Patents Represented by Attorney Georgann S. Grunebach
  • Patent number: 7286473
    Abstract: A system and method for null packet replacement having a global scheduler (12) select data from a plurality of self-managed queues (14) to insert in to the data stream in place of null packets. The queues (14) managed by the global scheduler have rules that are private to each queue Q1, Q2, . . . QN. The global scheduler (12) has a set of rules (16) for prioritizing the queues (14). The global scheduler (12) knows the average data rate for each queue (14) and has a priority assigned to each queue (14). Rules for the global scheduler policy (16) are limited to the order of service for the queues. The present invention is advantageous in that the order of service may be changed at the global scheduler (12) without affecting the independent queues (14).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2002
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2007
    Assignee: The DIRECTV Group, Inc.
    Inventor: Michael A. Gorman
  • Patent number: 7283965
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for broadcasting high quality audio “studio direct” with the same digital information employed in the studio by the video producer with AC-3 digital audio signals for broadcast to integrated receiver decoders (IRD). The methods and apparatus permit proper handling of AC-3 data by switching signals to encoders in response to detection of the encoded signals representing compression of the data. Control over individual data bits such as copyright bits is maintained by determining the bit status, comparing it to a preferred status, changing the status if it does not comply with the preferred status, and reevaluating cyclical redundancy check value in each data packet to avoid disruption in the data transmission. In addition, the system includes an uplink device which automatically checks, logs and reports errors in Dolby Digital AC-3 signals by a monitor which employs a processor, a digital audio card and an SMPTE timecode reader.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2007
    Assignee: The DirecTV Group, Inc.
    Inventor: James A. Michener
  • Patent number: 7275163
    Abstract: One or more embodiments of the invention provide a method, apparatus, and article of manufacture for providing access to digital services. Configuration information that has been transmitted asynchronously is received in a security component (that is configured to control access to the digital services). A hardware state machine (that comprises custom logic that is used to control access to the digital services) in the security component is then dynamically reconfigured based on the configuration information.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2007
    Assignee: The DiRECTV Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Ronald P. Cocchi, Christopher P. Curren
  • Patent number: 7263292
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for controlling a plurality of infrared devices (ICDs) is provided herein. A remote controller is used to generate an optical signal for controlling a plurality of ICDs. The optical signal generated by the remote controller is converted into an electrical signal by an infrared repeater device. An implementation of such a system includes a rotary mechanical switch to direct the electrical signal generated by the infrared repeater device to a light emitting diode (LED) located near one of the plurality of ICDs. The LED converts the electrical signal into an optical signal and re-transmits the optical signal to the one of the plurality of ICDs. The system allows controlling the plurality of ICDs located in a remote location without having the user commute closer to such ICDs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2007
    Assignee: The DirecTV Group, Inc.
    Inventor: Donald Siu
  • Patent number: 7260159
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for providing an asymmetrical backwards compatible communications signal that is capable of being decoded by QPSK and OQPSK receivers as well as PSK and QAM receivers is provided. The invention comprises a timing error accumulator coupled to a first bit stream. The first bit stream includes content that is common to the QPSK/OQPSK receiver and to the PSK/QAM receiver. A phase error accumulator is coupled to a second bit stream and adjusts the phase of symbols in the second bit stream. A phase and timing error compensator is coupled to the phase error accumulator and the timing error accumulator and adjusts the first and second bit streams received from the phase error accumulator and the timing error accumulator in order to reduce timing and phase errors. A higher order modulator coupled to the phase and timing error compensator is also provided. The higher order modulator processes the first and second bit streams to provide the asymmetrical backwards compatible signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2007
    Assignee: The DirecTV Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Lin-Nan Lee, Feng-Wen Sun, Mustafa Eroz, Yimin Jiang
  • Patent number: 7257418
    Abstract: A method for rapid acquisition of a specific subscriber by a ground-based beamformer includes the steps of defining a coverage area as an arrangement of a plurality of cells wherein one of the plurality of cells includes a specific subscriber; defining a partition of cell clusters wherein one of the cell clusters includes the one of the plurality of cells that includes the specific subscriber; forming a beam that corresponds to an area of one of the cell clusters; and scanning the beam to the cell cluster that includes the specific subscriber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2007
    Assignee: The DIRECTV Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Donald C. D. Chang, Alan Cha, Ying Feria
  • Patent number: 7257370
    Abstract: An apparatus for simultaneously receiving a first signal from a non-terrestrial source and a second signal from a terrestrial source on the same or overlapping channels using a receive antenna with posteriorly-directed sidelobes is disclosed. The apparatus comprises at least one terrestrial transmitter transmitting information on at least one frequency simultaneously usable by at least one satellite transmitting to a satellite receive antenna having a sensitivity characterizable by a primary sensitive axis directed substantially at satellite. The terrestrial transmitter includes a azimuthal gain characteristic directed substantially away from the Earth's Equator. In an alternative embodiment, the terrestrial transmitter is disposed at a location defining a vector angularly displaced from the primary sensitive axis by an angle of less than 90 degrees. A method of transmitting information is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2007
    Assignee: The DIRECTV Group, Inc.
    Inventor: Paul R. Anderson
  • Patent number: 7254829
    Abstract: A device that detects and displays similar programs within a video system includes a memory, a display and a receiver that receives an input stream of television program content and electronic program guide data, wherein the program guide data includes a plurality of attributes characterizing television programs within the television program content. The receiver separates electronic program guide data from the input stream while the memory stores the electronic program guide data separated from the input stream. Upon receiving a first user request, a controller compares a first set of attributes relating to at least one television program within the television content with second sets of attributes relating to further television programs within the television program content to determine a correlation between the first television program and each of the further television programs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2007
    Assignee: The DIRECTV Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Jeffrey A. Brown, Philip E. Hsiao, Craig A. Finseth
  • Patent number: 7245671
    Abstract: Systems and methods for receiving non-coherent layered modulation signals are presented. An exemplary apparatus comprises a tuner for receiving a layered signal and producing a layered in-phase signal and a layered quadrature signal therefrom, an analog-to-digital converter for digitizing the layered in-phase signal and the layered quadrature signal, a processor for decoding the layered in-phase signal and the layered quadrature signal to produce a single layer in-phase signal and a single layer quadrature signal, a digital-to-analog encoder for converting the single layer in-phase signal and the single layer quadrature signal to a single layer in-phase analog signal and a single layer quadrature analog signal and a modulator for modulating the single layer in-phase analog signal and the single layer quadrature analog signal to produce a single layer signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2007
    Assignee: The DirecTV Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Ernest C. Chen, Tiffany S. Furuya, Philip R. Hilmes, Joseph Santoru
  • Patent number: 7245599
    Abstract: A method of increasing utilization of user link bandwidth for a code division multiple access communications system is disclosed that includes the steps of selecting a set of orthogonal complex codes each having a code length that is greater than a code length of an optimum real code and less than or equal to a spreading code length; and transferring symbols across at least one of a plurality of user links to or from at least one of a corresponding plurality of user terminals wherein the symbols are represented by a corresponding one of the set of orthogonal complex codes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2007
    Assignee: The DirectTV Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Ying J. Feria, Donald C. D. Chang, Ming U. Chang
  • Patent number: 7240357
    Abstract: A system and method for receiving services is presented. The system comprises a first splitter having an input, a first output and a slaved output receiving a first signal at the input having a single polarization including a first service and a slaved service, wherein the first signal is directed to the first output and the slaved output and selected by a first control signal applied at the input, a first tuner receiving the first output and tuning the first service and a slaved tuner receiving the slaved output and tuning the slaved service. The method comprises generating a first control signal to select a first signal, receiving a first signal including a first service and a slaved service, wherein the first service and the slaved service are at the same polarization, splitting the first signal with a first splitter to a first output and a first slaved output, tuning the first service from the first output with a first tuner and tuning the slaved service from the slaved output with a slaved tuner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2007
    Assignee: The DIRECTV Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert George Arsenault, Laura Johnson O'Donnell
  • Patent number: 7237174
    Abstract: An approach is provided for encoding short frame length Low Density Parity Check (LDPC) codes. An encoder generates a LDPC code having an outer Bose Chaudhuri Hocquenghem (BCH) code. Structure is imposed on the LDPC codes by restricting portion part of the parity check matrix to be lower triangular and/or satisfying other requirements such that the communication between bit nodes and check nodes of the decoder is simplified. Further, a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) encoder is supplied to encode the input signal according to a CRC code. This approach has particular application in digital video broadcast services over satellite.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2007
    Assignee: The DIRECTV Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Mustafa Eroz, Feng-Wen Sun, Lin-Nan Lee
  • Patent number: 7236508
    Abstract: A method of increasing utilization of user link bandwidth for a code division multiple access communications system is disclosed that includes the steps of selecting a set of orthogonal complex codes each having a code length that is greater than a code length of an optimum real code and less than or equal to a number of antenna elements in an antenna array of the feeder link.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2007
    Assignee: The DirecTV Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Ying J. Feria, Donald C. D. Chang, Ming U. Chang, Urban A. Von Der Embse
  • Patent number: 7234098
    Abstract: An approach is provided for generating Low Density Parity Check (LDPC) codes. An LDPC encoder generates a LDPC code with an outer Bose Chaudhuri Hocquenghem (BCH) code. For a rate 3/5 code, the approach provides a degree profile that yields reduced memory requirements for storage of the edge values without significantly affecting the performance with respect to an “unmodified” rate 3/5 code. The relevant parameters for the reduced memory LDPC codes are as follows: q=72, nldpc=64800, kldpc=nBCH=38880, kBCH=38688. The above approach has particular application in digital video broadcast services over satellite.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 19, 2007
    Assignee: The DirecTV Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Mustafa Eroz, Feng-Wen Sun, Lin-Nan Lee
  • Patent number: 7230480
    Abstract: A method, apparatus, article of manufacture, and a memory structure provide the ability to determine an input operating point and an output operating point on a non-linear traveling wave tube amplifier (TWTA). The non-linearity of the TWTA is measured. An input roots mean-square (RMS) value of an input signal used to measure the non-linearity of the TWTA is computed. The RMS value identifies an input operating point of the measured non-linearity of the TWTA. Lastly, an output operating point is obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2003
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2007
    Assignee: The DirecTV Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Ernest C. Chen, Shamik Maitra
  • Patent number: 7225458
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for receiving conditional access information (CAI) on one or more of a plurality of tuners while the user is selecting different channels is disclosed. The method comprises the steps of receiving the CAI on a first tuner tuned to a first channel; identifying the first tuner as the tuner receiving the CAI; and commanding the second tuner to receive the CAI after receiving a command to retune the first tuner from the first channel to a second channel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2007
    Assignee: The DirecTV Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Peter M. Klauss, Raynold M. Kahn, Gregory J. Gagnon, David D. Ha
  • Patent number: 7215954
    Abstract: A mobile wireless communications system including a plurality of individual transponding nodes of various types, all in communication with a central processing hub. A local user signal is processed by the central processing hub and radiated through multiple paths to a plurality of the plurality of individual transponding platforms simultaneously. The signal is then re-radiated by each of the plurality of the plurality of individual transponding platforms to a mobile terminal that receives the re-radiated signal from the plurality of the plurality of individual transponding platforms coherently and in phase. The number of transponders and codes used to transmit each user signal can be readily adapted to user requirements. Additionally, each user is assigned a profit value by the central processing hub depending upon certain user characteristics. The assigned user profit value allows the total system utility/profitability to be maximized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2000
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2007
    Assignee: The DirecTV Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Kar W. Yung, Frank A. Hagen, Donald C. D. Chang
  • Patent number: 7212248
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for synchronizing audio and video portions of a media program signal is disclosed. The method comprises the steps of detecting an audio event in the audio portion of the media program signal, measuring the timing interval from the audio event to a subsequent video synchronization pulse in the video portion of the media program signal, and storing the timing interval in a third portion of the media program signal. The apparatus comprises a voice detector for detecting an audio event in the audio portion of the media program signal, a timer for measuring the timing interval from the audio event to a subsequent video synchronization pulse in the video portion of the media program signal, and a processor for storing the timing interval in a third portion of the media program signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2007
    Assignee: The DirecTV Group, Inc.
    Inventor: Leon J. Stanger
  • Patent number: 7209524
    Abstract: Signals, systems and methods for transmitting and receiving layered modulation for digital signals are presented. A layered signal for transmitting data, comprises a first signal layer including a first carrier and first signal symbols for a first digital signal transmission and a second signal layer including a second carrier and second signal symbols for a second signal, transmission disposed on the first signal layer, wherein the layered signal has the first carrier demodulated and first layer decoded to produce the first signal symbols for a first layer transport, the first signal symbols are remodulated and subtracted from the layered signal to produce the second signal layer, and the second signal layer has the second carrier demodulated and decoded to produce the second signal symbols for a second layer transport.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2007
    Assignee: The DirecTV Group, Inc.
    Inventor: Ernest C. Chen
  • Patent number: 7206501
    Abstract: In a digital video recording system (DVR), a method of identifying the MPEG picture coding type of individual pictures of a GOP that is contained within a DSS transport packet, without parsing and evaluating each DSS transport packet. The picture coding type identifies whether a picture is an intra-coded (I) picture, predictive-coded (P) picture or bi-directionally predictive-coded (B) picture. The method facilitates implementation of DVR system playback modes, and especially trick modes by identifying and indexing the transport packet payload containing the I-picture (frame or field).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2007
    Assignee: The DirecTV Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Adrian Yap, Scott Casavant