Abstract: A method for producing a semiconductor solar cell in which a layer of semiconductor material is applied to a substrate by means of plasma spraying. The energy density in the plasma zone is maintained sufficiently high that the semiconductor vaporizes and is brought out of the plasma zone in the form of a vapor jet, which is condensed on the substrate in the form of a semiconductor layer.
Abstract: A thyristor comprises two semiconductor plates, discs or chips, one n-doped and one p-doped, each having a structure of parallel ridges on one major surface and an opposite conducting type layer on the other major surface, two plates, discs or chips being assembled together under pressure with the structured surfaces facing and rotated relative to each other so that the ridges cross and touch to form pn junctions produced by plastic deformation of the crystal lattice and pnpn layer sequences. The invention also includes a method of manufacturing such thyristors.
Abstract: A flat sealing gasket, such as a cylinder head gasket, for an internal combustion engine, has at least one opening, a cross-sectionally generally U-shaped armor framing the opening. The armor has legs straddling marginal edge zones of the gasket defining the opening. Each armor leg has an inner face in engagement with the gasket and an outer face oriented away from the gasket. A low-friction coating is provided on the outer face of at least one of the armor legs. Those sealing faces of the gasket which are externally of the armor are substantially free from the low-friction coating.
January 18, 1982
Date of Patent:
March 6, 1984
Horst Beyer, Klaus Lonne, Klaus-Peter Majewski
Abstract: A hard alloy including at least one hard phase and a binary or multicomponent binder metal alloy, in which the hard substance comprises a finely dispersed, homogeneous distribution in the binder metal. The hard phase comprises a carbide of a Group IVb, Vb or VIb transition metal, and the binder metal alloy comprises a solid alloy of a Group IVb, Vb or VIb transition metal, with Re, Ru, Rh, Pd, Os, Ir, or Pt.
Abstract: A centrifugal caster comprising a motor driven centrifuge arm connected to a weight arm, both of which are rotatable about a vertical axis. A casting chamber is connected to the centrifuge arm and has a melting crucible disposed therein, and a counterweight is fixedly attached to the weight arm. The casting chamber is provided with a region for mounting a muffle set comprising a casting muffle inserted into an exchangeable muffle cage which is associated with the casting muffle according to size and weight, whereby the total weight of the muffle set is of such magnitude that upon rotation, the centrifuge arm is in balance with the weight arm and its fixedly attached counterweight.
March 26, 1981
Date of Patent:
December 6, 1983
Fried. Krupp Gesellschaft mit beschrankter Haftung
Ronald Friedrich, Werner Hammecke, deceased
Abstract: A vertical conveyor comprises a driving drum; a tensioning drum spaced vertically from the driving drum and supported shiftably for varying its distance from the driving drum; a vertically oriented endless carrier trained about the driving drum and the tensioning drum; a tensioning weight situated spaced from and in vertical alignment with the tensioning drum; and coupling elements situated between and in vertical alignment with the tensioning weight and the tensioning drum. The coupling elements are secured to the tensioning weight and to the tensioning drum for directly transmitting forces from the tensioning weight to the tensioning drum urging the tensioning drum vertically away from the driving drum, whereby the endless carrier is tensioned.
Abstract: The analog output from a local DAC comprising an LDAC and an MDAC, in which the full scale of the LDAC is always larger than the quantized level of the MDAC, is compared with an input analog signal which is sampled and held. A digital code obtained by successive approximation in accordance with the result of the comparison is stored in a successive approximation register. A shift code for calibrating the D/A conversion in the local DAC by shifting the digital code which is previously allotted to each digital code is stored in a shift code generating circuit (ROM). The digital code from the successive approximation register is digitally shifted in accordance with the shift code by a code shift circuit such as a digital adder/subtractor to obtain an A/D conversion output. An analog to digital converter with a high accuracy and an improved conversion speed is inexpensively fabricated in the form of a one chip LSI by a usual CMOS process.
September 3, 1981
Date of Patent:
November 15, 1983
Nippon Telegraph & Telephone Public Corporation
Abstract: A method for compensating nonlinearities of a transmission member in a radio relay transmission system by means of a linear converter having a linear gain characteristic and a harmonic generator converter having a nonlinear characteristic, in which an intermediate frequency signal modulated a useful signal is converted by a local oscillator signal into a radio frequency signal and the output signals of the two converters are linked together by a network.
Abstract: In an electromagnetic transducer including a member producing a magnetic field and presenting an air gap traversed by the field, a mass of magnetic liquid extending across the air gap, and a moving coil mounted on a moving coil carrier supported for movement through the air gap, the carrier is provided with at least one passage located to communicate with the magnetic liquid during at least part of the movement of the coil carrier through the air gap for permitting flow of magnetic liquid from one side to the other of the carrier in the direction of the air gap.
Abstract: In order to control the thickness of a metal or metal compound coating which is formed on a face of a freshly formed ribbon of hot glass during its travel from a flat glass forming installation by contacting such face at a coating station with a fluid medium or fluid media comprising a substance or substances from which the coating is formed, preparatory to being coated, the glass (4) is thermally conditioned (e.g. selectively or differentially heated) at a thermal conditioning station between the flat glass forming installation and the coating station, so as to eliminate or reduce temperature gradients across the ribbon width to be coated.
Abstract: A superconducting electron beam generator comprising a cavity resonator situated in a refrigerator and containing a superconductive metal member fixed on the cavity end plate, a tip of which member is disposed at the strongest point of a high frequency electric field formed in the cavity. A high quality and high energy coherent electron beam is emitted by the electric field from the tip of the metal member along an axis of the cavity and derived through a minute hole formed through the opposite end plate. This superconducting electron beam generator is particularly suitable for a high resolution electron microscope, a high quality X-ray generator, a crystallographic electron beam apparatus and the like.
Abstract: A device is provided for use in a proximity-type fuze which includes a rectangular wave generator, the output of which is differentiated to provide pulses for exciting an antenna, which pulses are at the same time used to bias one or more diodes to conduction for passing signals reflected by a target to a sawtooth wave generator whose sawtooth output has its magnitude and period controlled by the differentiated pulses, the sawtooth output having its magnitude controlled by the signals reflected from the target and particularly the time relationship of the latter relative to the period of the rectangular wave.
Abstract: An apparatus for use in selective plating a component, which apparatus comprises an electroplating zone, a series of movable selective plating heads in an endless chain configuration, wherein each plating head comprises an electrolyte opening, means for indexing the plating head to a component, means for engaging the component so as to expose an area to be selectively plated to electrolyte, means for releasably sealing the rear of the component in the region of the area to be plated, means for fastening the sealing means prior to the entry of the plating head into the electroplating zone and means for releasing the sealing means after the plating head leaves the electroplating zone, resilient or slidable couplings provided between the plating heads and means provided in the electroplating zone for supplying electrolyte to the area to be selectively plated, as well as a method of selective plating a component, which method comprises: providing an electroplating zone and moving through the electroplating zone a
Abstract: A static frequency changer for feeding a synchronous machine and composed of a mains side static converter, a machine side static converter and a direct current intermediate circuit connected between the converters, is further provided with an additional static converter connected at the machine side in parallel opposition to the machine side static converter, and a direct voltage capacitor connected in parallel to the additional converter.
Abstract: A molding has an elongated plastic molding body in which there is provided a longitudinally extending channel-like recess having side walls and an open top. The molding body has lips bounding at least opposite longitudinal edges of the recess at the top for reducing the area of opening of the recess. An elongated metal strip is received in the recess. The lips extend over and engage marginal zones of the outer face of the metal strip.
Abstract: A motor cycle including a frame and a fairing mounted on the frame, the fairing comprising a molded shell formed to provide a bridge portion having two depending side portions which define with the bridge portion a cavity of generally inverted U-shape in cross-section, a hollow front portion extending upwardly and forwardly from the side portions and forwardly from the bridge portion, and a rear portion extending rearwardly from the brige portion. The side portions are formed with rearwardly directed faces carrying leg protectors each having an outer lip to restrain movement of a rider's legs outwardly from behind the protector. The cavity in the fairing shell is filled with foam plastics material. The fairing protects a fuel tank against impact, either having the tank housed in it or being formed with side panels which at least partially cover the sides of the tank.
Abstract: A circuit arrangement for converting high frequencies to intermediate frequencies by mixing with a heterodyne frequency, wherein the high frequency signal input is connected to the signal output of the circuit arrangement via the primary winding of a polarity reversing transformer which is controlled such that the high frequency input signal appears at the signal output, alternatingly once directly and once with reversed polarity in the rhythm of the heterodyne frequency, and thus the high frequency signal is mixed with the heterodyne frequency. The polarity reversal is controlled by alternatingly opening and short-circuiting the secondary winding of the polarity reversing transformer in push-pull with the center tap of the primary winding by means of electronic switching circuits responsive to the heterodyne frequency.
Abstract: The invention relates to secondary radar responders which provide a reply in response to a radar signal received from a primary radar transmitter. The frequency of the received radar signal is monitored by the responder and the frequency of the response is brought into agreement therewith so that the response can be received by the primary radar transmitter at its transmission frequency. The invention is particularly applicable to marine radar systems and the responder may form part of a racon or transponder.