Abstract: Bone replacement material to be used by being packed into a bone defective part, wherein the bone replacement material consists essentially of a calcium phosphate based compound and is formed into a pellet and satisfies both of the following conditions (I) and (II): (I) porosity is equal to or less than 75%; and (II) collapsing strength is equal to or more than 15 Mpa. The pellet has a roughly polyhedral shape and is defined by a plurality of surfaces including a pair of opposite, non-parallel surfaces and a surface adjoining to the pair of opposite, non-parallel surfaces, one of the opposite, non-parallel surfaces being inclined at a predetermined angle with respect to the other of the opposite, non-parallel surfaces. The one of the opposite, non-parallel surfaces is non-adjoined with the other of the opposite, non-parallel surfaces in the pellet. The other of the opposite, non-parallel surfaces is perpendicular to the surface adjoining to the pair of opposite, non-parallel surfaces.
Abstract: A bone replacement material for use in a treatment for repairing a vertebral body compression fracture is formed into a pellet having a roughly polyhedral shape. Each pellet having the roughly polyhedral shape has a pair of opposite surfaces, in which one of the opposite surfaces is inclined with respect to the other surface for a predetermined angle. The angle is preferably in the range of 10 to 60°. Further, the volume of each pellet of the bone replacement material 1 is in the range of 13 to 239 mm3. Furthermore, the bone replacement material is formed of calcium phosphate based compound having the Ca/P ratio of 1.0 to 2.0. By using such a bone replacement material, it is possible to carry out packing operation of the bone replacement material into a collapsed vertebral body smoothly, reliably and safely.
Abstract: Various surgical instruments for use in the treatment of vertebral body compression fractures, used respectively for: widening a working path; reducing deformity; inserting a filler; and impacting a filler are provided. A set of surgical instruments including these instruments makes it possible to treat collapsed vertebral bodies easily and reliably are provided. The set includes a guide rod 1 (an instrument for widening a working path), a vertical elevator 2 (an instrument for reducing deformity), a horizontal elevator 3 (an instrument for reducing deformity), an inserter 4 (an instrument for inserting a filler), and an impactor 5 (an instrument for impacting a filler). The guide rod 1 is used for widening a path 93 formed in a collapsed vertebral body 91. The vertical elevator 2 is used for returning the upper anterior portion of the collapsed vertebral body 91 to a substantially original shape.