Abstract: A method of making a security device including: (a) forming an array of focussing elements on at least a first region of a focussing element support layer, by: (a)(i) applying a first transparent curable material either to the focussing element support layer or to a casting tool carrying a surface relief corresponding to the focussing elements, over an first sub-region of the first region and applying a second transparent curable material to a second sub-region of the first region laterally offset from the first sub-region, the first and second transparent curable materials having different optical detection characteristics from one another; (a)(ii) forming the first and second transparent curable materials with the casting tool; and (a)(iii) curing the first and second transparent curable materials in the first region, so as to retain the surface relief.
Abstract: A method of forming a security document, comprises providing a thread comprising at least one region of heat-transformable material, this material having an optical effect which is transformable in response to applied heat. The thread is integrated with a document substrate material during a substrate forming process, so as to produce a security document substrate having at least one windowed region in which the thread is exposed at the substrate surface, and at least one bridge region in which the thread is not exposed. A patterned heat process is then applied, causing a structural modification in the heat-transformable layer of the thread so as to produce an observable optical effect representative of the heat pattern at one or more predetermined positions with respect to one or more of the said windowed region or bridge region. Security documents bearing threads with such optically transformable materials are also disclosed.
Abstract: A method of manufacturing a security device includes: a) providing a depth map of a macroimage depicting a three-dimensional object, the depth map representing the depth of each part of the three-dimensional object relative to a reference plane by different colours and/or different tones of one colour; b) segmenting the depth map into a plurality of regions based on the colours and/or tones of the depth map; c) for each region, creating a respective microimage element array; and d) providing a sampling element array of a predetermined pitch and orientation. The pitch and/or orientation of each respective microimage element array is different, and is configured such that the magnified versions of the microimage elements generated in any one of the regions have a different apparent depth relative to those generated in the other region(s), so as to form a three-dimensional representation of the macroimage.
Abstract: A method of manufacturing a security device is provided. The method comprises providing a substrate, the substrate having opposing first and second surfaces and a relief structure formed in the first surface of the substrate. A reflection enhancing layer is applied over the first surface of the substrate such that the reflection enhancing layer at least partially overlaps the relief structure and such that a first region of the first surface of the substrate does not have the reflection enhancing layer. An absorber layer is applied over the reflection enhancing layer such that the absorber layer at least partially overlaps the reflection enhancing layer and the relief structure where the reflection enhancing layer and the relief structure overlap each other, and such that the absorber layer at least partially overlaps the first region of the first surface of the substrate.
Abstract: A security device is disclosed, comprising an array of focussing elements with regular periodicity in at least a first direction, each focusing element having an optical footprint of which different portions will be directed to the viewer in dependence on the viewing angle; and an array of image elements with regular periodicity in at least the first direction overlapping the array of focusing structures, the image elements representing portions of at least two respective images, and at least one image element from each respective image being located in the optical footprint of each focusing structure.
September 29, 2017
August 1, 2019
DE LA RUE INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
Brian William HOLMES, John GODFREY, Robert WHITEMAN
Abstract: A method of manufacturing a pattern on a substrate web includes providing a production tool having a surface relief structure of elevations and depressions. The elevations correspond to a desired pattern. A curable material is applied to the elevations. The material is brought into contact with a substrate web at a first location. The substrate web and surface relief structure are transported together in contact from the first location to a second location spaced from one another along the transport direction of the substrate web. The substrate web is separated from the surface relief structure at the second location whereupon the material forming the pattern is affixed to and carried by the substrate web. The material is cured by exposure to a curing energy source, either between the first and second locations and/or after the substrate web has been separated from the surface relief structure at the second location.
Abstract: A method of producing a security device comprises providing a substrate having a relief structure in/on its surface, the structure provided in a first region of the substrate. The structure in the first region a first recess or a plurality of first recesses in/on the surface of the substrate, the first recess or recesses being recessed with respect to one or more corresponding first land areas of the first region in/on the surface of the substrate. Further comprises applying a colour-shifting coating structure to the relief structure that the colour-shifting coating structure received in the first recess or recesses of the first region and on one or more first land areas. The colour-shifting coating structure applied wherein a thickness of the colour-shifting coating structure in the first recess or recesses is greater than or less than a thickness of the colour-shifting coating structure on one or more first land areas.
September 6, 2017
June 27, 2019
DE LA RUE INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
Frederic FOURNIER, Brian William HOLMES
Abstract: A method of manufacturing an image array for an optical device, comprising: (a) generating a plurality of different mask images by, for each of at least two different images, the at least two images collectively including parts in at least two different colours: (a1) providing a pixelated version of the image comprising a plurality of image pixels, each image pixel exhibiting a uniform colour; (a2) for each image pixel of the pixelated image, creating a corresponding mask pixel based on the colour of the respective image pixel, each mask pixel comprising an arrangement of one or more mask regions and/or one or more void regions, different arrangements of the one or more mask regions and/or one or more void regions in different ones of the mask pixels defining different respective colours; (a3) arranging the mask pixels in accordance with the positions of their corresponding image pixels in the pixelated image to form a mask image; (b) interlacing the plurality of different mask images, by dividing each mask i
Abstract: A security device is provided. The security device comprises an array of elongate focusing structures, the elongate axes of which are aligned along a first direction, the elongate focusing structures being arranged parallel to one another periodically along a second direction which is orthogonal to the first direction, each elongate focusing structure having an optical footprint of which different elongate strips will be directed to the viewer in dependence on the viewing angle, the centre line of each optical footprint being parallel with the first direction. An array of image elements overlap the array of elongate focusing structures, the array of image elements representing elongate image slices of at least two respective images, each image slice comprising one or more image elements, and at least one image slice of each respective image being located at least partially in the optical footprint of each elongate focusing structure.
Abstract: A method of manufacturing an image element array includes: providing a production tool having a surface pattern of ink-receptive elements spaced by areas which are not, the ink-receptive elements defining the array image elements; applying a multi-colored first image formed of a inks to only the ink-receptive elements; and transferring only the portions of the multi-colored first image corresponding to the image elements from the production tool to a substrate. An image element array is formed on the substrate. The production tool surface pattern is configured such that when viewing and image element arrays overlap, each viewing element within an image element array first region directs light from a respective image element or from a respective gap. The viewing angle in the first region directs light from either the array or the gaps.
Abstract: An optically variable device comprising a substrate having a transparent viewing region and a layer of optical interference structure material for selectively reflecting and transmitting incident light to generate an optically variable effect. The layer of optical interference structure material has a front side and a rear side, the device further comprising an absorbing layer comprising an at least partially light absorbing material on the rear side of the layer of optical interference structure material. When a region on the front side of the layer of optical interference structure material receives incident light and the device is viewed in reflected light, the absorbing layer is sufficiently opaque to absorb light that passes through the optical interference structure material and the optically variable effect is observable in reflected light.
Abstract: A security element includes a first layer, the first layer having opposing first and second surfaces, and being formed of a substantially transparent first material having a first refractive index, the first surface of the first layer having formed therein, in a first region, an array of focussing elements. An optically variable effect generating structure is located over the first layer in a second region at least partially overlapping the array of focussing elements in the first region. An array of image elements is arranged over the array of focussing elements such that a first image, formed from at least some of the image elements, is displayed to a viewer viewing the image elements via the array of focussing elements of the first layer. The optically variable effect generating structure is also configured to display, in the second region, a second image to the viewer.
Abstract: A security element including substrate on which is disposed: in first area, a first optically variable device including a diffractive or reflective relief structure and reflection enhancing material following contours of relief structure; and, in second area, a second optically variable device including an iridescent amplitude interference material. First optically variable device is constituted by a plurality of sub-areas arranged in cyclically repeating sequence along predetermined direction of the security element, the plurality of sub-areas collectively forming first area.
Abstract: A secure entry system is provided. The secure entry system includes an authorization apparatus including a reader for reading data, and a record medium, in which the record medium is presented to the reader, and characterized in that the reader and the record medium or a member connected to the record medium include one or more pairs of visible and/or tactile markings which, only when the record medium is correctly presented to the reader, cooperate with one another in a predetermined manner.
Abstract: A security document and methods of manufacturing are provided. The security document includes a first polymer page adjacent to a second polymer page. The first polymer page has a first polymer substrate and the second polymer page has a second polymer substrate. The first polymer substrate is of a different structure and/or material than the second polymer substrate. The second polymer page is thicker than the first polymer page.
Abstract: A security device comprises a plurality of viewing regions or windows. Each region includes a lenticular device, the lenticular devices being constructed so that at different respective first viewing angles or first viewing angle ranges, the lenticular device in each viewing region generates substantially the same first image, the first viewing angles or first viewing angle ranges of the lenticular devices being substantially non-overlapping.
Abstract: A security device manufacturing method includes: providing a substrate having a viewing region; providing an obscuring layer in the region; providing a first image; applying a mask to the first image and swapping colour components of first and second sub-images of the first image forming: a mask pattern, and a background pattern representing the unswapped colour components on their assigned side; and printing the mask and background patterns on corresponding layer sides. The layer reduces colours visibility on one side when the other side of the layer is viewed in reflection, and allows light through the region when the security device is viewed in transmitted light. When either side of the region is viewed in reflected light, the patterns on that side are dominantly visible and may be distinguished. When the region is viewed in transmitted light from either side, the region is transparent and the colour-composite image is visible.
Abstract: A method of manufacturing a hybrid security structure for a security document, the method comprising the steps of: providing a document substrate; applying to the document substrate, by a first process, a first element comprising a first electrically conductive region of the hybrid security structure; applying to the document substrate, by a second process, a second element comprising a second electrically conductive region of the hybrid security structure, wherein the first process is different from the second process; and electrically coupling the first and second electrically conductive regions of the hybrid security structure for detection by a capacitance sensor.
Abstract: A security device is disclosed having public recognition features for use with security substrates to make security documents. The security device has a partial opaque layer having light transmissive regions surrounded by one or more opaque regions. The transmissive regions define negative indicia which are visible when viewed in transmission but not in reflection. Security features are provided on opposing sides of the partial opaque layer forming sides of the security device. At least one of the security features has indicia which are visible when viewed in reflection from one of the sides and at least partially overlap with the negative indicia. The security device has a low optical density layer which is semitransparent in the visual spectral region and is provided within the transmissive regions. The low optical density layer has a substantially continuous layer of a semitransparent material or a screen of opaque screen elements.