Abstract: A system for a flexible container for liquids in which a socket is fixed to one wall and the container is filled through this socket. A flap being heat sealable on one surface is attached to one wall of the container and this flap underlies the socket so that after filling the socket can be closed by the flap and the filled container is sealed for transportation. Subsequently the socket can be fitted with a tap which breaks the flap seal and enables the contents of the flexible container to be dispensed.
Abstract: A method is disclosed for quantitative measurement of angiotensin converting enzyme activity in biological material. The method exploits certain acylated tripeptide substrates. The enzyme-catalyzed hydrolysis of the substrates results in the formation of a dipeptide reaction product and a remnant product. The substrate is radioactively labeled exclusively in that portion destined to become the remnant product. Preferably, the substrate prior to hydrolysis is essentially insoluble in an aprotic organic solvent, but the remnant hydrolysis product is essentially quantitatively extractible by the organic solvent. At the termination of the enzyme-catalyzed hydrolysis, the labeled remnant product is separated from the reaction mixture, and the radioactivity is counted in a suitable apparatus.
Abstract: The latch comprises a case, containing a mechanism for actuating a half-turn bolt, and a head plate. At least one half-turn bolt is provided which is mounted to be movable in a direction parallel to the plane of the head plate of the latch.
Abstract: Disclosed is a rapid setting adhesive of low toxicity having high bond strength to a variety of metals and plastics, and particularly to stainless steel, polycarbonate plastics and tooth enamel. The composition consists essentially of (A) a resin which is formed from an ester of methacrylic acid with a monoalcohol containing at least one epoxy group and (B) a filler which may be any of a plurality of finely divided materials that are insoluble in ambient fluids or a mixture of such fillers, parts (A) and (B) being present in a weight ratio such that the initial mixture at ambient temperature and pressure is a viscous liquid or paste. Also included are minor amounts of a conventional polymerization catalyst and a conventional polymerization accelerator. Preferably parts (A) and (B) are packaged separately, with polymerization catalyst included in only one package.
Abstract: A method and apparatus for conducting chemical reactions at a liquid-solid interface wherein a reaction component is fixed on the surface of a solid phase immersed in a liquid phase containing a freely diffusing, mobile reaction component. The apparatus comprises a substantially smooth-surfaced matrix of appropriate geometrical configuration designed to provide a large surface to volume ratio, a short transfer distance from the mobile component to the fixed component distributed on the solid phase surface and to drain freely upon removal from the reaction liquid.
May 15, 1978
Date of Patent:
September 30, 1980
Ventrex Laboratories, Inc.
Roger N. Piasio, David A. Perry, Pangal N. Nayak
Abstract: A process is disclosed for the essentially complete bromination of bisphenoxyethane and bisphenoxypropane, and their substitution products, with minimal cleavage of the phenoxy-to-alkylene linkages, characterized by reacting the bisphenoxyalkane reactant with a stoichiometric excess of bromine chloride in the presence of a Lewis acid catalyst and a chemically inert organic solvent adapted to dissolve all of such reactants and the catalyst. Optionally, the bisphenoxyalkane reactant and the resulting product of the process may have alkyl and chlorine substituents in either or both phenyl groups.
Abstract: Method and apparatus for the constant volume solvent exchange or constant volume neutralization of a liquid solution or suspension of macromolecules. Liquid enters a bulk zone and passes into a thin layer filtration zone, in which the separation is effected through a semi-permeable membrane filter.
Abstract: Dental restorative compositions comprise self-curing systems of monomer containing two or more polymerizable ethylenically unsaturated groups of different respective reactivities, and thus of different curing rates, and other materials such as fillers, inhibitors, curing agents, and the like. The polymerizable groups may be selected from the group consisting of two or more vinyl, allyl, acryl, methacryl, and styryl groups.
Abstract: Dental restorative compositions of improved X-ray opacity are described. These compositions comprise from 30% to 85% by weight of the composition of a finely divided inorganic filler and from 15% to 70% by weight of the composition of a liquid resin binder. The filler comprises at least 60% by weight of the filler of a ground barium glass that has a barium oxide (BaO) content greater than about 22.5% by weight of the glass. By appropriate selection of the binder, the composition may cure in a single stage of curing, or it may set in two stages, to provide a period of time during which it can be carved to a desired shape.
January 3, 1979
Date of Patent:
September 2, 1980
Jan A. Orlowski, Patrick D. Kidd, David V. Butler
Abstract: An improved banjo head is described which provides a deeper and more mellow sound to the banjo. The new head also allows for sound pick up and amplification from each string. The new banjo head comprises a thin flexible membrane having a hole positioned on the periphery of this membrane and a means to reinforce said hole.
Abstract: Discloses a technique for modifying an epoxy resin by reacting with addition copolymerizable monomer in the presence of at least 3% of benzoyl peroxide at about 110.degree. C. to 120.degree. C., or the free radical initiating equivalent thereof. The reaction mixture obtained contains:(a) unreacted epoxy resin;(b) graft polymer; and(c) associatively formed but ungrafted addition polymer.The graft polymer is formed from the epoxy resin by the grafting of addition polymer onto aliphatic backbone carbons of the epoxy resin, such grafting being at carbons that have either one or two hydrogens bonded thereto in the ungrafted state. The process is useful for making polymer blends for coating compositions, and particularly, coatings for cans for foods and beverages, especially for beer. The coating compositions may be aqueous dispersions ready for spray application, or concentrate that can be made up readily into aqueous sprayable coating compositions. Solvent vehicles may also be used.
Abstract: A process for the coulometric determination of the content of a component dissolved in water, e.g. oxygen gas in sea-water, and a coulometer cell for carrying out said process. The cell consists of an elongated, central measuring cell (1) and two auxiliary cells (2) which are directly connected to each end of the measuring cell (1). Electrolysis is performed simultaneously in the measuring cell (1) and the auxiliary cells (2) under such conditions that the concentration of the dissolved component will decrease at the same rate in all three cell elements.
May 2, 1979
Date of Patent:
July 8, 1980
Rolf O. Hallberg, Carl H. M. Lindstrom, Hakan Westerberg
Abstract: The flying wing comprises a rigid frame and a fabric canopy secured to the frame. The canopy has propelling, braking and steering hyperlift nozzles arranged on the surface of the canopy for canalizing the flow of air rearwardly from the under side to the upper side of the canopy. A support device for the pilot comprises at least two rigid members connected to the frame and extending downwardly from the frame and terminating in a seat for the pilot. Members maintain the rigid members stationary relative to the frame. The canopy has a longitudinal intermediate strip held planar by the frame and two relatively flexible substantially triangular lateral portions on laterally opposite sides of the strip and connected to the latter. The canopy has in plan substantially the shape of an isosceles trapezium the small base of which defines the leading edge of the wing. The intermediate strip has one of the aforementioned nozzles and each of the two lateral portions has two of the aforementioned nozzles.
Abstract: Covers a continuous process for making a polymeric membrane having at least 60% or more of its volume taken up by intercommunicating pores of substantially uniform size below about 25 micrometers. Consists of applying a layer of a polymer solution on a rigidly supported backing belt, then passing the belt through a formation bath that includes solvent plus a non-solvent for the polymer that is miscible with its solvent. The bath is recirculated at a substantially constant, preselected composition. The porous structure of the membrane is substantially completely formed in the formation bath. Includes extracting any residual solvent from the porous membrane, then drying the membrane. To produce membrane material of consistent, uniform characteristics and quality, the formation bath is maintained at the preselected composition. Either skinned molecular filtration membranes or microporous membranes may be produced by adjusting process parameters, such as the composition of the formation bath.
Abstract: Covers processes for making microporous membranes and molecular filtration membranes from vinylidene fluoride polymers, and the products so produced. A continuous version of the process consists of applying a layer of a solution of a polyvinylidene fluoride polymer to a rigidly supported surface of a backing belt to form a film, then passing the belt through a formation bath, in which the membrane is formed. To form the polymer solution, the polymer is dissolved in a liquid vehicle that will dissolve up to about 25% by weight of the polymer at a temperature of at least 50.degree. C. but that dissolves substantially less of the polymer at about 20.degree. C. (room temperature). The polymer solution is formed at 50.degree. C. or higher, and the formation bath is maintained at about room temperature. The formation bath is a mixture of the liquid vehicle solvent with a second liquid that is miscible with the solvent but that is not itself a solvent for the polymer.
Abstract: The arrangement comprises a passageway for receiving liquid for intravenous administration (IV) or the like. A hydrophilic microporous membrane having a first pore size is disposed in the passageway at a first point so that all liquid passes through the microporous membrane at said first point. A microporous filter is disposed below the membrane in the passageway to filter all liquid passing through the passageway at the second point. The membrane has a bubble point high enough to withstand the expected head of liquid below it (the gravity head of the IV set). Should liquid from the source as it proceeds through the passageway from the microporous membrane to the filter be exhausted, then when air or gas reaches the membrane the flow of liquid is stopped because the upper, microporous membrane acts as an automatic shut-off valve. Air does not pass through the wet hydrophilic microporous membrane as long as the pressure does not exceed its bubble point.
Abstract: Synthetic, granular filter particles which are of substantially uniform size, of controlled density, and water-wettable. A method is provided for manufacturing such particles in uniform sizes ranging from about 1/16 to about 3/8 inch and at controlled densities ranging from a specific gravity of about 1.04 to about 1.5. The particles comprise hollow silica beads dispersed in a matrix of cured cement. In deep bed, multi-layer liquid filters, the particles can be utilized as the upper strata of the filter and act as a barrier for particles that would normally plug a deep bed filter having conventional, natural materials, such as sand in the lower strata. Alternatively, all of the strata of the deep bed filter may be comprised of the particles of the present invention in substantially uniform, controlled sizes and densities, the size of the particles decreasing and the density of the particles increasing in the direction of flow through the filter bed.
Abstract: A filter for filtering contaminants from liquid, wherein the apparatus includes several distinct, adjacent layers of granular filter medium. The layers are carefully graded for size and density, with the granules constituting the layers increasing in density and decreasing in size in the direction of filter flow. At least some of the layers are composed of essentially uniformly sized and shaped, water-wettable synthetic granules of a specific gravity ranging from about 1.04 to about 1.5. For some applications, all of the bed layers are formed of such synthetic granules; for other applications, some of the layers, preferably the lower layers, are formed of naturally occurring materials, such as anthracite, sand, and fruit pit shells or nut shells. In either form of the invention, the distribution of density and size in the direction of flow--normally downwardly--is such that the layers readily stratify after backwashing to reconstitute the bed in its initial, most efficient filtration configuration.
Abstract: The multi-cell canopy of the gliding wing type comprises an upper wall and a lower wall interconnected by ribs forming partition wall defining parallel cells open on the leading edge of the wing. Parachute control lines are secured to the trailing edge for deforming a part of the latter which forms a plain flap. The canopy comprises in its upper wall at least one air outlet passage which has the shape of a rearwardly facing slot so as to direct a laminar current of air tangentially of the upper wall.
Abstract: Azide-free blood diluents and cyanide ion-free erythrocyte lysing reagents hich are particularly advantageous for use with Coulter scanning devices. The lysing reagent comprises (1) a water-soluble quaternary ammonium salt of the formula R.sub.1 N(R.sub.2).sub.3 X wherein R.sub.1 is a 12-20 C alkyl, each R.sub.2 is the same or different and is lower alkyl or lower hydroxyalkyl and X is an anion, and (2) a minor amount of a water-soluble polycarboxylic acid.
February 8, 1977
Date of Patent:
January 29, 1980
Central Laboratories of Associated Maryland Pathologists, Ltd.