Patents Assigned to Advanced Fuel Research, Inc.
  • Publication number: 20140013942
    Abstract: A sorbent that is particularly effective for the efficient adsorption and subsequent desorption of ammonia is produced from a high-purity carbon material which is exposed to an oxidizing environment so as to produce an effective amount of at least one oxygen species on its exposed surfaces. The high purity carbon material may be produced by carbonizing a polymer material, and the sorbent may comprise a support having an open-cell, three dimensional, lattice-like structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 12, 2013
    Publication date: January 16, 2014
    Applicant: Advanced Fuel Research, Inc.
    Inventors: Marek A. Wójtowicz, Joseph E. Cosgrove, Michael A. Serio
  • Patent number: 8615812
    Abstract: High-strength porous carbon and a method of its manufacture are described for multifunctional applications, such as ballistic protection, structural components, ultracapacitor electrodes, gas storage, and radiation shielding. The carbon is produced from a polymer precursor via carbonization, and optionally by surface activation and post-treatment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignee: Advanced Fuel Research, Inc.
    Inventors: Marek A. Wójtowicz, Eric P. Rubenstein, Michael A. Serio, Joseph E. Cosgrove
  • Patent number: 8563937
    Abstract: Digital images or the charge from pixels in light sensitive semiconductor based imagers may be used to detect gamma rays and energetic particles emitted by radioactive materials. Methods may be used to identify pixel-scale artifacts introduced into digital images and video images by high energy gamma rays. Statistical tests and other comparisons on the artifacts in the images or pixels may be used to prevent false-positive detection of gamma rays. The sensitivity of the system may be used to detect radiological material at distances in excess of 50 meters. Advanced processing techniques allow for gradient searches to more accurately determine the source's location, while other acts may be used to identify the specific isotope. Coordination of different imagers and network alerts permit the system to separate non-radioactive objects from radioactive objects.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2013
    Assignee: Advanced Fuel Research, Inc.
    Inventor: Eric P. Rubenstein
  • Patent number: 8452049
    Abstract: The invention described herein is generally directed to methods for analyzing an image. In particular, crowded field images may be analyzed for unidentified, unobserved objects based on an iterative analysis of modified images including artificial objects or removed real objects. The results can provide an estimate of the completeness of analysis of the image, an estimate of the number of objects that are unobserved in the image, and an assessment of the quality of other similar images.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2013
    Assignee: Advanced Fuel Research, Inc.
    Inventor: Eric P. Rubenstein
  • Publication number: 20130048870
    Abstract: Digital images or the charge from pixels in light sensitive semiconductor based imagers may be used to detect gamma rays and energetic particles emitted by radioactive materials. Methods may be used to identify pixel-scale artifacts introduced into digital images and video images by high energy gamma rays. Statistical tests and other comparisons on the artifacts in the images or pixels may be used to prevent false-positive detection of gamma rays. The sensitivity of the system may be used to detect radiological material at distances in excess of 50 meters. Advanced processing techniques allow for gradient searches to more accurately determine the source's location, while other acts may be used to identify the specific isotope. Coordination of different imagers and network alerts permit the system to separate non-radioactive objects from radioactive objects.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 14, 2012
    Publication date: February 28, 2013
    Applicant: ADVANCED FUEL RESEARCH, INC.
    Inventor: Eric P. Rubenstein
  • Patent number: 8324589
    Abstract: Digital images or the charge from pixels in light sensitive semiconductor based imagers may be used to detect gamma rays and energetic particles emitted by radioactive materials. Methods may be used to identify pixel-scale artifacts introduced into digital images and video images by high energy gamma rays. Statistical tests and other comparisons on the artifacts in the images or pixels may be used to prevent false-positive detection of gamma rays. The sensitivity of the system may be used to detect radiological material at distances in excess of 50 meters. Advanced processing techniques allow for gradient searches to more accurately determine the source's location, while other acts may be used to identify the specific isotope. Coordination of different imagers and network alerts permit the system to separate non-radioactive objects from radioactive objects.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2012
    Assignee: Advanced Fuel Research, Inc.
    Inventor: Eric P. Rubenstein
  • Patent number: 8231712
    Abstract: The method enables control over carbon pore structure to provide sorbents that are particularly advantageous for the adsorption of specific gases. It involves preparation of a sorbent precursor material, carbonization of the precursor material, and, usually, activation of the carbonized material. The resultant material is subjected to heat treatment and/or to surface conditioning by a reducing gas at elevated temperatures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 24, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2012
    Assignee: Advanced Fuel Research, Inc.
    Inventors: Marek A. Wójtowicz, Eric Rubenstein, Michael A. Serio
  • Publication number: 20120177251
    Abstract: The invention described herein is generally directed to methods for analyzing an image. In particular, crowded field images may be analyzed for unidentified, unobserved objects based on an iterative analysis of modified images including artificial objects or removed real objects. The results can provide an estimate of the completeness of analysis of the image, an estimate of the number of objects that are unobserved in the image, and an assessment of the quality of other similar images.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 19, 2012
    Publication date: July 12, 2012
    Applicant: ADVANCED FUEL RESEARCH, INC.
    Inventor: Eric P. Rubenstein
  • Patent number: 8158950
    Abstract: Digital images or the charge from pixels in light sensitive semiconductor based imagers may be used to detect gamma rays and energetic particles emitted by radioactive materials. Methods may be used to identify pixel-scale artifacts introduced into digital images and video images by high energy gamma rays. Statistical tests and other comparisons on the artifacts in the images or pixels may be used to prevent false-positive detection of gamma rays. The sensitivity of the system may be used to detect radiological material at distances in excess of 50 meters. Advanced processing techniques allow for gradient searches to more accurately determine the source's location, while other acts may be used to identify the specific isotope. Coordination of different imagers and network alerts permit the system to separate non-radioactive objects from radioactive objects.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2012
    Assignee: Advanced Fuel Research, Inc.
    Inventor: Eric P. Rubenstein
  • Patent number: 8155382
    Abstract: The invention described herein is generally directed to methods for analyzing an image. In particular, crowded field images may be analyzed for unidentified, unobserved objects based on an iterative analysis of modified images including artificial objects or removed real objects. The results can provide an estimate of the completeness of analysis of the image, an estimate of the number of objects that are unobserved in the image, and an assessment of the quality of other similar images.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2012
    Assignee: Advanced Fuel Research, Inc.
    Inventor: Eric P. Rubenstein
  • Publication number: 20120077544
    Abstract: Digital images or the charge from pixels in light sensitive semiconductor based imagers may be used to detect gamma rays and energetic particles emitted by radioactive materials. Methods may be used to identify pixel-scale artifacts introduced into digital images and video images by high energy gamma rays. Statistical tests and other comparisons on the artifacts in the images or pixels may be used to prevent false-positive detection of gamma rays. The sensitivity of the system may be used to detect radiological material at distances in excess of 50 meters. Advanced processing techniques allow for gradient searches to more accurately determine the source's location, while other acts may be used to identify the specific isotope. Coordination of different imagers and network alerts permit the system to separate non-radioactive objects from radioactive objects.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 8, 2011
    Publication date: March 29, 2012
    Applicant: Advanced Fuel Research, Inc.
    Inventor: Eric P. Rubenstein
  • Publication number: 20110307222
    Abstract: Digital images or the charge from pixels in light sensitive semiconductor based imagers may be used to detect gamma rays and energetic particles emitted by radioactive materials. Methods may be used to identify pixel-scale artifacts introduced into digital images and video images by high energy gamma rays. Statistical tests and other comparisons on the artifacts in the images or pixels may be used to prevent false-positive detection of gamma rays. The sensitivity of the system may be used to detect radiological material at distances in excess of 50 meters. Advanced processing techniques allow for gradient searches to more accurately determine the source's location, while other acts may be used to identify the specific isotope. Coordination of different imagers and network alerts permit the system to separate non-radioactive objects from radioactive objects.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 11, 2010
    Publication date: December 15, 2011
    Applicant: ADVANCED FUEL RESEARCH, INC.
    Inventor: Eric P. Rubenstein
  • Publication number: 20110176707
    Abstract: The invention described herein is generally directed to methods for analyzing an image. In particular, crowded field images may be analyzed for unidentified, unobserved objects based on an iterative analysis of modified images including artificial objects or removed real objects. The results can provide an estimate of the completeness of analysis of the image, an estimate of the number of objects that are unobserved in the image, and an assessment of the quality of other similar images.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 29, 2011
    Publication date: July 21, 2011
    Applicant: ADVANCED FUEL RESEARCH, INC.
    Inventor: Eric P. Rubenstein
  • Patent number: 7940959
    Abstract: The invention described herein is generally directed to methods for analyzing an image. In particular, crowded field images may be analyzed for unidentified, unobserved objects based on an iterative analysis of modified images including artificial objects or removed real objects. The results can provide an estimate of the completeness of analysis of the image, an estimate of the number of objects that are unobserved in the image, and an assessment of the quality of other similar images.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2011
    Assignee: Advanced Fuel Research, Inc.
    Inventor: Eric P. Rubenstein
  • Patent number: 7794862
    Abstract: The method for generating a hydrogen-rich stream from hydrocarbon fuels, ultimately to produce hydrogen gas, involves the following two steps performed in a cyclic fashion: (1) pyrolysis of the hydrocarbon fuel to obtain a carbon-rich fraction and a hydrogen-rich fraction; and (2) oxidation of the carbon-rich fraction, or a portion of it, for heat generation. The method involves the following optional steps: (3) steam gasification of part of the carbon-rich fraction to produce additional amounts of hydrogen and carbon monoxide; (4) water-gas shift reaction to convert carbon monoxide to carbon dioxide with the simultaneous formation of additional amounts of hydrogen; and (5) steam reforming of light hydrocarbons that may be produced in step (1) to produce more hydrogen and carbon monoxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 14, 2010
    Assignee: Advanced Fuel Research, Inc.
    Inventors: Marek A. Wojtowicz, Michael A. Serio, Erik Kroo, Eric M. Suuberg
  • Patent number: 7737410
    Abstract: Digital images or the charge from pixels in light sensitive semiconductor based imagers may be used to detect gamma rays and energetic particles emitted by radioactive materials. Methods may be used to identify pixel-scale artifacts introduced into digital images and video images by high energy gamma rays. Statistical tests and other comparisons on the artifacts in the images or pixels may be used to prevent false-positive detection of gamma rays. The sensitivity of the system may be used to detect radiological material at distances in excess of 50 meters. Advanced processing techniques allow for gradient searches to more accurately determine the source's location, while other acts may be used to identify the specific isotope. Coordination of different imagers and network alerts permit the system to separate non-radioactive objects from radioactive objects.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2010
    Assignee: Advanced Fuel Research, Inc.
    Inventor: Eric P. Rubenstein
  • Publication number: 20090114830
    Abstract: Digital images or the charge from pixels in light sensitive semiconductor based imagers may be used to detect gamma rays and energetic particles emitted by radioactive materials. Methods may be used to identify pixel-scale artifacts introduced into digital images and video images by high energy gamma rays. Statistical tests and other comparisons on the artifacts in the images or pixels may be used to prevent false-positive detection of gamma rays. The sensitivity of the system may be used to detect radiological material at distances in excess of 50 meters. Advanced processing techniques allow for gradient searches to more accurately determine the source's location, while other acts may be used to identify the specific isotope. Coordination of different imagers and network alerts permit the system to separate non-radioactive objects from radioactive objects.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 20, 2008
    Publication date: May 7, 2009
    Applicant: ADVANCED FUEL RESEARCH, INC.
    Inventor: Eric P. Rubenstein
  • Patent number: 7391028
    Abstract: Digital images or the charge from pixels in light sensitive semiconductor based imagers may be used to detect gamma rays and energetic particles emitted by radioactive materials. Methods may be used to identify pixel-scale artifacts introduced into digital images and video images by high energy gamma rays. Statistical tests and other comparisons on the artifacts in the images or pixels may be used to prevent false-positive detection of gamma rays. The sensitivity of the system may be used to detect radiological material at distances in excess of 50 meters. Advanced processing techniques allow for gradient searches to more accurately determine the source's location, while other acts may be used to identify the specific isotope. Coordination of different imagers and network alerts permit the system to separate non-radioactive objects from radioactive objects.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2008
    Assignee: Advanced Fuel Research, Inc.
    Inventor: Eric P. Rubenstein
  • Publication number: 20080063237
    Abstract: The invention described herein is generally directed to methods for analyzing an image. In particular, crowded field images may be analyzed for unidentified, unobserved objects based on an iterative analysis of modified images including artificial objects or removed real objects. The results can provide an estimate of the completeness of analysis of the image, an estimate of the number of objects that are unobserved in the image, and an assessment of the quality of other similar images.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 10, 2007
    Publication date: March 13, 2008
    Applicant: ADVANCED FUEL RESEARCH, INC.
    Inventor: Eric Rubenstein
  • Patent number: 7241323
    Abstract: Solid waste resource recovery in space is effected by pyrolysis processing, to produce light gases as the main products (CH4, H2, CO2, CO, H2O, NH3) and a reactive carbon-rich char as the main byproduct. Significant amounts of liquid products are formed under less severe pyrolysis conditions, and are cracked almost completely to gases as the temperature is raised. A primary pyrolysis model for the composite mixture is based on an existing model for whole biomass materials, and an artificial neural network models the changes in gas composition with the severity of pyrolysis conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2007
    Assignee: Advanced Fuel Research, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael A. Serio, Erik Kroo, Marek A. Wojtowicz, Eric M. Suuberg