Abstract: A pin contact of a connector and a method of fabricating the pin contact which enables a substantial decrease of manufacturing cost, and smooth installation of the pin connector without a change in the pitch of arrangement at the time of press-fitting into a pin housing. A flat metal sheet undergoes blanking and pressing to form a narrow piece including a strip portion of decreased area of a fracture. Then an approximately L-shaped connecting portion is bent at right angles to raise the narrow piece sideways. Thereafter the strip portion of the narrow piece is pressed along the direction of rising, to thereby form an approximately cylindrical contact section. A raised piece at the rear of the contact section is provided with a locking section which faces approximately at right angles with the direction of arrangement.
Abstract: A position sensor for a throttle valve, the position sensor including a housing having a partition wall separating an attachment chamber and a sensor accommodating chamber, each of which include an outer opening. The partition wall defines a central opening. The housing is connected to a case of the throttle valve such that the outer opening of the attachment chamber is closed by the throttle valve case. A drive shaft of the throttle valve is connected to a driven shaft mounted in the attachment chamber, the driven shaft being rotatably supported on the partition wall. A sliding-element receiver is located within the accommodating chamber and is connected through the central opening in the partitioning wall to the driven shaft. The driven shaft and the sliding-element receiver cooperate to close the central opening of the partition wall. A insulating substrate is disposed within the accommodating chamber opposite to the sliding-element receiver.
Abstract: A vehicle knob switch apparatus including an operating lever, a cylindrical holder disposed at an end of the operating lever, a plurality of changeover switch portions accommodated in the interior of the holder, a first operating knob, mounted so as to be rotatable substantially coaxially with an axial line of the operating lever and not movable in the axial direction, for operating one of the plurality of changeover switch portions, and a second operating knob, swingably mounted to an end of the holder, for operating the other one of the plurality of changeover switch portions. The vehicle knob switch apparatus has an integrated switch mechanism, allows components to be installed in the vicinity of the steering column after confirmation of functions, and can be reduced in size.
Abstract: A module for optical communication which is capable of securely preventing reflection even if there are variations in the urging force of a ferrule and also of protecting an antireflection member from damage. A holding stopper for holding an antireflection member and also for positioning a ferrule is installed coaxially in a housing. A ferrule holding member for holding the ferrule is coaxially mounted on the holding stopper. When the ferrule is urged by a spring or other urging member and inserted in the ferrule holding member, the distal end of the ferrule first comes in contact with the apex of the antireflection member, causing the antireflection member to deform according to the distal end surface of the ferrule, then the distal end of the ferrule comes in contact with the reference surface of the holding stopper so that it is positioned and fixed in the direction of an optical axis.
Abstract: A printed wiring substrate in which first and second parts are mounted in adjacent with each other on soldering lands formed on an insulative board and put to reflow soldering, wherein the width of the land on which at least one of the parts is soldered is made greater on the side where the pants oppose to each other and made gradually narrowed toward the opposite side. By varying the width of the soldering land in reflow soldering using a cream solder, the surface tension of the solder is exerted such that the two parts are drawn to each other and brought into intimate contact thereby enabling close contact soldering.
Abstract: It is an object of the present invention to provide an amorphous hard magnetic alloy which can be produced by a casting method having a low cooling rate and has a large thickness not achieved by conventional liquid quenching methods, an amorphous hard magnetic casting alloy and a method for producing the amorphous hard magnetic cast alloy.An amorphous hard magnetic alloy in accordance with the present invention has the following general formula:A.sub.x --(Fe.sub.1-a Co.sub.a).sub.y --D.sub.zwherein A represents at least one element selected from the group consisting of Nd, Sm, Pr and Pm; D represents at least one element selected from the group consisting of Al, Ga, and Ge; suffixes x, y, and z satisfy 50.ltoreq.x.ltoreq.75, 10.ltoreq.y.ltoreq.45, and 5.ltoreq.z.ltoreq.15 atomic percent, and suffix a satisfies 0.ltoreq.a.ltoreq.0.5.
December 3, 1996
Date of Patent:
March 10, 1998
Alps Electric Co., Ltd., Akihisa Inoue
Akihisa Inoue, Tao Zhang, Akira Takeuchi
Abstract: A method for producing an electo-optical device including only five photolithographic steps, including a first photolithographic step for forming a gate electrode and gate wiring, a second photolithographic step for forming a semiconductor portion above the gate electrode, a third photolithographic step for forming a contact hole through the first insulator film to the gate wiring, a fourth photolithographic step for forming a source electrode, a source wiring and a drain electrode and then forming a channel portion above the gate electrode exposing said semiconductor active film and forming a transparent pixel electrode, and a fifth photolithographic step for forming a light-permeable opening above the transparent pixel electrode, and a contact hole for source wiring and gate wiring connection terminals.
Abstract: A soft magnetic alloy thin film includes a fine crystalline phase and an amorphous phase. The fine crystalline phase includes an average crystalline grain size of 10 nm or less in diameter and has body-centered cubic structure mainly composed of Fe. The amorphous phase has a nitrogen (N) compound as the main composition and occupies at least 50% of the structure of the thin film. An element M is incorporated at least in the amorphous phase, and includes at least one element selected from the group consisting of Ti, Zr, Hf, V, Nb, Ta, W, and rare earth metal elements. A plane-type magnetic device is made using this thin film.
Abstract: A liquid crystal display having heat resistance, a sufficiently large pretilt angle, and capable of preventing generation of domains and improving the reliability thereof is disclosed. Each alignment layer has, on the surfaces thereof, roof-like concave and convex rows, formed by repeatedly, in a first direction, forming convex portions each consisting of a longer side portion and a shorter side portion, and valley-like concave and convex rows having the height that is lower than that of the roof-like concave and convex rows and formed in the same direction as that of the roof-like concave and convex rows in such a manner that the roof-like concave and convex rows and the valley-like concave and convex rows are adjacently and alternately formed. Thus, concaves and convexes having a unit length of repetition, that is shorter than a unit length of repetition of the concaves and convexes formed in the first direction, are formed in a second direction that is substantially perpendicular to the first direction.
Abstract: A PC card connector in which a plurality of pin contacts are secured in a pin housing in a predetermined arrangement such that each of the plurality of pin contacts has a long and narrow terminal end protruding out from the pin housing. The front end portion of each terminal end is soldered onto a mounting surface of a printed board. The PC card connector includes first and second pin holders secured to the pin housing such that bottom surfaces of the pin holders are positioned opposite the mounting surface of the printed board, each of the first and second pin holders having a number of parallel guide grooves for receiving the terminal ends of the plurality of pin contacts.
February 27, 1996
Date of Patent:
March 10, 1998
Alps Electric Co., Ltd.
Yasunari Takano, Hidehiro Nakamura, Shin Yoshida
Abstract: The present invention relates to a magnetic recording/reproducing apparatus. In the magnetic recording/reproducing apparatus, a shutter actuating pin and a locking claw are formed integrally with a rotating member, the rotating member is rotatably supported on a chassis, one end of a torsion coil spring wound around the rotating member is retained by the shutter actuating pin, and a bent portion of the other end of the torsion coil spring is retained by a retainer hole of a holder. Before loading of a disc cartridge, a slide plate is locked by the locking claw at a backward position, so that a holder is maintained at an unloading position, whereas, when the disc cartridge is loaded, the rotating member is rotated by the disc cartridge, so that locking by the locking claw is dismissed to allow the holder to be shifted to a loading position while enabling a shutter of the disc cartridge to be opened by the shutter actuating pin.
Abstract: An on-vehicle receiving system for optimizing the receiving performance of a radio receiver and a remote controlled receiver, whereby a remote-controlled receiver and a radio receiver share an on-vehicle antenna. A key detector for detecting whether an ignition key is fitted into a key cylinder of the vehicle is employed and a selector switch for connecting the on-vehicle antenna selectively to the remote-controlled receiver or the radio receiver are incorporated. When the key detector detects that the ignition key is fitted into the key cylinder, the selector switch selects the radio receiver. When it is detected that the ignition key is not fitted into the key cylinder, the remote-controlled receiver is selected. In one embodiment, a remote-controlled receiver and a radio receiver share not only an on-vehicle antenna but also part of receiving equipment. The remote-controlled receiver and radio receiver can also share the frequency and modulation form employed.
Abstract: A disc loading/ejecting mechanism and a disc player including the same wherein a disc is clamped by a guide member and a roller during loading and ejection. The roller is tapered from its ends toward its central portion such that the smallest diameter is at the central portion. A guide top is pivotally connected to a casing of the disc player and includes lower surfaces in the shape of upside-down "V"s having inclined surfaces which come closer to the roller at both end portions thereof. Opposing edges of an inserted disc are clamped by the inclined surfaces and tapered portions of the roller. However, since the guide top pivots on a support shaft, the guide top follows the position of the disc so that uniform carrying force is always provided to the disc.
Abstract: A mode changeover apparatus which can turn a mode changeover gear in a returning direction without the shortage of a turning force in the returning direction in the event of occurrence of over-stroking of a head base, prevent a magnetic head from moving toward a magnetic tape beyond the optimum position thereof and reliably perform a mode changeover operation.
Abstract: The present invention provides a porous ultrafine grinder including ultrafine abrasive grains of diamond or cubic boron nitride having an average grain size of 60 .mu.m or less, and a binder which can form a fused phase by fusion with the ultrafine abrasive grains under heating. The binder is a porous material having continuous pores, and the fused phase formed in the interface of the binder and the ultrafine abrasive grains has a thickness of 1.5 .mu.m or less.
Abstract: An on-car motor driving apparatus is equipped with a motor for moving a moving unit such as a window of a motor car, a motor driving controller which controls the revolution, stop, and rotational direction of the motor, and a current measuring and comparing device which measures the variation in current per unit time of the motor and compares the measured variation in current with a preset value. The on-car motor driving apparatus stops the revolution of the motor and/or reverses the rotational direction of the motor through the motor driving controller. The apparatus is further equipped with a voltage measuring device for measuring motor driving voltage and a voltage-based time setting device which changes the length of the unit time in accordance with the driving voltage value measured by the voltage measuring device. Line voltage is supplied to a differential amplifier only when the line voltage is supplied to the motor.
May 31, 1996
Date of Patent:
February 3, 1998
Alps Electric Co., Ltd.
Ken Mizuta, Yukio Miura, Toshihiko Kawata, Ken Shibazaki
Abstract: A speaker in which the inner peripheral face of a ring-shaped soft ferrite core is cemented to a cylindrical projection extending from a lower portion of a bowl-shaped frame. An outer peripheral surface of a co-axially disposed ring-shaped bond magnet is fitted into a recess of the frame. Two magnetic gaps are formed between facing surfaces of the ring-shaped bond magnet and the ring-shaped soft ferrite core. Two voice coils are mounted on a cylindrical bobbin and suspended from a vibratory diaphragm such that the voice coils are inserted into the magnetic gaps.
Abstract: An E.A.S. system capable of immediately making a decision on a broken condition of a tag 2 itself or its connection cable 8 or a non-connected condition of the connection cable 8 to a repeating device 1 at start-up of the system. The system comprises the repeating device 1 and a tag 2 detachably coupled through the connection cable 8 to the repeating device 1. The repeating device 1 is equipped with a jack 3 having a plug receiver 3a, a fixed contact 3b and a movable contact 3c, a pull-up resistor 4 coupled between the movable contact 3c and a power supply 10, a connection section for connecting the fixed contact 3b and the plug receiver 3a with a ground point, and a tag condition detecting section (5 to 7) coupled to the movable contact 3c. The tag 2 incorporates an internal resistor 2a, and a double pole plug 9 is detachably connected through the connection cable 8 with the jack 3.
Abstract: An etching agent and an electronic device manufacturing method using the etching agent. The etching agent contains, in a solution, hydrofluoric acid at a concentration of 0.05 to 0.5 mol/l, and halooxoacid ions, represented by the formula (XO.sub.n).sup.p- (wherein X is a halogen element, n is 3, 4 or 6, p is 1, 2 or 3), at a concentration of at least 0.01 mol/l. An electronic device manufactured using the etching agent requires only a single etching step to etch both conductive layers (such as aluminum) as well as ohmic contact layers (a-Si).