Abstract: A process for recovery of chemicals from a sodium sulfite pulping waste liquor is disclosed in which a smelt obtained from the waste liquor is introduced into an aqueous slurry containing solidified smelt while make up water and a weak aqueous slurry are supplied to effect incomplete dissolution of the smelt into the aqueous slurry to maintain the content of total solid and the temperature of the slurry at constant levels, the resulting aqueous slurry is subjected to a solid-liquid separation to obtain a wet cake having the molar ratio of S/Na.sub.
Abstract: A double effect absorption system having improved thermal efficiency is provided wherein a part of a weak solution fed from an absorber to a high pressure or first generator is bypassed to a second generator and the bypassed solution is transferred with the heat energy from refrigerant passed through a tube within a low pressure or second generator.
Abstract: Removal of gaseous pollutants such as nitrogen oxides and sulfur dioxide from effluent gases can be carried out advantageously from an industrial viewpoint by effecting irradiation of said gases under specifically selected conditions. High dose rate electron beam irradiation at a dose rate in the region of 10.sup.5 rad/sec or higher is, unexpectedly, remarkably effective and efficient for said purpose. Irradiation under increased pressure is also preferable. Wash of gases after irradiation or effecting irradiation in the presence of water vapor is effective especially for the removal of nitrogen oxides. Further, by carrying out the process in two-steps in which nitrogen oxides are removed from such gases almost completely by irradiation with the minimum dose of electron beams before sulfur dioxide is removed from the thus treated gases by conventional desulfurization means, the process can be carried out very economically.
February 28, 1974
Date of Patent:
January 25, 1977
Ebara Manufacturing Co., Ltd., Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute
Abstract: Sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides can be removed from effluent gases with increased efficiency by blowing contaminated air present in the irradiation room into a stream of the effluent gases before the mixture is delivered to a reaction chamber to be irradiated with an ionizing radiation or ultraviolet light. This provides also a convenient process for purifying the contaminated air containing nitrogen oxides and ozone before release into the atmosphere. Thus, simultaneous purification of industrial effluent gases and contaminated air is advantageously carried out.
Abstract: Crude pulp stock is recovered from municipal waste by selectively pulverizing garbage (food waste) in the waste; removing the pulverized garbage; thence, moistening the rest of the waste so as to selectively weaken the materials, such as waste paper, usable as crude pulp stock; and taking out the pulverized crude pulp stock.
Abstract: Effluent gas containing SO.sub.2 and/or nitrogen oxides of various forms (referred to as NO.sub.x) are irradiated with an ionizing radiation to form aerosol. The aerosol is collected by a collecting means to form a collected material containing sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides. Effective components are recovered from the collected material by subjecting it either to steam-roasting with or without addition of ore of low grade, solid waste generated from smelting processes, copper-containing pyrite cinders or an alkali earth metal compound to the collected material, or to thermal decomposition.
Abstract: In a submerged pump of a type having a pump casing in which a cylindrical motor casing is housed, the pump casing and the motor casing are constructed in such a way that the pump casing is given the shape of a polygonal column and the motor casing substantially inscribes the inner surface of the respective walls of the pump casing. The space defined by the adjacent inscribing lines and the portions of the walls between the lines is adapted to pass water without creating spiral flow therethrough from a discharge port of the volute chamber toward the discharge opening of the pump.
Abstract: An apparatus is presented for effectively sorting and disposing of waste. Waste is sorted into three or more groups enabling post treatment or reutilization of the sorted waste with less possibility of environmental contamination. The apparatus comprises mainly a drum having a plurality of screen means and a plurality of rotatable reducing means, each of the reducing means facing a corresponding screen means, respectively and being driven at a properly selected speed depending on the constituents of the waste and the mesh size of the opposing screen.