Abstract: A vertical reel pipelaying vessel having a vertical pipe storage reel rotatably positioned aft of midship and a vertical aligner wheel positioned forward of the reel. A guide means includes supports for the aligner wheel on the vessel to permit rotational movement about the axle of the aligner wheel. A moon pool is positioned forward of the reel. A direction means is provided for pivoting the aligner wheel over the moon pool to allow pipe takeoff forward of the axis of the aligner wheel and into the moon pool. The aligner wheel is provided with strain gauges along the axle to measure directly the tension of the pipeline being unspooled and passing into the water through the moon pool.
Abstract: An underwater trenching apparatus for burying pipeline and the like including a frame for positioning about the pipeline to be buried, a drive roller system operatively connected to the frame for driving the frame along the pipeline and including at least one pair of opposed rollers, each of the rollers having a curved pipe contact surface having a radius less than the radius of the pipeline to be buried and configured to grasp about 40 percent of the circumference of the pipe, the arms to which the rollers are mounted pivot about a shaft which is removably mounted to the frame, and a cutting system attached to the frame for cutting a trench, the cutting system includes at least one pair of rotating discs rotating about a horizontal axis, and having water nozzles extending out from them, the water forced out of the nozzles scoops the seabed and disperses it up, away from the bottom of the trench. The pair of discs are mounted so that they can be moved up and down as well as rotated in and out.
Abstract: A dried ginseng is obtained by heating a crude or raw ginseng to soften its tissue, freezing the softened ginseng in an inert gas under pressure and then lyophilizing the frozen ginseng under reduced pressure in a conventional way. This dried ginseng retains its original miscellaneous shape and color tone inherent to the crude ginseng, is ready for extraction of the pharmacologically active ingredients therefrom when dipped in aqueous ethanol for preparation of medicinal spirit beverage and can stand long storage without spoilage by bacterial and fungal infestation.
Abstract: This invention relates to the self-propelled underwater trenching apparatus and method for burying pipelines, cables and the like with minimum underwater diver supervision. The apparatus includes a frame having frame members positioned about the pipeline and buoyancy tanks with variable positions. Drive rollers are connected to the frame members for drive engagement with the pipeline. The frame members are movable by power rams about vertical and horizontal pivots selectively to engage or disengage the drive rollers with the pipeline. Oscillating water jet nozzles are secured to the apparatus for preselected sweeping movement to cut away the bottom formation to enable the pipeline to be buried in the trench so formed.
Abstract: A treatment of cancer by the application of external electromagnetic energy capable of the generation of heat in intracellular particles to induce selective thermal death of cancer cells in living tissue. This process allows for the selective treatment of cancer cells in living tissue without damaging the normal cells by the compartmentalized alteration of biophysical properties in the cancer cell.
Abstract: An adhesively secured balance weight for counter-balancing vehicle wheels possessing a rim flange and a protruding lip to receive the weight composed of a body having a mass of heavy metal and a length greater than the width and thickness. The body includes top and rear surfaces in which the rear surface is substantially planar for receiving an adhesive layer to adhere the weight to the rim flange. The top surface of the body is provided with an abutment surface for contact with the protruding lip and a chamfer is formed between the top and rear surface by a removal at the arris of about 0.05-0.3 inches on each surface to form a chamfer at least 0.05 times the thickness of the weight. A layer of adhesive is positioned on the rear surface of the weight to secure the weight to the rim flange.
Abstract: An implement for attaching hangers such as screw eyes, screw hooks and the like to surfaces particularly ceilings and walls in which the hanger is held in the body of the implement with the screw end directed outwardly. The hanger is secured by a pivoted cover which releases the hanger from the body upon a contact activator positioned on the implement contacting the ceiling or wall. Upon such contact the cover is opened and the continued rotation of the implement immediately frees the hanger from the implement without further action by the operator.
Abstract: This invention relates to the self-propelled underwater trenching apparatus and method for burying pipelines, cables and the like with minimum underwater diver supervision. The apparatus includes a frame having frame members positioned about the pipeline. Drive rollers are connected to the frame members for drive engagement with the pipeline. The frame members are movable about a pivot to selectively engage into or disengage rollers out of drive engagement with the pipeline. The apparatus also may include extensible means to move the pivot axis laterally or transversely of the pipeline. The formation is cut away by water jets secured to the apparatus to enable the pipeline to be buried in the trench formed. Upon meeting an obstruction on the surface of the pipeline, power rams in the fore portion of the frame member separate the frame member that may bend the frame member to bring the forward drive rollers out of driving engagement with the pipeline.
Abstract: A method of preventing frost damage to plants comprising applying oleaginous materials to the tissues thereof, which materials are absorbed by the tissues in amounts sufficient to prevent swelling thereof by ice crystal formation.
Abstract: An artificial hand for operation of various implements such as tools and useful devices and the like having a pair of fingers in which one of the fingers is releasably gripped to the locking post of an implement handle attachment. The other of the pair of fingers is operable to control a trigger means to operate the implement. The implement handle atttachment includes a base and locking post protruding outwardly from the base. The post slidably receives and releasably locks the artificial hand to the post while abutment means limits the relative sliding motion and prevents movement between the post and the artificial hand when in locking engagement. The implement handle attachment also may include a finger supporting means to provide additional stability and security to the artificial hand. Trigger means may be secured to the attachment for engagement by one of the moving fingers for operation of the trigger switch on the implement.
Abstract: An animal waste liquid absorbent and deodorizing composition for use as an animal litter. It is a mixture of flyash and a particulate flow channeling means particularly cellulosic fibrous material produced by paper-making processes but also including other cellulosic fibers, inorganic particles and powdered agricultural wastes, such as various pulpy materials. The mixture is compressed into pellets having a major dimension greater than the dimension of each particle forming the particulate flow channeling means. The pellets are formed with discrete paths within each pellet. These paths are formed from particles of the particulate flow channeling means which on contact with animal waste liquid permit quick liquid movement between the pellet surface and the interior of the pellet to achieve penetration below the surface of the pellet and simultaneously direct the liquid into effective contact with the flyash substantially throughout the pellet.
Abstract: The process comprises introducing minute particles into the interior of the cells. These particles being injected intraveneously while suspended in an appropriate solution are of the size generally having a diameter of approximately 1 micron or less and are of a material with properties such as ferromagnetic, paramagnetic, or diamagnetic. Shortly after being absorbed intracellularly, these particles will assume the same temperature as the respective cells which they have entered. It is a well established principle that the magnetic characteristics of ferromagnetic, paramagnetic, and diamagnetic materials vary as a function of their temperature. By measuring the magnetic characteristics of these particles shortly after they have entered the cell and with proper calibration, an exact determination of the temperature of the particle and therefore of the cell, can be made.
Abstract: Apparatus for the treatment of dialysate for the hemodialyzer in which apparatus the dialysate is recirculated and urea and other toxins in the dialysate are removed by repeated adsorption on and desorption from an adsorbent packed in a plurality of adsorbent beds that are used alternately or in rotation. Valves controlling flows of recirculating dialysate and the liquid (water and fresh dialysate) for desorption to and from said adsorbent beds are operated automatically with use of a timing device.
Abstract: A treatment of cancer by the application of external electromagnetic energy capable of the generation of heat in intracellular particles to induce selective thermal death of cancer cells in living tissue. This process allows for the selective treatment of cancer cells in living tissue without damaging the normal cells.The process comprises introducing minute particles into the interior of the cells of living tissue. These particles being injected intravenously while suspended in an appropriate solution are of a size generally having a diameter of approximately 1 micron or less and are of a material with properties, such as ferromagnetic, paramagnetic, or diamagnetic, so as to be inductively heated when subjected to a high frequency alternating electro-magnetic field. Introducing the particles as described, the patient is thereafter subjected to an alternating electromagnetic field to inductively heat the particles sufficiently to raise the temperature of the cells by an increment of 8.0.degree. - 9.5.degree.
Abstract: An underwater self-propelled buoyant trenching apparatus for burying a pipeline or cable on the bottom of a body of water. Water jets on a frame cut the trench, and a venturi operated eductor means sucks up and discharges the cuttings. The apparatus is motivated by a drive roller that is resiliently urged against the pipeline. Forward guide rollers sense the pipeline direction and act to torque the apparatus onto the centerline of the pipeline. The arrangement of the jet nozzle minimize the rearward thrust. Buoyant outrigger tanks adjust the attitude of the apparatus over the pipeline. The hose bundle is buoyant due to the oversize air hose.
Abstract: An electronic apparatus and a method for dynamically counter-balancing vehicle wheels with balance weights of a single, pre-selected mass. The apparatus is characterized by a device for determining the magnitude and the location on the inside and outside rim flanges of the subject wheel at which a weight of the determined magnitude could be placed to provide the moment required to achieve a counter-balanced condition, an arithmetic unit for operating upon said position and magnitude data to compute the positions on the inside and outside rim flanges at which one each of said balance weights should be placed to provide a resultant counter-balancing moment equal to that required to balance the wheel when using only a single weight of the determined magnitude on each rim flange, and a means for visually displaying the positions on the rim flanges at which such balance weights are to be affixed in order to balance the wheel.
Abstract: A method of swelling the cell membranes of the cell surrounding the latex containing vessels in the underpeel of bananas to enable the latex vessels to be more resistant to temperatures within the range of 45.degree. to 55.degree. F. The method includes treating the exterior peel of the banana finger with an application of an oleaginous material having a viscosity of 10 to 10,000 centistokes, maintaining the underpeel at a temperature of above 55.degree. F during the application and holding the underpeel for a dwell period of at least 24 hours. The amount of the oleaginous material applied is sufficient to permit the oleaginous material to penetrate completely below the exterior peel and into the sites of the latex vessels' cell membranes to swell these membranes in order to prevent both a phase change in the cell membranes and an increase in the permeability of the liquid and solutes of the cells surrounding the latex vessels into the latex contained in these vessels.
Abstract: The process of providing protective coatings of refractory metals and alloys on to any metallic base such as: iron, aluminum, chromium, cobalt, copper, nickel, magnesium, tin, titanium, or on to any metallic alloy base such as: steels, cast irons, brasses, bronzes, and solders at temperatures as low as ambient or below, including selecting an electrolyte material capable of dissociation into ions, such that at 25.degree. C the equivalent conductance of 0.1 normal solution of electrolyte divided by that of the electrolyte solution at infinite dilution is between 0.13 and 0.93, providing a particulate refractory metal having a melting point of at least 1490.degree. C, to be deposited within the near-surface region of the base metal, admixing 99 to 50 percent by weight of said refractory metal and 1 to 50 percent by weight of said electrolyte, the refractory metal having a nascent surface capable of producing ions in solution, ionizing said refractory metal to a concentration of about 1 to 20,000 mg.
Abstract: A dispersing method and apparatus for metering the dispersing of dry particulate material into a liquid. The apparatus includes a supply container and a metering and dispersing assembly having a clog-preventer with a hub and a plurality of radially extending arms with a rim. Passages are formed between the arms for the passage of dry material. Any large agglomerates that may be formed from the dry material are supported by these arms above the passages to prevent clogging. A dispensing rod capable of vertical movement is positioned within a bore in the hub, and controls the vertical movement of the downwardly inclined dispersing surface attached to the lower end of the rod. The dispersing surface receives the particulate material from the bottom opening, and carries it substantially laterally from the bottom opening to be dispersed into the liquid.