Patents Represented by Attorney Thomas R. Berthold
  • Patent number: 8059352
    Abstract: Patterned-media magnetic recording disks are made from a master template that has nondata regions that contain a pattern of one or more discrete nondata islands and discrete gaps, with the pattern representing a scrambled number. All disks made from the master template, or from replica molds made from the master, will have the same patterns. When the disks are DC-magnetized so that all the nondata islands are magnetized in the same direction, these patterns will include one or more of discrete magnetized nondata islands and discrete nonmagnetic gaps that are scrambled in a pseudo-random manner. During operation of the disk drive the patterns are detected by the read head and interpreted within the disk drive using knowledge of the pseudo-random scrambling function, so that reading and writing of data can occur in the conventional manner. If the disks are copied in an attempt to replicate the master template, the resulting disks will be inoperable in a disk drive because of the scrambling.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 15, 2011
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: Zvonimir Z. Bandic, Jorge Campello de Souza, Cyril Guyot, Bruce Alexander Wilson
  • Patent number: 8059350
    Abstract: A patterned-media perpendicular magnetic recording disk has patterned servo regions and is nanoimprinted from a master mold made using directed self-assembly of block copolymers. The disk has patterned concentric circular data tracks of discrete data islands, with the tracks having a track pitch in the radial or cross-track direction. The disk also has patterned servo sectors extending generally radially across the patterned data tracks. The servo pattern is a chevron pattern of slanted or non-radial stripes that have a stripe pitch in the cross-stripe direction substantially equal to the track pitch. As a result of the method of making the master mold, the nanoimprinted disk has a chevron servo pattern with non-radial stripes that are magnetized segments of radial lines separated by nonmagnetic spaces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 15, 2011
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: Thomas R. Albrecht, Jonathan Darrel Coker, Ricardo Ruiz, Bruce Alexander Wilson
  • Patent number: 8048546
    Abstract: A continuous-media perpendicular magnetic recording disk with an oxide-containing granular Co alloy recording layer (RL) having minimal grain size dispersion has an ordered nucleation layer (ONL) formed below RL. The ONL has ordered nucleation sites arranged in a generally repetitive pattern. The nucleation sites are generally surrounded by non-nucleation regions of a different material than the nucleation sites. The Co-alloy grains of the subsequently deposited RL grow on the nucleation sites and the oxide of the RL become generally segregated on the non-nucleation regions. The ordered nucleation sites may be formed of a Ru-containing material and the non-nucleation regions may be formed of an oxide. The ONL is formed by nanoimprint lithography, preferably by a master mold fabricated with a method using self-assembling block copolymers for creating periodic nanometer scale features.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2011
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: Thomas R Albrecht, Michael Konrad Grobis, Ernesto E. Marinero, Hal J. Rosen, Ricardo Ruiz
  • Patent number: 8021769
    Abstract: A patterned perpendicular magnetic recording medium has discrete magnetic islands, each of which has a recording layer (RL) structure that comprises two exchange-coupled ferromagnetic layers. The RL structure may be an “exchange-spring” RL structure with an upper ferromagnetic layer (MAG2), sometimes called the exchange-spring layer (ESL), ferromagnetically coupled to a lower ferromagnetic layer (MAG1), sometimes called the media layer (ML). The RL structure may also include a coupling layer (CL) between MAG1 and MAG2 that permits ferromagnetic coupling. The interlayer exchange coupling between MAG1 and MAG2 may be optimized, in part, by adjusting the materials and thickness of the CL. The RL structure may also include a ferromagnetic lateral coupling layer (LCL) that is in contact with at least one of MAG1 and MAG2 for mediating intergranular exchange coupling in the ferromagnetic layer or layers with which it is in contact (MAG2 or MAG1).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2011
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: Andreas Klaus Berger, Eric E. Fullerton, Olav Hellwig, Byron Hassberg Lengsfield, III, Ernesto E. Marinero
  • Patent number: 8015694
    Abstract: A “scissoring-type” current-perpendicular-to-the-plane (CPP) magnetoresistive sensor with dual ferromagnetic sensing or free layers separated by a nonmagnetic spacer layer has improved stability as a result of etch-induced uniaxial magnetic anisotropy in each of the free layers. Each of the two ferromagnetic free layers has an etch-induced uniaxial magnetic anisotropy and an in-plane magnetic moment substantially parallel to its uniaxial anisotropy in the quiescent state, i.e., the absence of an applied magnetic field. The etch-induced uniaxial anisotropy of each of the free layers is achieved either by direct ion etching of each of the free layers, and/or by ion etching of the layer on which each of the free layers is deposited. A strong magnetic anisotropy is induced in the free layers by the etching, which favors generally orthogonal orientation of the two free layers in the quiescent state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2011
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: Matthew J. Carey, Jeffrey R. Childress, Stefan Maat, Neil Smith
  • Patent number: 8018679
    Abstract: A perpendicular magnetic recording write head is formed on the trailing surface of a head carrier or slider that has an air-bearing surface (ABS) oriented generally parallel to the surface of the disk during operation of the disk drive. The write head has a slanted ferromagnetic write pole (WP) that forms an angle between about 5 and 20 degrees from a normal to the ABS. The slanted WP is formed over the generally planar surface of the ferromagnetic main pole and the slanted surface of a support layer located between the ABS and the recessed end of the main pole. A trailing shield (TS) has a slanted face that is generally parallel to and spaced from the slanted WP, with a nonmagnetic gap layer located between the slanted face of the TS and the slanted WP.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2011
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: Wen-Chien David Hsiao, Vladimir Nikitin
  • Patent number: 8015433
    Abstract: A disk drive that includes nonvolatile memory monitors the drive's reliability-related parameters to detect real or potential failure events, and records failure-related data in nonvolatile memory, rather than in reserved areas of the disks. The monitoring may be by running a diagnostic routine or by regular or periodic monitoring of disk drive sensors, like temperature and shock sensors. The failure events to be monitored and recorded may include defective data sectors. When a new defective sector is detected after the disk drive has been put into operation, that defective sector is taken out of service and its logical block address (LBA) is mapped to a memory space in the nonvolatile memory rather to a reserved spare sector on the disk.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2011
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: Frank R. Chu, George A. Dunn, Richard M. H. New, Spencer W. Ng
  • Patent number: 8013467
    Abstract: A method and network device increases the power of the signal transmitted by the device on a wired communications network, such as a powerline communications (PLC) network, without exceeding the maximum allowable common-mode (CM) current specified by regulatory bodies. The device is first tested for regulatory body compliance on a standard network. The output voltage of the device is adjusted until the maximum allowable CM current is detected, and this voltage level and CM current are recorded and stored in non-volatile memory of the device. The device is then connected to the actual network and the output voltage set to the previously recorded value. At this voltage level, the CM current in the actual network is measured and recorded.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2011
    Assignee: Sharp Laboratories of America, Inc.
    Inventor: Song-Lin Young
  • Patent number: 8014097
    Abstract: A hard disk drive (HDD) uses adaptive counting of writes to the data tracks to minimize the effect of adjacent track encroachment (ATE). The tracks are grouped into segments and a counter is associated with each segment, but the number of tracks in a segment varies or adapts depending on the number of writes to the segment. When the count for the number of writes to a segment reaches a threshold, the segment is divided into a number of segments with fewer tracks. The original segment no longer exists and does not require memory to store its count. This process continues until a segment reaches a predetermined minimum number of tracks. When the count for the number of writes to a segment with the minimum number of tracks reaches a threshold, all of the tracks in that segment, and tracks radially adjacent to and on both sides of the segment, are read and rewritten.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2011
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventor: Marco Sanvido
  • Patent number: 8014109
    Abstract: A current-perpendicular-to-the-plane (CPP) spin-valve (SV) magnetoresistive sensor uses an antiparallel (AP) pinned structure and has a ferromagnetic alloy comprising Co, Fe and Si in the reference layer of the AP-pinned structure and optionally in the CPP-SV sensor's free layer. The reference layer or AP2 layer is a multilayer of a first AP2-1 sublayer that contains no Si and is in contact with the AP-pinned structure's antiparallel coupling (APC) layer, and a second AP2-2 sublayer that contains Si and is in contact with the CPP-SV sensor's spacer layer. The Si-containing alloy may consist essentially of only Co, Fe and Si according to the formula (CoxFe(100-X))(100-y)Siy where the subscripts represent atomic percent, x is between about 45 and 55, and y is between about 20 and 30.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2011
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: Matthew J. Carey, Jeffrey R. Childress, Stefan Maat
  • Patent number: 8014400
    Abstract: A method for intelligently distributing packets of a data stream to multiple links of a network for simultaneous transmission via the multiple links, and for periodically re-allocating the distribution, achieves higher network throughput. The method has particular application for streaming audio-video traffic on a home local area network that has a source device, like a media server PC, and a destination device, like a digital TV. One of the links is assigned as the primary link (PL), and another link is assigned as a backup link (BL). Periodically a signal is sent from the source device over each link to the destination device and the round-trip travel time (RTT) for the signal and response for each link is measured. The RTT for a link is a good measure of the current end-to-end link status and generally will change during the time that the data stream is being transmitted as a result of certain events, such as traffic load and interference.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2011
    Assignee: Sharp Laboratories of America, Inc.
    Inventor: Fan Zhang
  • Patent number: 8003236
    Abstract: A method for making a master mold to be used for nanoimprinting patterned-media magnetic recording disks results in a master mold having topographic pillars arranged in a pattern of annular bands of concentric rings. The ratio of circumferential density of the pillars to the radial density of the concentric rings in a band is greater than 1. The method uses sidewall lithography to first form a pattern of generally radially-directed pairs of parallel lines on the master mold substrate, with the lines being grouped into annular zones or bands. The sidewall lithography process can be repeated, resulting in a doubling of the number of lines each time the process is repeated. Conventional lithography is used to form concentric rings over the radially-directed pairs of parallel lines. After etching and resist removal, the master mold has pillars arranged in circular rings, with the rings grouped into annular bands.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2011
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: Thomas R. Albrecht, Barry Cushing Stipe, Henry Hung Yang
  • Patent number: 8000048
    Abstract: A magnetic recording disk drive has a disk with a head positioning servo pattern of multiple circumferentially-spaced chevron patterns of discrete patterned servo islands. The disk drive has servo electronics that decodes the chevron patterns to determine the absolute radial position of the head without the need for separate track identification fields. The chevron pattern with the smallest radial period has a radial period P1 and each of the other chevron patterns has a period which is a unique multiple of P1. In one embodiment the first chevron pattern read by the head has period P1 and each successive chevron pattern read by the head has a period that is greater than the period of the chevron pattern immediately preceding it such that the period of each chevron pattern progressively increases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2011
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventor: Bruce Alexander Wilson
  • Patent number: 7995307
    Abstract: A perpendicular magnetic recording write head has a magnetic write pole (WP) and a trailing shield (TS). The TS has a height (TS-HT) and a throat height (TS-TH) in a direction perpendicular to the ABS, with TS-TH being less than TS-HT. Nonmagnetic material is located between the TS and the WP and separates the TS from the WP. The nonmagnetic material includes a gap layer and a nonmagnetic electroplated “bump” or pad between the WP and the TS. The pad has a front edge generally parallel to and recessed from the ABS so that the TS-TH is generally equal to the distance from the ABS to the pad's front edge. An electrical lapping guide (ELG) is formed adjacent to the write head, with the back edge of the ELG being defined in the same process step that defines the location of the recessed front edge of the electroplated pad.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 9, 2011
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventor: Yi Zheng
  • Patent number: 7986488
    Abstract: A magnetic recording disk drive has a position-error-signal (PES) servo pattern divided into at least two circumferentially adjacent fields that extend radially across the data tracks and include PES blocks that are DC magnetized in one direction, with each PES block having a magnetization opposite to the magnetization of its radially adjacent neighboring PES blocks. Each PES field is contiguous with and shifted radially relative to its circumferentially adjacent neighbor PES fields. Each PES block has a single DC magnetization, and the length of the magnetization is substantially longer than the length of the magnetizations in the other fields of the servo pattern.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 26, 2011
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: Jonathan Darrel Coker, David Timothy Flynn, Joel Dale Haugen, Neil Krishnaswamy
  • Patent number: 7986491
    Abstract: A hard disk drive (HDD) has a stack of disks mounted on a rotatable spindle with the disks being movable axially, i.e., in a direction parallel to the axis of rotation of the spindle. A disk separator is located inside the spindle and separates axially-adjacent disks in a pair to create an axial gap. Any pair of axially-adjacent disks can be separated so that different axial gaps are created. A single head-arm assembly with at least one and preferably two read write heads is movable axially so that it can be rotated by the rotary actuator into any one of the axial gaps. The read/write heads can thus access data on the disk surfaces in the axial gaps. When it is desired to have the disk separator create an new axial gap and thus a new pair of disk surfaces to be accessed, the actuator rotates the head-arm assembly away from the outer perimeters of the disks and moves the read/write heads onto a head support structure that supports the read/write heads off the disks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 26, 2011
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: Thomas R Albrecht, Hal J. Rosen
  • Patent number: 7981533
    Abstract: A method for making a master disk to be used for nanoimprinting patterned-media magnetic recording disks uses sidewall lithography. In one implementation, the master disk substrate has a first pattern of concentric rings formed on it by sidewall lithography, followed by a second pattern of generally radially-directed pairs of parallel lines, also formed by sidewall lithography, with the pairs of parallel lines intersecting the rings. An etching process is then performed, using the upper pattern as an etch mask, to remove unprotected portions of the underlying concentric rings. This leaves a pattern of pillars on the substrate, which then serve as an etch mask for an etching process that etches unprotected portions of the master disk substrate. The resulting master disk then has pillars of substrate material arranged in a pattern of concentric rings and generally radially-directed pairs of parallel lines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2011
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventor: Thomas R. Albrecht
  • Patent number: 7982996
    Abstract: A microwave-assisted magnetic recording (MAMR) write head and system has a spin-torque oscillator (STO) located between the write pole of the write head and a trailing shield that alters the write field from the write pole. The STO is a stack of layers whose planes lie generally parallel to the X-Y plane of an X-Y-Z coordinate system, the stack including a ferromagnetic polarizer layer, a free ferromagnetic layer, and a nonmagnetic electrically conductive spacer between the polarizer layer and the free layer. In the presence of the write field from the write pole the polarizer layer has its magnetization oriented at an angle between 20 and 80 degrees, preferably between 30 and 70 degrees, with the Z-axis. In the presence of a direct electrical current through the STO stack, the free layer magnetization rotates or precesses about the Z-axis with a non-zero angle to the Z-axis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2011
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: Neil Smith, Petrus Antonius VanDerHeijden
  • Patent number: 7976715
    Abstract: A method for making a master mold that is used in the nanoimprinting process to make patterned-media disks with patterned data islands uses guided self-assembly of a block copolymer into its components. Conventional or e-beam lithography is used to first form a pattern of generally radial stripes on a substrate, with the stripes being grouped into annular zones or bands. A block copolymer material is then deposited on the pattern, resulting in guided self-assembly of the block copolymer into its components to multiply the generally radial stripes into generally radial lines. Various methods, including conventional lithography, guided self-assembly of a second block copolymer, and e-beam lithography, are then used to form concentric rings over the generally radial lines. After etching and resist removal, the master mold has a pattern of either pillars or holes, depending on the method used.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2011
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: Elizabeth Ann Dobisz, Ricardo Ruiz
  • Patent number: 7960044
    Abstract: A patterned perpendicular magnetic recording disk has a pre-patterned disk substrate with pillars and trenches arranged in data regions and servo regions. In the data regions, the height of the data pillars is equal to or greater than the spacing between the data pillars, while in the servo regions the height of the servo pillars is less than the spacing between the servo pillars. A magnetic recording material with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy is deposited over the entire disk substrate, which results in magnetic material on the tops of the data pillars and servo pillars and in the servo trenches. The material in the data trenches is either nonmagnetic or discontinuous. After the application of a high DC magnetic field in one perpendicular direction and a low DC magnetic field in the opposite direction, the resulting disk has patterned servo sectors with servo pillars all magnetized in the same perpendicular direction and servo trenches magnetized in the opposite perpendicular direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2011
    Assignee: Hitachi Global Storage Technologies Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: Thomas R Albrecht, Zvonimir Z. Bandic, Olav Hellwig, Gabriel Zeltzer