Abstract: An apparatus and method are provided for computed tomography (CT) imaging to reduce artifacts due to objects outside the field of view (FOV) of a reconstructed image. The artifacts are suppressed by using an iterative reconstruction method to minimize a cost function that includes a de-emphasis operator. The de-emphasis operator operates in the data domain, and minimizes the contributions of data inconsistencies arising from attenuation due to objects outside the FOV. This can be achieved by penalizing images that manifest indicia of artifacts due to outside objects especially those outside objects have high-attenuation densities and minimizing components of the data inconsistency likely attributable to the outside object.
November 2, 2018
Date of Patent:
September 29, 2020
THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO, CANON MEDICAL SYSTEMS CORPORATION
Xiaochuan Pan, Zheng Zhang, Dan Xia, Yu-Bing Chang, Jingwu Yao, Joseph Manak
Abstract: An X-ray diagnostic apparatus according to an embodiment has a display configured to superimpose and display a plurality of X-ray irradiation ranges for generating a long range X-ray image on an image indicating a subject; and a display controller configured to change, based on an operation of a user, a position of an overlap region which is displayed on the display and at which the X-ray irradiation ranges which are adjacent to each other are overlapped.
Abstract: In an ultrasound automatic scanning system according to an embodiment, one or more ultrasound probes transmit and receive an ultrasound wave. A mechanical mechanism holds the ultrasound probe and moves the ultrasound probe while a surface of the ultrasound probe is directed toward a subject. Processing circuitry detects, based on the ultrasound wave, distance information between a body surface and the surface of the ultrasound probe, with respect to a first scan position and a second scan position set along the body surface. The processing circuitry controls ultrasound scans performed in the first scan position and in the second scan position by the ultrasound probe moved by the mechanical mechanism based on the distance information. The processing circuitry controls the mechanical mechanism so as to move the ultrasound probe to the second scan position after the distance information detection and the ultrasound scan in the first scan position are performed.
Abstract: A method and apparatus are provided for positron emission imaging to calibrate energy measurements of a pixilated gamma-ray detector using energy sharing events between channels of the detector. Due to conservation of energy, when the energy of a single gamma ray shared among multiple channels, the sum of measured energies across the respective channel must equal the original energy of the incident gamma ray. Further, the fractions of the original energy distributed to the respective channels can span the entire range of zero to the original energy. Thus, a single gamma-ray source (e.g., cesium isotope 137) can be used to continuously calibrate the nonlinear energy response of the detector over an entire range of interest.
Abstract: A medical information processing apparatus according to an embodiment includes processing circuitry. The processing circuitry obtains image data rendering a blood vessel of patient. The processing circuitry performs a fluid analysis on the obtained image data and calculates an index value related to a blood flow in the blood vessel with respect to each of a plurality of positions in the blood vessel. With respect to the index values to be calculated, the processing circuitry selects a position in which a first value is to be obtained from among the plurality of positions or selects a value serving as the first value from among the index values exhibited in positions. The processing circuitry causes a display to display the first value in a predetermined display region thereof used for displaying the first value.
Abstract: A medical interview apparatus according to an embodiment includes: processing circuitry configured to receive an initial answer to an initial medical questionnaire inquiring a symptom; present an additional medical questionnaire inquiring a symptom related to the initial answer based on the initial answer; receive an additional answer to the additional medical questionnaire; and determine at least one first disease name based on the initial answer and the additional answer.
Abstract: In one embodiment, a biological information monitoring apparatus includes: an antenna assembly including at least one antenna, the antenna assembly being configured to be disposed close to an abject; a signal generator configured to generate a high-frequency signal; a coupling-amount detection circuit configured to detect coupling amount of near-field coupling due to an electric field between the object and the at least one antenna by using the high-frequency signal; and a displacement detection circuit configured to detect a physical displacement of the object based on change in the coupling amount of near-field coupling.
Abstract: According to one embodiment, a medical image processing apparatus includes processing circuitry. The processing circuitry acquires an input image based on reception data collected by transmitting/receiving ultrasound by using an ultrasound probe including a plurality of vibration elements driven in accordance with a delay profile, stores a plurality of trained models for generating, based on an input image, an output image in which noise is reduced according to a wavefront shape of when the ultrasound is transmitted in an input image, selects a trained model corresponding to a type of the ultrasound probe or the delay profile from the plurality of trained models, and generates an output image by inputting an input image to the selected trained model.
Abstract: In one embodiment, a Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) apparatus includes: an RF coil configured to perform A/D conversion on a magnetic resonance (MR) signal received from an object and wirelessly transmit the MR signal; a main body configured to wirelessly receive the MR signal and generate a system clock; first communication circuitry configured to transmit the system clock by surface electric field communication using electric field propagation along a body surface of the object; and second communication circuitry provided in the RF coil and configured to receive the system clock transmitted by the surface electric field communication, wherein the RF coil is configured to operate based on the received system clock.
Abstract: Example automated diagnostic analyzers and methods for using the same are disclosed herein. An example apparatus described herein includes a first carousel rotatably coupled to a base and having a first axis of rotation. The example apparatus includes a second carousel rotatably coupled to the base and vertically spaced over the first carousel such that at least a portion of the second carousel is disposed over the first carousel. In the example apparatus, the second carousel has a second axis of rotation and a plurality of vessels. The example apparatus also includes a pipetting mechanism offset from the second axis of rotation. The example pipetting mechanism is to access the first carousel and the second carousel.
January 4, 2019
Date of Patent:
September 15, 2020
ABBOTT LABORATORIES, CANON MEDICAL SYSTEMS CORPORATION
Brian L. Ochranek, David C. Arnquist, Takehiko Oonuma, Hirotoshi Tahara, Naoto Sato
Abstract: According to one embodiment, a magnetic resonance imaging apparatus includes processing circuitry. The processing circuitry estimates transmission inhomogeneity caused in a transmit RF magnetic field from a first image based on a first signal received by a whole-body coil, and estimates reception inhomogeneity caused in a receive RF magnetic field from the first image and a second image based on a second signal received by a surface coil. The processing circuitry generates a third image, having a resolution higher than a resolution of the first image and a resolution of the second image, based on a third signal received by the surface coil. The processing circuitry corrects the third image by using the estimated transmission inhomogeneity and reception inhomogeneity.
Abstract: A medical image diagnostic apparatus of embodiments includes processing circuitry configured to: calculate an index value in a region of interest of a subject based on tissue property data collected by scanning on the subject; and determine display characteristics of the region of interest based on the index value.
Abstract: According to one embodiment, an X-ray diagnostic apparatus includes processing circuitry. The processing circuitry is configured to specify a position of a pathological abnormality candidate and a pathological abnormality type of a breast of a subject from a plurality of pieces of tomographic images obtained by performing tomosynthesis imaging on the breast. The processing circuitry is configured to, in a two-dimensional image obtained by performing X-ray imaging on the breast, perform image processing on a position corresponding to the position of the specified pathological abnormality candidate in accordance with the pathological abnormality type.
Abstract: An X-ray apparatus includes a light emitting unit, input interface circuitry, and processing circuitry. The light emitting unit includes a light source. The input interface circuitry inputs an X-ray condition. The processing circuitry controls an emission state of the light emitting unit to change to one of at least three states based on the X-ray condition.
Abstract: According to one embodiment, a medical image diagnostic apparatus includes a storage memory, processing circuitry, and a display. The storage memory stores data of a plurality of FFR distribution maps constituting a time series regarding a coronary artery, and data of a plurality of morphological images corresponding to the time series. The processing circuitry converts the plurality of FFR distribution maps into a plurality of corresponding color maps, respectively. The display displays a plurality of superposed images obtained by superposing the plurality of color maps and the plurality of morphological images respectively corresponding in phase to the plurality of color maps. The display restricts display targets for the plurality of color maps based on the plurality of FFR distribution maps or the plurality of morphological images.
Abstract: A medical apparatus of embodiments includes processing circuitry. The processing circuitry is configured to input third projection data to a first trained model to generate fourth projection data, the first trained model being generated through learning using first projection data collected by a first X-ray detector included in a first scanner and relatively greatly affected by scattered rays as learning data of an input side and using second projection data relatively less affected by scattered rays as learning data of an output side, the first trained model being configured to generate, on the basis of the third projection data collected by a second X-ray detector included in a second scanner, the fourth projection data in which the influence of scattered rays in the third projection data has been reduced. The first projection data is collected by the first X-ray detector in a case where a collimator provided in a first X-ray source included in the first scanner has a first opening width.
Abstract: A medical image processing apparatus of an embodiment includes processing circuitry. The processing circuitry is configured to acquire medical image data on the basis of tomosynthesis imaging of a test object, and input the acquired medical image data of the test object to a trained model to acquire a two-dimensional image data, the trained model being generated by learning of two-dimensional image data on the basis of X-ray imaging of a person and image data on the basis of tomosynthesis imaging of the person who is subjected to the X-ray imaging.
Abstract: An ultrasonic diagnostic device according to an embodiment includes an ultrasonic probe and transformer circuitry. The ultrasonic probe transmits ultrasonic waves to a subject and converts reflection waves reflected by the subject to a reflection wave signal. The transformer circuitry includes an auto transformer that transforms the reflection wave signal at a transformation ratio in accordance with a control signal based on information related to the ultrasonic probe among a plurality of transformation ratios.
Abstract: A method and apparatus are provided for positron emission imaging to correct a recorded energy of a detected gamma ray, when the gamma ray is scattered during detection. When scattering occurs, the energy of a single gamma ray can be distributed across multiple detector elements—a multi-channel detection. Nonlinearities in the detection process and charge/light sharing among adjacent channels can result in the summed energies from the multiple crystals of a multi-channel detection deviating from the energy that would be measured in single-channel detection absent scattering. This deviation is corrected by applying one or more correction factors (e.g., multiplicative or additive) that shifts the summed energies of multi-channel detections to agree with a known predefined energy (e.g., 511 keV). The correction factors can be stored in a look-up-table that is segmented to accommodate variations in the multi-channel energy shift based on the level of energy sharing.
Abstract: A magnetic resonance imaging apparatus according to an embodiment includes processing circuitry. The processing circuitry performs at least one of data collection for collecting first data of an imaging region of a subject at a plurality of time intervals after a tag pulse is applied to fluid flowing into the imaging region, and data collection for collecting second data of the imaging region by differing at least one of applying or not-applying the tag pulse and a position of the applying. The processing circuitry performs phase correction for at least one of the first data and the second data by using data in which the longitudinal magnetization of the fluid is a positive value, to generate an image for each time phase.