False Stems, Method Or Apparatus Patents (Class 47/55)
  • Patent number: 8404320
    Abstract: Per TITLE OF INVENTION, there is disclosed methods, apparatus and kits for attaching artificial flowers (particularly flowers formed with means such a passage to frictionally receive an artificial stem in assembly of an artificial flower plant) to a non-blooming live vegetation stem or branch that is not frictionally receivable in the flower passage, whereby a substitute stem that is frictionally receivable in the flower passage may be custom-formed from various commercially-available wire-like elements to provide (a) single or double free-end twist tie means for attachment of such single flowers to such live stems or branches or (b) means for attaching a plurality of such flowers to a non-blooming live bush in the manner of a string of Christmas tree lights.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2013
    Inventor: Walter Potoroka, Sr.
  • Patent number: 5911632
    Abstract: The subject is a novel apparatus for cultivating organovegetables, which includes an organic medium layer, a vegetable seeds paper membrane, a position-fixing membrane and an insect-proof screen membrane, and which is formed by laminating in order the organic medium layer, the vegetable seeds paper membrane, the position-fixing membrane and the insect-proof screen membrane. These components of the novel apparatus can be prepared into upright rolls which can be cut and applied according to the cultivating area. The novel apparatus is used in combination with an organic medium layer therein so that it is not restricted by land condition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 15, 1999
    Inventor: Wen Tsan Ko
  • Patent number: 5888325
    Abstract: There are provided decorative articles, and methods of making decorative articles, by applying adhesive and coloring agent to a plant, such as a dandelion, the plant having a stalk and an achene assembly, the achene assembly including a receptacle and a plurality of pappus structures; and then drying the adhesive and coloring agent. Also provided are kits for use in such methods.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 1996
    Date of Patent: March 30, 1999
    Inventors: Yoichiro Ito, Lin Qi
  • Patent number: 5659996
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for stemming a flower in which the flower stem is cut substantially simultaneously with attaching a flower pick to the flower stem, thereby eliminating the separate steps of cutting the flower stem and subsequently attaching a stem pick by combining these two operations. In another aspect of the invention, the flower stem is cut in an environment which displaces air from the region of the severed plant stem by submerging the portion of the plant stem in the region of severance under water or by subjecting it to a flow of water or a spray of water or other material which would prevent formation of an air gap in the vascular tissue of the plant and/or skinning over of the tubules. The flower stem may be cut under water and a pick applied under water or cut of the water or out of the water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 26, 1997
    Assignee: Southpac Trust International, Inc.
    Inventors: Donald E. Weder, William F. Straeter, Joseph G. Straeter, Paul Fantz, Gary E. Wilson, Charles E. Schlueter
  • Patent number: 5605006
    Abstract: An apparatus for applying a stem pick to a flower stem wherein the stem pick has laterally directed fingers for wrapping around the stem of a flower. The apparatus includes means for positioning a stem pick into a position ready for attachment to the flower stem, means for attaching the stem pick to the stem of a flower, and pressure adjusting means for adjusting the pressure of the stem pick fingers. The pressure adjusting means comprises a clutch mechanism having means for adjusting the torque applied to the means for attaching the stem pick to the stem of a flower.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 1995
    Date of Patent: February 25, 1997
    Assignee: Southpac Trust International, Inc.
    Inventors: Donald E. Weder, William F. Straeter, Joseph G. Straeter, Paul Fantz, Gary E. Wilson, Charles E. Schlueter
  • Patent number: 5586410
    Abstract: A holder for at least one element of living corsage material from which substantially the entire stem has been severed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 24, 1996
    Inventor: Joseph S. Gallo
  • Patent number: 5575108
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for stemming a flower in which the flower stem is cut substantially simultaneously with attaching a flower pick to the flower stem, thereby eliminating the separate steps of cutting the flower stem and subsequently attaching a stem pick by combining these two operations. In another aspect of the invention, the flower stem is cut in an environment which displaces air from the region of the severed plant stem by submerging the portion of the plant stem in the region of severance under water or by subjecting it to a flow of water or a spray of water or other material which would prevent formation of an air gap in the vascular tissue of the plant and/or skinning over of the tubules. The flower stem may be cut under water and a pick applied under water or cut of the water or out of the water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 19, 1996
    Assignee: Southpac Trust International, Inc.
    Inventors: Donald E. Weder, William F. Straeter, Joseph G. Straeter, Paul Fantz, Gary E. Wilson, Charles E. Schlueter
  • Patent number: 5546697
    Abstract: A floral water tube has a piercing projection for mounting the floral water tube on a retaining base, the piercing projection having a socket extending along the piercing projection and an extension post selectively coupled to the socket along the piercing projection for mounting the floral water tube at selected elevations relative to the retaining base, the selected elevations corresponding to the axial length of the coupled extension post.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 1995
    Date of Patent: August 20, 1996
    Inventors: Vlasios Lymberis, Dimitrios Lymberis
  • Patent number: 5463830
    Abstract: The invention relates to a vegetation-inhibiting product for young plantings. The product includes paper sludge in a quantity of 30-99% by weight; composted organic waste in a quantity of 0.5-70% by weight; fiber material in a quantity of 0.1-20% by weight; and wood particles in a quantity of 0-70% by weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 1992
    Date of Patent: November 7, 1995
    Assignee: Wetenschappelijk en Technisch Centrum voor het Bouwbedrijf
    Inventors: Andre L. J. Pien, Carlo E. M. De Pauw
  • Patent number: 5391208
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for stemming a flower in which the flower stem is cut substantially simultaneously with attaching a flower pick to the flower stem, thereby eliminating the separate steps of cutting the flower stem and subsequently attaching a stem pick by combining these two operations. In another aspect of the invention, the flower stem is cut in an environment which displaces air from the region of the severed plant stem by submerging the portion of the plant stem in the region of severance underwater or by subjecting it to a flow of water or a spray of water or other material which would prevent formation of an air gap in the vascular tissue of the plant and/or skinning over of the tubules. The water or other material used for displacing air in the region of severance may contain a floral preservative or nutrient or bacteria stat or other material to help prolong the shelf life of the flower.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 1992
    Date of Patent: February 21, 1995
    Assignee: Highland Supply Corporation
    Inventors: Donald E. Weder, Joseph G. Straeter
  • Patent number: 5293713
    Abstract: A device for supporting cut flowers. The device is in the form of a hollow tube with a longitudinal opening formed therein. The edges of the tube at the opening carry flanges, disposed at an angle with respect to one another of at least 30.degree. and flaring outwardly from the tube. The interior surface of the tube has longitudinal ridges, preferably three ridges, that engage the flower stem and add stiffening to the tube for better support. The ridges also define channels between the stem and the interior surface of the tube for air to circulate and the stem to breathe. The device is fitted to the stem of a cut flower, just below the base of the flower head, to prevent drooping and wilting. It can be installed on a variety of cut flowers without damaging the stem.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 1992
    Date of Patent: March 15, 1994
    Inventor: Hassen J. Ahmed
  • Patent number: 5203127
    Abstract: An expandable earth anchor is provided with pivoted arms that remain contracted about a bolt rod as the rod, together with the anchor, is driven into the earth. Rotation of the rod with respect to the anchor induces an initial degree of expansion by rotation of the anchor arms about their pivot connection, followed by full expansion of the arms induced by movement of the bolt rod as a result of rotation of a bearing nut against a plate. Arrangements are provided for the expansion of a plurality of anchor devices on a single bolt rod, rendering the system suitable for various types of soils.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 1991
    Date of Patent: April 20, 1993
    Inventors: John R. Olthoff, Wayne L. Nichols, Jr., Rick A. Harmon, Charles L. Duncan
  • Patent number: 5102715
    Abstract: An article for preserving fresh cut flowers placed in water, which is in the form of a label applicable to one or more stalks of the cut flowers. The label has a water insoluble carrier layer, a coat of material applied to the carrier layer containing an active material and a barrier layer to water applied to the coat. The active material comprises at least one active substance which sets free bactericidal and/or bacterial inhibiting agents in the presence of water. The barrier layer in cooperation with the carrier layer regulates the size of the total contact surface of the water with the active material and consequently the release time for the active substance when the label is immersed into the water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 1990
    Date of Patent: April 7, 1992
    Inventor: Lars Zetterquist
  • Patent number: 5099604
    Abstract: An artificial stem for a natural cut flower, which includes a water absorbent element, e.g., one or more chenille wires or a sponge. The chenille wires, i.e., a plurality of water absorbent fibers supported between twisted wires, are capable of storing water and providing a path for water to flow to the flower. They also provide good frictional and water-transmitting contact with the cut flower.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 1990
    Date of Patent: March 31, 1992
    Inventor: Joseph C. Gallo
  • Patent number: 4972627
    Abstract: A sheet material (4) for use in cultivating plants comprising a body having a coilable flexible, fluid-permeable structure and a plurality of passages (7,9) formed in and extending from one surface (3) to the another (5) of said body. The passages serve to induce root tips to grow and contain fertilizers. The body has at least one surface formed with projections and/or recesses. Preferably, the surface having projections and/or is provided with a ceramic powder discharging infrared rays of wavelength in the range of about 5 to 15 micrometers, a elution-rate controlling growth regulation fertilizer and a small amount of a chosen element. In use, a given length of the sheet material is wrapped around the plant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 1989
    Date of Patent: November 27, 1990
    Assignee: Bussan G. & A. Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kazuo Hori, Haruo Yamamoto
  • Patent number: 4885868
    Abstract: An opaque flexible separable hook and loop fastener, e.g. Velcro, is used to band a portion of a plant stemming to enhance rooting of a cutting subsequently derived therefrom. Etiolation prior to banding is contemplated. Coating the banding fastener with a root growth stimulating compound is contemplated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 1988
    Date of Patent: December 12, 1989
    Assignee: Cornell Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian K. Maynard, Nina L. Bassuk
  • Patent number: 4481732
    Abstract: A holder for a fresh flower or bud from which the stem has been severed, the holder including a covered wire, a portion of absorbent material surrounding an intermediate portion of the covered wire to form a moisture reservoir, and a water-repellent covering surrounding the absorbent material and extending down the length of the stem, wherein the absorbent material comprises a plug of fibers in which the fibers extend predominantly parallel to the covered wire to permit insertion of the severed end of the flower into the plug so as to keep the flower from breaking its moisture-supplying contact with the plug.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 1983
    Date of Patent: November 13, 1984
    Inventor: Joseph S. Gallo
  • Patent number: 4423098
    Abstract: An artificial plant is assembled from a main stem member and a plurality of similar auxiliary stem assemblies which are separately molded and have their end portions secured to respective portions of the main stem member at locations spaced apart along the latter. A connector securing each such end portion of an auxiliary stem assembly to said main stem member is in the form of a strip of malleable sheet metal wrapped about the secured together stem portions and having tapering end portions overlapping in side-by-side relation to an extent depending on the thicknesses of the portion of the main stem member and the end portion of the auxiliary stem assembly about which the strip is wrapped.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 1983
    Date of Patent: December 27, 1983
    Inventor: Henry Weitz
  • Patent number: 4291496
    Abstract: A device for holding flowers such as are employed in forming bouquets so that the holder and all of the decorations thereon may be made up in advance, so that all that is necessary is to attach the flower or flowers at the time of sale.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 1980
    Date of Patent: September 29, 1981
    Inventor: Bobbie J. Click
  • Patent number: 4281474
    Abstract: A holder for a fresh flower or bud from which the stem has been severed, the holder including a covered wire, a portion of absorbent material formed around an intermediate portion of the covered wire to form a moisture reservoir, and a water-repellent covering formed around the absorbent material and extending down the length of the stem, the improvement wherein the strip of absorbent material is formed around the wire in a generally conical formation to form at the flower end a generally conical well for receiving the severed end of the flower and to form at the other end a tapered transition between the moisture reservoir and the wire, whereby when the holder is moistened and the flower is impaled on the end of the wire the severed end of the flower is securely held within the well formed by the absorbent material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 1980
    Date of Patent: August 4, 1981
    Inventor: Joseph S. Gallo
  • Patent number: 4196543
    Abstract: A rooting media in the form of a resilient, integral body of spongy open-celled hydrophilic polymer forming a first essentially continuous phase extending throughout the body and having passages therethrough forming a second essentially continuous phase extending throughout the body, a quantity of particles of soil mixture distributed throughout the body of spongy polymer and held thereby with a substantial portion of the surface area of the particles of soil mixture exposed and in communication with the passages, the exposed particles of soil mixture providing colloidal contact exchange surfaces in communication with the passages and having collectively a porosity maintenance capacity and a water holding capacity and an ion exchange capacity and a pH buffering capacity; also disclosed is a method of making such a body of rooting media, as well as a release agent useful in that method; there further is disclosed a particular form of rooting media for use in propagation by air layering and a method of propagat
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 1978
    Date of Patent: April 8, 1980
    Assignee: Gravi-Mechanics Co.
    Inventor: Richard R. Dedolph
  • Patent number: 4167832
    Abstract: A means of preserving cut flowers placed in water, said means comprising one or more bactericidal substances, with the possible additions of one or more bacteriostatic substances, one or more surfactants, and/or one or more nutritious substances. The bactericidal substance may be 1.3-dichloro-5.5-dimethylhydantoin which splits off chlorine in relation to the pH-value of the aqueous solution. Said derivative forms part of a thin coating applied to the front surface of a strip of paper or cardboard which is very small in relation to the length of the stems of the flowers. A layer of non- (or very little) water-soluble self-adhesive substance is applied to the back surface of the strip, the substance being tolerable by the stems of flowers. The consumer can easily fasten the strip unit close to the lower end of the stem before placing the latter in water. The strip unit is easily dispensible from a protective container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 1977
    Date of Patent: September 18, 1979
    Inventors: Lars G. Zetterquist, Poul H. Ahm, Ole Rosdahl
  • Patent number: 4106234
    Abstract: The disclosure comprises an artificial stem for a short stem cut flower such as a cymbidium orchid, which includes a stiff, relatively large exterior tube of a suitable length to support the flower from a base which may be a reservoir consisting of a moistened cake of florist's foam, and a flocked wire centrally disposed within the tube and loosely wrapped along its length with a strip of absorbent cotton. The flocked wire is somewhat longer than the exterior tube to extend at its upper end into the base of the flower, and at its lower end into the moist florist's foam. When the artificial stem is combined with the flower, the flocked wire is thrust up inside the natural, short length stem into the base of the flower. The cotton wrapping covering the upper portion of the flocked wire, having been removed to permit the insertion of the flocked wire up through the natural stem, is now rewound onto the flocked wire over the natural stem up to the base of the flower.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 1976
    Date of Patent: August 15, 1978
    Inventor: Joseph Sebato Gallo
  • Patent number: 4091567
    Abstract: A flexible body means having a substantially conical-shaped bristle means positioned on one of its ends for maintaining a flower on said end of said body means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 1976
    Date of Patent: May 30, 1978
    Inventors: Mary Kathryn Higdon, Zalita Higdon Speas
  • Patent number: 4037361
    Abstract: A tubular stick of predetermined fluid-holding capacity is provided with a funnel-shaped end portion, whose mouth is rotatable from a vertical to a horizontal plane about an accordian-pleated bending hinge. A decorative cap is hingedly connected to the funnel-shaped end portion, to close the top of the stick. The stick is filled with water and/or water and plant food to feed a plant, and the funnel disposed in a vertical plane so the cap provides a decorative ornament for the plant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 1976
    Date of Patent: July 26, 1977
    Inventors: William R. Murphy, Frances H. Murphy
  • Patent number: 4011677
    Abstract: An improved flower corsage frame is provided with at least one spirally wound multistrand wire member body member, a substantially conical shaped bristle member extending from one end portion of the body member, a plurality of stems firmly but flexibly secured to the body member, and leaves secured to one end portion of each of said stems.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 1975
    Date of Patent: March 15, 1977
    Inventors: Mary Kathryn Higdon, Zalita Higdon Speas
  • Patent number: 3987583
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for minimizing calyx rupture incident to rapid expansion of a corolla therein consisting of a hollow cone of lightweight light transmitting sheet material having ventilation openings therein which, as a flower bud starts to mature, is rested downwardly over the bud to circumscribe and lightly to constrain its calyx until the extended ends of the sepals of the calyx start to open to emit the corolla and is thereupon removed to release the calyx for uniform flowering of the corolla.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 1975
    Date of Patent: October 26, 1976
    Inventor: George S. Takeyasu