Patents Represented by Attorney Gay Chin
  • Patent number: 5394376
    Abstract: An apparatus for reducing acoustic radiation from an enclosure containing a fluid includes one or more vibration sensors in communication with surfaces of the enclosure. The vibration sensors feed signals corresponding to detected vibrations in the surface to a radiation filter. The radiation filter assigns weights to the signals and generates a summation signal which is then input to a control unit, with the summation signal ideally representing only those vibrations that will actually radiate from the enclosure. The control unit uses a reference signal and the summation signal to calculate a cancellation waveform to offset the cause of the detected vibrations. The cancellation signal is input to a fluid displacement unit which applies pressure oscillations to the fluid corresponding to the cancellation waveform.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 1993
    Date of Patent: February 28, 1995
    Assignee: Martin Marietta Corporation
    Inventors: Laurence R. Riddle, John M. Sewell, Paul H. Kurtz
  • Patent number: 5378471
    Abstract: A binder composition particularly well suited for pelleted and compressed aquatic animal feeds comprising: 10-17%, by weight a reactive metal source; 25-35%, by weight, a reactive metal oxide or hydroxide; 18-28%, by weight, sugar and 28-42%, by weight, corn syrup solids. The binder composition produces feeds with lower calcium and magnesium concentrations that typically utilized binders.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 1993
    Date of Patent: January 3, 1995
    Assignee: Martin Marietta Magnesia Specialties Inc.
    Inventor: David Morgan Smith
  • Patent number: 5377166
    Abstract: Each of the acoustic transducers (elements) of an array has a maximum dimension of less than .lambda.. They are located at the vertices of a regular polyhedron, which may be an icosahedron (12 elements), or a dodecahedron (20 elements). This placement effectively locates the elements on the surface of a sphere with diameter selected to provide an interelement spacing of .lambda./3 to 2.lambda./3. The signals are delayed for phasing to form directive "beams." A second array includes elements located at the vertices of a smaller polyhedron centered at the same point and included within the first array, and operated at a higher frequency than the outermost array. In order to reduce the effects of shadowing, the locations of the transducers of the smaller included array are selected to lie on radials passing through the centroids of the faces of the polygon defining the larger array.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 1994
    Date of Patent: December 27, 1994
    Assignee: Martin Marietta Corporation
    Inventor: Philip M. Kuhn
  • Patent number: 5361313
    Abstract: A device for remote sensing utilizing fiber optic techniques is presented. This device makes use of multi-mode optic fibers in conjunction with light polarized in multiple directions. The device presents a platform which is insensitive to phenomena outside of the remote sensing region while capable of detecting and analyzing multiple phenomena within the sensing region. The device is also capable of inspecting multiple remote sensing regions simultaneously.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 1993
    Date of Patent: November 1, 1994
    Assignee: Martin Marietta Corporation
    Inventor: Christian V. O'Keefe
  • Patent number: 5359405
    Abstract: A device and method are described for measuring changes association with a gap between a lead-in optical fiber and a lead-out optical fiber. A hybrid fiber optic sensor is created by inserting the lead-in and lead-out optical fibers into a small tube such that a gap is provided between the fibers. Laser pulses incident on the gap create two interfacial reflections that interfere with one another, thus providing a method of measuring changes in gap length in the same was as a typical Fabry-Perot type interferometer. Moreover, a reflection from the far end of the lead-out fiber gives gap information in the same way as typical intensity-based sensor. Together the two measurements overcome the limitations that occur when each technique is used separately, and are made possible by means of the above hybrid fiber optic sensor which contains both a Fabry-Perot interferometer portion and an intensity-based sensor portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 1992
    Date of Patent: October 25, 1994
    Assignee: Martin Marietta Corporation
    Inventor: Jeffrey P. Andrews
  • Patent number: 5326454
    Abstract: A method is disclosed for the production of highly diffusive or absorptive metal surfaces. A dendritic crystal structure surface layer of metal is electrodeposited on a substrate, using a bipolar pulse plating technique. This metal surface layer may then be oxidized to provide a highly anti-reflective surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 1992
    Date of Patent: July 5, 1994
    Assignee: Martin Marietta Corporation
    Inventor: Darell E. Engelhaupt
  • Patent number: 5300144
    Abstract: A binder composition for aggregate mixtures which comprises a sugar selected from the group consisting of mono saccharides, di saccharides, tri saccharides and mixtures thereof. Also disclosed are a novel monolithic layer composition incorporating the binder and a method of forming a protective layer in a metallurgical vessel utilizing the monolithic layer composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 1992
    Date of Patent: April 5, 1994
    Assignee: Martin Marietta Magnesia Specialties, Inc.
    Inventor: Thomas E. Adams
  • Patent number: 5293546
    Abstract: An improved working electrode for use in display devices is disclosed. The working electrode comprises a transparent metal grid having a coating of metal oxide thereon. Suitable metal grids include Cu, Au, Ag, Al, Pt, Ni and Zn, while suitable metal oxide coatings include In.sub.2 O.sub.3, SnO.sub.2 and indium tin oxide (ITO). The display devices preferably include an electrochromic material comprising an aqueous solution of an electrochemically depositable metal. Display devices in which the present working electrode is used possess favorable characteristics such as rapid response times, wide dynamic range, high transmittance and improved uniformity. The devices are particularly suitable for large surface area applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 1991
    Date of Patent: March 8, 1994
    Assignee: Martin Marietta Corporation
    Inventors: Maher E. Tadros, James A. Mason, Christopher A. Kadoch
  • Patent number: 5286135
    Abstract: A fastener system for joining together the nested ends of first and second generally tubular housing members in a tight-fitting, leak-proof manner by the use of at least one tightly compressed O-ring. The first housing member has at one end a reduced diameter external portion of finite length, around which an encircling external groove is located, whereas the second housing member has an interior portion sized so as to be able to closely receive the reduced diameter external portion of the first housing member. An encircling groove is formed around a portion of the interior of the second housing member, whereby upon the joinder portions of the first and second housing members being tightly interfitted, the encircling grooves will be brought into substantial alignment, to define an annular cavity of a size larger than either of the encircling grooves individually, into which cavity an elongate locking strip or splice ring can be readily inserted for a substantial distance, to lock the members tightly together.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 1992
    Date of Patent: February 15, 1994
    Assignee: Martin Marietta Corporation
    Inventor: John A. James
  • Patent number: 5264017
    Abstract: A binder for fertilizer granulation is taught, comprising a reactive mixture of a metal salt and a metal oxide or hydroxide. Use of this binder permits the incorporation of higher percentages of "fines" or small particle fertilizer components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 1991
    Date of Patent: November 23, 1993
    Assignee: Martin Marietta Magnesia Specialties Inc.
    Inventor: Richard H. Van de Walle
  • Patent number: 5259897
    Abstract: Aluminum-base alloys which are provided which possess highly desirable properties, such as relatively low density, high modulus, high strength/ductility combinations, strong natural aging response with and without prior cold work, higher artificially-aged strength than existing Al-Li alloys with and without prior cold work, weldability, good cryogenic properties, and good elevated temperature properties. In one embodiment, aluminum-base alloys are provided having Al-Cu-Li-Mg compositions in the following ranges: 5.0-7.0 Cu, 0.1-2.5 Li, 0.05-4 Mg, 0.01-1.5 grain refiner selected from Zr, Cr, Mn, Ti, Hf, V, Nb, B, TiB.sub.2, and mixtures thereof, and the balance essentially Al. In another embodiment, aluminum-base alloys are provided having Al-Cu-Li-Mg compositions in the following ranges: 3.5-5.0 Cu, 0.8-1.8 Li, 0.25-1.0 Mg, 0.01-1.5 grain refiner selected from Zr, Cr, Mn, Ti, Hf, V, Nb, B, TiB.sub.2, and mixtures thereof, and the balance essentially Al.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 1989
    Date of Patent: November 9, 1993
    Assignee: Martin Marietta Corporation
    Inventors: Joseph R. Pickens, Frank H. Heubaum, Lawrence S. Kramer, Timothy J. Langan
  • Patent number: 5259568
    Abstract: An optical system utilized to provide guidance information in the form of a modulated beam for a beamrider missile during its rocket powered flight phase. Our system comprises first and second zoom type optical subsystems arranged to function cooperatively in object space, utilizing coincident lines of sight, with these optical subsystems serving to provide guidance information to the missile when the exhaust plume from its rocket engine is relatively difficult to penetrate. The first optical subsystem is utilized in a closed loop servo system for positioning a mirror gimballed about two axes, such that it continuously tracks the missile. The second optical subsystem, along the optical axis of which the modulated beam is directed, comprises a negative optical group and a positive optical group combined into a defocusable beam expander.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 1984
    Date of Patent: November 9, 1993
    Assignee: Werkzeugmaschinenfabrik Oerlikon-Buehrle AG
    Inventors: Max Amon, Andre E. Masson
  • Patent number: 5247490
    Abstract: There is described an optical acoustic sensor that is pressure-compensated for operation in high-pressure environments such as the deep sea and that may be employed in multi-sensor arrays. The sensor includes an acoustically responsive diaphragm that is illuminated by light conducted through an optical fiber and that reflects the light back into the fiber. Light waves reflected by the diaphragm and fiber end interfere, and the resulting interference is conducted by the optical fiber to a to a photodetector and associated signal processing electronics such as a phase generated carrier demodulator. Pressure compensation is provided to equalize the static pressure on both sides of the diaphragm. Additionally, an array of sensors is described that employs optical time division multiplexing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 1992
    Date of Patent: September 21, 1993
    Assignee: Martin Marietta Corporation
    Inventors: Charles A. Goepel, Frederick M. Reitz
  • Patent number: 5240498
    Abstract: Provided is a carbonaceous binder composition which comprises a polymerized and dehydrated carbohydrate, a monomer or polymer of resorcinol, and water. It is important that the carbohydrate is a polymer when combined with the remaining components of the composition. Polymerization of the carbohydrate prior to being combined with the other components of the composition has been found to result in an increased carbon yield upon pyrolysis of the binder. The binder composition also has an effective shelf life of three months or longer and gives off no objectionable smell either before or after being pyrolyzed. More importantly, the binder is also free of any skin or respiratory irritants, and is in effect non-carcinogenic.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 1991
    Date of Patent: August 31, 1993
    Assignee: Martin Marietta Magnesia Specialties Inc.
    Inventors: Ralph Matalon, Keith Bridger, Francis W. Henry
  • Patent number: 5217816
    Abstract: A method is taught for the in-situ precipitation of ceramic materials in a metal matrix. By means of the solvent assisted reaction, metal-ceramic composites having highly superior properties may be obtained. The invention involves the reaction of the ceramic forming constituents in a metal solvent medium to provide very finely-dispersed ceramic particles in the metal matrix. Exemplary materials include titanium diboride in an aluminum matrix.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 1991
    Date of Patent: June 8, 1993
    Assignee: Martin Marietta Corporation
    Inventors: John M. Brupbacher, Leontios Christodoulou, Dennis C. Nagle
  • Patent number: 5211852
    Abstract: Provided is a process for the removal of metal ions from water which comprises filtering the water through a bed or layer of granular lightburned or hardburned magnesium oxide. The use of granular hardburned or granular lightburned grades of the magnesium oxide provides one with a most effective process for the removal of metal ions, as well as a process which permits a greater throughput of water before the effectiveness of the magnesium oxide decreases substantially.The process of the present invention also involves an acidic backwash to regenerate the granular magnesium oxide. The acidic backwash is used to strip the captured metal ions from the surface of the granules, and has been found to be quite effective. The acid is generally a dilute acid, e.g., about 1 to 10 percent by weight acid concentration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 1991
    Date of Patent: May 18, 1993
    Assignee: Martin Marietta Magnesia Specialties Inc.
    Inventors: Richard H. Van de Walle, Mark T. Wajer, David M. Smith
  • Patent number: 5212343
    Abstract: Devices and methods are disclosed for contacting a hot reaction mass with water to initiate an explosive reaction. The reaction mass comprises a ceramic or intermetallic material that is produced by exothermically reacting a mixture of reactive elements. Suitable reaction masses include borides and/or carbides that are formed by reacting a mixture comprising B and/or C in combination with an element selected from Ti, V, Cr, Zr, Nb, Mo, Hf, Ta and W. Additional metals such as Al, Li, Mg, Zn, Cu, Be, Na, K, Ca, Rb, Y, U and Cs may also be present in the reactive mixture. In operation, the hot reaction mass is contacted with water to initiate an explosive water reaction and to produce large volumes of hydrogen containing gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 1990
    Date of Patent: May 18, 1993
    Assignee: Martin Marietta Corporation
    Inventors: John M. Brupbacher, Leontios Christodoulou, James M. Patton, Russell N. Bennett, Alvin F. Bopp, Larry G. Boxall, William M. Buchta
  • Patent number: 5211910
    Abstract: Aluminum-base alloys containing Cu, Li, Zn, Mg and Ag are disclosed which possess highly desirable properties, such as relatively low density, high modulus, high strength/ductility combinations, strong natural aging response with and without prior cold work, and high artificially aged strength with and without prior cold work. In addition, the alloys possess good weldability, corrosion resistance, cryogenic properties, and elevated temperature properties. The alloys may comprise from about 1 to about 7 weight percent Cu, from about 0.1 to about 4 weight percent Li, from about 0.01 to about 4 weight percent Zn, from about 0.05 to about 3 weight percent Mg, from about 0.01 to about 2 weight percent Ag, from about 0.01 to about 2 weight percent grain refiner selected from Zr, Cr, Mn, Ti, Hf, V, Nb, B and TiB.sub.2, and the balance Al along with incidental impurities. Preferred alloys comprise from about 3.0-6.5 weight percent Cu, from about 0.5-2.6 weight percent Li, from about 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 1990
    Date of Patent: May 18, 1993
    Assignee: Martin Marietta Corporation
    Inventors: Joseph R. Pickens, Timothy J. Langan, Frank H. Heubaum, Lawrence S. Kramer, Alex Cho
  • Patent number: 5197691
    Abstract: An optical arrangement for use in boresighting a plurality of optical paths utilized in a missile beam guidance system, to the target trackers used therewith. A boresight module optical bed supports a plurality of retro-reflective optical assemblies in a closely spaced array, and nearby is a rotational optical assembly in which is mounted an integrated laser system for providing beam guidance to a missile. The rotational optical assembly also contains a plurality of target trackers, and in a first operational mode, the laser of the rotational assembly is successively utilized in conjunction with the retro-reflective optical assemblies in order to accurately and conveniently boresight the trackers. Thereafter, the trackers are used in the acquisition and tracking of a target, and the laser is utilized for guiding the missile to intercept the target.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 1983
    Date of Patent: March 30, 1993
    Assignee: Martin Marietta Corporation
    Inventors: Max Amon, Nicholas B. Saccketti
  • Patent number: 5192337
    Abstract: Compositions and methods are provided for controlling dust production from coal, for controlling dust losses from coal, for reducing decrepitation, and for facilitating cold-weather handling of coal. The compositions comprise blending oil and petroleum resin where the blending oil can comprise reclaimed motor oil, light or heavy oil obtained from the refining of petroleum crude, virgin or reprocessed vegetable or animal oils, or oils of mineral origin, and where the petroleum resin comprises resin obtained from the deresination of cylinder stocks or cylinder stock itself, or a combination thereof. The petroleum resin may also contain optional ingredients such as diesels and/or bright stock for motor oils to reduce viscosity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 1991
    Date of Patent: March 9, 1993
    Assignee: Martin Marietta Magnesia Specialties Inc.
    Inventors: Mark T. Wajer, David M. Smith, Vernon D. Miles