Patents Represented by Attorney Madan, Mossman & Sriram
  • Patent number: 7543644
    Abstract: The handling, transport and delivery of particulate materials, particularly fine particles, may be difficult. Alkaline earth metal oxide particles such as magnesium oxide (MgO) may be suspended in glycerin and/or alkylene glycols such as propylene glycol up to loadings of 51 wt %. Such suspensions or slurries make it easier to deliver MgO and similar agents into fluids, such as aqueous fluids gelled with viscoelastic surfactants (VES). The MgO serves as stabilizers and/or fluid loss control agents for VES-gelled fluids used to treat subterranean formations, e.g. for well completion or stimulation in hydrocarbon recovery operations. The particle size of the magnesium oxide or other agent may be between 1 nanometer to 0.4 millimeter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2009
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Tianping Huang, James B. Crews, John R. Willingham
  • Patent number: 7543639
    Abstract: A patch for placement in a wellbore and associated methods includes a longitudinal member and an anchor that is radially expanded to engage the wall of the borehole to secure the patch against axial and radial movement. The anchor is set using a running tool that radially expands the anchor and the longitudinal body. The anchor may include one or more elements that can be securely engaged within the wellbore. The longitudinal member and/or the anchor may include a sealing element to provide a seal between the wellbore inside and the earth formation surrounding the wellbore.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2009
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorproated
    Inventor: Alan B. Emerson
  • Patent number: 7542373
    Abstract: An apparatus and a method for migration of three components, 3-Dimensions seismic (3-C, 3-D) data acquired by down-hole receivers and surface seismic sources. This method utilizes full 3 components reflection wave field. It uses a dynamic, vector energy mapping method to image a reflection position and maps each time sample only to its reflected image point. Therefore, this method reduces unwanted data smearing and false mirror images. This method overcomes the weakness of using only a single component trace or pre-rotated three-component traces in the 1-C or 3-C 3-D VSP migration and produces better 3-D image.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2009
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventor: Dapeng Wang
  • Patent number: 7540165
    Abstract: A cooling system in which an electronic device or other component is cooled by using one or more solid sources of liquid vapor (such as polymeric absorbents, hydrates or desiccants that desorb water at comparatively low temperature) in conjunction with one or more high-temperature vapor sorbents or desiccants that effectively transfer heat from the component to the fluid in the wellbore. Depending on the wellbore temperature, desiccants are provided that release water at various high regeneration temperatures such as molecular sieve (220-250° C.), potassium carbonate (300° C.), magnesium oxide (800° C.) And calcium oxide (1000° C.). A solid water source is provided using a water-absorbent polymer, such as sodium polyacrylate. Heat transfer is controlled in part by a check valve selected to release water vapor at a selected vapor pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2009
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Rocco DiFoggio, Paul A. Bergren
  • Patent number: 7534880
    Abstract: The present invention relates to clear photopolymerisable systems for the preparation of high thickness coatings, to a procedure for their application and to the solid surfaces coated with them.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2009
    Assignee: Lamberti SpA
    Inventors: Gabriele Norcini, Stefano Romagnano, Marco Visconti, Giuseppe Li Bassi
  • Patent number: 7530265
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method and apparatus for performing elemental analysis of a formation fluid downhole. The present invention provides elemental analysis of a formation fluid downhole using breakdown spectroscopy. In one aspect of the invention, a method and apparatus are provided for performing laser induced breakdown on a formation fluid sample is provided. In another aspect of the invention a method and apparatus are provided for performing spark induced breakdown spectroscopy. Plasma is induced in a fluid under test downhole. Emissions from the plasma are analyzed to determine the elemental composition of the fluid under test. Emissions include but are not limited to light in the ultraviolet, visible, and near infrared regions of the spectrum. A spectrometer is provided for elemental analysis of a fluid downhole. Elemental analysis yields information about the fluid and the formation from which the fluid originated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2009
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventor: Rocco DiFoggio
  • Patent number: 7530393
    Abstract: Adding relatively low molecular weight water-soluble friction loss reduction polymers to an aqueous fluid gelled with a viscoelastic surfactant (VES) increases the critical generalized Reynold's number at which the Fanning friction factor increases and friction pressure starts to increase rapidly. The water-soluble polymeric friction loss reduction additives lower surface pumping pressure in VES-gelled fracturing fluids for a given pump rate, thus lowering hydraulic horsepower (HHP) requirements for pumping fluids downhole, e.g. for hydraulic fracturing or frac packing treatments of subterranean formations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2009
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: William Russell Wood, James B. Crews
  • Patent number: 7527103
    Abstract: A flow conduit having at least one orifice is placed in the vicinity of a flow source, which in one non-limiting embodiment may be a hydrocarbon reservoir. The flow pathway between the orifice and the source is temporarily blocked with a degradable barrier. Once the flow pathway is physically placed, the degradable barrier is removed under the influence of an acid, a solvent, time and/or temperature. The flow source and the flow pathways are at least partially covered (and flow blocked by) a temporary coating such as a pseudo-filter cake formed by a viscoelastic surfactant-gelled aqueous drill-in fluid, and the flow conduit is extended to the flow source. The pseudo-filter cake is removed when viscosity is reduced by an internal breaker, and flow is then allowed. The method is useful in one context of recovering hydrocarbons where the flow conduit is a telescoping sleeve or tube that contacts the borehole wall.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2009
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Tianping Huang, James B. Crews
  • Patent number: 7527102
    Abstract: Viscoelastic surfactant (VES) gelled aqueous fluids containing a VES, an internal breaker, and optionally a viscosity enhancer are useful as diverting fluid for directing placement of an acid into a subterranean formation, where the acid is injected subsequent to introducing the VES gelled fluid. These VES-based diverting fluids have faster and more complete clean-up than polymer-based diverting fluids. The viscosity enhancers may include pyroelectric particles and/or piezoelectric particles. The VES gelled fluid may optionally contain a fluid loss agent which increases the viscosity of the fluid and/or facilitates development of an external viscous VES fluid layer (e.g. a pseudo-filter cake) on the formation face. The VES gelled fluid may also optionally contain an agent that stabilizes the viscosity of the fluid, for instance at high temperatures, such as MgO, Mg(OH)2, CaO, Ca(OH)2, NaOH, and the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2009
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: James B. Crews, Tianping Huang
  • Patent number: 7520158
    Abstract: A method and apparatus are provided that assess reservoir compartmentalization by determining whether there are compositional differences such as whether the isotopic ratios of carbon (13C/12C) or of oxygen (17O/18O) are the same or different in various parts of the reservoir. A quartz enhanced photoacoustic spectrometer is provided for analysis of reservoir samples taken in various parts of the reservoir for comparison of geochemical composition to estimate reservoir compartmentalization.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2009
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventor: Rocco DiFoggio
  • Patent number: 7518950
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method and system in which signals from the surface are sent by changing flow rate of the drilling fluid supplied to the drill string during drilling of a wellbore. The signals are sent based on a fixed or dynamic time period schemes so that the sent signals cross a threshold value in a known manner. A detector measures the changes in the flow rate. A controller downhole determines the number of times a downhole parameter, such as voltage, relating to the changes in the flow rate crosses a predefined threshold value. Based on the number of the crossings and the timing of such crossings, signals are assigned to commands. The controller controls or operates a steering device based on the commands.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2009
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Joachim Treviranus, Henning Doerge, Marc Kurella
  • Patent number: 7516791
    Abstract: An apparatus for providing zonal isolation in a wellbore includes a plurality of interlocking sealing elements having anchor elements at the opposing ends. Each anchor element sealingly engages a wellbore tubular whereas the interlocking sealing elements do not engage any portion of wellbore therebetween. In one exemplary application utilizes a wellhead and lubricator positioned over a wellbore under pressure and a conveyance device for conveying equipment into the wellhead. The first anchor, the second anchor and the plurality of interlocking sealing elements are separately conveyed into the wellbore with the conveyance device and sequentially assembled in the wellbore to provide zonal isolation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2009
    Assignee: Owen Oil Tools, LP
    Inventors: Rickey C. Bryant, Jim L. Carr, Timothy Edward LaGrange, Kurt J. Schneidmiller, James M. Sloan, Troy D. Vass, Mitch W. Whitman
  • Patent number: 7516654
    Abstract: A formation fluid sample is exposed to a rigidly-supported semi-permeable membrane such as silicone rubber to permit diffusion of gases and vapors from the formation fluid into a vacuum chamber, while at the same time, blocking the passage of any liquids. The membrane-transmitted gas is analyzed in the vacuum chamber by a sorbent-coated resonator. The sorbent absorbs gas and changes the resonant frequency of the resonator to indicate the presence of a gas. An ion pump or sorbent is associated with the evacuated chamber to maintain the vacuum. The ion pump or sorbent removes gases and vapors from the chamber that diffuse into the chamber from the reservoir sample that is on the opposite side of the semi-permeable membrane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2009
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventor: Rocco DiFoggio
  • Patent number: 7508736
    Abstract: 1storder free-surface multiples recorded in VSP data or reverse VSP data are processed using a 3-C 3-D vector migration method to produce an image of the subsurface. This image produces a larger coverage than that obtained in 3-C 3-D processing of reflection data acquired in the VSP.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2009
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Min Lou, Xiaomin Zhao, Francis D. Doherty, James C. Jackson
  • Patent number: 7505851
    Abstract: Multicomponent induction measurements are used to estimate horizontal and vertical resistivities of an earth formation. From these resistivity estimates, Net/gross sand thicknesses may be estimated. These are indicative of the position of the well within a deep water channel sequence. It is emphasized that this abstract is provided to comply with the rules requiring an abstract which will allow a searcher or other reader to quickly ascertain the subject matter of the technical disclosure. It is submitted with the understanding that it will not be used to interpret or limit the scope or meaning of the claims.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2009
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Adriaan A. Bal, David J. Prosser, Tsili Wang
  • Patent number: 7503403
    Abstract: A system for drilling a well comprises a tubular member having a bottomhole assembly at a bottom end thereof disposed in a wellbore. A first sensor is disposed in the bottomhole assembly at a predetermined axial location for detecting bending in a first axis and generating a first bending signal in response thereto, where the first axis is substantially orthogonal to a longitudinal axis of the bottomhole assembly. A second sensor is disposed in the bottomhole assembly at the predetermined axial location for detecting bending in a second axis and generating a second bending signal in response thereto, where the second axis is substantially orthogonal to the longitudinal axis. A processor receives the first bending signal and the second bending signal and relates the first bending signal and the second bending signal to a borehole curvature according to programmed instructions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2009
    Assignee: Baker Hughes, Incorporated
    Inventors: Pushkar Jogi, Michael Neubert, John D. MacPherson, James Hood, Thomas Dahl, Volker Krueger, Andrew G. Brooks, Gerald Heisig
  • Patent number: 7501819
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of determining the flow characteristics of a multiphase fluid along a flow path. The method involves applying a primary magnetic field to the flow of fluid in order to align the nuclei of the flow with the direction of this magnetic field, imparting a radio frequency on the flow in order to excite its nuclei and receiving a radio frequency emitted by the excited nuclei in order to obtain a Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) signal alternating between a phase ratio mode and a phase flow mode. The phase ratio mode involves processing the received radio frequency in order to determine the ratio of one phase with respect to another phase in the flow. The phase flow mode involves applying a secondary magnetic field in the region of the fluid flow which varies in magnitude along the length of the fluid flow path in order to provide a variation in the magnetic field experienced by the nuclei of the fluid flow dependent upon their position along the fluid flow path.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2009
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventor: Joo Tim Ong
  • Patent number: 7500539
    Abstract: When a static magnetic field and a crossed oscillating field are applied, the deformation rate at a boundary between a fluid and a porous medium depends on the amplitudes of the applied magnetic fields (to be exact, on their product), electric conductivity, porosity, and permeability. Knowing two of the three enables determination of the third. It is emphasized that this abstract is provided to comply with the rules requiring an abstract which will allow a searcher or other reader to quickly ascertain the subject matter of the technical disclosure. It is submitted with the understanding that it will not be used to interpret or limit the scope or meaning of the claims. 37 CFR 1.72(b).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2009
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Vitaly N. Dorovsky, Kholmatzhon Imomnazarov
  • Patent number: 7497943
    Abstract: It has been discovered that metals and/or amines can be removed or transferred from a hydrocarbon phase to a water phase in an emulsion breaking process by using a composition that contains water-soluble hydroxyacids. Suitable water-soluble hydroxyacids include, but are not necessarily limited to glycolic acid, gluconic acid, C2-C4 alpha-hydroxy acids, poly-hydroxy carboxylic acids, thioglycolic acid, chloroacetic acid, polymeric forms of the above hydroxyacids, poly-glycolic esters, glycolate ethers, and ammonium salt and alkali metal salts of these hydroxyacids, and mixtures thereof. The composition may also include at least one mineral acid to reduce the pH of the desalter wash water. A solvent may be optionally included in the composition. The invention permits transfer of metals and/or amines into the aqueous phase with little or no hydrocarbon phase undercarry into the aqueous phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2009
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Tran M. Nguyen, Lawrence N. Kremer, Jerry J. Weers
  • Patent number: 7495436
    Abstract: A partial least squares (PLS) regression relates spin echo signals with samples having a known parameter such as bound water (BW), clay bound water (CBW), bound volume irreducible (BVI), porosity (PHI) and effective porosity (PHE). The regression defines a predictive model that is validated and can then be applied to spin echo signals of unknown samples to directly give an estimate of the parameter of interest. The unknown samples may include earth formations in which a NMR sensor assembly is conveyed in a borehole.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2009
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Mouin Hamdan, Holger Thern