to the upper portion of a cotton crop. This is achieved by setting the wick applicator at a selected height and then moving it through a cotton field at that height and in the process, engaging and mopping the portion of any cotton crop in its path.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 1996
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2001
    Inventor: Louie H. Johnson
  • Patent number: 6276617
    Abstract: A spraying nozzle, system, and associated methods for applying a liquid to foliage are provided. A container having an opening supplies liquid to be sprayed to a nozzle that includes a spray tip at an upstream end. The nozzle is made of an inert material, and a magnet is affixed adjacent the spray tip's orifice along the liquid pathway. The liquid is pumped out of the container, passing by and contacting the magnet, which affects the liquid droplets by orienting the dipoles of the molecules comprising the liquid. This serves to reduce the droplet size owing to mutual repulsion, creating a “cloud” of spray. The smaller droplets are better able to penetrate smaller spaces in the foliage such as insect habitats and difficult-to-access foliage pockets. The transient magnetization also increases the attraction of the droplets for the foliage, which thereby further increases the efficiency of spraying and coverage achieved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 1999
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2001
    Assignee: Magspray Corporation
    Inventor: Theodore F. Lenhardt
  • Patent number: 6209257
    Abstract: A spraying apparatus for spraying agricultural chemicals over shrubbery and small size arborous trees and plants in early stages of their growth positioned in arrays with empty areas therebetween, the spraying apparatus has a storage for an agricultural chemicals to be sprayed, a spraying assembly having the shape of an upside down U and provided with a plurality of spraying nozzles, a detector for detecting the presence of a plant, and an activator for activating the spraying nozzles, after the detector detects a plant to spray the plants inside the spraying assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 1996
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2001
    Assignee: Maquinas Agricolas Jacto
    Inventor: Shiro Nishimura