Abstract: A method of regulating a setting time of a bone filler material, the method comprising: (a) combining at least two filler material components to form a biocompatible mixture; (b) choosing a setting time for the mixture; and (c) regulating a temperature of the mixture to influence reaction kinetics so that the mixture does not set before the chosen setting time.
Abstract: A bone cement cannula, the cannula comprising: a tube including a section adapted for plastic deformation; and a lumen in the tube capable of resisting forces of a viscous material propelled therethough at a pressure of at least 100 atmospheres.
Abstract: A mixing apparatus comprising: a) a mixing well characterized by an internal volume not exceeding 100 ml.; b) a drive mechanism including a stationary circumferential gear on an inner surface of the mixing well; and c) a planetary mixing element driven by a mixing element gear which engages the stationary circumferential gear.
Abstract: A surgical apparatus, the apparatus comprising: (a) a cutting tool comprising an axial member with a proximal end and a distal end, the axial member characterized by at least two adjacent axial sections, wherein differences between each of the sections are visually discernible when viewed in a projection x-ray image; and (b) a hollow tube adapted for parallel alignment with the cutting tool and selectively axially positionable to be adjacent at least a selective one of said axial sections and block x-ray radiation from at least one of passing through or passing adjacent said selected section so that said projection indicates a relative axial position of said hollow tube and said cutting tool.
Abstract: An expandable spacer, comprising: an axial tube having a surface, a proximal end and a distal end and a length, wherein, said surface defines a plurality of slits, said plurality of slits defining at least two axially displaced extensions, such that when said tube is axially compressed, said extensions extend out of said surface and define a geometry of an expanded spacer. Preferably the spacer is adapted to be inserted between two spinal vertebrae of a human.
Abstract: A device for forming expansion regions in a bone, comprising, an elongate body having and axis and adapted to fit through a tunnel in a bone; and a head, provided on said body and having outer dimensions not substantially extending trans-axially to said body, wherein said head is rotatable and wherein said head is adapted to widen said tunnel in said bone by at least 10% in conjunction with said rotating.
Abstract: A method of treating spinal stenosis, in which a rasp is brought through a part of a spinal channel and then axially moved so that the rasp removes a stenosis in the spinal channel. Optionally, a shield protects a spinal cord or other sensitive tissues in the spinal channel.
Abstract: A bone cement comprising a first component and a second component, wherein contacting the first component and the second component produces a mixture which attains a high viscosity an initial period and the viscosity of the mixture remains relatively stable for a working time of at least 5 minutes after the initial setting period, and the mixture is suitable for in-vivo use.
Abstract: Apparatus for controlling the deformation of an implant during deployment thereof, comprising: a force application mechanism for applying deformation force to the implant, by motion of a force applicator against the implant; and a restraint element positioning mechanism that positions a restraining element such that the deformation of the implant is controlled by restraint of the restraining element on allowable deformation; and a synchronizer that synchronizes the motion of the restraining element and the force applicator, to achieve a desired deformation of the implanted.
Abstract: A method of treating a vertebra, comprising: (a) accessing an interior of a vertebra; and (b) introducing a sufficient amount of artificial biocompatible material which does not set to a hardened condition in storage, into said bone, with sufficient force to move apart fractured portions of said bone.