Abstract: A rapid burning propellant charge for applications including igniters, launch eject motors, and gas generators for automobile air bags. The propellant charge comprises a reticulated substrate having a quantity of interconnected ligaments and a coating of solid propellant material on the ligaments. In order to provide a large amount of surface area for a fast burn time, interstices are between coated ligaments to define propellant surface area for combustion. In applications where minimum smoke is desired, the reticulated substrate is preferably composed of carbon, graphite, or a non-combustible material, and the solid propellant material is preferably a minimum smoke type.
Abstract: A rocket motor or other gas generator the case of which is ventable at a predetermined temperature substantially greater than the ambient temperature range for storage and operation thereof and substantially less than the auto-ignition temperature of gas generant material contained therein so as to prevent catastrophic propulsion or burst in case of fire. The venting is provided by memory metal members which are interleaved between plies of matrix-impregnated fibrous material in the case and which have a transformation temperature which is substantially higher than the ambient temperature range and substantially lower than the auto-ignition temperature and characterized by a change in shape when heated to a temperature above the transformation temperature.
Abstract: Substituting non-metallic screw elements for the previously used metal screw elements in twin-screw extruders reduces the hazards inherent in the extrusion of highly energetic materials which exhibit impact and friction sensitivity when processed in twin screw extruders with metal screw elements.
Abstract: A rocket motor having case segments which are attached together. A retaining member extends circumferentially thereabout to maintain attachment of the segments together. The retaining member is characterized by sensitivity to a predetermined temperature greater than ambient temperature and less than the ignition temperature of propellant material in the rocket motor to lose strength whereby the retaining member is released and the rocket motor may safely be rendered non-propulsive during a hazard such as a fuel fire or slow cook-off.
November 27, 1989
Date of Patent:
September 3, 1991
R. Hill English, Jr., Hermann L. Miskelly, Jr.
Abstract: Thermoplastic matrix composite cylinders, pipes, and other hollow bodies are formed by a winding technique using thermoplastic filaments. The filaments are fed from a vertically moving winding head onto the surface of a rotating mandrel. The filaments are preheated to soften them and then pass beneath a heated compaction roller bearing against the mandrel. The compaction roller is castered so as to follow a helical path. Several plies of the thermoplastic material may be laid down in this fashion, the surface of each prior ply being heated so that the layers fuse properly. When cooled to below its solidification temperature, the formed object is removed from the mandrel.
Abstract: The invention relates to an aggregate stabilizing emulsion comprising pitch, rosin, an emulsifying agent and water. The invention further relates to a method of stabilizing aggregate including a material produced from the aggregate which is pliable, weight supporting, freeze resistant, water impermeable and repairable and useful for paving, patching or sealing roadways, driveways and the like.
Abstract: An apparatus and method is disclosed for automatically determining the pulse rate and systolic and diastolic blood pressure. The apparatus comprises a device for detecting arterial pulsations in a subject's body. The improvement comprising a sensor in a pressurized bladder and responsive to arterially induced pressure pulsations. The sensor comprises a pressure transducer chamber and a pressure transducer. The pressure transducer chamber contains a pressure equalization passageway communicating with the interior of the bladder and the interior of the pressure transducer chamber. The pressure equalization passageway equalizes the pressure between the bladder and the chamber to prevent the pressure in the bladder from impending upon the pressure transducer. A method is disclosed for automatically determining pulse rate and systolic and diastolic blood pressure.
Abstract: A method of obtaining young blood platelets is disclosed which comprises adding at least one lectin to a mixture of blood platelets allowing this mixture to agglutinate, isolating the agglutinated product, and then removing the young agglutinated platelets from the lectin. This results in a composition consisting essentially of young blood platelets.
December 21, 1984
Date of Patent:
April 7, 1987
University of Tennessee Research Corporation
Abstract: A composition comprising (A) a mixed metal salt of (A)(I) at least one acid of formula I ##STR1## wherein R' and R.sup.2 are the same or different and each of R' and R.sup.2 is a hydrocarbon-based radical, and (A)(II) at least one aliphatic or alicyclic carboxylic acid containing from about 2 to about 40 carbon atoms; the ratio of equivalents of (A)(I) to (A)(II) being in the range of about 0.5:1 and about 400:1; and (B) at least one sulfurized Group II metal phenate; the weight ratio of (A) to (B) being in the range of about 40:1 to about 1:2. These compositions are useful in lubricants and functional fluids (such as hydraulic fluids) as antioxidants and extreme pressure agents having improved thermal stability.
Abstract: Normally liquid fuel compositions containing N-substituted morpholines of the formula ##STR1## wherein R' is a divalent organic radical of at least one to about 30 carbon atoms, R.sup.3 is a hydrogen atom or a hydrocarbyl, a hydroxy-substituted hydrocarbyl or a hydroxy hydrocarbyleneoxy-substituted hydrocarbyl radical of at least one carbon atom and R" is a monovalent hydrocarbon radical of at least thirty carbon atoms, exhibit improved carburetor detergency and anti-icing properties. These fuels also inhibit deposit formation in the intake systems of internal combustion engines. Particularly preferred are gasolines containing morpholines wherein R' is 1,3-propylene, or poly(ethyleneoxy), R" is a hydrocarbyl group of at least about forty carbon atoms and R.sup.3 is hydrogen.
Abstract: Aminophenols and analogous aromatic compounds, especially those containing a hydrocarbon-based substituent preferably having about 10 to about 750 aliphatic carbon atoms, react with 3- or 4-membered ring heterocyclic compounds, preferably epoxides, to form compositions useful as dispersants and detergents in lubricants and fuels.
Abstract: Amino phenols of the general formula ##STR1## wherein R is a substantially saturated, hydrocarbon-based group of at least about 30 aliphatic carbon atoms, a, b and c are, for example, each 1, 2 or 3, and Ar is an aromatic moiety such as a benzene nucleus, naphthalene nucleus or linked benzene nuclei, are useful additives for fuels and lubricants. These amino phenols can be conveniently prepared by nitrating an appropriate hydroxy aromatic compound and reducing the nitro groups to amino groups. Typically such amino phenols are formed by nitration and reduction of alkyl phenols having an alkyl or alkenyl group of at least about 50 carbon atoms.
Abstract: Compositions useful as multi-purpose lubricant and functional fluid additives and as thickeners and anti-sag additives for resins, paints and the like are prepared by free radical polymerization of at least one ethylenically unsaturated monomer in the presence of an oil-soluble dispersant. The carboxylic dispersants are preferred, especially esters of hydrocarbon-substituted succinic acids wherein the substituent contains at least about 30 carbon atoms and the reaction products of such acids or their derivatives with amines, usually polyalkylene polyamines.
Abstract: Combinations of chlorinated waxes and phosphorus-containing compositions prepared by the reaction of an alkoxylated alkyl phenol with a phosphorus trihalide, or, in combination with water, with a triaryl phosphite, are useful as additives for metal working lubricants.
Abstract: Compositions useful as dispersants and viscosity modifiers in lubricants are produced by (I) preparing an ene reaction intermediate from an olefinic carboxylic acid or derivative thereof (preferably maleic anhydride) and a terpolymer of ethylene, a C.sub.3-8 .alpha.-monoolefin and a non-conjugated diene or triene, and (II) reacting said ene reaction intermediate with a monoamine-polyamine mixture.
Abstract: Nitro phenols of the general formula ##STR1## wherein R is an aliphatic substituent of at least about 40 carbon atoms, a, b and c are, for example, each 1, 2 or 3, and Ar is an aromatic moiety such as a benzene nucleus, naphthalene nucleus or linked benzene nuclei, are useful additives for fuels and lubricants and intermediates to such additives. These nitro phenols can be conveniently prepared by nitrating appropriate phenols. Typically nitro phenols are formed by nitration of alkyl phenols having an alkyl group of at least about 50 carbon atoms.
Abstract: Phosphorous acid diesters may be prepared by the reaction of an alkoxylated alkyl phenol with a phosphorus trihalide, or, in combination with water, with a triaryl phosphite. The former reaction also produces, as a byproduct, the corresponding halide. The resulting phosphorus-containing compositions are useful as additives for metal working lubricants.
Abstract: Sulfurized compositions are prepared by the reaction, under superatmospheric pressure, of olefinic compounds with a mixture of sulfur and hydrogen sulfide, followed by removal of low boiling materials including unreacted olefin, mercaptan and monosulfide. An optional final step is removal of active sulfur; for example, by treatment with an alkali metal sulfide. The resulting sulfurized compositions are useful as lubricant additives.
Abstract: Condensation products made by reacting an .alpha.-hydroxyalkyl hydroxy-aromatic compound also having at least one non-fused hydrocarbyl substituent with at least one olefinic nitrile, carboxylic acid or carboxylic acid derivative are useful as additives for fuels and lubricants. The total number of carbon atoms in the non-fused hydrocarbyl substituents is at least about 7 while the .alpha.-hydroxyalkyl group contains from 1 to about 36 carbons and the olefinic acid or nitrile reactant usually contains 2 to about 40 carbon atoms. Products made from hydroxymethyl alkyl-substituted phenols and .alpha.,.beta.-olefinic acid derivatives such as maleic anhydride are particularly useful. Similarly useful post-treated products can be made from these condensation products by further reaction with alcohols, amines, metal salts or metals.