Patents Represented by Attorney George J. Porter
  • Patent number: 3984685
    Abstract: A system for remotely measuring vertical and horizontal winds present in discrete volumes of air at selected locations above the ground. A laser beam is optically focused in range by a telescope, and the output beam is conically scanned at an angle .theta. about a vertical axis. The backscatter, or reflected light, from the ambient particulates in a volume of air, the focal volume, is detected for shifts in wavelength, and from these, horizontal and vertical wind components are computed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 1975
    Date of Patent: October 5, 1976
    Inventors: James C. Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, with respect to an invention of Fletcher, William C. Cliff, Robert M. Huffaker, Werner K. Dahm, James A. L. Thomson, Thomas R. Lawrence, Michael C. Krause, David J. Wilson
  • Patent number: 3984686
    Abstract: A system for remotely measuring velocities present in discrete volumes of air in which a CO.sub.2 laser beam is focused by a telescope at such a volume, a focal volume, and within the focusable range, near field, of the telescope. The back scatter, or reflected light, principally from the focal volume, passes back through the telescope and is frequency compared with the original frequency of the laser, and the difference frequency or frequencies represent particle velocities in that focal volume.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 1975
    Date of Patent: October 5, 1976
    Inventors: James C. Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, with respect to an invention of Fletcher, James W. Bilbro, Werner K. Dahm, Ronald B. Campbell, Jr., Robert M. Huffaker, Harold B. Jeffreys, Albert V. Jelalian, Wayne H. Keene, Michael C. Krause, Thomas R. Lawrence, Charles M. Sonnenschein, David J. Wilson, James A. L. Thomson
  • Patent number: 3978350
    Abstract: A solid state amplifier has an output transistor stage and an input transistor stage interconnected as a Darlington circuit. An interstage transistor interconnecting the collectors of the two stages of the Darlington circuit is connected with the first stage transistor in a compound configuration. When the load current furnished by the amplifier is less than a predetermined value, the output stage operates as a simple saturated switch with its base drive current flowing through the emitter-base junction of the first stage which produces no collector current because the base-emitter junction of the interstage transistor is reverse-biased. When the load current exceeds said predetermined value, the interstage transistor begins to conduct allowing the input and output stages to operate as a Darlington amplifier and diverting a significant portion of the base drive current of the output transistor back into the load.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 1975
    Date of Patent: August 31, 1976
    Inventors: James C. Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, with respect to an invention of Fletcher, Louis C. Maus, Donald E. Williams
  • Patent number: 3958179
    Abstract: An electric impedance network for AC carrier frequency control systems which provides optimal arithmetical symmetry in frequency response with respect to the carrier frequency, characterized by having a symmetrical even amplitude response and a symmetrical odd phase response for a substantial frequency band around the carrier frequency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 1973
    Date of Patent: May 18, 1976
    Inventor: Van A. McAuley
  • Patent number: 3957030
    Abstract: A solar energy vapor (freon) powered system for generating electrical energy in which a portion of the heat absorbed from the sun in daylight is stored for use during darkness by a thermal capacitor in which a mass of Pyrone, having a high thermal capacity, liquifies when heat is applied to it and goes through a solidification process to provide a heat output. A highly efficient solar boiler is constructed utilizing an anodized titanium surface and a particular combination of shaped boiler tubes and complementary reflectors. The overall efficiency of the system is further improved by a unique arrangement of heat recovery devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 1975
    Date of Patent: May 18, 1976
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Billy K. Davis
  • Patent number: 3952976
    Abstract: A pressurized flexible tunnel which employs a plurality of equal length cables between ends of the tunnel. The cables are lengthened or shortened together by a single winch to adjustably constrain elongation. By positioning one set of cables on one side of the tunnel and another on the opposite side of the tunnel, the tunnel may be expanded or contracted along a straight line or along a curve as permitted by externally positioned orienting means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 1974
    Date of Patent: April 27, 1976
    Inventors: James C. Deputy Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, with respect to an invention of Fletcher, Newton D. Brown, Gordon L. Jeppesen, Nicholas C. Costakos
  • Patent number: 3949206
    Abstract: An electrical filter for removing noise from a voice communications signal in which, for example, seven sample values of the signal are obtained continuously updated and subjected to filtering. Filtering is accomplished by adding balanced, with respect to a mid-point sample, spaced pairs of the sampled values and then multiplying each pair by a selected filter constant. The signal products thus obtained are summed to provide a filtered version of the original signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 1974
    Date of Patent: April 6, 1976
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Thomas R. Edwards, Hugh W. Zeanah
  • Patent number: 3938892
    Abstract: An electronic optical analyzer for use in systems such as optical transfer function analyzers eliminates mechanical scanning systems and comprises entirely electronic image dissection means for dissecting an image transmitted by an optical system under test and producing an electric output signal representative of the beam intensity at a selected element of the image. The image dissection means is preferably (in the case of visible light) an image dissector tube whose positioning coils serve as an image element addressing means. The system is useable with any optical system including visible light, other electromagnetic radiation or charged particles (ions or electrons) so long as the image dissection means is responsive to the beam in question. The optical system under test must produce a real image at the image dissection surface of the image dissection means in order for readily evaluatable data to be obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 1973
    Date of Patent: February 17, 1976
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Edwin E. Klingman, III
  • Patent number: 3937555
    Abstract: A holographic motion picture camera for producing three dimensional images employing an elliptical optical system and where there is provided in one of the beam paths (the object or reference beam path) a motion compensator which enables the camera to photograph faster moving objects.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 1974
    Date of Patent: February 10, 1976
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Robert L. Kurtz
  • Patent number: 3931532
    Abstract: A thermoelectric power system particularly adaptable for use in outer space in which a nuclear reactor heats a working fluid, which in turn supplies heat to a plurality of thermoelectric generators spaced about a ring-shaped support. A first heat pipe is employed to couple heat between the hot fluid and hot junction of the thermoelectric element of each generator, and a second heat pipe couples heat away from the cold junction of each thermoelectric element. Each of the second heat pipes are elongated flexible units adapted to be folded upon launch of the system of a space vehicle and thereafter extended in space to provide a substantial area of radiation of heat to be discharged.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 1974
    Date of Patent: January 6, 1976
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Ambrose W. Byrd
  • Patent number: 3930735
    Abstract: This invention is of a traffic survey system in which an aerial photo survey transparency is first made of a significant survey area, for example, two kilometers square. The transparency is then optically scanned to check the position and size of vehicles on roadways in the area. By computer control comparison with a reference transparency wherein areas other than roadways are made opaque and roadways are made clear, scanning may be directed solely to roadway regions. Vehicle size analysis is accomplished by means of discrete holographic filters corresponding to selected size vehicles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 1974
    Date of Patent: January 6, 1976
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Joseph H. Kerr