Abstract: A configurable space launch system of multiple different vehicle configurations that use a common reusable spaceplane and cost effective external tanks is presented. Each vehicle configuration in the system incorporates one or more reusable spaceplanes and most or all ascent propellant in multiple releasable external tanks. The flight trajectory of each vehicle has multiple in-flight staging points to increase vehicle performance efficiency. The system is governed and configured by a unique set of eight prescripts that together minimize launch costs.
Abstract: A thermodilution injector is presented in which a pneumatically powered piston operates the plunger of a syringe to deliver a measured amount of injectate in an accurately predetermined time period.
Abstract: A reciprocating infusion pump is presented having a pair of syringes activated by individual actuating cylinders. The actuating cylinders are interconnected with a hydraulic fluid, and the cylinders and alternately pneumatically actuated whereby the cylinders alternately act as drive and follower cylinders whereby one syringe delivers fluid to a patient while the other is refilled from a reservoir. A directional adapter set is affirmatively actuated in synchronism with the actuating cylinders to control the direction of fluid flow from the reservoir to the syringes and from the syringes to the patient.