Abstract: An electrodeposition coating composition comprising a fluorine-containing copolymer having an anionic functional group, a curing agent and water, said copolymer comprising:(a) 20 to 80% by mole of the structural unit of the formula (1):--CFX--CF.sub.2 -- (1)(b) 5 to 60% by mole of the structural unit of the formula (2): ##STR1## (c) 0 to 40% by mole of the structural unit of the formula (3): ##STR2## (d) 0 to 40% by mole of the structural unit of the formula (4): ##STR3## the total amount of the structural units (a), (b), (c) and (d) being 100% by mole. The composition of the invention can be baked to substrates at a low temperature in comparison with compositions containing conventional fluorine-containing copolymers, and the films obtained by electrodepositing the composition are excellent in gloss, weatherability, adhesion to the substrates, alkali resistance and smoothness.
Abstract: A process for imparting releasing property to a mold which comprises applying to the mold a composition comprising:(A) (1) a fluorine-containing urethane compound represented by the formula ##STR1## and/or (2) a fluorine-containing urethane compound represented by the formula ##STR2## and/or (3) a fluorine-containing urethane compound represented by the formula ##STR3## and (B) at least one of members selected from the class consisting of silicone oil, silicone varnish, wax and a highly fluorinated organic compound and the mold release composition used for the process.
Abstract: A fluorine-containing urethane compounds represented by the formula ##STR1## wherein R.sub.f represents a perfluoroalkyl group having 4 to 20 carbon atoms; X represents --CH.sub.2 CH(A)--, --C.sub.k H.sub.2k -- or --SO.sub.2 N(R.sup.3)C.sub.t H.sub.2t -- (in which A represents a methyl group or ethyl group; k and t are an integer of 1 to 4; and R.sup.3 is hydrogen atom or a lower alkyl group); R.sup.1 represents a n-valent organic group; R.sup.2 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms; n is an integer of 2 to 10; and m is an integer in the range of n.gtoreq.m.gtoreq.1, subject to the limitation that when n is 2, m is 2 and R.sup.1 is ##STR2## (in which Y is a divalent organic group) and a water and oil-repelling agent and a non-sticking agent containing the compound as the active ingredient.
Abstract: Chlorotrifluoromethylbenzene is prepared with a good yield by reacting chlorotoluene, hydrogen fluoride and chlorine in a gaseous phase in the presence of a catalyst selected from the group consisting of .alpha.-aluminum fluoride, .alpha.-aluminum fluoride carrying one or more salts of iron, bismuth, tin and lead, and chromium(III) oxide or partially fluorinated chromium(III) oxide carrying alkali metal fluoride.
Abstract: Organic electrolyte cells comprising a lithium anode and a fluorinated graphite cathode, and using a solution of lithium hexafluorophosphate (LiPF.sub.6) in an organic solvent as the electrolyte, whereby the discharge capacity is remarkably improved.
Abstract: A porous polytetrafluoroethylene material produced by forming a mixture of an adequate amount of a liquid lubricant and polytetrafluoroethylene fine powder having an average molecular weight of at least 6,000,000, an amorphous index larger than 0.1 and a number average primary particle size of 0.1 to 0.8 microns, and a clear endothermic peak at a temperature of 347.+-.3.degree. C. and an another endothermic peak or shoulder at a temperature between 330.degree. C. and the temperature of said clear endothermic peak on a crystalline melting chart recorded by a differential scanning calorimeter, removing the lubricant to obtain an unsintered PTFE material and expanding the unsintered polytetrafluoroethylene material at least monoaxially at a temperature higher than the melting point of polytetrafluoroethylene.
July 15, 1986
Date of Patent:
July 26, 1988
Nitto Electric Industrial Co., Ltd., Daikin Kogyo Co., Ltd.
Abstract: A rotary compressor for helium gas has a cylinder defining a closed space therein, a rotor disposed in the closed space for eccentric rotary motion while making a sliding contact with the inner peripheral surface of the cylinder, and a blade slidably mounted on the cylinder and resiliently projected into the closed space for sliding contact with the rotor so as to divide the closed space into a suction chamber and a discharge chamber. The compressor further has an oil relief passage which is arranged to allow the discharge chamber to communicate with a space outside the discharge chamber in the final stage of the discharging stroke before the crank angle of the compressor reaches an angle corresponding to the position of a discharge port.
Abstract: A fluorine-containing surface active composition capable reducing the surface tension of water and the interfacial tension between water and oil, which comprises (A) at least one of cationic, non-ionic to ampho-ionic surfactant showing a surface tension of not more than 25 dyne/cm when determined on a 0.01 to 1.0 % by weight aqueous solution and having at least one fluorine-containing group comprising not less than 6 carbon atoms, of which each carbon atom bears at least one fluorine atom, and (B) at least one of surfactants of the formula: ##STR1## wherein R is a substituted or unsubstituted aliphatic group of 4 to 20 carbon atoms or a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic hydrocarbon group of 6 to 20 carbon atoms, R.sup.1, R.sup.2 and R.sup.
Abstract: This invention provides a cladding material in an optical fiber which comprises a polymer comprising:(1) a structural unit represented by the formula ##STR1## and (2) at least one of structural unit(i) ##STR2## and (ii) ##STR3##
Abstract: This invention provides a cladding material for an optical fiber, said cladding material having a structural unit represented by the formula ##STR1## wherein R.sup.1 represents chain hydrocarbon group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms or cyclic hydrocarbon group having 3 to 6 carbon atoms and optionally substituted with lower alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms.
Abstract: Polytetrafluoroethylne fine powder is disclosed having an average molecular weight of at least 6,000,000, an amorphous index larger than 0.1 and a number average primary particle size of 0.1 to 0.8 micron, and further having a clear endothermic peak at a temperature of 347.degree..+-.3.degree. C. and another endothermic peak or shoulder at a temperature between 330.degree. C. and the temperature of said clear endothermic peak on a crystalline melting chart recorded by a differential scanning calorimeter. An unsintered article is made which is sintered and expanded at a temperature higher than the melting point of the polytetrafluoroethylene to give a porous article having improved properties.
Abstract: A transparent coating material comprises a polymer which contains at least 50 wt. % of a structural unit represented by the formula ##STR1## wherein X is fluorine or alkyl having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, and R.sup.1 is fluoroalkyl.
Abstract: A resist material of positive type having a high sensitivity, a high resolving power and an excellent adhesion property to substrates, which comprises a copolymer of a fluoroalkyl acrylate having the general formula: ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1 is methyl group, ethyl group, a halogen-substituted methyl or ethyl group, a halogen atom or hydrogen atom, R.sub.2 is a bivalent hydrocarbon group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, and R.sub.f is a fluoroalkyl group having 1 to 15 carbon atoms, with an acrylic comonomer selected from the group consisting of a glycidyl acrylate, an acrylic acid, an acrylamide and an .alpha.-cyanoacrylate.
Abstract: An active material for batteries or cells having improved discharge characteristics and comprising a fluorinated graphite produced by fluorination of graphite with fluorine, the fluorinated graphite containing substantially no unreacted graphite and having a degree of fluorination such that the weight or fluorine content thereof is increased by a further fluorination under conditions equal to or severer than the fluorination conditions adopted to the production of the fluorinated graphite. The use of artificial graphite having a Franklin's P-value of at least 0.45 as a starting material is effective for further improving the discharge voltage and the capacity.
Abstract: This invention provides a fluorocarbon resin aqueous coating composition comprising:(a) a fluorocarbon resin, and based on the amount by weight of the resin(b) about 1 to about 10% by weight of a silicone emulsion (calculated as silicone oil contained),(c) about 1 to about 40% by weight of a flaky inorganic material, and(d) about 3 to about 10% by weight of a nonionic surfactant, or a mixture of nonionic surfactant and anionic surfactant,the composition containing about 25 to about 75% by weight of water based on the whole composition.
Abstract: A novel strain belonging to the genus Agrobacterium, which does not produce acidic extracellular polysaccharides or their constituents and/or water-insoluble extracellular polysaccharides, and which produces cyclic .beta.-1,2-glucan.
Abstract: A fluorine-containing copolymer comprising structural units of the formula (a):--CH.sub.2 CF.sub.2 -- (a)structural units of the formula (b): ##STR1## wherein n is an integer of 1 to 10 and structural units of the formula (c):--CFX--CFY-- (c)wherein X is --H, --Cl or --F and Y is --F, a lower fluoroalkyl group or a group having the formula: ##STR2## in which m is 0 or an integer of 1 to 3 and a curable composition comprising the fluorine-containing copolymer and a curing agent. The fluorine-containing copolymer is compatible with acrylic resins and is excellent in transparency, and the composition can be employed as a room temperature curing paints material.
Abstract: A novel lipase characterized in that at least 95% of its original activity is maintained after being treated at a temperature of 30.degree. to 80.degree. C. for 15 minutes, which may be produced by cultivating Rhizopus chinensis FERM BP-936 in a culture medium and recovering the produced enzyme from the medium.
Abstract: The optical material of the present invention comprises a polymer which contains at least 70% by weight of a structural unit represented by the formula ##STR1## wherein X.sup.1 and X.sup.2 are the same or different and are each hydrogen or fluorine, and R is hydrogen, alkyl having 1 to 6 carbon atoms or fluoroalkyl having 1 to 6 carbon atoms.