Patents Represented by Attorney Paul A. Gottlieb
  • Patent number: 6743405
    Abstract: A sorbent material is provided comprising a material reactive with sulfur, a binder unreactive with sulfur and an inert material, wherein the sorbent absorbs the sulfur at temperatures between 30 and 200° C. Sulfur absorption capacity as high as 22 weight percent has been observed with these materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 1, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Ranjani Siriwardane
  • Patent number: 6738399
    Abstract: The present invention provides an edge cladding for a slab laser, the edge cladding comprising a cooling channel system therein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 18, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Georg F. Albrecht, Raymond J. Beach, Richard W. Solarz
  • Patent number: 6738400
    Abstract: A cooling structure (16) for use inside a ceramic cylindrical tube (11) of a metal vapor laser (10) to cool the plasma in the tube (11), the cooling structure (16) comprising a plurality of circular metal members (17, 31) and mounting members (18, 34) that position the metal members (17, 31) coaxially in the tube (11) to form an annular lasing volume, with the metal members (17, 31) being axially spaced from each other along the length of the tube (11) to prevent the metal members from shorting out the current flow through the plasma in the tube (11) and to provide spaces through which the heat from localized hot spots in the plasma may radiate to the other side of the tube (11).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 5, 1996
    Date of Patent: May 18, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Jerome P. Hall, Terry W. Alger, Andrew T. Anderson, Phillip A. Arnold
  • Patent number: 6728284
    Abstract: A multi-stage magnetic modulator provides a pulse train of ±40 kV electrical pulses at a 5-7 kHz repetition rate to a metal vapor laser. A fractional turn transformer steps up the voltage by a factor of 80 to 1 and magnetic pulse compression is used to reduce the pulse width of the pulse train. The transformer is fabricated utilizing a rod and plate stack type of construction to achieve a high packing factor. The pulses are controlled by an SCR stack where a plurality of SCRs are electrically connected in parallel, each SCR electrically connected to a saturable inductor, all saturable inductors being wound on the same core of magnetic material for enhanced power handling characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 1993
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Daniel L. Birx, Don G. Ball, Edward G. Cook
  • Patent number: 6728328
    Abstract: A neutronic reactor comprising an active portion containing material fissionable by neutrons of thermal energy, means to control a neutronic chain reaction within the reactor comprising a safety device and a regulating device, a safety device including means defining a vertical channel extending into the reactor from an aperture in the upper surface of the reactor, a rod containing neutron-absorbing materials slidably disposed within the channel, means for maintaining the safety rod in a withdrawn position relative to the active portion of the reactor including means for releasing said rod on actuation thereof, a hopper mounted above the active portion of the reactor having a door disposed at the bottom of the hopper opening into the vertical channel, a plurality of bodies of neutron-absorbing materials disposed within the hopper, and means responsive to the failure of the safety rod on actuation thereof to enter the active portion of the reactor for opening the door in the hopper.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 1954
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Howard C. Ellsworth
  • Patent number: 6724898
    Abstract: There is provided an apparatus and method for assisting speech recovery in people with inability to speak due to aphasia, apraxia or another condition with similar effect. A hollow, rigid, thin-walled tube with semi-circular or semi-elliptical cut out shapes at each open end is positioned such that one end mates with the throat/voice box area of the neck of the assistor and the other end mates with the throat/voice box area of the assisted. The speaking person (assistor) makes sounds that produce standing wave vibrations at the same frequency in the vocal cords of the assisted person. Driving the assisted person's vocal cords with the assisted person being able to hear the correct tone enables the assisted person to speak by simply amplifying the vibration of membranes in their throat.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 20, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Christen M. Frankle
  • Patent number: 6724852
    Abstract: The subject apparatus provides a means to identify the presence of fissionable material or other nuclear material contained within an item to be tested. The system employs a portable accelerator to accelerate and direct protons to a fluorine-compound target. The interaction of the protons with the fluorine-compound target produces gamma rays which are directed at the item to be tested. If the item to be tested contains either a fissionable material or other nuclear material the interaction of the gamma rays with the material contained within the test item with result in the production of neutrons. A system of neutron detectors is positioned to intercept any neutrons generated by the test item. The results from the neutron detectors are analyzed to determine the presence of a fissionable material or other nuclear material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 20, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Donald Smith, Bradley J. Micklich, Andreas Fessler
  • Patent number: 6706089
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method and apparatus for separating toxic compounds from gaseous mixtures, and more particularly to a method and a portable apparatus for the continuous removal of fluorine and compounds thereof from gaseous mixtures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 1948
    Date of Patent: March 16, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Ralph Landau
  • Patent number: 6707871
    Abstract: A nuclear reactor comprising a cylindrical pressure vessel, an elongated annular core centrally disposed within and spaced from the pressure vessel, and a plurality of ducts disposed longitudinally of the pressure vessel about the periphery thereof, said core comprising an annular active portion, an annular reflector just inside the active portion, and an annular reflector just outside the active a portion, said annular active portion comprising rectangular slab, porous fuel elements radially disposed around the inner reflector and extending the length of the active portion, wedge-shaped, porous moderator elements disposed adjacent one face of each fuel element and extending the length of the fuel element, the fuel and moderator elements being oriented so that the fuel elements face each other and the moderator elements do likewise, adjacent moderator elements being spaced to provide air inlet channels, and adjacent fuel elements being spaced to provide air outlet channels which communicate with the interior
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 1962
    Date of Patent: March 16, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Wallace B. Thomson
  • Patent number: 6701789
    Abstract: A vacuum gauging system of the cold cathode type is provided for measuring the pressure of a plurality of separate vacuum systems, such as in a gas centrifuge cascade. Each casing is fitted with a gauge tube assembly which communicates with the vacuum system in the centrifuge casing. Each gauge tube contains an anode which may be in the form of a slender rod or wire hoop and a cathode which may be formed by the wall of the gauge tube. The tube is provided with an insulated high voltage connector to the anode which has a terminal for external connection outside the vacuum casing. The tube extends from the casing so that a portable magnet assembly may be inserted about the tube to provide a magnetic field in the area between the anode and cathode necessary for pressure measurements in a cold cathode-type vacuum gauge arrangement. The portable magnetic assembly is provided with a connector which engages the external high voltage terminal for providing power to the anode within in the gauge tube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 1975
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Edward C. Denny
  • Patent number: 6699041
    Abstract: A self assessing target with four quadrants and a method of use thereof. Each quadrant containing possible causes for why shots are going into that particular quadrant rather than the center mass of the target. Each possible cause is followed by a solution intended to help the marksman correct the problem causing the marksman to shoot in that particular area. In addition, the self assessing target contains possible causes for general shooting errors and solutions to the causes of the general shooting error. The automatic feedback with instant suggestions and corrections enables the shooter to improve their marksmanship.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 2, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Stephen W. Larkin, Robert L. Kramer
  • Patent number: 6697448
    Abstract: This disclosure describes a method for metallurgically bonding a complete leak-tight enclosure to a matrix-type fuel element penetrated longitudinally by a multiplicity of coolant channels. Coolant tubes containing solid filler pins are disposed in the coolant channels. A leak-tight metal enclosure is then formed about the entire assembly of fuel matrix, coolant tubes and pins. The completely enclosed and sealed assembly is exposed to a high temperature and pressure gas environment to effect a metallurgical bond between all contacting surfaces therein. The ends of the assembly are then machined away to expose the pin ends which are chemically leached from the coolant tubes to leave the coolant tubes with internal coolant passageways. The invention described herein was made in the course of, or under, a contract with the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 1966
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: George Korton
  • Patent number: 6696560
    Abstract: This invention provides methods and compositions for altering the growth, organization, and differentiation of plant tissues. The invention is based on the discovery that, in plants, genetically altering the levels of Retinoblastoma-related gene (RRB) activity produces dramatic effects on the growth, proliferation, organization, and differentiation of plant meristem.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2000
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Tim Durfee, Heidi Feiler, Wilhelm Gruissem, Susan Jenkins, Judith Roe, Patricia Zambryski
  • Patent number: 6689260
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a nuclear fuel electrorefiner having a vessel containing a molten electrolyte pool floating on top of a cadmium pool. An anodic fuel dissolution basket and a high-efficiency cathode are suspended in the molten electrolyte pool. A shroud surrounds the fuel dissolution basket and the shroud is positioned so as to separate the electrolyte pool into an isolated electrolyte pool within the shroud and a bulk electrolyte pool outside the shroud. In operation, unwanted noble-metal fission products migrate downward into the cadmium pool and form precipitates where they are removed by a filter and separator assembly. Uranium values are transported by the cadmium pool from the isolated electrolyte pool to the bulk electrolyte pool, and then pass to the high-efficiency cathode where they are electrolytically deposited thereto.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Rajesh K. Ahluwalia, Thanh Q. Hua
  • Patent number: 6682870
    Abstract: The present invention is an improvement on the LIGA microfabrication process wherein a buffer layer is applied to the upper or working surface of a substrate prior to the placement of a resist onto the surface of the substrate. The buffer layer is made from an inert low-Z material (low atomic weight), a material that absorbs secondary X-rays emissions from the substrate that are generated from the substrate upon exposure to a primary X-rays source. Suitable materials for the buffer layer include polyamides and polyimide. The preferred polyimide is synthesized form pyromellitic anhydride and oxydianiline (PMDA-ODA).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2001
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Sateesh S. Bajikar, Francesco De Carlo, Joshua J. Song
  • Patent number: 6683243
    Abstract: Multilayer coating designs have been developed to provide selective emission for a molybdenum thermophotovoltaic (TPV) radiator surface. These coatings increase the surface emissivity of a molybdenum TPV radiator substrate in the wavelength range that matches the bandgap of the TPV cells to increase the power density of the TPV system. Radiator emission at wavelengths greater than the bandgap energy of the TPV cells is greatly reduced through the use of these coatings, which significantly increases the efficiency of the TPV system. The use of this coating greatly improves the performance of a TPV system, and the coating can be tailored to match the bandgap of any practical TPV system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Brian Vern Cockeram
  • Patent number: 6681938
    Abstract: A process for separating organic and inorganic particles from a dry mixture by sizing the particles into isolated fractions, contacting the sized particles to a charged substrate and subjecting the charged particles to an electric field to separate the particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2001
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Thomas A. Link, Micael R. Schoffstall, Yee Soong
  • Patent number: 6678351
    Abstract: A method of imaging an object by generating laser pulses with a short-pulse, high-power laser. When the laser pulse strikes a conductive target, bremsstrahlung radiation is generated such that hard ballistic high-energy electrons are formed to penetrate an object. A detector on the opposite side of the object detects these electrons. Since laser pulses are used to form the hard x-rays, multiple pulses can be used to image an object in motion, such as an exploding or compressing object, by using time gated detectors. Furthermore, the laser pulses can be directed down different tubes using mirrors and filters so that each laser pulse will image a different portion of the object.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2000
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Michael D. Perry, Joseph A. Sefcik
  • Patent number: 6672725
    Abstract: An optical apparatus for clearly viewing the interior of a containment vessel by applying a transpiration fluid to a volume directly in front of the external surface of the optical element of the optical apparatus. The fluid is provided by an external source and transported by means of an annular tube to a capped end region where the inner tube is perforated. The perforation allows the fluid to stream axially towards the center of the inner tube and then axially away from an optical element which is positioned in the inner tube just prior to the porous sleeve. This arrangement draws any contaminants away from the optical element keeping it free of contaminants. In one of several embodiments, the optical element can be a lens, a viewing port or a laser, and the external source can provide a transpiration fluid having either steady properties or time varying properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: John VanOsdol, Steven Woodruff
  • Patent number: 6670608
    Abstract: The present invention relates generally to a gas sampling system, and specifically to a gas sampling system for transporting a hazardous process gas to a remotely located mass spectrometer. The gas sampling system includes a capillary tube having a predetermined capillary length and capillary diameter in communication with the supply of process gas and the mass spectrometer, a flexible tube surrounding and coaxial with the capillary tube intermediate the supply of process gas and the mass spectrometer, a heat transfer tube surrounding and coaxial with the capillary tube, and a heating device in communication the heat transfer tube for substantially preventing condensation of the process gas within the capillary tube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2003
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Charles E. Taylor, Edward P. Ladner