Abstract: An apparatus for packaging articles having a conveyor; means associated with the conveyor for forming groups of articles and moving the groups independently of other articles on the conveyor; means for moving the groups of articles transversely to the conveyor; an elevator for receiving said groups of articles in stacked groupings; and means for moving the stacked groupings into a carton. Means are also provided for assembling and closing the carton upon receipt of the stacked groupings.
January 28, 1987
Date of Patent:
August 8, 1989
Roberts Systems, Inc.
John T. Roberts, Philip L. Reid, Philip S. LaChappell, Danny R. Williams
Abstract: A cast magnesium oxide based structure is utilized as a heat storage material. In preferred embodiments, the magnesium oxide heat storage material is cast directly about a source of heat. In another embodiment, a block of cast magnesium oxide based heat storage material is placed in contact with a source of heat forraising the temperature and storing heat and later moved to a different environment for transferring heat to that environment.
Abstract: Static tow inverting apparatus for inverting the overlap of overlapping layers of a continuous length filamentary tow band of textile material deposited onto the surface of a moving conveyor in relaxed condition for treatment, such as in the thermal heat setting treatment of a band of tow which has been subjected to a mechanical crimping operation. The tow inverter comprises a pair of stationary plates which are disposed above the surface of a moving conveyor to receive a continuous length of tow in a plurality of overlapping layers thereon. The opposed surfaces of the spaced plates define a downwardly curving passageway for gravitational conveyance of the overlapping layers of tow through a reversing direction of movement to deposit the same on the surface of the moving conveyor with preceding layers of tow overlying succeeding layers of tow in the direction of movement on the conveyor.
March 31, 1980
Date of Patent:
April 13, 1982
Hoechst Fibers Industries, Div. of American Hoechst Corp.
Abstract: Method and apparatus for smoothing and laterally guiding a longitudinally moving web of material wherein the web is longitudinally moved in a generally upward vertical direction past first pressurized fluid discharge manifolds disposed adjacent the web path on either side of the plane of the web to continuously direct streams of pressurized fluid, such as air, outwardly of the central portion of the web and toward side edges of the web to smooth and remove wrinkles from the same, and second pressurized fluid discharge manifolds located adjacent at least side edge portions of the web path for intermittently directing streams of air across opposite faces of the web toward one or the other of the side edges thereof, in response to web edge sensing means, to laterally move and guide the web during its longitudinal travel.
Abstract: A till insert for quickly and reliably receiving selected coins or currency to be deposited therein, said device being a five-sided, longitudinal container with the side nearest the cashier being upturned in an arcuate fashion and having positioned in its face a frontal opening for receiving therein said currency, and with the side opposite the cashier being open for purposes of discharging the container's contents. Said insert being designed for mating snugly within a bill compartment of a till without defeating entirely its use for receiving therein other forms of currency.
Abstract: A fishing lure retriever for quickly and reliably releasing and retrieving lures, plugs or other fishing tackle which have become entangled on obstructions, vegetation or timber during the fishing process. The device comprising a disk-shaped, weighted body having a frontal opening located therein and a suspension closure rotatably joined together by connecting apparatus which are spatially disposed within the aforementioned frontal opening and which securely engage the suspension closure holding it in place for being disposed about a snagged fishing line so that it can slidably travel along said line from a point spatially disposed between the tip of a fishing rod and the snagged lure, thereby freeing the ensnared lure and allowing both to be retrieved by the angler for inspection, repair, and subsequent reuse.
Abstract: A corn buttering device for applying a coating of butter or butter substitute to an ear of corn comprising a pan for containing a heated liquid and a receptacle mounted in the pan for containing liquid butter. The pan is provided with a cover which has a recessed upper surface for receiving and supporting an ear of corn therein. The recess in the cover is provided with an elongate slot which communicates with the butter receptacle when the cover is moved downwardly to tilt the receptacle and cause butter to pour through the recess slot and contact an ear of corn. The recess slot is normally closed by a movable wall member which is displaced from the slot during downward movement of the cover on the pan. The cover containing an ear of corn therein is maintained in an upper position on the pan until manually displaced to a lowermost position for applying butter to the corn.
Abstract: A fuel economizer system and fuel flow control valve arrangement for an internal combustion engine having a fuel supply tank, a main fuel supply line connecting the tank to the carburetor inlet of the engine, and a fuel pump in the supply line for delivering fuel to the carburetor inlet. The control valve arrangement is located in the fuel supply line between the fuel pump and the carburetor inlet, and includes a first control valve which is automatically incrementally adjusted between closed and open position by a diaphragm motor which is operatively connected to the intake manifold of the engine such that changes in vacuum in the intake manifold automatically adjust the control valve to proportionally increase or decrease the supply of fuel to the carburetor inlet.
Abstract: A hairpin style cotter key of wire-like stock having a pair of cooperable legs, utilizing the resilient means provided by said stock to create safe, reliable, and quick clamping means to various structural components to be held in place by the combination and interaction of the piercing means of the shorter straight leg and the receiving means of the longer intersecting leg in conjunction with the aforesaid leg of the present device.
Abstract: Live metabolically active microorganisms are immobilized on a solid support by contacting particles of aggregate material with a water dispersible polyelectrolyte such as gelatin, crosslinking the polyelectrolyte by reacting it with a crosslinking agent such as glutaraldehyde to provide a crosslinked coating on the particles of aggregate material, contacting the coated particles with live microorganisms and incubating the microorganisms in contact with the crosslinked coating to provide a coating of metabolically active microorganisms. The immobilized microorganisms have continued growth and reproduction functions.
June 30, 1976
Date of Patent:
September 1, 1981
The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
Abstract: The multi-layer polyolefin shrink film of this invention provides shrink tensions, optical clarity, cuttability, sealability, shrink temperature range, and tear resistance heretofore unobtainable in an oriented, monolayer polyolefin material. The preferred film has three layers in which the core layer comprises a blend of ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer with ethylene-butylene copolymer and each skin layer comprises ethylene-propylene copolymer.
Abstract: The strength of a heat seal which bonds irradiatively cross-linkable thermoplastic materials together can be significantly improved by irradiating the seal area after sealing is completed. This technique is especially effective for improving the seal strength of packaging film laminates such as those having a layer of saran and a layer of ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer.
Abstract: Thermoplastic materials, particularly material in sheet form, may be sealed or thermowelded together using the energy from a single laser beam source by splitting the beam and directing it by mirrors to desired seal areas on the opposed sides of the materials to be sealed. The beam may be split in proportion to the thickness of the respective materials. Heating the opposed sides of materials to be sealed avoids the problem of overheating or burning the side to which energy is applied.
Abstract: A crosslinked copolymer of an olefin and vinyl alcohol is produced by crosslinking a copolymer of the olefin and a vinyl ester to produce a crosslinked precursor, hydrolyzing the crosslinked precursor copolymer to produce a crosslinked copolymer of an olefin and vinyl alcohol.
Abstract: In the preparation and storage of cooked, bulk packaged food in flexible receptacles, the quality of the food is increased, the cooking conditions are closely controlled, the growth of bacteria is restricted, and the storage time is increased by reducing the interior temperature of the food from its filling temperature of at least 180.degree. F. to below 45.degree. F. in less than a half hour. Said temperature reduction is preferably achieved by filling the receptacle so that the food therein is flowable or mobile and then tumbling the receptacle in a cooling medium so that the food flows or moves within the receptacle. After storage at 28.degree. F. to 32.degree. F., the food may be heated by tumbling the receptacle in a heating medium in order to bring the food quickly to serving temperature thereby avoiding overcooking.
Abstract: A tire shaped article is blow molded by extruding a tubular parison between movable mold sections, sealing the open end of the parison, injecting air into the parison, moving a lower mold section and the bottom portion of the parison upwardly and expanding an intermediate portion of the parison radially outwardly into a mold cavity.
Abstract: To provide a hermetic seal for flexible receptacles such as plastic bags, pouches, or casings, the outside of the mouth of the receptacle is coated with a cold flowing resin so that when the receptacle is filled and its mouth gathered under pressure the resin will cold flow and fill the voids in the gathered folds. Preferably, the end of the gathered mouth is trimmed and then high pressure is applied to cause the resin to exude from the trimmed end. Next, a forming plunger is used to press the exudate into a smooth surface whereby a fused cap of resin is formed hermetically closing the bag's mouth. As an alternative, a clip or band can be placed around the gathered end under sufficient pressure to case cold flow of the resin thereby sealing the voids.