Abstract: Crop foods such as peanuts, soybeans, peas, and the like, are ground and processed in a rapid, continuous, in-line production system. The food material is converted into a thermally processed slurry rapidly by mixing the ground food with hot water and steam and then quickly cooling the slurry, preferably in a vacuum chamber. The heat treatment stops the activity of enzymes which normally produce undesirable flavors and odors in mixtures of water and ground peanuts and other foods. The rapid cooling treatment prevents damage to protein content and simultaneously strips away any raw peanut flavor that may have developed. The continuous process produces a slurry of peanuts, or the like, without the characteristic raw peanut flavor, and the bland slurry can be further processed by drying to produce a useful food product such as flour, food extender, or the like.
October 1, 1979
Date of Patent:
November 24, 1981
Peanut Research and Testing Laboratories, Inc.
Abstract: A solvent type cementer for applying a uniform thin layer of solvent cement to one side of flat work pieces, such as, for example, sock linings, innersoles, watch bands, bill folds, belts and the like. The solvent type cementer comprises an enclosure for containing the solvent cement, a cement applying roller partially disposed within the enclosure and in contact with the cement, a pair of rolls mounted adjacent the cement applying roller for flexing the flat work pieces against the roller and a drive of unitary construction characterized by being driven by a single pulley.
Abstract: A portable fluorescence instrument characterized by ultraviolet excitation optics and fluorescence spectral optics, particularly adapted for analysis of oil samples. The excitation optics include circuitry that adapts the instrument for field exploration by using low voltage power obtainable either from an internal rechargeable power source or from a conventional power source or from a conventional automobile battery. The fluorescence optics include a density step tablet that modulates the fluorescence intensity resulting in a spectral display characteristic of the particular sample. The spectral display is recorded on an instant film for on-site analysis.
Abstract: A device is provided for binding together sheets of paper formed with two or more spaced holes and attaching the same to a folder or the like. The binder preferably is injection molded of a semi-flexible material and is formed with a flat backing plate and at least a pair of stems which initially are parallel to one another and perpendicular to the backing plate. The stems are spaced apart by a distance equal to the spacing between the holes in the paper and are formed with co-operating male and female elements along the length thereof which allow the stems to be folded one against the other in locking engagement. Each stem is provided with a hinged stop at the free end thereof, which stop folds in against the stem while papers are being inserted or removed and swings out perpendicular to the length of the stem to prevent accidental separation of papers from the stem. Extension pieces are connectable to the ends of the stems and are provided with stop means at the ends thereof.
Abstract: An aqueous formulation for topical care of the anorectal region comprises a specified low concentration of ionic zinc, a surfactant, and other agents. Preferably, the formulation is applied as a jet through a nozzle and from a container of specific design. Pharmaceutical and mechanical details and interactions are described.
Abstract: An inductively coupled plasma atomic fluorescence spectrometer (ICP-AFS) for multielement analysis of unknown samples. The ICP-AFS spectrometer comprises a plasma stream atomizing a dispersed sample and directed along a central axis, a plurality of optical stations surrounding the central axis, each including an energizing illuminator and a fluorescence detector focused at the same region of the plasma stream, and a readout system for identifying the unknown samples. Preferably, the plasma stream is controlled by inductive coupling, the energizing illuminator is a modified hollow cathode lamp, the fluorescence detector includes an interference filter, and the readout system incorporates multiplexing and intermittent modulation of the energizing illuminators.
Abstract: A scanning X-ray source with an evacuated cylindrical chamber which bounds a cavity that is configured to receive a patient undergoing diagnosis. A moving electron beam is generated from a cathode which is attached to a rotating drum that is mounted within the chamber. The moving electron beam is directed towards and moves along a fixed annular anode mounted within the chamber. The points of beam impingement on the anode define a moving source of X-rays which sequentially irradiate the body from all directions. A plurality of detectors mounted adjacent the anode measure the amount of X-ray absorption. A processor receives the detected signals and reconstructs the absorption at each point to provide a two-dimensional density presentation for each body cross section.
Abstract: A transparent, flexible curtain with spaced access points is provided for installation over the opening of a display type open refrigerator of the sort used in retail food markets. The curtain is comprised of a plurality of elongated, flexible, transparent panels secured at one end to the top or rear edge of the refrigerator cabinet and extending in overlapped relation across the cabinet opening. The edges of the panel are tubular and a colored sleeve may be added to make access points between adjacent panels more readily visible. The curtain retains cold air within the refrigerator and allows the food products to be clearly visible to the customer. Goods are removed by the customer reaching in between adjacent panels which separate easily and return to a closed position when the customer's hand is withdrawn.
Abstract: Alloys, of iron, cobalt, nickel and chromium containing both metalloids and refractory metals are disclosed. The alloys are rapidly solidified at cooling rates of 10.sup.5 -10.sup.7 .degree. C./sec so as to produce an ultrafine grained metastable crystal structure having enhanced compositional homogeneity. The as-quenched metastable alloys are brittle, permitting pulverization, if desired. Heat treatment is used to convert the metastable brittle alloys into ductile alloys with primary grains of ultrafine grain size which contain an ultrafine dispersion of boride as well as carbide and/or silicide particles. The powders or ribbons can be consolidated into bulk parts. The heat treated alloys possess good mechanical properties, in particular high strength and hardness, as well as good corrosion resistance for selected compositions, making them suitable for many engineering applications.
November 19, 1979
Date of Patent:
October 27, 1981
Marko Materials, Inc.
Bill C. Giessen, Donald E. Polk, Ranjan Ray
Abstract: A method and material for cementing solid animal tissue in situ is disclosed. Fractured and broken bones, roots of teeth, prosthetic devices and the like are cemented in place and by means of a composition which, when mixed and applied, foams to form a porous cement and cures in place having effervescent, adhesive and partially reabsorptive properties.
Abstract: A toaster accessory is provided in the form of a pair of hinged foraminous panels forming a holder adapted to hold one or several slices of bread therebetween. In its preferred use, a sandwich is placed between the two panels and the holder, when closed, is dimensioned to fit into a conventional toaster so that a pre-made sandwich may be conveniently toasted therein. The hinge connection between the two panels is self-adjusting and a locking device at the opposite end is able to lock at different thicknesses. Decorative inserts may be added to the panels for making designs on the surface of the toasted bread.
Abstract: A method and associated apparatus are disclosed for the continuous formation of single crystal silicon ribbons. A seed crystal is placed on the surface of a pool of molten silicon and pulled at a slight angle above the horizontal over the edge of a meniscus attachment member at a rate commensurate with the rate of growth of the ribbon. The formation of the ribbon is controlled in part by a submerged stabilizer disposed under the molten silicon below the advancing edge of the ribbon at the surface of the silicon. A thermal impedance is provided below the surface of the molten silicon to provide stability in the formation of the ribbon and to provide the proper temperature gradients conducive to the efficient formation of the ribbon from the molten material.
Abstract: A drawer slide system is provided in which cooperating rollers and tracks are mounted to the sides of the drawer and to the frame of the cabinet in which the drawer is mounted. The drawer mounted component comprises a track having an L-shaped cross-section mountable flush against the side of the drawer with the upper edge thereof even with the upper edge of the drawer. A roller is mounted near the rear end of the track and an arcuate indent is formed near the forward end thereof. The cabinet-mounted component includes a rail of U-shaped cross-section the end of which is mounted by means of a bracket to the rear wall of the cabinet and the forward end is formed with a depending flange on which is mounted a roller. The roller on the drawer component rides in the U-shaped rail while the roller on the cabinet component supports the drawer rail. The drawer rail is contoured to maintain clearance between the cabinet roller and the drawer.
Abstract: A machine for applying a reinforcing tape to a workpiece positioned on a support. A unidirectional feeder advances a set length of tape onto a pad pivotable between a loading position adjacent a cutter and a tape applying position over the workpiece. The cutter, provided with a self-cleaning blade, severs the tape so that the set length remains on the pad. The pad has a roughened surface and a retainer. A driver pivots the pad so that the tape, which is immobilized thereon by the roughened surface and the retainer, is pressed onto the workpiece.
Abstract: A smoke detector which responds to the presence of smoke or other aerosol particles within a smoke chamber. The detector includes a photocell and a pair of light sources, one light source aimed directly at the cell and the other light source shielded from direct illumination of the cell, but aimed at an inspection zone to which the cell is visible. The first light source shines in a generally steady state directly against the cell to bias the cell to a predetermined level. Cyclically, the first light source will be turned off and the second light source will be turned on to illuminate any smoke that may be present in the inspection zone. If smoke is present in excess of that which corresponds to the pre-bias of the cell, the output will rise due to reflection of light from the second light source against the smoke and onto the cell. The output will remain the same if the amount of smoke is equal to the pre-bias and the output will drop if the smoke is less than the pre-bias.
Abstract: A method is disclosed for quickly and easily determining the presence and concentration of aflatoxins in peanuts. Aflatoxins are extracted from ground peanuts with a methanol-water solution using a tissuemizer. The extracted sample is filtered and an aliquot of the filtrate is transferred to a separatory funnel. A salt solution is added to remove interferences. The combined aqueous solution is then extracted with dichloromethane. The dichloromethane extract is evaporated to dryness, trifluoroacetic acid is then added and the resulting residue taken up in the mobile phase. The solution is then passed through a minicolumn for filtration and final cleanup. An aliquot is then injected into a high pressure liquid chromatograph system for separation of the four aflatoxin components, B1, B2, G1 and G2. Quantitation is done using a filter fluorescence detector.
April 28, 1980
Date of Patent:
August 25, 1981
Peanut Research & Testing Laboratories, Inc.
Abstract: A method and apparatus for electrostatic bonding of a layered structure having at least one glass stratum by heating the layered structure to a temperature above the annealing point of the glass stratum, by applying a predetermined pressure and voltage potential across the layered structure while the layered structure is maintained at an elevated temperature. Application of pressure across the heated layered structure permits electrostatic bonding of non-complemental surfaces to form a laminated structure.
Abstract: A remote keyboard-display terminal system has buffer transfer and character generator hardware, by which it accesses the central memory directly without significantly interfering with the central processing unit, organizes coded data by linked list, and presents visual data without one-to-one correspondence between display screen position and central memory location.
August 10, 1979
Date of Patent:
July 28, 1981
Ephraim Gitelman, Glendon P. Marston, Peter A. Bird
Abstract: A medical composition is provided for use in the topical treatment of wounds and inflammations of the skin and mucous membrane. The composition is characterized by a low pH valve and high osmotic pressure and produces hemostatic and antiphlogestic effects when applied to the affected area. Ingredients include NaCl, KCl, Na.sub.2 HPO.sub.4.12H.sub.2 O, MgCl.sub.2.6H.sub.2 O and H.sub.2 O.
Abstract: A disposable orthopedic implement and method therefor, such as a bone cement mixer and dispenser comprising disposable mixer and dispenser elements that cooperate to permit bone cement to be mixed in a closed system and to be dispensed therefrom at a bone situs with minimal exposure to ambient contaminants.