Patents Represented by Attorney Z. L. Dermer
  • Patent number: 5009837
    Abstract: A modular fuel assembly has a plurality of axially stacked subassemblies. The stacked subassemblies includes upper and lower subassemblies which incorporate top and bottom nozzles, and a plurality of intermediate subassemblies disposed between the upper and lower subassemblies. Each subassembly includes a plurality of elongated guide thimble segments, a plurality of fuel rod segments and a pair of support grids mounted to the guide thimble segments and supporting the fuel rod segments. The guide thimble segments of the upper and lower subassemblies are releasably mounted to the respective top and bottom nozzles thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 1989
    Date of Patent: April 23, 1991
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventors: Tho Q. Nguyen, Alberto L. Casadei
  • Patent number: 4991440
    Abstract: A coextruded zirconium tube and tube liner are monitored along their lengths by well known ultrasonic measurement techniques that are modified by the blocking out of extraneous signals at opposite sides of a timing gate that varies in width according to variations in the width and shape characteristics of successive points along the length of such coextruded tube and liner. The blocking of such extraneous signals enables a normally very weak signal representing the interface between tube and tube liner to be identified and used, together with a group of stronger signals representing the inner surface of the tube liner, in monitoring tube liner thickness and characteristics by a sonic wave traversing the distance across the timing gate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 1990
    Date of Patent: February 12, 1991
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventors: Michael J. Pleinis, David M. Allen
  • Patent number: 4490225
    Abstract: Vapor of dicyclopentadienyl zirconium dicyanate is irradiated by a laser beam of a CO.sub.2 laser tuned to the stretching frequency of the .sup.S Zr-O-C bond of the dicyanate where .sup.S Zr is a selected isotope of zirconium. The excited component of the irradiated dicyanate including the .sup.S Zr is decomposed and is separated from the remainder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 1982
    Date of Patent: December 25, 1984
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventors: Edward J. Lahoda, Sharon L. Weisberg, Robert W. White
  • Patent number: 4472641
    Abstract: The outputs of a plurality of modules or generators of electrical energy, such as fuel cells, chemical storage batteries, solar cells, MHD generators and the like, whose outputs are different are consolidated efficiently. The modules supply a power distribution system through an inverter. The efficiency is achieved by interconnecting the modules with an alternating voltage supply and electronic valves so controlled that the alternating-voltage supply absorbs power from modules whose output voltage is greater than the voltage at which the inverter operates and supplies this power as a booster to modules whose output voltage is less than the voltage at which the inverter operates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 1983
    Date of Patent: September 18, 1984
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventors: David E. Dickey, Peter Wood
  • Patent number: 4461317
    Abstract: An overflow control valve for use in a liquid sodium coolant pump tank which valve can be extended to create a seal with the pump tank wall or retracted to break the seal thereby accommodating valve removal. An actuating shaft which controls valve disc position also has cams which bear on roller surfaces to force retraction of a sliding cylinder against spring tension to retract the cylinder from sealing contact with the pump tank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 1981
    Date of Patent: July 24, 1984
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Rolv Hundal, Boyd A. Kessinger, Edward A. Parlak
  • Patent number: 4460540
    Abstract: A burnable poison rod for use in a nuclear reactor fuel assembly which includes concentrically disposed rods having an annular space therebetween which extends the full length of the rods. The inner rod is hollow to permit circulation of coolant therethrough. Annular burnable poison pellets are positioned in the annular space which is closed at both ends by plugs. A spring clip is located in the plenum space above the pellet stack in the rods. The spring clip is of cylindrical configuration having a gap in the material which provides two ends adapted to be squeezed toward each other. A cross section of the clip shows that its ends contain alternating flat and round edges, the round edges conforming to the outer rod inner surface to provide a retentive force which is releasably applied to the pellet stack as it grows during operation in a reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 1981
    Date of Patent: July 17, 1984
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventors: Charles E. Funk, Andrew S. Oneufer
  • Patent number: 4448343
    Abstract: The method comprises applying a braze material to a sleeve in a manner so that the sleeve may be attached to a tube so as to bridge the defective region of the tube. The sleeve is constructed to have a groove on the outside surface thereof that extends around the entire circumference. The groove is filled with braze material and a flux is applied to the braze material in a manner to prevent the braze material and flux from becoming removed. Once such a sleeve has been inserted into the defective tube, the sleeve is internally expanded in the area of the sleeve wherein the groove is located. The expansion of the sleeve in the area wherein the groove is located causes the braze material to closely contact the inside surface of the tube. The other end of the sleeve can then be either similarly placed in contact with the tube or welded to the tube. Next, the area of the tube wherein the braze material is located is internally heated so as to create a brazed joint between the sleeve and the tube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1981
    Date of Patent: May 15, 1984
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventors: Edgar L. Kochka, Robert D. Burack, Kenneth E. Pfeiffer
  • Patent number: 4445694
    Abstract: An all-metal expandable high vacuum seal which expands to a shape suitable for sealing during a material crystallization phase change of one component from martensitic to austenitic.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 1982
    Date of Patent: May 1, 1984
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventor: Robert Flaherty
  • Patent number: 4443685
    Abstract: A fixture and a method for holding and aligning dendritic web silicon cells during laser scribing to delineate the cell from the dendrites, and includes a see-through support on which the cell is placed face down for viewing of a grid structure within an optical-receiver transmitter having an outline pattern thereon within which the grid structure is viewed for alignment of the cell on the support so that the cell can be laser scribed on the back between the grid structure and the dendrites and along the width dimension so that a predetermined spacing is maintained between the outer edges of the cell encompassing the perimeter of the grid structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 1982
    Date of Patent: April 17, 1984
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventor: Edward J. Seman
  • Patent number: 4440714
    Abstract: An inertial confinement fusion method in which target pellets are imploded in sequence by laser light beams or other energy beams at an implosion site which is variable between pellet implosions along a line. The effect of the variability in position of the implosion site along a line is to distribute the radiation fluence in surrounding reactor components as a line source of radiation would do, thereby permitting the utilization of cylindrical geometry in the design of the reactor and internal components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 1981
    Date of Patent: April 3, 1984
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Ronald P. Rose
  • Patent number: 4438382
    Abstract: A motor controller for a three phase AC motor (10) which is adapted to operate bidirectionally from signals received either from a computer (30) or a manual control (32). The controller is comprised of digital logic circuit means which implement a forward and reverse command signal channel (27, 29) for the application of power through the forward and reverse power switching relays (16, 18, 20, 22). The digital logic elements are cross coupled to prevent activation of both channels simultaneously and each includes a plugging circuit (65, 67) for stopping the motor upon the removal of control signal applied to one of the two channels (27, 29) for a direction of rotation desired.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 1981
    Date of Patent: March 20, 1984
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Department of Energy
    Inventors: Michael Vuckovich, Maynard K. Wright, John P. Burkett
  • Patent number: 4434660
    Abstract: An ultrasonic inspection apparatus for the inspection of metal structures, especially installed pipes.The apparatus combines a specimen inspection element, an acoustical velocity sensing element, and a surface profiling element, all in one scanning head. A scanning head bellows contains a volume of oil above the pipe surface, serving as acoustical couplant between the scanning head and the pipe.The scanning head is mounted on a scanning truck which is mobile around a circular track surrounding the pipe. The scanning truck has sufficient motors, gears, and position encoders to allow the scanning head six degrees of motion freedom.A computer system continually monitors acoustical velocity, and uses that parameter to process surface profiling and inspection data. The profiling data is used to automatically control scanning head position and alignment and to define a coordinate system used to identify and interpret inspection data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 1981
    Date of Patent: March 6, 1984
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Jennifer E. Michaels, Thomas E. Michaels, Stephen J. Mech, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4432930
    Abstract: A method of operating a pressurized water nuclear reactor comprising determining the present core power and reactivity levels and predicting the change in such levels due to displacer rod movements. Groups or single clusters of displacer rods can be inserted or withdrawn based on the predicted core power and reactivity levels to change the core power level and power distribution thereby providing load follow capability, without changing control rod positions or coolant boron concentrations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 1980
    Date of Patent: February 21, 1984
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventor: Albert J. Impink, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4432934
    Abstract: A displacer rod for use in a mechanical spectral shift pressurized water nuclear reactor comprises a sectioned substantially hollow low neutron absorbing metal rod capable of displacing reactor coolant without absorbing a high amount of neutrons. The tubular sections can be made of stainless steel or Zircaloy tubing and may contain pellets for weighting the displacer rod.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 1980
    Date of Patent: February 21, 1984
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventors: Robert K. Gjertsen, John F. Wilson, Raymond A. George
  • Patent number: 4431603
    Abstract: A self-actuated device, of particular use as a valve or an orifice for nuclear reactor fuel and blanket assemblies, in which a gas produced by a neutron induced nuclear reaction gradually accumulates as a function of neutron fluence. The gas pressure increase occasioned by such accumulation of gas is used to actuate the device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 1981
    Date of Patent: February 14, 1984
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Samuel L. Hecht
  • Patent number: 4430291
    Abstract: A packed fluidized bed blanket for a fusion reactor providing for efficient radiation absorption for energy recovery, efficient neutron absorption for nuclear transformations, ease of blanket removal, processing and replacement, and on-line fueling/refueling.The blanket of the reactor contains a bed of stationary particles during reactor operation, cooled by a radial flow of coolant. During fueling/refueling, an axial flow is introduced into the bed in stages at various axial locations to fluidize the bed. When desired, the fluidization flow can be used to remove particles from the blanket.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 1981
    Date of Patent: February 7, 1984
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: John W. H. Chi
  • Patent number: 4427624
    Abstract: A composite nozzle for a fuel assembly adapted for installation on the upper or lower end thereof and which is constructed from two components. The first component includes a casting weldment or forging designed to carry handling loads, support fuel assembly weight and flow loads, and interface with structural members of both the fuel assembly and reactor internal structures. The second component of the nozzle consists of a thin stamped bore machine flow plate adapted for attachment to the casting body. The plate is designed to prevent fuel rods from being ejected from the core and provide orifices for coolant flow to a predetermined value and pressure drop which is consistent with the flow at other locations in the core.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 1981
    Date of Patent: January 24, 1984
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventors: George R. Marlatt, David K. Allison
  • Patent number: 4424186
    Abstract: Excessive swing of the feedwater in power supply apparatus on the occurrence of a transient is suppressed by injecting an anticipatory compensating signal into the control for the feedwater. Typical overshoot occurs on removal of a large part of the load, the steam flow is reduced so that the conventional control system reduces the flow of feedwater. At the same time there is a reduction of feedwater level in the steam generator because of the collapse of the bubbles under increased steam pressure. By the time the control responds to the drop in level, the apparatus has begun to stabilize so that there is overshoot. The anticipatory signal is derived from the boiling power which is a function of the nuclear power developed, the enthalpy of saturated water and the enthalpy of the feedwater injected into the steam generator. From the boiling power and the increment in steam pressure resulting from the transient are anticipatory increment of feedwater flow is derived.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 1981
    Date of Patent: January 3, 1984
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventor: Bruce M. Cook
  • Patent number: 4421715
    Abstract: The baffle maintenance apparatus comprises a peening apparatus mounted on a movable carriage for reducing the width of a gap between two adjacent baffle plates in a nuclear reactor. The peening apparatus comprises an hydraulic hammer mounted on a pivotable plate that is capable of being positioned in proper relationship to the baffle plate for reducing the gap therebetween. The baffle maintenance apparatus may also comprise a gauging mechanism mounted on the carriage for determining the width of the gap between the baffle plates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 1981
    Date of Patent: December 20, 1983
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventors: John B. Gunter, George J. Quinn, Edward P. Shields, Burton S. Thomas, Clifford J. Winkler
  • Patent number: 4412910
    Abstract: Raw shale is supplied to a pyrolyzer where it is pyrolyzed by fuel gas and hot spent shale derived from a gasifier. Typically, the raw shale is Eastern U.S. shale and the pyrolyzer includes a fluidized bed. The pyrolyzed shale having given up its oil and volatile hydrocarbons, rises to the top of the fluidized bed of raw shale where it is transferred to the gasifier. Oxygen and steam are supplied to the gasifier. This composite gas reacts with the carbon of the pyrolyzed shale in a fluidized bed to produce synthesis or fuel gas. The oxygen is supplied in such quantities as not to react completely with the carbon in the pyrolyzed shale. The steam reacts with the excess of carbon. Predominantly hydrogen and carbon monoxide are produced; in addition there is a smaller quantity of carbon dioxide and methane. This hot fuel gas is transferred to the pyrolyzer. In addition, hot spent shale is transferred to the pyrolyzer. The hot fuel gas fluidizes the raw shale in the pyrolyzer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 1981
    Date of Patent: November 1, 1983
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventors: David H. Archer, M. Mushtaq Ahmed