Thiocarboxylic Acids Or Salts Thereof (i.e., Compounds Having The Group -c(=x)xh, Wherein The X's Are The Same Or Diverse Chalcogens And At Least One X Is Sulfur, And Hydrogen May Be Replaced By A Group Ia Or Iia Light Metal, Or By Substituted Or Unsubstituted Ammonium) Patents (Class 562/26)
  • Publication number: 20140296553
    Abstract: The invention is directed to a process for the preparation of thiocarboxylate silane comprising reacting an aqueous solution of a salt of a thiocarboxylic acid with a haloalkyl silane in the presence of a solid inorganic oxide-supported phase transfer catalyst. The invention is also directed to a process for the preparation of an aqueous solution of a salt of a thiocarboxylic acid which comprises reacting an aqueous solution of a sulfide and/or hydrosulfide with an acid halide in the presence of a said solid catalyst.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 26, 2014
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Applicant: Momentive Performance Materials Inc.
    Inventors: Tiberiu Ladislau SIMANDAN, Ilaria VECCHI, Holger Jurgen GLATZER
  • Publication number: 20120234721
    Abstract: The present invention provides compounds that are effective in treating central nervous system disorders and maintaining normal brain function. Methods of making and using the compounds are also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 9, 2011
    Publication date: September 20, 2012
    Applicant: Neurotherapeutics Pharma, Inc.
    Inventors: Daryl W. HOCHMAN, John J. Partridge
  • Publication number: 20120071683
    Abstract: A process for the preparation of a compound of formula (I): which is useful as an intermediate in the preparation of pharmaceutically active compounds.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 14, 2011
    Publication date: March 22, 2012
    Inventors: Gerard John Harnett, John Hayes, Reinhard Reents, Dennis A. Smith, Andrew Walsh
  • Publication number: 20120004225
    Abstract: The present invention provides bumetanide, furosemide, piretanide, azosemide, and torsemide analogs and compositions comprising such analogs. The present invention also provides pharmaceutical compositions containing these bumetanide, furosemide, piretanide, azosemide, and torsemide analogs and methods for their use. All of these analogs are particularly useful for the treatment and/or prophylaxis of conditions that involve the Na+K+Cl? co-transporter or GABAA receptor including but not limited to addictive disorders, Alzheimer's Disease, anxiety disorders, ascites, autism, bipolar disorder, cancer, depression, endothelial corneal dystrophy, edema, epilepsy, glaucoma, Huntington's Disease, insomnia, ischemia, migraine, migraine with aura, neuropathic pain, nociceptive neuralgia, nociceptive pain, ocular diseases, pain, Parkinson's disease, personality disorders, postherpetic neuralgia, psychosis, schizophrenia, seizure disorders, tinnitus, and withdrawal syndromes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 22, 2010
    Publication date: January 5, 2012
    Applicant: NeuroTherapeutics Pharma, Inc.
    Inventors: Stephen Wanaski, John J. Partridge, Stephen D. Collins
  • Publication number: 20110301288
    Abstract: The present invention relates to thioic acids according to formula (II) suitable as building block for polythioesters; Wherein X is O, N or S and whereby R1 is chosen from (—CH2—)2, —CH2—O—CH2— or (—CH2—)3, R2 is preferably chosen from a biodegradable oligomer or polymer chosen from poly(lactide) (PLLA), polyglycolide (PGA), co-oligomers or copolymers of PLA and PGA (PLGA), poly(anhydrides), poly(trimethylenecarbonates), poly(orthoesters), poly(dioxanones), poly(?-caprolactones) (PCL) or polyesteramides and n>1.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 18, 2009
    Publication date: December 8, 2011
    Applicant: DSM IP ASSETS B.V.
    Inventors: Mark Johannes Boerakker, Aylvin Jorge Angelo Dias, Ronny Mathieu Versteegen
  • Patent number: 8008524
    Abstract: An aqueous process is described in which thiocarboxylate silane is produced from haloalkyl silane by reaction of the haloalkyl silane with an aqueous solution of thiocarboxylate salt. Also described is a process for the preparation of aqueous thiocarboxylate salt from a sulfide and/or hydrosulfide and an acid chloride and/or acid anhydride.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 30, 2011
    Assignee: Momentive Performance Materials Inc.
    Inventors: Richard W. Cruse, Tiberiu L. Simandan
  • Publication number: 20110190368
    Abstract: Organosulfur compounds of the general formula (2) are described, wherein R1 and R2 are linear or branched C1-C5 alkyl; linear or branched C1-C5 alkenyl with the proviso that R1 is not prop-1-enyl (allyl); substituted linear or branched C1-C5 alkenyl or substituted linear or branched C1-C5 alkyl, in which the substituents are selected from OR3, NR4R5, COOR6, CON—R7R8, in which R3 is selected from H, COR9, para-methoxybenzyl and trialkylsilyl, in which R9 is alkyl or substituted alkyl; R4 N and R5 are alkyl or R4 and R5 together form a phthalimido group; R6 is alkyl or substituted alkyl; and R7 and R8 are alkyl or substituted alkyl; substituted or unsubstituted aromatic specifically where R1 and R2 are benzyl, para-methoxybenzyl and/or ortho,para-methoxybenzyl and substituted or unsubstituted heteroaromatic. The compounds can be used for inhibiting the growth of tumour cells and for treating cancer. A pharmaceutical composition and a method of preparing the compounds are also described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 5, 2009
    Publication date: August 4, 2011
    Applicant: University of Cape Town
    Inventors: Catherine Hart Kaschula, Roger Hunter, Mohamed Iqbal Parker
  • Publication number: 20110166233
    Abstract: Agents useful for the treatment of various metabolic disorders, such as insulin resistance syndrome, diabetes, polycystic ovary syndrome, hyperlipidemia, fatty liver disease, cachexia, obesity, atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis are disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 24, 2011
    Publication date: July 7, 2011
    Applicant: WELLSTAT THERAPEUTICS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shalini Sharma, Reid W. Von Borstel
  • Patent number: 7741513
    Abstract: The invention provides novel chiral compounds including 2-methoxy-2-trifluoromethylphenylacetic thioacid useful to react with and analyze other chiral compounds that have an electrophilic chiral carbon center.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 22, 2010
    Inventor: Jack E. Richman
  • Publication number: 20100094043
    Abstract: A highly impact-resistant and corrosion-resistant material is used for an apparatus for use in hydrolysis of 2-hydroxy-4-methylthiobutanamide to obtain 2-hydroxy-4-methylthiobutanoic acid, said material being readily fabricated for an apparatus with a complicated structure and being an alloy which contains 16.0 to 22.0% by weight of a Cr element, 16.0 to 22.0% by weight of a Mo element, 1.0 to 2.5% by weight of a Ta element and a Ni element as the rest, an alloy which contains 26.0 to 32.0% by weight of a Mo element and a Ni element as the rest, or an alloy which contains 0.12 to 0.25% by weight of a Pd element and a Ti element as the rest.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 9, 2009
    Publication date: April 15, 2010
    Applicant: SUMITOMO CHEMICAL COMPANY, LIMITED
    Inventors: Kazuo FUJITA, Kozo ONISHI
  • Publication number: 20100051879
    Abstract: A plasma treatment has been used to modify the surface of BNNTs. In one example, the surface of the BNNT has been modified using ammonia plasma to include amine functional groups. Amine functionalization allows BNNTs to be soluble in chloroform, which had not been possible previously. Further functionalization of amine-functionalized BNNTs with thiol-terminated organic molecules has also been demonstrated. Gold nanoparticles have been self-assembled at the surface of both amine- and thiol-functionalized boron nitride Nanotubes (BNNTs) in solution. This approach constitutes a basis for the preparation of highly functionalized BNNTs and for their utilization as nanoscale templates for assembly and integration with other nanoscale materials.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 21, 2007
    Publication date: March 4, 2010
    Applicant: The Regents od the Univesity of California
    Inventors: Toby Sainsbury, Takashi Ikuno, Alexander K. Zettl
  • Publication number: 20100029973
    Abstract: The invention comprises the use of compounds comprising non ?-oxidizable fatty acid entities according to formula (I) or (II) for the preparation of a pharmaceutical composition for the prevention and/or treatment of conditions associated with low/decreased bone mineral density (BMD), and/or for increasing the BMD by decreasing the bone resorption.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 10, 2006
    Publication date: February 4, 2010
    Inventor: Rolf Berge
  • Publication number: 20090287016
    Abstract: One aspect of the present invention relates to ligands for transition metals. A second aspect of the present invention relates to the use of catalysts comprising these ligands in various transition-metal-catalyzed carbon-heteroatom and carbon-carbon bond-forming reactions. The subject methods provide improvements in many features of the transition-metal-catalyzed reactions, including the range of suitable substrates, number of catalyst turnovers, reaction conditions, and efficiency. For example, improvements have been realized in transition metal-catalyzed: aryl amination reactions; aryl amidation reactions; Suzuki couplings; and Sonogashira couplings. In certain embodiments, the invention relates to catalysts and methods of using them that operate in aqueous solvent systems.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 14, 2009
    Publication date: November 19, 2009
    Applicant: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Stephen L. Buchwald, Kevin W. Anderson
  • Publication number: 20090181462
    Abstract: The invention provides novel chiral compounds including 2-methoxy-2-trifluoromethylphenylacetic thioacid useful to react with and analyze other chiral compounds that have an electrophilic chiral carbon center.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 16, 2008
    Publication date: July 16, 2009
    Inventor: Jack E. Richman
  • Patent number: 7560596
    Abstract: One aspect of the present invention relates to ligands for transition metals. A second aspect of the present invention relates to the use of catalysts comprising these ligands in various transition-metal-catalyzed carbon-heteroatom and carbon-carbon bond-forming reactions. The subject methods provide improvements in many features of the transition-metal-catalyzed reactions, including the range of suitable substrates, number of catalyst turnovers, reaction conditions, and efficiency. For example, improvements have been realized in transition metal-catalyzed: aryl amination reactions; aryl amidation reactions; Suzuki couplings; and Sonogashira couplings. In certain embodiments, the invention relates to catalysts and methods of using them that operate in aqueous solvent systems.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2009
    Assignee: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Stephen L. Buchwald, Kevin W. Anderson
  • Publication number: 20090176885
    Abstract: Agents useful for the treatment of various metabolic disorders, such as insulin resistance syndrome, diabetes, polycystic ovary syndrome, hyperlipidemia, fatty liver disease, cachexia, obesity, atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis are disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 1, 2007
    Publication date: July 9, 2009
    Applicant: WELLSTAT THERAPEUTICS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shalini Sharma, Reid W. von Borstel
  • Patent number: 7541488
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for producing mono(fluoroalkyl)phosphoric acids or bis(fluoroalkyl)phosphoric acids, mono(fluoroalkyl)phosphates or bis(fluoroalkyl)phosphates, and the corresponding phosphoranes thereof. The inventive method comprises at least the step of reacting a bis(fluoroalkyl)phosphonic acid, a (fluoroalkyl)phosphonic acid, or a corresponding derivative of said acids with anhydrous hydrogen fluoride.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2009
    Assignee: Merck Patent GmbH
    Inventors: Nikolai (Mykola) Ignatyev, Urs Welz-Biermann, Michael Schmidt, Andriy Kucheryna, Helge Willner
  • Patent number: 7521401
    Abstract: Fuels, especially hydrocarbon fuels, and lubricants, especially lubricating oils, contain dithiocarbamyl ?-hydroxy fatty acid esters, a class of anti-corrosion, anti-wear, anti-fatigue, and extreme pressure additives that are derived from epoxidized fatty acid esters. The additives exhibit synergistic anti-wear activity in combination with phosphorus containing additives.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2009
    Assignee: ChemTura Corporation
    Inventor: Robert G. Rowland
  • Publication number: 20090036701
    Abstract: An aqueous process is described in which thiocarboxylate silane is produced from haloalkyl silane by reaction of the haloalkyl silane with an aqueous solution of thiocarboxylate salt. Also described is a process for the preparation of aqueous thiocarboxylate salt from a sulfide and/or hydrosulfide and an acid chloride and/or acid anhydride.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 1, 2008
    Publication date: February 5, 2009
    Applicant: MOMENTIVE PERFORMANCE MATERIALS INC.
    Inventors: Richard W. Cruse, Tiberiu L. Simandan
  • Publication number: 20080161597
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for the production of an thioacetic acid and salts thereof of formulae (I) and (II), wherein Mn+represents ammonium or an alkali metal cation, alkaline earth metal cation, aluminum cation or titanium cation, by reacting ketene with hydrogen sulphide in the presence of a nitrogenous base or reacting ketene with an aqueous alkali metal hydrogen sulphide solution. The thioacetic acid thus formed can be, optionally, subsequently transformed into the corresponding salt by reacting it with ammonia or an alkali metal base, alkaline earth metal base, aluminum base or titanium base. The transformation of thioacetic acid and the formation of salt is carried out as a one-pot method.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 2, 2004
    Publication date: July 3, 2008
    Inventors: Christoph Taeschler, Paul Hanselmann, Claudio Arnold
  • Patent number: 7368596
    Abstract: In general terms, the present invention includes a process for producing a new zinc dialkyldithiophosphate (ZDDP) offering improved seal compatibility characteristics in engine and transmission oil packages. The present invention additionally includes zinc dialkyldithiophosphate produced in accordance with the disclosed methodologies, and oil additives, lubricants, and engines and transmission comprising the zinc dialkyldithiophosphate of the present invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2008
    Assignee: Afton Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Paul M. Thomson, Peter Growcott, Roger M. Sheets, Abbas Kadkhodayan, Christopher James Dudding
  • Patent number: 7202379
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for the preparation of bis(perfluoroalkyl)phosphinic acids comprising at least the reaction of at least one difluorotris(perfluoroalkyl)phosphorane or at least one trifluorobis(perfluoroalkyl)phosphorane with hydrogen fluoride in a suitable reaction medium, and heating of the resultant reaction mixture. The invention also relates to salts of bis(perfluoroalkyl)phosphinic acids and to the use thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2007
    Assignee: Merck Patent GmbH
    Inventors: Urs Welz-Biermann, Nikolai Ignatyev, Michael Weiden, Udo Heider, Andri Kucheryna, Helge Willner, Peter Sartori
  • Patent number: 7015349
    Abstract: Compositions including a conjugate of ?-difluoromethylornithine can be applied topically to reduce hair growth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2006
    Assignee: The Gillette Company
    Inventors: Anwar Jardien, Roman Rariy, Gurpreet S. Ahluwalia, Douglas Shander
  • Patent number: 6900312
    Abstract: The present discovery consists in new thiazole-substituted ?-lactams of general formula (I), as well as the method for their preparation. R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, R6, R7, and R8 are, independently from each other, a hydrogen atom, a halogen, a hydroxy, amino, nitro, or thiol group, an optionally substituted alkyl, heteroalkyl, aryl, aralkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloaralkyl, heterocycloalkyl, heteroaralkyl, or heteroaryl rest.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2005
    Assignee: Priaton GmbH
    Inventors: Juergen Kolb, Alexander Doemling
  • Patent number: 6824882
    Abstract: Fluorinated phosphonic acid compounds, useful as treatments for substrate surfaces, have the formula: wherein: R1 is a straight chain alkylene group having from about 3 to about 21 carbon atoms, an oxa-substituted straight chain alkylene group having from about 2 to about 20 carbon atoms, or a thia-substituted straight chain alkylene group having from about 2 to about 20 carbon atoms; R2 is a perfluoroalkyl group having from about 4 to about 10 carbon atoms; R3 is hydrogen, an alkali metal cation, or an alkyl group having from about 1 to about 6 carbon atoms; and M is hydrogen or an alkali metal cation, with the proviso that if R1 is an unsubstituted straight chain alkylene group, then the sum of carbon atoms in R1 and R2 combined is at least 10.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 30, 2004
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Larry D. Boardman, Mark J. Pellerite
  • Patent number: 6667341
    Abstract: Amidomethyl esters, carbonylmercaptomethyl esters, keto-containing esters, amidomethyl thioesters, amidomethyl amides, and methylene dithioesters are disclosed. The novel compounds have two carbonyl groups connected by a linking moiety having an oxygen, sulfur or nitrogen attached to a methylene group, to which is further attached a sulfur, nitrogen or CH2 group. Methods of treating illnesses and conditions, such as cancer, hemological disorders, inherited metabolic disorders and others, using these compounds are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2003
    Assignee: Beacon Laboratories, Inc.
    Inventors: Hsuan-Yin Lan-Hargest, Norbert L. Wiech
  • Patent number: 6660880
    Abstract: A process, for the preparation of an ester of 2-hydroxy-4-methylthiobutyric acid which is substantially in the monomeric form, which process, being capable of industrial application and which comprises reacting 2-hydroxy-4-methylthiobutyric acid with an alcohol in the presence of water and an acid catalyst at a temperature of from 30 to 150° C. wherein the acid is the direct product of the hydrolysis of 2-hydroxy-4-methylthiobutyronitrile.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2003
    Assignee: Adisseo Ireland Limited
    Inventors: Michel Garrait, Claude Casse, George Gros
  • Patent number: 6608061
    Abstract: A medicament for treatment of cancer comprising a compound represented by the following general formula (I) or a physiologically acceptable salt thereof: Ar1—S—R1—S—Ar2 wherein R1 represents a nonmetal bridging group; Ar1 and Ar2 independently represent a group selected from the group consisting of an aryl group which has, on its ring, one to three hydroxyl groups optionally substituted with a monovalent group and said aryl group may have one to three substituents other than hydroxyl group on its ring; and a heteroaryl group which has, on its ring, one to three hydroxyl groups optionally substituted with a monovalent group, and said heteroaryl group may have one to three substituents other than hydroxyl group on its ring.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2003
    Assignees: Kyoma Hakko Kogyo Co., Ltd., Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yoshiyuki Yonetani, Takeshi Takahashi, Yuko Kanda, Tamio Mizukami, Tatsuya Tamaoki, Shun-ichi Ikeda, Masanobu Takashima, Naoki Asanuma, Tadashi Inaba, Hiroshi Takeuchi, Hiroshi Kawamoto, Yoshihisa Tsukada, Masato Satomura, Hiroshi Kitaguchi
  • Publication number: 20030018070
    Abstract: A medicament for treatment of cancer comprising a compound represented by the following general formula (I) or a physiologically acceptable salt thereof:
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 14, 2000
    Publication date: January 23, 2003
    Inventors: YOSHIYUKI YONETANI, TAKESHI TAKAHASHI, YUKO KANDA, TAMIO MIZUKAMI, TATSUYA TAMAOKI, SHUN-ICHI IKEDA, MASANOBU TAKASHIMA, NAOKI ASANUMA, TADASHI INABA, HIROSHI TAKEUCHI, HIROSHI KAWAMOTO, YOSHIHISA TSUKADA, MASATO SATOMURA, HIROSHI KITAGUCHI
  • Patent number: 6509100
    Abstract: The present invention discloses hydrogen bond stabilized surface modifying agents having a fluorinated or semi-fluorinated carbon-containing tail group, an internal moiety capable of intermolecular hydrogen bonding or related acid-base interactions and a head group capable of reacting or interacting with surfaces such as metal, non-metallic, ceramic, other inorganic oxide or organic surfaces. The present invention also discloses cost effective method for making the agents, methods for treating surfaces therewith, the treated surfaces and devices made therefrom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 1999
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2003
    Assignee: The University of Houston System
    Inventors: T. Randall Lee, Michael Graupe
  • Patent number: 6498265
    Abstract: Compounds of the formula I and disulfides thereof and salts thereof are important intermediate products for the preparation of compounds having a microbicidal and plant-immunizing action, of the formula III In the compounds of the formulae I and III: X is halogen, n is 0,1,2 or 3; Z is CN, CO—A or CS—A, A is hydrogen, halogen, OR1, SR2 and N(R3)R4; R1 to R4 are hydrogen, a substituted or unsubstituted, open-chain, saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbon radical containing not more than 8 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted cyclic, saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbon radical containing not more than 10 carbon atoms, substituted or unsubstituted benzyl or phenethyl, a substituted or unsubstituted alkanoyl group containing not more than 8 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted benzoyl group or a substituted or unsubstituted heterocyclyl radical; or R3 and R4, together with the nitrogen atom to which they are bonded, are a 5- or 6-membered, substit
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 24, 2002
    Assignee: Syngenta Investment Corporation
    Inventors: Walter Kunz, Beat Jau
  • Publication number: 20010029308
    Abstract: A process, for the preparation of an ester of 2-hydroxy-4-methylthiobutyric acid which is substantially in the monomeric form, which process, being capable of industrial application and which comprises reacting 2-hydroxy-4-methylthiobutyric acid with an alcohol in the presence of water and an acid catalyst at a temperature of from 30 to 150° C. wherein the acid is the direct product of the hydrolysis of 2-hydroxy-4-methylthiobutyronitrile.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 7, 2001
    Publication date: October 11, 2001
    Inventors: Michel Garrait, Claude Casse, Georges Gros
  • Patent number: 6265432
    Abstract: Fluorine-substituted biphenyl butyric acid compounds and derivatives are described as well as acid methods for the preparation and pharmaceutical compositions of same, which are useful as inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases, particularly gelatinase A, stromelysin-1, and collagenase-3, and for the treatment of atherosclerotic plaque rupture, aortic aneurism, heart failure, restenosis, periodontal disease, corneal ulceration, treatment of bums, decubital ulcers, wound healing, cancer, inflammation, pain, arthritis, osteoporosis, multiple sclerosis, renal disease, and other autoimmune or inflammatory disorders dependent upon tissue invasion by leukocytes or other activated migrating cells, acute and chronic neurodegenerative disorders including stroke, head trauma, spinal cord injury, Alzheimer's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, cerebral amyloid angiopathy, AIDS, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, prion diseases, myasthenia gravis, and Duchenne's muscular dystrophy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2001
    Assignee: Warner-Lambert
    Inventors: Claude Forsey Purchase, Jr., Bruce David Roth, Gerald Paul Schielke, Lary Craswell Walker, Andrew David White
  • Patent number: 6255343
    Abstract: 2,2-Difluoro HETE derivatives and methods of their use for treating dry eye are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2001
    Assignee: Alcon Universal Ltd.
    Inventor: David B. Belanger
  • Patent number: 6248781
    Abstract: The present invention relates to compounds of formula (I) wherein R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, Ar, X, Q, A, Y and Z are as defined in the specification. These compounds are useful in the treatment and/or prevention of conditions mediated by nuclear receptors, in particular the Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors (PPAR).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 1999
    Date of Patent: June 19, 2001
    Assignees: Novo Nordisk A/S, Dr. Reddy's Research Foundation
    Inventors: Lone Jeppesen, Paul Stanley Bury, Per Sauerberg
  • Patent number: 6239306
    Abstract: Compounds of the formula (I) and their salts as defined in claim 1, in which R1 is CO—Q—R8, where R8=H or R R2 and R3 are H or (C1-C4)alkyl, R4 is H, R, RO, OH, RCO, RSO2, PhSO2 R5 is RSO2, PhSO2, PhCO, RNHSO2, R2NSO2, RCO, CHO, COCOR′, CW—T—R9, CW—NR10R11, CW—N(R12)2 or R4 and R5 together are the chain (CH2)mB or —B1—(CH2)m1B— where B=SO2, m=3, 4; m1=2, 3; T and W=O, S; Q=O, S, NR13 where R13=H, R; R6=H, R, RO, RCO, ROCO, Hal, NO2, CN; R7=H, CH3; R9=R; R10, R11=H, R; N(R12)2=heterocycle A=pyrimidinyl and triazinyl radical or an analog thereof, where R=(substituted) aliphatic hydrocarbon radical, are suitable as selective herbicides. They are prepared by analogous processes via sulfonamides, some of which are new, of the formula (II) (see claim 4).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2001
    Assignee: Hoechst Schering AgrEvo GmbH
    Inventors: Klaus Lorenz, Lothar Willms, Klaus Bauer, Hermann Bieringer
  • Patent number: 6239288
    Abstract: Biphenyl butyric acid compounds and derivatives are described as well as acid methods for the preparation and pharmaceutical compositions of same, which are useful as inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases, particularly gelatinase A (72 kD gelatinase) and stromelysin-1 and for the treatment of multiple sclerosis, atherosclerotic plaque rupture, aortic aneurism, heart failure, restenosis, periodontal disease, corneal ulceration, treatment of bums, decubital ulcers, wound healing, cancer, inflammation, pain, arthritis, or other autoimmune or inflammatory disorders dependent upon tissue invasion by leukocytes or other activated migrating cells, acute and chronic neurodegenerative disorders including stroke, head trauma, spinal cord injury, Alzheimer's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, cerebral amyloid angiopathy, AIDS, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, prion diseases, myasthenia gravis, and Duchenne's muscular dystrophy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2001
    Assignee: Warner-Lambert Company
    Inventors: Claude Forsey Purchase, Jr., Bruce David Roth, Gerald Paul Schielke, Lary Craswell Walker, Andrew David White
  • Patent number: 6201023
    Abstract: A method for protecting a crop against plant-parasitic nematode attack by inducing local and systemic resistance of the crop comprising the application of a composition containing an effective amount of &bgr;-amino butyric acid or derivatives thereof to the crop or its locus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2001
    Assignee: Agrogene Ltd.
    Inventors: Yuji Oka, Yitzhak Spiegel, Yigal Cohen
  • Patent number: 6030619
    Abstract: Molecular mimetics of unique epitopes of Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B ("MenB") are disclosed. Compositions containing such molecular mimetics can be used to prevent MenB or E. coli K1 disease without the risk of evoking autoantibody responses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 29, 2000
    Assignee: Chiron Corporation
    Inventors: Dan M. Granoff, Gregory R. Moe
  • Patent number: 6011173
    Abstract: To avoid the degradation of thioacetic acid on storage, from 0.005 to 0.5% of a chloroacetic acid, preferably dichloroacetic acid, is added thereto.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 1998
    Date of Patent: January 4, 2000
    Assignee: Elf Acquitaine Exploration Production
    Inventors: Yves Labat, Bernard Monguillon
  • Patent number: 5981793
    Abstract: The slightly water-soluble metal salts having the formula I ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 are the same or different and represent hydrogen or a lower alkyl group of from 1 to 3 carbon atoms, M is the cation of a metal which forms slightly water-soluble sulfides, and n means 1 or 2, and mixtures thereof are prepared by reacting carbon disulfide with ketones having the formula II: ##STR2## optionally with the addition of non-aqueous inert solvents, in the presence of strong alkali, preferably potassium hydroxide, followed by precipitation of the slightly water-soluble metal salts of formula I by the addition of aqueous solutions of metal salts of the metals M. They are used as gloss additives to electrolytic baths.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 9, 1999
    Assignee: Blasberg Oberflachentechnik GmbH
    Inventors: Eberhard Knaak, Joachim Heyer, Marlies Kleinfeld, Christel Van Wijngaarden
  • Patent number: 5981511
    Abstract: The current invention discloses hydroxyamidino derivatives useful as nitric oxide synthase inhibitors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 9, 1999
    Assignee: G.D. Searle & Co.
    Inventors: Rolando E. Gapud, Timothy J. Hagen, Ann E. Hallinan, Donald W. Hansen, Jr., Robert E. Manning, Suzanne Metz, Barnett S. Pitzele, Foe S. Tjoeng, Mihaly V. Toth, R. Keith Webber
  • Patent number: 5945408
    Abstract: The current invention discloses hydroxyamidino derivatives useful as nitric oxide synthase inhibitors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 1996
    Date of Patent: August 31, 1999
    Assignee: G.D. Searle & Co.
    Inventors: R. Keith Webber, Foe S. Tjoeng, Robert E. Manning
  • Patent number: 5821260
    Abstract: Dithiocarboxylates, and in particular, dithiocarbamates, block the induced expression of the endothelial cell surface adhesion molecule VCAM-1, and are therefor useful in the treatment of cardiovascular disease, including atherosclerosis, post-angioplasty restenosis, coronary artery diseases, and angina, as well as noncardiovascular inflammatory diseases that are mediated by VCAM-1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 13, 1998
    Assignee: Emory University
    Inventors: Russell M. Medford, Margaret K. Offermann, R. Wayne Alexander, Sampath Parthasarathy
  • Patent number: 5811449
    Abstract: A method for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases and noncardiovascular inflammatory diseases that are mediated by VCAM-1 is provided that includes the removal, decrease in the concentration of, or prevention of the formation of oxidized polyunsaturated fatty acids, or interferes with a complex formed between a polyunsaturated fatty acid or an oxidized polyunsaturated fatty acid and a protein or peptide that mediates the expression of VCAM-1. A method is also provided for suppressing the expression of a redox-sensitive gene or activating a gene that is suppressed through a redox-sensitive pathway, that includes administering an effective amount of a substance that prevents the oxidation of the oxidized signal, and typically, the oxidation of a polyunsaturated fatty acid, or interferes with a complex formed between the oxidized signal and a protein or peptide that mediates the expression of the redox gene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 1995
    Date of Patent: September 22, 1998
    Assignee: Emory University
    Inventors: Russell M. Medford, R. Wayne Alexander, Sampath Parthasarathy, Bobby V. Khan
  • Patent number: 5783596
    Abstract: Dithiocarboxylates, and in particular, dithiocarbamates, block the induced expression of the endothelial cell surface adhesion molecule VCAM-1, and are therefor useful in the treatment of cardiovascular disease, including atherosclerosis, post-angioplasty restenosis, coronary artery diseases, and angina, as well as noncardiovascular inflammatory diseases that are mediated by VCAM-1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 1995
    Date of Patent: July 21, 1998
    Assignee: Emory University
    Inventors: Russell M. Medford, Margaret K. Offermann, R. Wayne Alexander, Sampath Parthasarathy
  • Patent number: 5770758
    Abstract: Compounds of the formula I ##STR1## and disulfides thereof and salts thereof are important intermediate products for the preparation of compounds having a microbicidal and plant-immunizing action, of the formula III ##STR2## In the compounds of the formulae I and III: X is halogen,n is 0,1,2 or 3;Z is CN, CO-A or CS-A,A is hydrogen, halogen, OR.sub.1, SR.sub.2 and N(R.sub.3)R.sub.4 ;R.sub.1 to R .sub.4 are hydrogen, a substituted or unsubstituted, open-chain, saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbon radical containing not more than 8 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted cyclic, saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbon radical containing not more than 10 carbon atoms, substituted or unsubstituted benzyl or phenethyl, a substituted or unsubstituted alkanoyl group containing not more than 8 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted benzoyl group or a substituted or unsubstituted heterocyclyl radical; or R.sub.3 and R.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 1996
    Date of Patent: June 23, 1998
    Assignee: Novartis Corporation
    Inventors: Walter Kunz, Beat Jau
  • Patent number: 5750351
    Abstract: A method for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases and noncardiovascular inflammatory diseases that are mediated by VCAM-1 is provided that includes the removal, decrease in the concentration of, or prevention of the formation of oxidized polyunsaturated fatty acids, or interferes with a complex formed between a polyunsaturated fatty acid or an oxidized polyunsaturated fatty acid and a protein or peptide that mediates the expression of VCAM-1. A method is also provided for suppressing the expression of a redox-sensitive gene or activating a gene that is suppressed through a redox-sensitive pathway, that includes administering an effective amount of a substance that prevents the oxidation of the oxidized signal, and typically, the oxidation of a polyunsaturated fatty acid, or interferes with a complex formed between the oxidized signal and a protein or peptide that mediates the expression of the redox gene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 1995
    Date of Patent: May 12, 1998
    Assignee: Emory University
    Inventors: Russell M. Medford, R. Wayne Alexander, Sampath Parthasarathy, Bobby V. Khan
  • Patent number: 5700840
    Abstract: Fluorinated alkene compounds useful for controlling nematodes, insects, and acarids that prey on agricultural crops, these compounds having the formula BrCF.sub.2 CFClCH.sub.2 CO--R where R is R.sub.1 or R.sub.2. R.sub.1 is --SR.sub.5, halogen, --NHOH or --NR.sub.5 R.sub.6, where R.sub.5 and R.sub.6 are independently H; an aliphatic or aromatic group; an aliphatic amine group; an aliphatic carboxylic acid group; or R.sub.5 and R.sub.6 when taken with the N of R.sub.1 are an amino acid or a cyclic group or R.sub.1 is --OR.sub.5, where R.sub.5 is an aliphatic or aromatic group; an aliphatic amine group; or an aliphatic carboxylic acid group. R.sub.2 is --SR.sub.5 or --NR.sub.5 R.sub.6, where R.sub.5 and R.sub.6 are independently H; an aliphatic, aromatic or heterocyclic group; an aliphatic amine group; an aliphatic carboxylic acid group; R.sub.5 and R.sub.6 when taken with the N of R.sub.2 are an amino acid or a cyclic group; R.sub.5 and R.sub.6 when taken with the N of R.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 23, 1997
    Assignee: Monsanto Company
    Inventors: Dennis Paul Phillion, Peter Gerrard Ruminski, Gopichand Yalamanchili
  • Patent number: 5670693
    Abstract: Salts of formula (III) ##STR1## wherein R.sup.1 represents CN or a C.sub.1 -C.sub.8 alkyl group, R.sub.2 a mononuclear C.sub.6 -C.sub.10 aryl group and R.sub.3 a C.sub.1 -C.sub.3 alkyl group or hydrogen; and of formula (IV) ##STR2## wherein R represents hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.3 alkyl, Aryl a C.sub.6 -C.sub.10 (substituted) phenyl group, and R', R" represent hydrogen and C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl or R'+R" together represent C.sub.4 alkylene anda process for their preparation by reaction of the thiocarbamate of a primary aliphatic amine, of a bis-amine or of cyanamide with a guanidine hydrohalide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 1996
    Date of Patent: September 23, 1997
    Assignee: Bayer AG
    Inventor: Hermann Lohwasser