Abstract: A projection optical system includes a first objective portion and an optical axis turn portion, each having an optical axis perpendicular to a reticle; an optical axis deflecting portion having an optical axis perpendicularly intersecting the above optical axis; and a second objective portion having an optical axis parallel to the above optical axis. An image-forming light beam from the reticle is returned toward the reticle by the first objective portion and a concave mirror provided in the optical axis turn portion to form a one-to-one image of the reticle. The returned image-forming light beam is led to the second objective portion through the optical axis deflecting portion to form a demagnified image on a wafer. During exposure, nitrogen gas is supplied through a gas changeover device to an illumination system unit, a reticle stage system unit, and a wafer stage system unit. During maintenance, air having ozone removed therefrom is supplied to these units through the gas changeover device.
Abstract: An electrophotographic printer includes a photosensitive drum, a developing unit, an image transfer unit, and pre-transfer discharges arranged between the developing unit and the image transfer unit. The pre-transfer discharging means is arranged to progressively reduce the absolute value of the electric potential of a given point in the surface of the photosensitive drum. The reduction of the electric potential is performed in a non-abrupt manner through two or more steps as the given point is moved from the developing unit to the image transfer unit.
Abstract: An evaluation method and printer in which a maintenance man may easily identify a deteriorated component in addition to a component that is broken down or is remarkably hard to operate without the need for any additional complex detecting device. A printer has a control part which controls a mechanical part and judges quantitatively in which state among normal, deteriorated, and abnormal states each mechanical part component is located. This judgment will change in accordance with whether the printer is in a maintenance or a normal mode. Further, a deteriorated component can be determined by visually inspecting a copy after one or a combination of electric parameters have been set to printable upper and lower limits.
Abstract: The machine of the present invention is a means for manufacturing thermoplastic tubes from hollow thermoplastic sleeves by a variety of different manufacturing processes. The machine is a single apparatus having an indexing table with a plurality of mandrels for holding hollow thermoplastic sleeves for the purpose of transporting the same around a closed manufacturing path. The manufacturing path of the machine of the present invention is a series of stations which are mechanical devices for carrying out the manufacturing steps necessary to produce tubes from thermoplastic blank sleeves. The stations of the manufacturing path are modular so that they may be removed, added or rearranged; may be optionally connected to a process logic controller and may optionally have sensors for information feedback to the PLC device.
Abstract: A magneto-optical recording medium includes a transparent substrate, an underlying layer, a reproducing layer, a mask layer, a recording layer, and a protection layer. Reproducing layer is an in-plane magnetization film at room temperature and is transformed into a perpendicular magnetization film at about 150° C. Mask layer is an in-plane magnetization film at room temperature and reaches the Curie temperature around 140° C. which is lower than the reproducing temperature. Only the region whose temperature has reached the Curie temperature is demagnetized, and the other region retains the in-plane magnetization. The width of region whose temperature reaches the Curie temperature is substantially equal to the shortest domain length of recording layer. The magnetic domain of recording layer is transferred to reproducing layer 3 through the demagnetized region of mask layer.
Abstract: A toothbrush for removing plaque, tarter and calculus from teeth. The toothbrush includes an elongated grip handle having a plurality of toothbrush bodies mounted on an end. The toothbrush bodies are adapted to clean various surfaces of teeth simultaneously.
Abstract: A reflow soldering apparatus for soldering a first component mounted on a substrate with a first solder having a first melting point and soldering a second component mounted on the substrate with a second solder having a second melting point higher than the first melting point. The reflow soldering apparatus includes a heat source for substantially uniformly heating the substrate, a capsule for enclosing the second component, and a vacuum pump for decreasing the pressure in the capsule. The melting point of the second solder can be lowered by operating the vacuum pump to decrease the pressure in the capsule by a given amount, so that the first component and the second component can be reflow-soldered at substantially the same temperature.
Abstract: The present invention provides a toner for electrostatic image development which reconciles anti-offset properties and fixation properties and is superior in resistance to abrasion and peel of the fixed image in uses where the development and fixation are conducted at a wide range of a fixing speed, particularly high speed which exceeds 20 or 30 m/min. The toner comprises a polyester resin, a colorant, and a releasing agent, wherein the flow beginning temperature Tfb of the toner as measured by a constant load extrusion type capillary rheometer is within a range of 70-105° C. and the flow ending temperature Tend is within a range of 120-144° C.
Abstract: A solenoid operated valve 10′ comprises a coil 21, a suction element 24, a plunger 31, a spring 25, a valve member 26, a bobbin 22, a housing 27 and a cap 28, wherein the plunger 31 is moved toward the suction element 24 when electricity is supplied to the coil 21. A pipe sleeve 30 is formed as a deep-drawn integrated pipe with a bottom, which is inserted to the inner side of the bobbin 22, and to which the suction element 24 is inserted and fixed. The plunger 31 is slidably inserted to the pipe sleeve 30. The valve member fixed to the end of plunger 31 opens or closes a valve opening 32. A cylindrical filter is fit to the outer peripheral of a flow-in opening 33, and assembled to a corresponding member.
Abstract: An ultraviolet-curable adhesive having an excellent moisture resistance and suitable for bonding optical disks having an information recording layer (vapor deposition layer), particularly optical disks having a thick vapor deposition layer, which contains, as essential components, (A) N-vinylpyrrolidone, (B) a urethane (meth)acrylate oligomer derived from a caprolactone-based polyol, an alicyclic diisocyanate and (meth)acrylic acid, and (C) a photopolymerization initiator containing (C-1) a photopolymerization initiator composed of only a carbon atom, a hydrogen atom and an oxygen atom without containing a nitrogen atom, a sulfur atom and a phosphorus atom and (C-2) a photopolymerization initiator containing a nitrogen atom and/or a sulfur atom in a (C-1)/(C-2) ratio of 70/30 to 100/0 by weight.
Abstract: An ink jet recording sheet having excellent gloss and ink absorption and capable of recording clear ink images with a high color density includes a substrate sheet impregnated or coated with a cationic compound; an ink-receiving layer formed on the cationic compound-applied substrate sheet and containing a pigment and a binder and a gloss layer formed on the ink receiving layer and containing a polymer resin produced from ethylenically unsaturated monomers.
Abstract: There is provided a process for preparing a pharmacologically acceptable salt of N-(1(S)-ethoxycarbonyl-3-phenylpropyl)-L-alanyl-amino acid which comprises condensing an amino acid and N-(1(S)-ethoxycarbonyl-3-phenylpropyl)-L-alanine.N-carboxyanhydride under basic condition, carrying out decarboxylation under between neutral and acidic condition to obtain N-(1(S)-ethoxycarbonyl-3-phenylpropyl)-L-alanyl-amino acid, and forming a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof,
wherein the production of a by-product (3):
is suppressed by carrying out in an aqueous liquid a series of operations till formation of the pharmacologically acceptable salt or till isolation of the pharmacologically acceptable salt. The present invention enables to prepare the pharmacologically acceptable salt of N-(1(S)-ethoxycarbonyl-3-phenylpropyl)-L-alanyl-amino acid having high quality, in a commercial scale with high yield and economical efficiency.
Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for bonding together two disc substrates, at least one disc substrate having a UV transmissive-visible light reflective information recording layer provided on a UV transmission base. In this method, the disc substrates are bonded together, so that the information recording layer of one disc substrate faces the other disc substrate, by employing UV irradiation to cure a UV curable composition used as a bonding agent. In the case of the present invention, to cure the bonding agent, UV is irradiated in a single or repeating flash so as not to impair the information recording layer. As a result, the bonding agent can be cured in a shorter period of time with less energy consumed as compared to the conventional method of using conditions irradiation of UV light to cure a UV curable composition used as a bonding agent. Accordingly, the present method enables a product disc to be obtained in a shorter time, with less energy used, so that productivity (i.e.
Abstract: A non-true-circular optical disk includes a disk substrate which internally touches a hypothetical true-circle corresponding to an outer periphery of a true-circular optical disk of a certain standard size. The disk substrate has a non-true-circular contour corresponding to a configuration shaped such that at least one cut-out portion is formed at an outer periphery of the hypothetical true-circle to thereby enhance a design. The disk substrate includes at least one inscribed outer peripheral edge internally touching the hypothetical true-circle.
Abstract: Female clothing such as a brassiere which is represented by a foundation having a cup unit having a breast support feature and a shape retaining feature and which comprises a breast retaining member (10) provided along a lower peripheral edge (1) and a side peripheral edge (2) and provided with a curved breast shape correcting and hardening region formed by molding a knitting fabric of thermoplastic synthetic resin fibers, the retaining member (10) being formed with a sectionally semicircular, curved strip (13) projecting outwardly and extending in the curved breast shape correcting and hardening region of the retaining member (10) and in parallel with the lower peripheral edge (1) and the side peripheral edge (2) of the cup unit, or being formed, instead of the curved strip (13), with a tensioned slender plain weave rubber string (14) sewn to the inner surface of the region, the curved strip (13) having an elastic resin bar (16) inserted into a recessed groove thereof, thereby providing female clothing which
Abstract: A method of separation of a racemic isomer and a meso isomer from a mixture of a racemic isomer and a meso isomer of a compound shown by the general formula 
(wherein R1 and R2 are each independently a lower alkyl group or a cyano group, which are different from each other, R3 and R4 are each independently a lower alkyl group, and R5 is a hydrogen atom or a lower alkoxy group), which comprises treating the mixture with a water soluble organic solvent.
Abstract: A power transmitting silent chain apparatus comprises a silent chain and a sprocket. The silent chain is comprised of a plurality of link plates interconnected by connector pins. Each link plate has a pair of teeth. The sprocket has a plurality of involute teeth for meshing with the link plate teeth. The link plate teeth have inner and outer flanks profiled to satisfy the expression Hi=Ho+Hs, where Hi is a distance from a pitch line of the chain to a pitch line of the inner flanks, Ho is a distance from the chain pitch line to a pitch line of the outer flanks, and Hs is an amplitude of a polygonal motion of the chain.
Abstract: Artificial snow making equipment includes an air-blowing pulverizer which prevents fluctuation in the size of ice pieces by eliminating fluctuation in the amount of ice blocks being supplied also eliminates blocking by the ice blocks, as a result utilizing air effectively such that the ice pieces are blown out as artificial snow the requisite distance. The artificial snow making equipment with constant forced blowing includes ice block supplier 1 to supply ice blocks at a constant rate and air-blowing pulverizer 11. The ice block supplier 1 has ice block supply opening 4 through which ice blocks 2 are supplied, casing 3 which has ice block supply opening 4; rotary blades 8 which supply ice blocks 2 at a constant rate while rotating in casing 3; and exit for ice blocks 5 which is positioned under casing 3.
November 30, 2000
Date of Patent:
January 1, 2002
Koyo Industry Co., Ltd., Piste Snow Industries Co., Ltd.
Abstract: A resist composition comprising an alkali-soluble polymer, a special cross-linking agent containing one or more oxirane rings and at least one of —O—, —CO—,—COO— and —OCO— groups in the molecule, a photoacid generator, and a solvent can form a film having high transmittance for deep UV light such as ArF excimer laser beams and high etching resistance as well as high resolution, and thus suitable for forming a negative working pattern.
June 22, 1998
Date of Patent:
January 1, 2002
Wako Pure Chemical Industries Ltd., Matsushita Electronics Corporation