Patents Represented by Attorney, Agent or Law Firm Paul W. Zimmerman
  • Patent number: 6451864
    Abstract: The present invention includes a catalyst structure and method of making the catalyst structure for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis that both rely upon the catalyst structure having a first porous structure with a first pore surface area and a first pore size of at least about 0.1 &mgr;m, preferably from about 10 &mgr;m to about 300 &mgr;m. A porous interfacial layer with a second pore surface area and a second pore size less than the first pore size is placed upon the first pore surface area. Finally, a Fischer-Tropsch catalyst selected from the group consisting of cobalt, ruthenium, iron and combinations thereof is placed upon the second pore surface area. Further improvement is achieved by using a microchannel reactor wherein the reaction chamber walls define a microchannel with the catalyst structure placed therein through which pass reactants. The walls may separate the reaction chamber from at least one cooling chamber. The present invention also includes a method of Fischer-Tropsch synthesis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2002
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Yong Wang, David P. Vanderwiel, Anna Lee Y. Tonkovich, Yufei Gao, Eddie G. Baker
  • Patent number: 6430966
    Abstract: The present invention is a glass-ceramic material and method of making useful for joining at least two solid ceramic parts. The seal is a blend of MAO—MBOy—SiO2 that substantially matches a coefficient of thermal expansion of the solid electrolyte. According to the present invention, a series of glass ceramics in the MAO—MBOy—SiO2 system can be used to join or seal both tubular and planar ceramic solid oxide fuel cells, oxygen electrolyzers, and membrane reactors for the production of syngas, commodity chemicals and other products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 1999
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2002
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Kerry D. Meinhardt, John D. Vienna, Timothy R. Armstrong, Larry R. Pederson
  • Patent number: 6417247
    Abstract: The present invention provides a composition which comprises a polymer or polymer solution that forms a gel under controlled parameters and a ceramic matrix, the composition being fluid under non-physiological conditions and non fluid under physiological conditions. Polymers may be resorbable or non-resorbable, natural or synthetic and the solution aqueous or non-aqueous. Preferred polymers are poly saccharides, polyamides or polyamino acids, however any polymer or polymer solution that is biologically compatible and that is fluid under nonphysiological conditions and increases in viscosity under physiological conditions is suitable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2002
    Inventors: Beth L. Armstrong, Allison A. Campbell, Anna Gutowska, Lin Song
  • Patent number: 6352577
    Abstract: The present invention is a microchannel mass exchanger having a first plurality of inner thin sheets and a second plurality of outer thin sheets. The inner thin sheets each have a solid margin around a circumference, the solid margin defining a slot through the inner thin sheet thickness. The outer thin sheets each have at least two header holes on opposite ends and when sandwiching an inner thin sheet. The outer thin sheets further have a mass exchange medium. The assembly forms a closed flow channel assembly wherein fluid enters through one of the header holes into the slot and exits through another of the header holes after contacting the mass exchange medium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2002
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Peter M. Martin, Wendy D. Bennett, Dean W. Matson, Donald C. Stewart, Monte K. Drost, Robert S. Wegeng, Joseph M. Perez, Xiangdong Feng, Jun Liu
  • Patent number: 6326326
    Abstract: According to the present invention, an organized assembly of functional molecules with specific interfacial functionality (functional group(s)) is attached to available surfaces including within mesopores of a mesoporous material. The method of the present invention avoids the standard base soak that would digest the walls between the mesopores by boiling the mesoporous material in water for surface preparation then removing all but one or two layers of water molecules on the internal surface of a pore. Suitable functional molecule precursor is then applied to permeate the hydrated pores and the precursor then undergoes condensation to form the functional molecules on the interior surface(s) of the pore(s).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 1998
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2001
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Xiangdong Feng, Jun Liu, Glen E. Fryxell
  • Patent number: 6296831
    Abstract: The present invention is a thermally reversible stimulus-sensitive gel or gelling copolymer radioisotope carrier that is a linear random copolymer of an [meth]acrylamide derivative and a hydrophilic comonomer, wherein the linear random copolymer is in the form of a plurality of linear chains having a plurality of molecular weights greater than or equal to a minimum gelling molecular weight cutoff. Addition of a biodegradable backbone and/or a therapeutic agent imparts further utility. The method of the present invention for making a thermally reversible stimulus-sensitive gelling copolymer radionuclcide carrier has the steps of: (a) mixing a stimulus-sensitive reversible gelling copolymer with an aqueous solvent as a stimulus-sensitive reversible gelling solution; and (b) mixing a radioisotope with said stimulus-sensitive reversible gelling solution as said radioisotope carrier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2001
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Richard E. Weller, Michael A. Lind, Darrell R. Fisher, Anna Gutowska, Allison A. Campbell
  • Patent number: 6284217
    Abstract: The present invention includes an improvement to the existing method of steam reforming of hydrocarbon, wherein the improvement comprises: the flowing is at a rate providing a residence time less than about 0.1 sec resulting in obtaining product formation yield or amount that is the same or greater compared to product formation at a longer residence time. Another improvement of the present invention is operation at a steam to carbon ratio that is substantially stoichiometric and maintaining activity of the supported catalyst. The present invention also includes a catalyst structure for steam reforming of a hydrocarbon.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2001
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Yong Wang, David P. Vanderwiel, Anna Lee Y. Tonkovich
  • Patent number: 6277493
    Abstract: According to the present invention, a joined product is at least two ceramic parts, specifically bi-element carbide parts with a bond joint therebetween, wherein the bond joint has a metal silicon phase. The bi-element carbide refers to compounds of MC, M2C, M4C and combinations thereof, where M is a first element and C is carbon. The metal silicon phase may be a metal silicon carbide ternary phase, or a metal silicide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 1999
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2001
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Charles H. Henager, Jr., John L. Brimhall
  • Patent number: 6264726
    Abstract: The present invention is a method of separating a first compound having a macromolecular structure from a mixture. The first solvent is a fluid that is a gas at standard temperature and pressure and is at a density greater than a critical density of the fluid. A macromolecular structure containing a first compound is dissolved therein as a mixture. The mixture is contacted onto a selective barrier and the first solvent passed through the selective barrier thereby retaining the first compound, followed by recovering the first compound. By using a fluid that is a gas at standard temperature and pressure at a density greater than its critical density, separation without depressurization is fast and efficient.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2001
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Max R. Phelps, Clement R. Yonker, John L. Fulton, Lawrence E. Bowman
  • Patent number: 6259091
    Abstract: An apparatus for producing an ion beam having an increased proportion of analyte ions compared to carrier gas ions is disclosed. Specifically, the apparatus has an ion trap or a collision cell containing a reagent gas wherein the reagent gas accepts charge from the analyte ions thereby selectively neutralizing the carrier gas ions. Also disclosed is the collision cell as employed in various locations within analytical instruments including an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2001
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Gregory C. Eiden, Charles J. Barinaga, David W. Koppenaal
  • Patent number: 6244101
    Abstract: The present invention is a transducer for photoacoustic detection having at least two piezoelectric elements wherein at least a first piezoelectric element has a first frequency and at least a second piezoelectric element has a second frequency. The improvement according to the present invention is that at least two piezoelectric elements are longitudinal elements for longitudinal waves; and the first frequency is different from said second frequency. In other words, the invention is a multi-frequency longitudinal transducer for photoacoustic detection.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 1999
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2001
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: S. Thomas Autrey, Gerald J. Posakony, James E. Amonette, Nancy S. Foster-Mills
  • Patent number: 6245305
    Abstract: The present invention is an improvement to the method of separating and purifying gadolinium from a mixture of gadolinium and europium having the steps of (a) dissolving the mixture in an acid; (b) reducing europium+3 to europium+2; and (c) precipitating the europium+2 with a sulfate ion in a superstoichiometric amount; wherein the improvement is achieved by using one or more of the following: (i) the acid is an anoic acid; (ii) the reducing is with zinc metal in the absence of a second metal or with an amount of the second metal that is ineffective in the reducing; (iii) adding a group IIA element after step (c) for precipitating the excess sulfate prior to repeating step (c); (iv) the sulfate is a sulfate salt with a monovalent cation; (v) adding cold europium+3 prior to repeating step (c).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2001
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Lane A. Bray, Todd M. Corneillie
  • Patent number: 6200536
    Abstract: The present invention is an active microchannel heat exchanger with an active heat source and with microchannel architecture. The active microchannel heat exchanger has (a) an exothermic reaction chamber; (b) an exhaust chamber; and (c) a heat exchanger chamber in thermal contact with the exhaust chamber, wherein (d) heat from the exothermic reaction chamber is convected by an exothermic reaction exhaust through the exhaust chamber and by conduction through a containment wall to the working fluid in the heat exchanger chamber thereby raising a temperature of the working fluid. The invention is particularly useful as a liquid fuel vaporizer and/or a steam generator for fuel cell power systems, and as a heat source for sustaining endothermic chemical reactions and initiating exothermic reactions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2001
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Anna Lee Y. Tonkovich, Gary L. Roberts, Charles J. Call, Robert S. Wegeng, Yong Wang
  • Patent number: 6192596
    Abstract: The present invention is an active microchannel fluid processing unit and method of making, both relying on having (a) at least one inner thin sheet; (b) at least one outer thin sheet; (c) defining at least one first sub-assembly for performing at least one first unit operation by stacking a first of the at least one inner thin sheet in alternating contact with a first of the at least one outer thin sheet into a first stack and placing an end block on the at least one inner thin sheet, the at least one first sub-assembly having at least a first inlet and a first outlet; and (d) defining at least one second sub-assembly for performing at least one second unit operation either as a second flow path within the first stack or by stacking a second of the at least one inner thin sheet in alternating contact with second of the at least one outer thin sheet as a second stack, the at least one second sub-assembly having at least a second inlet and a second outlet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 1999
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2001
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Wendy D. Bennett, Peter M. Martin, Dean W. Matson, Gary L. Roberts, Donald C. Stewart, Annalee Y. Tonkovich, Jennifer L. Zilka, Stephen C. Schmitt, Timothy M. Werner
  • Patent number: 6184531
    Abstract: An improved apparatus for collecting and analyzing an airborne particulate radionuclide having a filter mounted in a housing, the housing having an air inlet upstream of the filter and an air outlet downstream of the filter, wherein an air stream flows therethrough. The air inlet receives the air stream, the filter collects the airborne particulate radionuclide and permits a filtered air stream to pass through the air outlet. The improvement which permits real time counting is a gamma detecting germanium diode mounted downstream of the filter in the filtered air stream. The gamma detecting germanium diode is spaced apart from a downstream side of the filter a minimum distance for a substantially maximum counting detection while permitting substantially free air flow through the filter and uniform particulate radionuclide deposition on the filter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 6, 2001
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: John E. Smart, Richard W. Perkins
  • Patent number: 6164072
    Abstract: The present invention is a method and apparatus for matching a secondary steam supply to a main steam supply of a limited enthalpy steam generator when the limited enthalpy steam generator is operating at partial capacity to maintain a primary turbine at full capacity. The limited enthalpy steam generator is connected to the primary turbine with a main steam line. The method and apparatus of the present invention rely upon (a) a secondary steam line connected to the main steam line; wherein (b) the secondary steam is at a secondary steam thermodynamic state substantially matching a main steam thermodynamic state of the main steam as a combined steam; and (c) the combined steam is passed to the primary turbine at full capacity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 1998
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2000
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Georgi Tsiklauri, Robert J. Talbert, Vladimir Korolev
  • Patent number: 6165301
    Abstract: According to the method of the present invention, joining a first bi-element carbide to a second bi-element carbide, has the steps of: (a) forming a bond agent containing a metal carbide and silicon; (b) placing the bond agent between the first and second bi-element carbides to form a pre-assembly; and (c) pressing and heating the pre-assembly in a non-oxidizing atmosphere to a temperature effective to induce a displacement reaction creating a metal silicon phase bonding the first and second bi-element carbides.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 1999
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2000
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Charles H. Henager, Jr., John L. Brimhall
  • Patent number: 6159378
    Abstract: The present invention is an apparatus and method for handling magnetic particles suspended in a fluid, relying upon the known features of a magnetic flux conductor that is permeable thereby permitting the magnetic particles and fluid to flow therethrough; and a controllable magnetic field for the handling. The present invention is an improvement wherein the magnetic flux conductor is a monolithic porous foam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 1999
    Date of Patent: December 12, 2000
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: David A. Holman, Jay W. Grate, Cynthia J. Bruckner-Lea
  • Patent number: 6151769
    Abstract: The present invention is an apparatus for detecting ionizing radiation, having: a waveguide having a first end and a second end, the waveguide formed of a scintillator material wherein the therapeutic ionizing radiation isotropically generates scintillation light signals within the waveguide. This apparatus provides a measure of radiation dose. The apparatus may be modified to permit making a measure of location of radiation dose. Specifically, the scintillation material is segmented into a plurality of segments; and a connecting cable for each of the plurality of segments is used for conducting scintillation signals to a scintillation detector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2000
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Mary Bliss, Richard A. Craig, Paul L. Reeder
  • Patent number: 6153154
    Abstract: The present invention is a method of separating a short-lived daughter isotope from a longer lived parent isotope, with recovery of the parent isotope for further use. Using a system with a bi-directional pump and one or more valves, a solution of the parent isotope is processed to generate two separate solutions, one of which contains the daughter isotope, from which the parent has been removed with a high decontamination factor, and the other solution contains the recovered parent isotope. The process can be repeated on this solution of the parent isotope. The system with the fluid drive and one or more valves is controlled by a program on a microprocessor executing a series of steps to accomplish the operation. In one approach, the cow solution is passed through a separation medium that selectively retains the desired daughter isotope, while the parent isotope and the matrix pass through the medium. After washing this medium, the daughter is released from the separation medium using another solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2000
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Oleg B. Egorov, Jay W. Grate, Lane A. Bray