Patents Represented by Attorney Paul A. Gottlieb
  • Patent number: 6667261
    Abstract: An open-cell glass crystalline porous material made from hollow microspheres which are cenospheres obtained from fly ash, having an open-cell porosity of up to 90 vol. % is produced. The cenospheres are separated into fractions based on one or more of grain size, density, magnetic or non-magnetic, and perforated or non-perforated. Selected fractions are molded and agglomerated by sintering with a binder at a temperature below the softening temperature, or without a binder at a temperature about, or above, the softening temperature but below the temperature of liquidity. The porous material produced has an apparent density of 0.3-0.6 g/cm3, a compressive strength in the range of 1.2-3.5 MPa, and two types of openings: through-flow wall pores in the cenospheres of 0.1-30 micrometers, and interglobular voids between the cenospheres of 20-100 micrometers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2003
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Alexander G. Anshits, Olga M. Sharonova, Tatiana A. Vereshchagina, Irina D. Zykova, Yurii A. Revenko, Alexander A. Tretyakov, Albert S. Aloy, Rem I. Lubtsev, Dieter A. Knecht, Troy J. Tranter, Yevgeny Macheret
  • Patent number: 6660414
    Abstract: A dielectric thin film material for high frequency use, including use as a capacitor, and having a low dielectric loss factor is provided, the film comprising a composition of tungsten-doped barium strontium titanate of the general formula (BaxSr1−x)TiO3, where X is between about 0.5 and about 1.0. Also provided is a method for making a dielectric thin film of the general formula (BaxSr1−x)TiO3 and doped with W, where X is between about 0.5 and about 1.0, a substrate is provided, TiO2, the W dopant, Ba, and optionally Sr are deposited on the substrate, and the substrate containing TiO2, the W dopant, Ba, and optionally Sr is heated to form a low loss dielectric thin film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 1999
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2003
    Assignee: U.S. Department of Energy
    Inventors: Xiao-Dong Xiang, Hauyee Chang, Chen Gao, Ichiro Takeuchi, Peter G. Schultz
  • Patent number: 6648949
    Abstract: A novel stack application for improved carbon dioxide and particle removal/collection from flue gases produced during coal power-generation processes. Flue gas tangential inlet velocity is increased to subject upward-flowing flue gas in a stack to a centrifugal force, thereby propelling entrained solid particles and CO2 in the flue gas to the stack wall for collection. Collection efficiency is further improved by a cascading water film or algae-laden water film on the inside of the stack wall and on surfaces of an optional internally mounted vortex generator to eliminate the re-entrainment of small particles and for ease of transporting the captured particles in a slurry. The stack can also be utilized as a photochemical or a biological reactor to promote a photosynthesis reaction between carbon dioxide and algae-laden water to form carbohydrate substrates for carbon dioxide sequestration and utilization.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2003
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Victor K. Der, Jer-Yu Shang
  • Patent number: 6649055
    Abstract: A pump station for transferring radioactive particle containing waste water, includes: (a.) an enclosed sump having a vertically elongated right frusto conical wall surface and a bottom surface and (b.) a submersible volute centrifugal pump having a horizontally rotating impeller and a volute exterior surface. The sump interior surface, the bottom surface and the volute exterior surface are made of stainless steel having a 30 Ra or finer surface finish. A 15 Ra finish has been found to be most cost effective. The pump station is used for transferring waste water, without accumulation of radioactive fines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2003
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: John P. Whitton, Dean M. Klos, Danny T. Carrara, John J. Minno
  • Patent number: 6646222
    Abstract: A method of electron beam welding a copper work piece to a stainless steel work piece is disclosed. In a continuous path on the work pieces, an electron beam is first directed on the stainless steel work piece. The electron beam is then moved across the interface to the copper work piece. The electron beam is then moved on the copper work piece in a path essentially parallel to the interface between the two work pieces at a specified distance from the interface. The electron beam is then moved across the interface to the stainless steel work piece and then terminated. The result is a high quality weld at the interface. The method is used for making a high quality weld on an electrical conductor such as a busbar.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2003
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Richard Ray Burlingame
  • Patent number: 6635375
    Abstract: A solid oxide fuel cell arrangement and method of use that provides internal preheating of both fuel and air in order to maintain the optimum operating temperature for the production of energy. The internal preheat passes are created by the addition of two plates, one on either side of the bipolar plate, such that these plates create additional passes through the fuel cell. This internal preheat fuel cell configuration and method reduce the requirements for external heat exchanger units and air compressors. Air or fuel may be added to the fuel cell as required to maintain the optimum operating temperature through a cathode control valve or an anode control valve, respectively. A control loop comprises a temperature sensing means within the preheat air and fuel passes, a means to compare the measured temperature to a set point temperature and a determination based on the comparison as to whether the control valves should allow additional air or fuel into the preheat or bypass manifolds of the fuel cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2003
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Rodney A. Geisbrecht, Mark C. Williams
  • Patent number: 6632258
    Abstract: Coal beneficiation is achieved by suspending coal fines in a colloidal suspension of microscopic gas bubbles in water under atmospheric conditions to form small agglomerates of the fines adhered by the gas bubbles. The agglomerates are separated, recovered and resuspended in water. Thereafter, the pressure on the suspension is increased above atmospheric to deagglomerate, since the gas bubbles are then re-dissolved in the water. During the deagglomeration step, the mineral matter is dispersed, and when the pressure is released, the coal portion of the deagglomerated gas-saturated water mixture reagglomerates, with the small bubbles now coming out of the solution. The reagglomerate can then be separated to provide purified coal fines without the mineral matter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2003
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Thomas D. Wheelock, Shen Meiyu
  • Patent number: 6630116
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for decomposing NH3. A fluid containing NH3 is passed in contact with a tubular membrane that is a homogeneous mixture of a ceramic and a first metal, with the ceramic being selected from one or more of a cerate having the formula of M′Ce1-x M″3-&dgr;, zirconates having the formula M′Zr1-xM″O3-&dgr;, stannates having the formula M′Sn1-xM′O3-&dgr;, where M′ is a group IIA metal, M″ is a dopant metal of one or more of Ca, Y, Yb, In, Nd, Gd or mixtures thereof and &dgr; is a variable depending on the concentration of dopant and is in the range of from 0.001 to 0.5, the first metal is a group VIII or group IB element selected from the group consisting of Pt, Ag, Pd, Fe, Co, Cr, Mn, V, Ni, Au, Cu, Rh, Ru and mixtures thereof. The tubular membrane has a catalytic metal on the side thereof in contact with the fluid containing NH3 which is effective to cause NH3 to decompose to N2 and H2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2003
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Uthamalinga Balachandran, Arun C. Bose
  • Patent number: 6630668
    Abstract: This invention relates to a remote control system which through gear motors coupled to the scanning electron microscope (SEM) manual control knobs readily permits remote adjustments as necessary.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2003
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Charles E. Cramer, Robert J. Campchero
  • Patent number: 6630105
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for decontaminating chemical and biological agents using the reactive properties of both the single atomic oxygen and the hydroxyl radical for the decontamination of chemical and biological agents. The apparatus is self contained and portable and allows for the application of gas reactants directly at the required decontamination point. The system provides for the use of ultraviolet light of a specific spectral range to photolytically break down ozone into molecular oxygen and hydroxyl radicals where some of the molecular oxygen is in the first excited state. The excited molecular oxygen will combine with water vapor to produce two hydroxyl radicals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2003
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Hugh J. O'Neill, Kenneth L. Brubaker
  • Patent number: 6623880
    Abstract: A device for converting chemical energy to electricity is provided, the device comprising a high temperature fuel cell with the ability for partially oxidizing and completely reforming fuel, and a low temperature fuel cell juxtaposed to said high temperature fuel cell so as to utilize remaining reformed fuel from the high temperature fuel cell. Also provided is a method for producing electricity comprising directing fuel to a first fuel cell, completely oxidizing a first portion of the fuel and partially oxidizing a second portion of the fuel, directing the second fuel portion to a second fuel cell, allowing the first fuel cell to utilize the first portion of the fuel to produce electricity; and allowing the second fuel cell to utilize the second portion of the fuel to produce electricity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2003
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Department of Energy
    Inventors: Rodney A. Geisbrecht, Mark C. Williams
  • Patent number: 6620763
    Abstract: This process produces a sorbent for use in desulfurization of coal gas. A zinc titanate compound and a metal oxide are mixed by milling the compounds in an aqueous medium, the resulting mixture is dried and then calcined, crushed, sleved and formed into pellets for use in a moving-bed reactor. Metal oxides suitable for use as an additive in this process include: magnesium oxide, magnesium oxide plus molybdenum oxide, calcium oxide, yttrium oxide, hafnium oxide, zirconium oxide, cupric oxide, and tin oxide. The resulting sorbent has a percentage of the original zinc or titanium ions substituted for the oxide metal of the chosen additive.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2003
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Venkat S. Venkataramani, Raul E. Ayala
  • Patent number: 6613427
    Abstract: The present invention is a method for applying a high emissivity graphite powder coating to a variety of various substrates. The method employs a mixture consisting substantially of 75 % of a solution of colloidal carbon in isopropanol and 25 % of butyl alcohol as a bonding agent. First, a first layer of the mixture is applied to a surface of the substrate. After the surface of the substrate dries, a second layer of the mixture is applied to the surface of the substrate. Then a layer of a graphite powder is applied to the substrate over the second layer of the mixture while it is still wet. The method provides the surface of the substrate with high emissivity (&egr;>0.9) and low reflectance characteristics that may be exposed to high temperatures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2003
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Edward F. Morrison, Larry P. Rice
  • Patent number: 6605901
    Abstract: An apparatus and method to contain plasma at optimal fill capacity of a metallic container is disclosed. The invention includes the utilization of anodized layers forming the internal surfaces of the container volume. Bias resistors are calibrated to provide constant current at variable voltage conditions. By choosing the appropriate values of the bias resistors, the voltages of the metallic container relative to the voltage of an anode are adjusted to achieve optimal plasma fill while minimizing the chance of reaching the breakdown voltage of the anodized layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 3, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2003
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Department of Energy
    Inventors: Mark A. Rhodes, Scott N. Fochs
  • Patent number: 6605920
    Abstract: Apparatus and method for providing digital signal processing method for controlling the speed and phase of a motor involves inputting a reference signal having a frequency and relative phase indicative of a time based signal; modifying the reference signal to introduce a slew-rate limited portion of each cycle of the reference signal; inputting a feedback signal having a frequency and relative phase indicative of the operation of said motor; modifying the feedback signal to introduce a slew-rate limited portion of each cycle of the feedback signal; analyzing the modified reference signal and the modified feedback signal to determine the frequency of the modified reference signal and of the modified feedback signal and said relative phase between said modified reference signal and said modified feedback signal; and outputting control signals to the motor for adjusting said speed and phase of the motor based on the frequency determination and determination of the relative phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2003
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Department of Energy
    Inventors: Chris R. Rose, Ronald O. Nelson
  • Patent number: 6599490
    Abstract: An improved radiation shielding material and storage systems for radioactive materials incorporating the same. The PYRolytic Uranium Compound (“PYRUC”) shielding material is preferably formed by heat and/or pressure treatment of a precursor material comprising microspheres of a uranium compound, such as uranium dioxide or uranium carbide, and a suitable binder. The PYRUC shielding material provides improved radiation shielding, thermal characteristic, cost and ease of use in comparison with other shielding materials. The shielding material can be used to form containment systems, container vessels, shielding structures, and containment storage areas, all of which can be used to house radioactive waste. The preferred shielding system is in the form of a container for storage, transportation, and disposal of radioactive waste. In addition, improved methods for preparing uranium dioxide and uranium carbide microspheres for use in the radiation shielding materials are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2003
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Steven M. Mirsky, Stephen J. Krill, Jr., Alexander P. Murray
  • Patent number: 6597709
    Abstract: A method and apparatus are provided for aligning the facets of a solar concentrator. A first laser directs a first laser beam onto a selected facet of the concentrator such that a target board positioned adjacent to the first laser at approximately one focal length behind the focal point of the concentrator is illuminated by the beam after reflection thereof off of the selected facet. A second laser, located adjacent to the vertex of the optical axis of the concentrator, is used to direct a second laser beam onto the target board at a target point thereon. By adjusting the selected facet to cause the first beam to illuminate the target point on the target board produced by the second beam, the selected facet can be brought into alignment with the target point. These steps are repeated for other selected facets of the concentrator, as necessary, to provide overall alignment of the concentrator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2003
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Richard Boyer Diver, Jr.
  • Patent number: 6596994
    Abstract: An apparatus for determining the position of an x-ray beam relative to a desired beam axis. Where the apparatus is positioned along the beam path so that a thin metal foil target intersects the x-ray beam generating fluorescent radiation. A PIN diode array is positioned so that a portion of the fluorescent radiation is intercepted by the array resulting in an a series of electrical signals from the PIN diodes making up the array. The signals are then analyzed and the position of the x-ray beam is determined relative to the desired beam path.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2003
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Randy W. Alkire, Gerold Rosenbaum, Gwyndaf Evans
  • Patent number: 6590954
    Abstract: An x-ray interferometer for analyzing high density plasmas and optically opaque materials includes a point-like x-ray source for providing a broadband x-ray source. The x-rays are directed through a target material and then are reflected by a high-quality ellipsoidally-bent imaging crystal to a diffraction grating disposed at 1× magnification. A spherically-bent imaging crystal is employed when the x-rays that are incident on the crystal surface are normal to that surface. The diffraction grating produces multiple beams which interfere with one another to produce an interference pattern which contains information about the target. A detector is disposed at the position of the image of the target produced by the interfering beams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2003
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Jeffrey A. Koch
  • Patent number: 6586704
    Abstract: A method for diffusion bonding ceramic layers such as boron carbide, zirconium carbide, or silicon carbide uses a defocused laser beam to heat and to join ceramics with the use of a thin metal foil insert. The metal foil preferably is rhenium, molybdenum or titanium. The rapid, intense heating of the ceramic/metal/ceramic sandwiches using the defocused laser beam results in diffusive conversion of the refractory metal foil into the ceramic and in turn creates a strong bond therein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2003
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Brian V. Cockeram, Trevor G. Hicks, Glenn C. Schmid