Abstract: In a focus detection system for detecting focus condition of an objective lens, there is disposed a pair of photosensor arrays each having a plurality of photocells lined up in one direction to receive a first image and second image passed through respectively a lens system and the photosensor arrays produce first original signal groups and second original signal groups each signal groups corresponding to light intensity of the images projected thereto. A processing device processes the original signal groups in such a manner that the first original signal groups are respectively divided into a plurality of blocks, and one of the blocks of the first original signal groups is selected and it is detected that in what group in the selected block best coincidence occurs.
Abstract: A method for analyzing fluid by a multi-fluid modulation mode is characterized by subjecting a plurality of sample fluids (which may be different or a single sample fluid divided into a plurality of systems) to a fluid modulation by reference fluids at various frequencies, respectively. An analytical portion provided with only one sensor is simultaneously and continuously supplied with the respective sample fluids. An output signal from the sensor in the analytical portion is divided into signal components of the respective modulation frequencies for the respective sample fluids to rectify and level, whereby obtaining analyzed values about the respective sample fluids is achieved.
Abstract: A magnetic thin film recording disk includes a substrate of a hard electroless plated nickel surface that has been textured to encourage a circular anisotropic orientation of crystal growth during a pass-by sputtering in a continuous production line. A thin film chromium nucleating layer that is substantially free of any oxidation that would affect the recording properties is subsequently deposited, and then a thin film magnetic layer of a cobalt alloy, having a desired circular anisotropic crystal growth, is deposited through the sputtering process. The resulting magnetic thin film recording disk is then coated with a thin film of a carbon protective material.
Abstract: A device for measuring convergence of a color CRT including image pickup means for producing three color image signals with respect to three color test patterns constituting a composite test pattern presented on a viewing screen of a color CRT, change means for changing the image magnification of said image pickup means according to the pitch between color phosphor elements on the viewing screen, and calculation means for calculating respective luminous centers of gravity of the three color test patterns from the three color image signals, and calculating a misconvergence of the color CRT from the calculated luminous centers of gravity and a changed image magnification.
Abstract: A part of a tube, through which a fluid passes, is cooled by means of an electronic cooling element and a flow rate of the fluid is measured on the basis of a temperature of a surface of the tube cooled. Not only can the flow rate of the liquid flowing through the tube be determined in a noncontacting manner and a very small flow rate of the liquid be determined, but also the tube is cooled so that no bubbles are generated, and thus the measurement of the liquid, which is apt to generate gases, such as low boiling point liquid, is possible. In addition, the measurement is not influenced by the gases dissolved in the liquid and merely the temperature difference resulting from the flow of the fluid, that is, the rise of the temperature of the fluid, is detected to prevent the measurement from being influenced by the installing posture of the flow meter, so that a highly accurate measurement is possible. Consequently, stable and sure controlling flow rate of liquid is possible.
Abstract: An image edit input device is disclosed which feeds data concerning an edit area of an original document to a copying machine. This image edit input device is provided with a tablet possessed of a surface conforming in size with an original document. On this tablet are inscribed marks for effecting the input of special data such as ratio of copying magnification, number of copies to be produced, and size of copying paper. By the depression of the tablet, therefore, special modes and copy data such as the number of copies to be produced can be injected as an input other than the coordinates data of the edit area can be fed in. When the tablet is depressed, the question as to whether this depression is for feeding the coordinates data or the data other than the coordinates data is decided by the manipulation of switches.
Abstract: An image reading and processing apparatus in which an image-carrying medium is scanned along a predetermined path in a line-by-line manner and, during each cycle of line scanning, image data is produced from a line of pixels on the scanned image-carrying medium and is stored into image data memories for each line of pixels on the image-carrying medium while data-write and data-read address signals are generated by first and second address generators and are supplied independently of each other to the image data memories, the second address generator being operative to supply the data-read address signal to the image data memories at a timing regulated on the basis of a signal indicative of a magnification/reduction ratio at which an image on an image-carrying medium is to be reproduced, wherein there are further provided an attribute data storage memory having a plurality of memory spaces respectively corresponding to a plurality of scanning areas, each memory space storing attribute data designating the cond
Abstract: An image recording apparatus for recording an image on a record sheet by projecting the image onto an image recorder through a projection lens includes an image position detecting device for detecting position of the image to be projected on the image recorder and a reflecting mirror for correction of the image position for shifting an optical axis of light incident on the image recorder in the direction orthogonal to the direction of feeding a recording material. A shift of the reflecting mirror for correction of the image position and a time to feed the recording material to the image recorder are controlled in response to the result of detection by the image position detecting device. This makes it possible to control a position where the image is to be formed in both the recording material feeding direction and the orthogonal direction thereto.
Abstract: An illumination system for use in an image projection apparatus, having a light source assembly which includes a lamp and a concave reflector for producing convergent light, and an illumination lens group which includes, in order from the light source assembly side, a first lens unit of a negative power, a second lens unit of a positive power movable along the optical axis and a third lens unit of a positive power. The illumination lens group fulfills the following equation,1+2<0where 1 and 2 represent the powers of said first and second lens units, respectively.
Abstract: An improved steering wheel cover of a resilient tubular member having an inner surface of a knurly configuration and an outer fabric covering is provided. A plurality of locking tab members can extend from either side of the edge of the inner surface to provide a complementary locking configuration. Preferably, the insulating characteristics of Neoprene are utilized for the resilient member.
Abstract: A spectrophotometer is composed of a spectrofilter, a plurality of bandpass filters for cutting unnecessary transmission bands, and a CCD photosensor. The photosensor is composed of two sets of photosensors having different sensitivity ranges that overlap at some portion to increase the dynamic range of the device. The handling amount of charges is increased at every portion of the CCD photosensor in order to reduce the influence of the shot noise. Further, various technologies are used to enhance the accuracy and stability of the spectrophoto-measurement.
Abstract: An optical measuring apparatus for examining an eye which automatically aligns the optical axes of said apparatus and the eye with each other and focusing the light emitted by said apparatus on the eye. When these operations are accomplished, the projection of a measuring light is automatically started. The apparatus includes axes-aligning-focusing optical system. The optical system has a pair of optical axes-aligning light sources. Two images of beams emitted by the respective optical axes-aligning light sources and reflected by the cornea of the eye are detected by a light receiving sensor when the beams are focused substantially on the eye. Discriminating devices discriminate whether or not the optical axes of the two cornea-reflected images detected by the light receiving sensor align with the optical axis of the eye in Y-direction of the light receiving sensor.
Abstract: An infrared ray detector assembly for detecting a plurality of components such as hydrocarbons, CO.sub.2 and CO gases includes a housing member having a hollow interior and a portion transmissible to infrared rays and a holder member mounted within the hollow interior and having a plurality of separate compartments. An infrared detector is mounted in each compartment, and an optical filter is mounted over each compartment, abutting adjacent filters to respectively limit the wavelength band to each infrared detector, each optical filter having a substrate of approximately the same material and thickness.
Abstract: A hydrogen gas analyzer having an improved delivery system is provided wherein a plurality of branched passageways can supply a sample cell and an additive fuel to a combustion chamber. Cutoff valves can be activated to control the flow rates through the respective passageways so that when the concentration of hydrogen in the sample gas is high, the flow rate from the additive fuel will be reduced, and when the concentration of hydrogen is low, the flow rate of the sample gas is reduced.
Abstract: In an automatic focus control device of a camera there are provided defocus amount calculation means for calculating a defocus amount for a predetermined focus plane of a photographic lens in the camera on the basis of the electric signal generated by a light receiving means, comparing means for comparing the obtained value on the basis of the calculated defocus amount with a reference value, control means controlling driving speed of the photographic lens by the lens driving means in response to the comparison result of a comparing means, photographic condition setting means for setting the photographic condition and reference value setting means for setting said reference value in response to the set photographic condition.
Abstract: A multi level wiring structure incorporated in a semiconductor device has a wiring layer sandwiched between insulating films and coupled to upper and lower conduction paths through contact windows formed in the insulating films, respectively, and the wiring layer is implemented by an aluminum-silicon alloy film sandwiched between upper and lower barrier films formed of a conductive substance selected from the group consisting of a refractory metal silicide, a refractory metal and a refractory metal alloy, and the barrier films are operative to prevent undesirable recrystallized silicon precipitates from direct contacting the upper and lower conduction paths, so that the wiring layer is kept well conductive with respect to the upper and lower conduction paths.
Abstract: An interference filter for use in a copying machine comprises a glass substrate and a plurality of high-refractive index and low-refractive index layers alternately superposed on the substrate for reducing ripples at opposite sides of the reflective range. The first and second layers counted from the substrate have a greater optical layer thickness than .lambda.o/2. The third and fourth layers have a greater optical layer thickness than .lambda.o/4. The second top layer has a greater optical layer thickness than .lambda.o/2. The top layer has a smaller optical layer thickness than .lambda.o/4. The remaining layers have an optical layer thickness equal to .lambda.o/4.