Patents Represented by Attorney, Agent or Law Firm John H. Kusmiss
  • Patent number: 6102330
    Abstract: An emergency flight control system is disclosed for lateral control using only differential engine thrust modulation of multiengine aircraft having at least two engines laterally displaced to the left and right from the axis of the aircraft in response to a heading angle command .psi..sub.c to be tracked. By continually sensing the heading angle .psi. of the aircraft and computing a heading error signal .psi..sub.e as a function of the difference between the heading angle command .psi..sub.c and the sensed heading angle .psi., a track control signal is developed with compensation as a function of sensed bank angle .PHI., bank angle rate .phi., or roll rate p, yaw rate .tau., and true velocity to produce an aircraft thrust control signal ATC.sub..psi.(L,R).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2000
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: John J. Burken, Frank W. Burcham, Jr., John Bull
  • Patent number: 6101013
    Abstract: The present invention is a system and method embodied in an optical circuit switched protocol for the transmission of data through a network. The optical circuit switched protocol is an all-optical circuit switched network and includes novel optical switching nodes for transmitting optical data packets within a network. Each optical switching node comprises a detector for receiving the header, header detection logic for translating the header into routing information and eliminating the header, and a controller for receiving the routing information and configuring an all optical path within the node. The all optical path located within the node is solely an optical path without having electronic storage of the data and without having optical delay of the data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2000
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Steve P. Monacos
  • Patent number: 6085594
    Abstract: A pressure sensor has a high degree of accuracy over a wide range of pressures. Using a pressure sensor relying upon resonant oscillations to determine pressure, a driving circuit drives such a pressure sensor at resonance and tracks resonant frequency and amplitude shifts with changes in pressure. Pressure changes affect the Q-factor of the resonating portion of the pressure sensor. Such Q-factor changes are detected by the driving/sensing circuit which in turn tracks the changes in resonant frequency to maintain the pressure sensor at resonance. Changes in the Q-factor are reflected in changes of amplitude of the resonating pressure sensor. In response, upon sensing the changes in the amplitude, the driving circuit changes the force or strength of the electrostatic driving signal to maintain the resonator at constant amplitude.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 11, 2000
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Roman C. Gutierrez, Christopher B. Stell, Tony K. Tang, Vatche Vorperian, Jaroslava Wilcox, Kirill Shcheglov, William J. Kaiser
  • Patent number: 6083158
    Abstract: A real-time display of tissue ischemia which comprises three CCD video cameras, each with a narrow bandwidth filter at the correct wavelength. The cameras simultaneously view an area of tissue suspected of having ischemic areas through beamsplitters. The output from each camera is adjusted to give the correct signal intensity for combining with the others into an image for display. If necessary, a digital signal processor (DSP) can implement algorithms for image enhancement prior to display. Current DSP engines are fast enough to give real-time display. Measurement at three wavelengths, combined into a real-time Red-Green-Blue (RGB) video display with a digital signal processing (DSP) board to implement image algorithms, provides direct visualization of ischemic areas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 1, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 4, 2000
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Gregory H. Bearman, Thomas D. Chrien, Michael L. Eastwood
  • Patent number: 6061611
    Abstract: The invention is embodied in a method of integrating kinematics equations for updating a set of vehicle attitude angles of a vehicle using 3-dimensional angular velocities of the vehicle, which includes computing an integrating factor matrix from quantities corresponding to the 3-dimensional angular velocities, computing a total integrated angular rate from the quantities corresponding to a 3-dimensional angular velocities, computing a state transition matrix as a sum of (a) a first complementary function of the total integrated angular rate and (b) the integrating factor matrix multiplied by a second complementary function of the total integrated angular rate, and updating the set of vehicle attitude angles using the state transition matrix.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2000
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Stephen A. Whitmore
  • Patent number: 6055048
    Abstract: An optical-to-tactile translator provides an aid for the visually impaired by translating a near-field scene to a tactile signal corresponding to said near-field scene. An optical sensor using a plurality of active pixel sensors (APS) converts the optical image within the near-field scene to a digital signal. The digital signal is then processed by a microprocessor and a simple shape signal is generated based on the digital signal. The shape signal is then communicated to a tactile transmitter where the shape signal is converted into a tactile signal using a series of contacts. The shape signal may be an outline of the significant shapes determined in the near-field scene, or the shape signal may comprise a simple symbolic representation of common items encountered repeatedly. The user is thus made aware of the unseen near-field scene, including potential obstacles and dangers, through a series of tactile contacts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 1998
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2000
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Maurice L. Langevin, Philip I Moynihan
  • Patent number: 6046398
    Abstract: Linear arrays with up to 63 micromachined thermopile infrared detectors on silicon substrates have been constructed and tested. Each detector consists of a suspended silicon nitride membrane with 11 thermocouples of sputtered Bi--Te and Bi--Sb--Te thermoelectric elements films. At room temperature and under vacuum these detectors exhibit response times of 99 ms, zero frequency D* values of 1.4.times.10.sup.9 cmHz.sup.1/2 /W and responsivity values of 1100 V/W when viewing a 1000 K blackbody source. The only measured source of noise above 20 mHz is Johnson noise from the detector resistance. These results represent the best performance reported to date for an array of thermopile detectors. The arrays are well suited for uncooled dispersive point spectrometers. In another embodiment, also with Bi--Te and Bi--Sb--Te thermoelectric materials on micromachined silicon nitride membranes, detector arrays have been produced with D* values as high as 2.2.times.10.sup.9 cmHz.sup.1/2 /W for 83 ms response times.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 1998
    Date of Patent: April 4, 2000
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Marc C. Foote, Eric W. Jones, Thierry Caillat
  • Patent number: 6041273
    Abstract: A digital longitudinal Aircraft Propulsion Control (APC) system of a multiengine aircraft is provided by engine thrust modulation in response to comparing an input flightpath angle signal .gamma.c from a pilot thumbwheel or an ILS system with a sensed flightpath angle .gamma. to produce an error signal .gamma.e that is then integrated (with reasonable limits) to generate a drift correction signal to be added to the error signal .gamma.e after first subtracting a lowpass filtered velocity signal Vel.sub.f for phugoid damping. The output error signal is multiplied by a constant to produce an aircraft thrust control signal ATC of suitable amplitude to drive a throttle servo for all engines, each of which includes its own full-authority digital engine control (FADEC) computer. An alternative APC system omits sensed flightpath angle feedback and instead controls the flightpath angle by feedback of the lowpass filtered velocity signal Vel.sub.f which also inherently provides phugoid damping.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2000
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: John J. Burken, Frank W. Burcham, Jr.
  • Patent number: 6039628
    Abstract: A self-mobile cat toy capable of simulating intermittent life includes a rodent-like shell partially or wholly containing an electrical power source mechanically and electrically connected to motor-powered wheels or a tread mechanism for moving along the ground. The power circuit includes an orientation-dependent switch which is closed or open depending on its orientation, so that when played with by a cat, the toy will cease to move in certain orientations and begin to move when pawed into other orientations. In another embodiment the powered wheels or tread are replaced by a vibrating mechanism. In yet other embodiments the cat toy is externally controlled by the pet owner, through either a long cable with a switch at the end or through a radio or ultrasonic transmitter-receiver system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 1994
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2000
    Inventors: John H. Kusmiss, Naomi Caryl
  • Patent number: 5945383
    Abstract: A method of producing a high temperature superconductor Josephson element and an improved SNS weak link barrier element is provided. A YBaCuO superconducting electrode film is deposited on a substrate at a temperature of approximately 800.degree. C. A weak link barrier layer of a nonsuperconducting film of N--YBaCuO is deposited over the electrode at a temperature range of 520.degree. C. to 540.degree. C. at a lower deposition rate. Subsequently, a superconducting counter-electrode film layer of YBaCuO is deposited over the weak link barrier layer at approximately 800.degree. C. The weak link barrier layer has a thickness of approximately 50 .ANG. and the SNS element can be constructed to provide an edge geometry junction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 1992
    Date of Patent: August 31, 1999
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Brian D. Hunt
  • Patent number: 5930781
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for supervised neural learning of time dependent trajectories exploits the concepts of adjoint operators to enable computation of the gradient of an objective functional with respect to the various parameters of the network architecture in a highly efficient manner. Specifically, it combines the advantage of dramatic reductions in computational complexity inherent in adjoint methods with the ability to solve two adjoint systems of equations together forward in time. Not only is a large amount of computation and storage saved, but the handling of real-time applications becomes also possible. The invention has been applied it to two examples of representative complexity which have recently been analyzed in the open literature and demonstrated that a circular trajectory can be learned in approximately 200 iterations compared to the 12000 reported in the literature. A figure eight trajectory was achieved in under 500 iterations compared to 20000 previously required.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 1992
    Date of Patent: July 27, 1999
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Nikzad Toomarian, Jacob Barhen
  • Patent number: 5918161
    Abstract: A deconvolution approach to adaptive signal processing has been applied to the elimination of signal multipath errors as embodied in one preferred embodiment in a global positioning system receiver. The method and receiver of the present invention estimates then compensates for multipath effects in a comprehensive manner. Application of deconvolution, along with other adaptive identification and estimation techniques, results in completely novel GPS receiver architecture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 29, 1999
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Rajendra Kumar, Kenneth H. Lau
  • Patent number: 5908176
    Abstract: Practical application of real-time (or near real-time) Adaptive Performance Optimization (APO) is provided for a transport aircraft in steady climb, cruise, turn descent or other flight conditions based on measurements and calculations of incremental drag from a forced response maneuver of one or more redundant control effectors defined as those in excess of the minimum set of control effectors required to maintain the steady flight condition in progress. The method comprises the steps of applying excitation in a raised-cosine form over an interval of from 100 to 500 sec. at the rate of 1 to 10 sets/sec of excitation, and data for analysis is gathered in sets of measurements made during the excitation to calculate lift and drag coefficients C.sub.L and C.sub.D from two equations, one for each coefficient. A third equation is an expansion of C.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 1, 1999
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Glenn B. Gilyard
  • Patent number: 5909160
    Abstract: A sapphire resonator for an ultrastable oscillator capable of substantial performance improvements over the best available crystal quartz oscillators in a compact cryogenic package is based on a compensation mechanism enabled by the difference between copper and sapphire thermal expansion coefficients for so tuning the resonator as to cancel the temperature variation of the sapphire's dielectric constant. The sapphire resonator consists of a sapphire ring separated into two parts with webs on the outer end of each to form two re-entrant parts which are separated by a copper post. The re-entrant parts are bonded to the post by indium solder for good thermal conductivity between parts of that subassembly which is supported on the base plate of a closed copper cylinder (rf shielding casing) by a thin stainless steel cylinder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 1, 1999
    Assignee: The United State of America as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: G. John Dick, David G. Santiago
  • Patent number: 5880834
    Abstract: A 1:1 Offner mirror system for imaging off-axis objects is modified by replacing a concave spherical primary mirror that is concentric with a convex secondary mirror with two concave spherical mirrors M1 and M2 of the same or different radii positioned with their respective distances d1 and d2 from a concentric convex spherical diffraction grating having its grooves parallel to the entrance slit of the spectrometer which replaces the convex secondary mirror. By adjusting their distances d1 and d2 and their respective angles of reflection .alpha. and .beta., defined as the respective angles between their incident and reflected rays, all aberrations are corrected without the need to increase the spectrometer size for a given entrance slit size to reduce astigmatism, thus allowing the imaging spectrometer volume to be less for a given application than would be possible with conventional imaging spectrometers and still give excellent spatial and spectral imaging of the slit image spectra over the focal plane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 1998
    Date of Patent: March 9, 1999
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Michael P. Chrisp
  • Patent number: 5850538
    Abstract: The present invention is embodied in new priority queue data structures for event list management of computer simulations, and includes a new priority queue data structure and an improved event horizon applied to priority queue data structures. The new priority queue data structure is a Qheap and is made out of linked lists for robust, fast, reliable, and stable event list management and uses a temporary unsorted list to store all items until one of the items is needed. Then the list is sorted, next, the highest priority item is removed, and then the rest of the list is inserted in the Qheap. Also, an event horizon is applied to binary tree and splay tree priority queue data structures to form the improved event horizon for event management.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 15, 1998
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Jeffrey S. Steinman
  • Patent number: 5828336
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method and a device for providing superior differential GPS positioning data. The system includes a group of GPS receiving ground stations covering a wide area of the Earth's surface. Unlike other differential GPS systems wherein the known position of each ground station is used to geometrically compute an ephemeris for each GPS satellite, the present system utilizes real-time computation of satellite orbits based on GPS data received from fixed ground stations through a Kalman-type filter/smoother whose output adjusts a real-time orbital model. The orbital model produces and outputs orbital corrections allowing satellite ephemerides to be known with considerable greater accuracy than from the GPS system broadcasts. The modeled orbits are propagated ahead in time and differenced with actual pseudorange data to compute clock offsets at rapid intervals to compensate for SA clock dither.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 27, 1998
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Thomas P. Yunck, William I. Bertiger, Stephen M. Lichten, Anthony J. Mannucci, Ronald J. Muellerschoen, Sien-Chong Wu
  • Patent number: 5794005
    Abstract: The present invention is embodied in a method of performing object-oriented simulation and a system having interconnected processor nodes operating in parallel to simulate mutual interactions of a set of discrete simulation objects distributed among the nodes as a sequence of discrete events changing state variables of respective simulation objects so as to generate new event-defining messages addressed to respective ones of the nodes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 1994
    Date of Patent: August 11, 1998
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Jeffrey S. Steinman
  • Patent number: 5781762
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a system for performing proximity detection in computer simulations on parallel processing architectures utilizing a distribution list which includes movers and sensor coverages which check in and out of grids. Each mover maintains a list of sensors that detect the mover's motion as the mover and sensor coverages check in and out of the grids. Fuzzy grids are included by fuzzy resolution parameters to allow movers and sensor coverages to check in and out of grids without computing exact grid crossings. The movers check in and out of grids while moving sensors periodically inform the grids of their coverage. In addition, a lookahead function is also included for providing a generalized capability without making any limiting assumptions about the particular application to which it is applied. The lookahead function is initiated so that risk-free synchronization strategies never roll back grid events.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 14, 1998
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Jeffrey S. Steinman, Frederick P. Wieland
  • Patent number: 5757024
    Abstract: Monocrystalline semiconductor lattices with a buried porous semiconductor layer having different chemical composition. Also monocrystalline semiconductor superlattices with a buried porous semiconductor layers having different chemical composition than that of its monocrystalline semiconductor superlattice. Lattices of alternating layers of monocrystalline silicon and porous silicon-germanium have been produced. These single crystal lattices have been fabricated by epitaxial growth of Si and Si-Ge layers followed by patterning into mesa structures. The mesa structures are stain etched resulting in porosification of the Si-Ge layers with a minor amount of porosification of the monocrystalline Si layers. Thicker Si-Ge layers produced in a similar manner emitted visible light at room temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 1996
    Date of Patent: May 26, 1998
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Robert W. Fathauer, Thomas George, Eric W. Jones