Patents Represented by Attorney Madan, Mossman & Sriram, P.C.
  • Patent number: 7542373
    Abstract: An apparatus and a method for migration of three components, 3-Dimensions seismic (3-C, 3-D) data acquired by down-hole receivers and surface seismic sources. This method utilizes full 3 components reflection wave field. It uses a dynamic, vector energy mapping method to image a reflection position and maps each time sample only to its reflected image point. Therefore, this method reduces unwanted data smearing and false mirror images. This method overcomes the weakness of using only a single component trace or pre-rotated three-component traces in the 1-C or 3-C 3-D VSP migration and produces better 3-D image.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2009
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventor: Dapeng Wang
  • Patent number: 7540165
    Abstract: A cooling system in which an electronic device or other component is cooled by using one or more solid sources of liquid vapor (such as polymeric absorbents, hydrates or desiccants that desorb water at comparatively low temperature) in conjunction with one or more high-temperature vapor sorbents or desiccants that effectively transfer heat from the component to the fluid in the wellbore. Depending on the wellbore temperature, desiccants are provided that release water at various high regeneration temperatures such as molecular sieve (220-250° C.), potassium carbonate (300° C.), magnesium oxide (800° C.) And calcium oxide (1000° C.). A solid water source is provided using a water-absorbent polymer, such as sodium polyacrylate. Heat transfer is controlled in part by a check valve selected to release water vapor at a selected vapor pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2009
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Rocco DiFoggio, Paul A. Bergren
  • Patent number: 7534880
    Abstract: The present invention relates to clear photopolymerisable systems for the preparation of high thickness coatings, to a procedure for their application and to the solid surfaces coated with them.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2009
    Assignee: Lamberti SpA
    Inventors: Gabriele Norcini, Stefano Romagnano, Marco Visconti, Giuseppe Li Bassi
  • Patent number: 7508736
    Abstract: 1storder free-surface multiples recorded in VSP data or reverse VSP data are processed using a 3-C 3-D vector migration method to produce an image of the subsurface. This image produces a larger coverage than that obtained in 3-C 3-D processing of reflection data acquired in the VSP.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2009
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Min Lou, Xiaomin Zhao, Francis D. Doherty, James C. Jackson
  • Patent number: 7505851
    Abstract: Multicomponent induction measurements are used to estimate horizontal and vertical resistivities of an earth formation. From these resistivity estimates, Net/gross sand thicknesses may be estimated. These are indicative of the position of the well within a deep water channel sequence. It is emphasized that this abstract is provided to comply with the rules requiring an abstract which will allow a searcher or other reader to quickly ascertain the subject matter of the technical disclosure. It is submitted with the understanding that it will not be used to interpret or limit the scope or meaning of the claims.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2009
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Adriaan A. Bal, David J. Prosser, Tsili Wang
  • Patent number: 7500539
    Abstract: When a static magnetic field and a crossed oscillating field are applied, the deformation rate at a boundary between a fluid and a porous medium depends on the amplitudes of the applied magnetic fields (to be exact, on their product), electric conductivity, porosity, and permeability. Knowing two of the three enables determination of the third. It is emphasized that this abstract is provided to comply with the rules requiring an abstract which will allow a searcher or other reader to quickly ascertain the subject matter of the technical disclosure. It is submitted with the understanding that it will not be used to interpret or limit the scope or meaning of the claims. 37 CFR 1.72(b).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2009
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Vitaly N. Dorovsky, Kholmatzhon Imomnazarov
  • Patent number: 7501819
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of determining the flow characteristics of a multiphase fluid along a flow path. The method involves applying a primary magnetic field to the flow of fluid in order to align the nuclei of the flow with the direction of this magnetic field, imparting a radio frequency on the flow in order to excite its nuclei and receiving a radio frequency emitted by the excited nuclei in order to obtain a Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) signal alternating between a phase ratio mode and a phase flow mode. The phase ratio mode involves processing the received radio frequency in order to determine the ratio of one phase with respect to another phase in the flow. The phase flow mode involves applying a secondary magnetic field in the region of the fluid flow which varies in magnitude along the length of the fluid flow path in order to provide a variation in the magnetic field experienced by the nuclei of the fluid flow dependent upon their position along the fluid flow path.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2009
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventor: Joo Tim Ong
  • Patent number: 7495436
    Abstract: A partial least squares (PLS) regression relates spin echo signals with samples having a known parameter such as bound water (BW), clay bound water (CBW), bound volume irreducible (BVI), porosity (PHI) and effective porosity (PHE). The regression defines a predictive model that is validated and can then be applied to spin echo signals of unknown samples to directly give an estimate of the parameter of interest. The unknown samples may include earth formations in which a NMR sensor assembly is conveyed in a borehole.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2009
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Mouin Hamdan, Holger Thern
  • Patent number: 7482392
    Abstract: The present invention is refereed to a white solid photoinitiator in the form of powder and consisting of 2-hydroxy-1-{4-[4-(2-hydroxy-2-methyl-propionyl)-phenoxy]-phenyl}-2-methyl-propan-1-one (COMPOUND1), and to the procedure for its preparation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 2004
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2009
    Assignee: Lamberti SpA
    Inventors: Gabriele Norcini, Stefano Romagnano, Marco Visconti, Gluseppe Li Bassi
  • Patent number: 7483335
    Abstract: A seismic ocean bottom cable array is provided for use in subsurface exploration. The array includes receiver stations for measuring seismic signals, and a cable including conductors for data transmission and an externally attached stress member. The array is assembled during deployment by attaching the data transmission cables and receiver stations to the stress member as it is lowered into the water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2009
    Assignee: ION Geophysical Corporation
    Inventors: Magne Oldervoll, Bjarte Fageraas
  • Patent number: 7483793
    Abstract: A pseudo-image is produced by combining deep-reading azimuthally sensitive resistivity measurements with azimuthally insensitive resistivity measurements made by a multiple propagation resistivity tool. This image is useful in reservoir navigation. Features on the azimuthally sensitive measurements such as saddle-points and mid-points are diagnostic of bed geometry relative to the borehole.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2009
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Tsili Wang, Roland E. Chemali
  • Patent number: 7470744
    Abstract: A copolymer useful as a demulsifier or water clarifier may be prepared by polymerizing at least one aromatic monomer having one or more polymerizable double bonds; at least one oleophilic monomer having one or more polymerizable double bonds; at least one ionizable monomer having a polymerizable double bond; and at least one hydrophilic monomer having one or more polymerizable double bonds, under polymerization conditions sufficient to prepare a copolymer. The copolymer may, in some embodiments, be prepared and used as a latex.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2008
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventor: Jacqueline Behles
  • Patent number: 7471088
    Abstract: Cross-component measurements made with a dual-transmitter configuration are processed to estimate a distance to an interface in an anisotropic earth formation. Optionally, measurements may be made with two receivers, also in the dual transmitter configuration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2008
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Liming Yu, Tsili Wang, Jack Signorelli
  • Patent number: 7463035
    Abstract: Measurements made with a multicomponent logging instrument when used in a substantially horizontal borehole in earth formations are diagnostic of the direction of beds relative to the position of the borehole. When the logging instrument is conveyed on a drilling assembly, the drilling trajectory may be maintained to follow a predetermined trajectory or to maintain a desired distance from a boundary such as an oil-water contact.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2003
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2008
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Gulamabbas A. Merchant, Otto N. Fanini, Berthold Kriegshauser, Liming Yu
  • Patent number: 7463551
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method and apparatus for using an acoustic logging tool conveyed in a borehole in an earth formation for determining a characteristic of the formation. The method comprises using a first acoustic source for generating an acoustic signal in the earth formation at a first frequency. A second acoustic source spaced apart from the first source is used for generating an acoustic signal in the earth formation at a second frequency different from the first frequency. An acoustic receiver is used for receiving a third acoustic signal indicative of said characteristic. The third acoustic signal has a frequency substantially equal to a difference between the first frequency and the second frequency. The third acoustic signal is produced by a nonlinear interaction between the first signal and the second signal in a portion of said earth formation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2008
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: James V. Leggett, III, Vladimir Dubinsky
  • Patent number: 7453372
    Abstract: The transfer function of the communication channel in a mud pulse telemetry system is determined by sending a known signal through the channel and spectral analysis of the received signal. The known signal may be a chirp signal or a stepped frequency signal. Based on the determined transfer function, operating parameters of the pulser are adjusted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2008
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Nabil Hentati, Hanno Reckmann, Ingolf Wassermann
  • Patent number: 7448263
    Abstract: In one method, the permeabilities are obtained by correcting the geometric factor derived from combining the FRA analysis and buildup analysis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2008
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: James J. Sheng, Daniel T. Georgi
  • Patent number: 7448262
    Abstract: In one method, the permeabilities are obtained by correcting the geometric factor derived from combining the FRA analysis and buildup analysis. In a second method, the permeabilities are obtained by combining the spherical permeability estimated from buildup analysis and the geometric skin factor obtained from history matching the probe-pressure data. In other methods, horizontal and vertical permeabilities are determined by analysis of pressure drawdown made with a single probe of circular aperture in a deviated borehole at two different walls of the borehole.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2008
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: James J. Sheng, Daniel T. Georgi
  • Patent number: 7446308
    Abstract: Measurements made with a nuclear logging tool are partitioned into bins to provide an energy spectrum. The energy spectrum is calibrated by maximizing a measure of similarity with a reference spectrum.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2008
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: W. Allen Gilchrist, Sergey Efremov
  • Patent number: 7439494
    Abstract: Data acquired using a pulsed nuclear source are susceptible to two sources of error. One error is due to large statistical noise towards the end of an acquisition window. Another source of error is the contamination of the early portion of the data by borehole and other effects. The beginning of the processing window is adjusted based on the signal level at the end of the processing window for the preceding pulsing of the source. The end of the processing window is derived from statistical considerations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2008
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: W. Allen Gilchrist, Randolph J. Walser