Patents Represented by Attorney Paul F. McCaul
  • Patent number: 4849033
    Abstract: The thermoelectric conversion efficiency of a GaP dope SiGe alloy is improved about 30 percent by annealing the alloy at a temperature above the melting point of the alloy, preferably stepwise from 1200.degree. C. to 1275.degree. C. in air to form large grains having a size over 50 .mu.m and to form a Ge-Ga-P rich phase and a silicon rich phase containing SiP and SiO.sub.2 particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 1988
    Date of Patent: July 18, 1989
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Jan W. Vander Sande, Charles Wood, Susan L. Draper
  • Patent number: 4847502
    Abstract: An electron beam source having a single electron optical axis is provided with two coplanar cathodes equally spaced on opposite sides from the electron optical axis. A switch permits selecting either cathode, and a deflection system comprised of electromagnets, each with separate pole pieces equally spaced from the plane of the cathodes and electron optical axis, first deflects the electron beam from a selected cathode toward the electron optical axis, and then in an opposite direction into convergence with the electron optical axis. The result is that the electron beam from one selected cathode undergoes a sigmoid deflection in two opposite directions, like the letter S, with the sigmoid deflection of each being a mirror image of the other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 1987
    Date of Patent: July 11, 1989
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: James G. Bradley, Joseph M. Conley, David B. Wittry
  • Patent number: 4843439
    Abstract: An infrared photodetector is formed of a heavily doped p-type Ge.sub.x Si.sub.1-x /Si superlattice in which x is pre-established during manufacture in the range 0 to 100 percent. A custom tailored photodetector that can differentiate among close wavelengths in the range of 2.7 to 50 microns is fabricated by appropriate selection of the alloy constituency value, x, to establish a specific wavelength at which photodetection cut-off will occur.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 1987
    Date of Patent: June 27, 1989
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Li-Jen Cheng
  • Patent number: 4840496
    Abstract: Laser pyrometer techniques are utilized to accurately image a true temperature distribution on a given target without touching the target and without knowing the localized emissivity of the target. The pyrometer utilizes a very high definition laser beam and photodetector, both having a very narrow focus. The pyrometer is mounted in a mechanism designed to permit the pyrometer to be aimed and focused at precise localized points on the target surface. The pyrometer is swept over the surface area to be imaged, temperature measurements being taken at each point of focus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 1988
    Date of Patent: June 20, 1989
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Daniel D. Elleman, James L. Allen, Mark C. Lee
  • Patent number: 4839121
    Abstract: A system is provided for molding a slurry containing particles in a solution of solvent and binder, which enables the close control of the production of a tape with particles of a high density. A rotor forms a chamber with a cylindrical molding surface, and a conduit carries the slurry from the outside to the surface while the molding surface rotates to use centrifugal force to force particles against the molding surface. The chamber is substantially closed to avoid the uncontrolled loss of solvent, and a means is provided for venting the chamber to remove solvent therefrom after the slurry has been molded into a tape. A container lies within the chamber and holds solvent prior to casting the slurry, to create a solvent-containing environment within the chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 1986
    Date of Patent: June 13, 1989
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Earl R. Collins, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4835973
    Abstract: A saran carbon matrix is employed to conduct heat through the heat storing volume of a cryogenic regenerator. When helium is adsorbed into the saran carbon matrix, the combination exhibits a volumetric specific heat much higher than previously used lead balls. A helium adsorbed saran regenerator should allow much lower refrigerator temperatures than those practically obtainable with lead based regenerators for regenerator type refrigeration systems.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 31, 1987
    Date of Patent: June 6, 1989
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Jack A. Jones, S. Walter Petrick, Michael J. Britcliffe
  • Patent number: 4831829
    Abstract: Krypton and a monolithic porous carbon such as Saran carbon are used respectively as the sorbate and sorbent of an adsorption type refrigerator to improve refrigeration efficiency and operational longevity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 1988
    Date of Patent: May 23, 1989
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Jack A. Jones, Helene R. Schember
  • Patent number: 4829899
    Abstract: A timing control system is disclosed which is particularly useful in connection with simulated mortar shells. Special circuitry is provided to assure that the shell does not overshoot, but rather detonates early in case of an improper condition; this ensures that ground personnel will not be harmed by a delayed detonation. The system responds to an externally applied frequency control code which is configured to avoid any confusion between different control modes. A premature detonation routine is entered in case an improper time-setting signal is entered, or if the shell is launched before completion of the time-setting sequence. Special provisions are also made for very early launch situations and improper detonator connections. An alternate abort mode is provided to discharge the internal power supply without a detonation in a manner that can be externally monitored, thereby providing a mechanism for non-destructive testing. The abort mode also accelerates the timing function for rapid testing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 1988
    Date of Patent: May 16, 1989
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Adminstrator National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Gordon A. Wiker, George H. Wells, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4829303
    Abstract: Two alternative methods are disclosed for digital reduction of synthetic aperture multipolarized radar data using scattering matrices, or using Stokes matrices, of four consecutive along-track pixels to produce "averaged" data for generating a synthetic polarization image.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 1988
    Date of Patent: May 9, 1989
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Howard A. Zebker, Daniel N. Held, Jakob J. van Zul, Pascale C. Dubois, Lynne Norikane
  • Patent number: 4824520
    Abstract: Low-defect crystals are grown in a closed ampoule under a layer of encapsulant. After crystal growth, the crystal is separated from the melt and moved into the layer of encapsulant and cooled to a first temperature at which crystal growth stops. The crystal is then moved into the inert gas ambient in the ampoule and further cooled. The crystal can be separated from the melt by decanting the melt into an adjacent reservoir or by rotating the ampoule to rotate the crystal into the encapsulant layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 1987
    Date of Patent: April 25, 1989
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Andrew D. Morrison
  • Patent number: 4823074
    Abstract: A low power consumption current transducer utilizes a saturable core reactor which includes a pair of opposed gate windings and a control winding. The control winding of the saturable reactor is arranged to receive the current to be measured. A square wave generator is connected to the gate windings via a transformer with the primary winding of the transformer connected across the square wave generator and the secondary connected in series with the gate windings of the reactor. A full wave rectifier is connected to the gate windings and a resistor is connected across the rectifier to provide a DC voltage thereacross representative of the current flow through the control winding. A DC power supply is provided to supply power to the square wave voltage source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 1987
    Date of Patent: April 18, 1989
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Colonel W. T. McLyman
  • Patent number: 4823299
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for processing signals representative of a complex matrix/vector equation. More particularly, signals representing an orderly sequence of the combined matrix and vector equation, known as a Kalman filter algorithm, are processed in real time in accordance with the principles of this invention. The Kalman filter algorithm is rearranged into a Faddeeva algorithm, which is a matrix-only algorithm that is modified to represent both the matrix and vector portions of the Kalman filter algorithm. The modified Faddeeva algorithm is embodied into electrical signals which are applied as inputs to a systolic array processor. The processor performs triangulation and nullification on the input signals, and delivers an output signal which is a real-time solution to the input signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 1987
    Date of Patent: April 18, 1989
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Jaw J. Chang, Hen-Geul Yeh
  • Patent number: 4819064
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for obtaining a stereo image with reduced depth distortion and optimum depth resolution. Static and dynamic depth distortion and depth resolution trade-off is provided. Cameras obtaining the images for a stereo view are converged at a convergence point behind the object to be presented in the image, and (a) the collection-surface-to-object distance, (b) the camera separation distance, and (c) the focal lengths of zoom lenses for the cameras are all increased. Doubling the distances cuts the static depth distortion in half while maintaining image size and depth resolution. Dynamic depth distortion is minimized by panning a stereo view-collecting camera system about a circle which passes through the convergence point and the cameras' first nodal points. Horizontal field shifting of the television fields on a television monitor brings both the monitor and the stereo views within the viewer's limit of binocular fusion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 1987
    Date of Patent: April 4, 1989
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Daniel B. Diner
  • Patent number: 4818868
    Abstract: The method and apparatus of this invention provides a plurality of measurements indicative of the absolute cross section for excitation of an ion beam. The ion beam is merged for excitation by specific energies of electrons in an electron beam. Both beams are merged in an evacuated enclosure having a longitudinal magnetic field and a crossed uniform electric field. The ions and electrons interact over a known merged longitudinal length in a merged beam area. After collision, the electron and ion beams are demerged. Forward and backward-scattered electrons are collected and position-detected by a pair of microchannel plate arrays located at opposite ends of the longitudinal beam-merging area. A series of electron and ion primary current measurements are taken at full ion and electron beam strength. Measurements are also taken at greatly reduced beam strength to obtain a beam overlap profile.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 1988
    Date of Patent: April 4, 1989
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Ara Chutjian
  • Patent number: 4807168
    Abstract: Random access memory is used to store synaptic information in the form of a matrix of rows and columns of binary digits. N rows read in sequence are processed through switches and resistors, and a summing amplifier to N neural amplifiers in sequence, one row for each amplifier, using a first array of sample-and-hold devices S/H1 for commutation. The outputs of the neural amplifiers are stored in a second array of sample-and-hold devices S/H2 so that after N rows are processed, all of said second array of sample-and-hold devices are updated. A second memory may be added for binary values of 0 and -1, and processed simultaneously with the first to provide for values of 1, 0, and -1, the results of which are combined in a difference amplifier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 1987
    Date of Patent: February 21, 1989
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator, National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Alexander W. Moopenn, Anilkumar P. Thakoor, John J. Lambe
  • Patent number: 4800756
    Abstract: Acoustic energy is applied to a pair of locations spaced about a chamber, to control rotation of an object levitated in the chamber. Two acoustic transducers applying energy of a single acoustic mode, one at each location, can (one or both) serve to levitate the object in three dimensions as well as control its rotation. Slow rotation is achieved by initially establishing a large phase difference and/or pressure ratio of the acoustic waves, which is sufficient to turn the object by more than 45.degree., which is immediately followed by reducing the phase difference and/or pressure ratio to maintain slow rotation. A small phase difference and/or pressure ratio enables control of the angular orientation of the object without rotating it. The sphericity of an object can be measured by its response to the acoustic energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 1986
    Date of Patent: January 31, 1989
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator, National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Martin B. Barmatz, James L. Allen
  • Patent number: 4790026
    Abstract: A pipelined image processor selectively interconnects modules in a column of a two-dimensional array to modules of the next column of the array of modules 1,1 through M,N, where M is the number of modules in one dimension and N is the number of modules in the other direction. Each module includes two input selectors (10,11) for A and B inputs, two convolvers (12,13), a binary function operator (15), a neighborhood comparison operator (14) which produces an A output and an output selector (16) which may select as a B output the output of any one of the components in the module, including the A output of the neighborhood comparison operator. Each module may be connected to as many as eight modules in the next column, preferably with the majority always in a different row that is up (or down) in the array for a generally spiral data path around the torus thus formed. The binary function operator (15) is implemented as a look-up table (20) addressed by the most significant 8 bits of each 12-bit argument.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 31, 1985
    Date of Patent: December 6, 1988
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Donald B. Gennery, Brian Wilcox
  • Patent number: 4779428
    Abstract: A bi-directional Joule Thomson refrigerator is described, which is of simple construction at the cold end of the refrigerator. Compressed gas flowing in either direction through the Joule Thomson expander valve and becoming liquid, is captured in a container in direct continuous contact with the heat load. The Joule Thomson valve is responsive to the temperature of the working fluid near the valve, to vary the flow resistance through the valve so as to maintain a generally constant mass flow between the time that the refrigerator is first turned on and the fluid is warm, and the time when the refrigerator is near its coldest temperature and the fluid is cold. The valve is operated by differences in thermal coefficients of expansion of materials to squeeze and release a small tube which acts as the expander valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 1987
    Date of Patent: October 25, 1988
    Assignee: United States of America as represented by the Administrator, National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Chung K. Chan, John R. Gatewood
  • Patent number: 4777823
    Abstract: A system is described for use with acoustic levitators, which can prevent rotation of a levitated object or control its orientation and/or rotation. The acoustic field is made nonsymmetrical about the axis of the levitator, to produce an orienting torque that resists sample rotation. In one system, a perturbating reflector is located on one side of the axis of the levitator, at a location near the levitated object. In another system, the main reflector surface towards which incoming acoustic waves are directed is nonsymmetrically curved about the axis of the levitator. The levitated object can be reoriented or rotated in a controlled manner by repositioning the reflector producing the nonsymmetry.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 1987
    Date of Patent: October 18, 1988
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Martin B. Barmatz, Mark S. Gaspar, Eugene H. Trinh
  • Patent number: 4773266
    Abstract: Methods are described for rapidly damping oscillation of an acoustically levitated object or for causing and maintaining such oscillations, and a method is provided for determining the restoring force constant K on the levitated object by measuring its frequency of oscillation. Oscillations of a levitated object are damped by applying levitating acoustic energy at a frequency slightly less than the center resonant frequency. Oscillations are maintained by applying acoustic energy slightly greater than the center resonant frequency. The restoring force constant of the levitation force is proportional to square of the frequency of oscillation of the object.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 1987
    Date of Patent: September 27, 1988
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Martin B. Barmatz, Steven L. Garrett