Abstract: A medicine ejection apparatus which ejects a medicine for medicating a user has a medicine ejecting unit, which has an element that generates energy for ejecting the medicine, a drive control unit which controls a drive start and a drive stop of the element, and an ejection amount determining unit, which determines a total amount of a medicine that is ejected from the medicine ejecting unit after the element performs a drive stop. The drive control unit enables the element to perform driving to eject an amount of medicine calculated from a difference between a set ejection amount and the total amount of medicine that has actually been ejected, when the total amount ejected, as determined by the ejection amount determining unit, is less than the set ejection amount.
Abstract: A method of manufacturing a photoelectric conversion device having a semiconductor substrate, comprises a first step of forming an insulating film on the semiconductor substrate, a second step of forming first holes in the insulating film, a third step of forming, in the insulating film, second holes shallower than the first holes, a fourth step of forming electrically conductive portions by embedding an electrically conductive material in the first holes, and forming planarization assisting portions by embedding the electrically conductive material in the second holes, and a fifth step of polishing the electrically conductive portions, the insulating film, and the planarization assisting portions until the planarization assisting portions are removed, thereby planarizing upper surfaces of the electrically conductive portions and the insulating film.
Abstract: In order to implement color-reduction processing more suitable, an image processing apparatus includes: a reference pixel determination unit configured to determine a reference pixel by scanning first image data; a color space division unit configured to set a plurality of regions in a hue circle and a plurality of luminance levels, and to determine a plurality of bins; a frequency distribution generation unit configured to generate a frequency distribution; a determination unit configured to select N bins based on the generated frequency distribution and to determine N types of pixel values respectively corresponding to the selected N bins; and a substitution unit configured to substitute each of pixels included in the first image data using the determined N types of pixel values.
Abstract: An image forming apparatus includes a rotatable belt member; stretching means for stretching the belt member; steering means for stretching and steering the belt member, wherein the steering means includes a rotatable portion rotatable with rotation of the belt member, a frictional portion, provided at each of opposite axial end of the rotation portion, for slidable contact with the belt member, supporting means for supporting the rotatable portion and the frictional portion, a rotation shaft rotatably supporting the supporting means, and the steering means is capable of steering the belt member by rotation thereof by forces resulting from sliding between the belt member and the frictional portion, wherein each of the frictional portions is provided with an inclined surface which is inclined to be further from a rotational axis of the rotation portion axially toward an outside, and wherein the belt member is contacted to at least one of the inclined portions.
Abstract: An information processing apparatus that generates print data for variable-data printing by applying internal data to a variable-data printing document, the information processing apparatus comprises a markup language data structure display means configured to read markup language data structure information, and displays a structure that markup language data has; a record level element designation acceptance means configured to accept, from a user, designation of a record level element used as a record level that indicates a record unit in the structure of the markup language data displayed by the markup language data structure display means; and a markup language data structure conversion means configured, in order to apply the markup language data based on the markup language data structure information, as the internal data, to the variable-data printing document, to convert the record level element so as to have a structure of the internal data.
Abstract: An image processing apparatus according to the present invention extracts a characteristic value of a luminance in relation to respective fields of an input video, and determines the presence of a scene change between adjacent fields. A gamma curve is then generated on the basis of the magnitude of the characteristic value. When a difference in the characteristic value between fields is larger than a predetermined value and a scene change does not exist, the gamma curve to be applied to a subsequent field is modified such that the correction characteristic of the gamma curve does not vary rapidly. The luminance is then corrected using the modified gamma curve.
Abstract: A sheet processing apparatus that forms asperity on a sheet bundle, which includes plural sheets, so as to bind the sheet bundle, includes: a pair of rotating members having a concave and convex portions on the outer periphery; a moving portion that moves at least one of the pair of the rotating members so as to nip the sheet bundle by the pair of the rotating members or release the sheet bundle; and a controlling portion that controls the moving portion to allow the pair of rotating members to rotate with a concave portion of one rotating member and a convex portion of the other meshed with each other while nipping the sheet bundle or releasing the sheet bundle.
Abstract: Disclosed herein are phosphoramidate prodrugs of nucleoside derivatives for the treatment of viral infections in mammals, which is a compound, its stereoisomer, salt (acid or basic addition salt), hydrate, solvate, or crystalline form thereof, represented by the following structure: Also disclosed are methods of treatment, uses, and processes for preparing each of which utilize the compound represented by formula I.
May 3, 2011
Date of Patent:
December 18, 2012
Gilead Pharmasset LLC
Michael Joseph Sofia, Jinfa Du, Peiyuan Wang, Dhanapalan Nagarathnam
Abstract: An image reading apparatus including a shading correction mechanism that can be formed by fewer component parts than conventional ones, and is increased in the degree of freedom of design, thereby enabling reduction of the size and weight thereof. A contact glass guides an original to an image reading position. A glass holding member holds the glass. A line image sensor reads an image on the original conveyed to the image reading location, through the contact glass. A reference member is disposed at a location different from the image reading location on the contact glass. A moving mechanism relatively moves the line image sensor and the reference member so that the line image sensor can alternatively read the original conveyed to the image reading location and the reference member. A drive section externally drives the moving mechanism to move the line image sensor and/or the reference member.
Abstract: A test pattern containing plurality of patches recorded using small dot patterns and large dot patterns is printed. The dot sizes arranged in the patches are different between patches. Then the test patterns are read. The detection rate and average density of additional information embedded in each large dot pattern are obtained. A large dot pattern whose detection rate and average density fall within a reference range and are closest to ideal values is determined. The average density of each small dot pattern is obtained. A small dot pattern whose average density falls within a reference range and is closest to the average density of the determined large dot pattern is determined. A copy-forgery-inhibited pattern image is generated using these dot patterns and combined with a print target image.
Abstract: The present invention relates to a double component type deodorant which comprises a first deodorant component A containing a liquid mixture containing a polyphenol and an acid agent and a second deodorant component B containing an alkali agent and an aqueous solvent. These deodorant components A and B may be separately stored in different storage parts. According to the invention, mixed type malodors in which at least two or more kinds of a sulfur-containing compound, aldehydes, lower fatty acids, amines, and the like are mixed can be efficiently deodorized.
Abstract: A charge pumping circuit comprises: a charging pump capacitance; a charging unit; a discharging unit; a detection resistor having one terminal and the other terminal, the one terminal being connected between a first node and a second node in a second mode; a voltage source for supplying a reference voltage to the other terminal of the detection resistor; a correction unit for correcting a charging current output from the charging unit and a discharging current that is to be sunk by the discharging unit to equalize the charging current and the discharging current in the second mode, based on a difference between a voltage of the one terminal of the detection resistor and the reference voltage when the charging unit outputs the charging current to the one terminal of the detection resistor and the discharging unit sinks the discharging current from the one terminal of the detection resistor.
Abstract: An image forming apparatus includes a rotatable photosensitive member; charging device for electrically charging the photosensitive member by being supplied with a charging bias; a current detecting device for detecting a DC current flowing when a test bias in the form of a predetermined DC voltage biased with a predetermined AC voltage is applied to the charging device so as to cause discharging between the photosensitive member and the charging device; and a control device for controlling the charging bias on the basis of an output of the current detecting device.
Abstract: A dental 3D camera for optically scanning a three-dimensional object, and a method for operating a dental 3D camera. The camera operates in accordance with a triangulation procedure to acquire a plurality of images of the object. The method comprises forming at least one comparative signal based on at least two images of the object acquired by the camera while at least one pattern is projected on the object, and determining at least one camera shake index based on the at least one comparative signal.
Abstract: An information processing apparatus determines whether a particular operation on a first file, for example, is restricted or not. The information processing apparatus also restricts the particular operation on a second file related to the first file if the particular operation on the first file is restricted.
Abstract: A process cartridge detachably mountable to a main assembly of an electrophotographic image forming apparatus includes a drum unit containing a movably connected to a developing unit containing a developing roller between a contact position where the roller contacts the drum and a spaced position where the roller is spaced from the drum, a drum coupler engaging a first main assembly drive transmitter transmitting a first rotational driving force to the drum, when the process cartridge is mounted to the main assembly, a shaft coupler transmitting a second rotational driving force with a deviation permitted between an axis of a second main assembly drive transmitter and an axis of the roller, from the second main assembly drive transmission member to the roller when the process cartridge is mounted to the main assembly.
January 24, 2011
Date of Patent:
December 18, 2012
Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
Kazuo Chadani, Tomonori Mori, Koji Hashimoto
Abstract: In order to implement color-reduction processing more suitable, an image processing apparatus includes a reduced-scale image generation unit configured to generate a reduced-scale image of first image data; a color space division unit configured to determine a plurality of bins by dividing predetermined color space; a first frequency distribution generation unit configured to generate a first frequency distribution for all pixels; a detection unit configured to detect an edge region from the first image data; a second frequency distribution generation unit configured to generate a second frequency distribution for pixels included in the edge region; a determination unit configured to select N bins, and to determine N types of pixel values respectively corresponding to the selected N bins; and a substitution unit configured to substitute each of pixels included in the first image data using the determined N types of pixel values.
Abstract: An image forming apparatus includes first and second drums subjected to image formation by exposure to light at exposure positions to form latent images and then transferring toner images, formed by developing the latent images with toner, onto a transfer material at transfer positions; first and second gears provided coaxially and integrally with the drums; a driving source for rotationally driving the drums; and a branch gear, meshable with the first and second gears at first and second mesh points, for transmitting a driving force from the driving source to the first and second gears. A sum of a time of movement of a portion of the branch gear located at the first mesh point to the second mesh point and a time of integer-time rotation of the branch gear is equal to a time of movement of the transfer material from the transfer position of the first drum to that of the second drum.
Abstract: Image display which accesses an image containing multispectral data and a spectral device model for a reflective display. The reflective display renders the image by modulation of an ambient illuminant and is driven by color primary signals for corresponding color primaries. A spectral power distribution of a direct irradiance of a current ambient illuminant is cyclically and repetitively estimated by using a measurement of the spectral power distribution of the direct irradiance of the current ambient illuminant. Color primary signals are determined by using the estimation of the spectral power distribution of the direct irradiance of the current ambient illuminant, the spectral device model, and the multispectral image data. The reflective display is driven by the determined color primary signals, such that the multispectral image data rendered on the reflective display simulates the appearance of the multispectral image data calorimetrically under the current ambient illuminant.
Abstract: The purpose of the invention is to improve the Bezier approximation accuracy with relatively high speed processing so far as data amount permits, and to provide an image processing device and image processing method thereof which improves the Bezier approximation accuracy within the predetermined processing time.