Abstract: A process for the separation of a mineral acid from a common ion salt comprises a step of flowing a quantity of the mineral acid and salt in aqueous solution onto a strong base common ion form anion exchange resin bed whereon the mineral acid is retarded with respect to the salt. The salt is removed from the anion exchange resin. An interface cut of the mineral acid and the salt is recirculated from a bottom portion to a top portion of the anion exchange resin for further separation. A quantity of water is flowed through the anion exchange resin bed to elute the mineral acid therefrom. A portion of the elutant fluid is recycled to the top of the anion exchange resin bed.
Abstract: As used to provide an effluent, from which ion-exchange capacity of a sample of a selected type of ion-exchange resin can be determined analytically, an apparatus comprises a column, which is adapted to contain the sample, a solenoid valve, which controls an effluent from an outlet of the column, a solenoid valve, which when opened allows a regenerating agent to flow into an inlet of the column, a solenoid valve, which when opened allows a rinsing agent to flow into the inlet of the column, a solenoid valve, which when opened allows an exhausting agent to flow into the inlet of the conduit, and electronic sequencing means, which operates sequentially for certain specified functions involving the solenoid valves.
Abstract: In a cartridge for removal of impurities from water, an elongated tube is charged, between water-permeable barriers, with ion exchange resin of a type capable of removal of bacteria from water. Outside one such barrier, an inlet cap is charged with water-soluble bactericide in a shelf-stable, water-activatable form. Preferably, the bactericide is sodium salt of dichloroisocyanuric acid, in granular form.
Abstract: A filter, which may be used to filter particles of resin as well as protect against sudden loss of resin from an effluent discharged from an ion-exchange column, a first plate mounted between a flanged end of a first branch and a flanged end of a pipe, a second plate mounted between a blind flange and a flanged end of a second branch, and a perforated tube fitted through said branches so as to leave an annular space around the perforated tube. A first end of the perforated tube is threaded into a threaded aperture in the first plate to provide for manufacturing tolerances. A second end of the perforated tube is received by an annular groove on one face of the second plate to provide for a particle-tight seal, and the annular groove circumscribes a larger aperture in the second plate. A flanged end of a third branch is mounted to a flanged end of another pipe. A transparent sight may be provided at a fourth branch.
Abstract: Enzymes are immobilized on activated carbon supports at high load levels and with high stability by reacting an activated carbon support with a carbodiimide or an isoxazolium salt to form active organic radicals on the surface of the activated carbon support and thereafter treating the carbon support with an enzyme solution to immobilize the enzyme on the carbon support. The immobilization of enzymes on activated carbon provides immobilized enzymes which are easily handled and which are stabilized against denaturation by hydrogen peroxide.
Abstract: Enzymes are immobilized on activated carbon supports at high load levels and with high stability by a procedure whereby a carbon support is first activated with a water-soluble carbodiimide derivative which forms a highly reactive intermediate with carboxyl and other active organic radicals on the surface of the carbon support; thereafter the complex of the carbon and carbodiimide is treated with an enzyme solution whereby the enzyme displaces the carbodiimide and forms a carbon-enzyme complex wherein the enzyme is immobilized and yet the carbon retains its surface activity. Preferred immobilizing agents are quaternary ammonium forms of aminocarbodiimides or hydrochloric acid salts of water-soluble carbodiimides. The immobilization of the enzymes on activated carbon provides materials which are easily handled and which are stabilized against denaturation by hydrogen peroxide.