Patents Assigned to Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company
  • Patent number: 6069702
    Abstract: The present invention includes an apparatus configured for identification of a material, and methods of identifying a material. One embodiment of the invention provides an apparatus including a first region configured to receive a first sample, the first region being configured to output a first spectrum corresponding to the first sample and responsive to exposure of the first sample to radiation; a modulator configured to modulate the first spectrum according to a first frequency; a second region configured to receive a second sample, the second region being configured to output a second spectrum corresponding to the second sample and responsive to exposure of the second sample to the modulated first spectrum; and a detector configured to detect the second spectrum having a second frequency greater than the first frequency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2000
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company
    Inventors: John M. Slater, Thomas M. Crawford
  • Patent number: 6022424
    Abstract: The invention encompasses methods of utilizing atomization, methods for forming magnet powders, methods for forming magnets, and methods for forming bonded magnets. The invention further encompasses methods for simulating atomization conditions. In one aspect, the invention includes an atomization method for forming a magnet powder comprising: a) forming a melt comprising R.sub.2.1 Q.sub.13.9 B.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 1997
    Date of Patent: February 8, 2000
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company
    Inventors: Charles H. Sellers, Daniel J. Branagan, Timothy A. Hyde
  • Patent number: 6016714
    Abstract: A sensor system is disclosed for a buried waste containment site having a bottom wall barrier and/or sidewall barriers, for containing hazardous waste. The sensor system includes one or more sensor devices disposed in one or more of the barriers for detecting a physical parameter either of the barrier itself or of the physical condition of the surrounding soils and buried waste, and for producing a signal representing the physical parameter detected. Also included is a signal processor for receiving signals produced by the sensor device and for developing information identifying the physical parameter detected, either for sounding an alarm, displaying a graphic representation of a physical parameter detected on a viewing screen and/or a hard copy printout.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 1997
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2000
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company
    Inventors: Ann Marie Smith, Bradley M. Gardner, Kevin M. Kostelnik, Judy K. Partin, Gregory D. Lancaster, May Catherine Pfeifer
  • Patent number: 5995864
    Abstract: A system for use in Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) radiotherapy planning where a biological distribution is calculated using a combination of conversion factors and a previously calculated physical distribution. Conversion factors are presented in a graphical spreadsheet so that a planner can easily view and modify the conversion factors. For radiotherapy in multi-component modalities, such as Fast-Neutron and BNCT, it is necessary to combine each conversion factor component to form an effective dose which is used in radiotherapy planning and evaluation. The Dose Factor Entry and Display System is designed to facilitate planner entry of appropriate conversion factors in a straightforward manner for each component. The effective isodose is then immediately computed and displayed over the appropriate background (e.g. digitized image).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 30, 1999
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company
    Inventors: Daniel E. Wessol, Floyd J. Wheeler, Jeremy L. Cook
  • Patent number: 5993660
    Abstract: A method for controlling vertical migration of contaminants in an aquifer includes introduction of a solubilizing solution having a surfactant and an alcohol or other light co-solvent. The surfactant is selected to solubilize the contaminant. The alcohol or other solvent is selected to provide the microemulsion with a substantially neutral buoyancy with respect to groundwater. The neutral buoyancy of the microemulsion prevents the normal downward movement which is typical of the solubilized dense non-aqueous phase liquid in surfactant-enhanced aquifer remediation. Thus, the risk that any significant amount of the solubilized dense non-aqueous contaminants will migrate vertically can be controlled. The relative tendency for vertical migration may also be reduced by increasing the injection rate or injected fluid viscosity (by adding polymer), or by reducing the well spacing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 30, 1999
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company
    Inventors: G. Michael Shook, Gary A. Pope
  • Patent number: 5994604
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for decomposing halogenated hydrocarbons are provided. The halogenated hydrocarbon is mixed with solvating agents and maintained in a predetermined atmosphere and at a predetermined temperature. The mixture is contacted with recyclable reactive material for chemically reacting with the recyclable material to create dehalogenated hydrocarbons and halogenated inorganic compounds. A feature of the invention is that the process enables low temperature destruction of halogenated hydrocarbons.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 30, 1999
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company
    Inventors: William Kevin Reagen, Stuart Kevin Janikowski
  • Patent number: 5981100
    Abstract: The present invention relates to state of charge indicators for a battery. One aspect of the present invention utilizes expansion and contraction displacements of an electrode plate of a battery to gauge the state of charge in the battery. One embodiment of a battery of the present invention includes an anodic plate; a cathodic plate; an electrolyte in contact with the anodic and cathodic plates; plural terminals individually coupled with one of the anodic and cathodic plates; a separator intermediate the anodic and cathodic plates; an indicator configured to indicate an energy level of the battery responsive to movement of the separator; and a casing configured to house the anodic and cathodic plates, electrolyte, and separator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 9, 1999
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company
    Inventor: S. Zia Rouhani
  • Patent number: 5980446
    Abstract: Methods and systems are provided for stabilizing a subsurface area such as a buried waste pit for either long term storage, or interim storage and retrieval. A plurality of holes are drilled into the subsurface area with a high pressure drilling system provided with a drill stem having jet grouting nozzles. A grouting material is injected at high pressure through the jet grouting nozzles into a formed hole while the drill stem is withdrawn from the hole at a predetermined rate of rotation and translation. A grout-filled column is thereby formed with minimal grout returns, which when overlapped with other adjacent grout-filled columns encapsulates and binds the entire waste pit area to form a subsurface agglomeration or monolith of grout, soil, and waste. The formed monolith stabilizes the buried waste site against subsidence while simultaneously providing a barrier against contaminate migration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 9, 1999
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company
    Inventors: Guy G. Loomis, Jerry R. Weidner, Richard K. Farnsworth, Bradley M. Gardner, James J. Jessmore
  • Patent number: 5969242
    Abstract: A method of measuring a parameter in a well, under isobaric conditions, including such parameters as hydraulic gradient, pressure, water level, soil moisture content and/or aquifer properties the method as presented comprising providing a casing having first and second opposite ends, and a length between the ends, the casing supporting a transducer having a reference port; placing the casing lengthwise into the well, second end first, with the reference port vented above the water table in the well; and sealing the first end. A system is presented for measuring a parameter in a well, the system comprising a casing having first and second opposite ends, and a length between the ends and being configured to be placed lengthwise into a well second end first; a transducer, the transducer having a reference port, the reference port being vented in the well above the water table, the casing being screened across and above the water table; and a sealing member sealing the first end.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 19, 1999
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company
    Inventors: Joel M. Hubbell, James B. Sisson
  • Patent number: 5961437
    Abstract: An apparatus for constructing an underground containment barrier for containing an in-situ portion of earth. The apparatus includes an excavating device for simultaneously (i) excavating earthen material from beside the in-situ portion of earth without removing the in-situ portion and thereby forming an open side trench defined by opposing earthen sidewalls, and (ii) excavating earthen material from beneath the in-situ portion of earth without removing the in-situ portion and thereby forming a generally horizontal underground trench beneath the in-situ portion defined by opposing earthen sidewalls. The apparatus further includes a barrier-forming device attached to the excavating device for simultaneously forming a side barrier within the open trench and a generally horizontal, multi-layer barrier within the generally horizontal trench. The multi-layer barrier includes at least a first layer and a second layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 1997
    Date of Patent: October 5, 1999
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company
    Inventors: Ann Marie Smith, Bradley M. Gardner, David F. Nickelson
  • Patent number: 5957624
    Abstract: An apparatus for constructing a subsurface containment barrier under a waste site disposed in soil is provided. The apparatus uses a reciprocating cutting and barrier forming device which forms a continuous elongate panel through the soil having a defined width. The reciprocating cutting and barrier forming device has multiple jets which eject a high pressure slurry mixture through an arcuate path or transversely across the panel being formed. A horizontal barrier can be formed by overlapping a plurality of such panels. The cutting device and barrier forming device is pulled through the soil by two substantially parallel pulling pipes which are directionally drilled under the waste site. A tractor or other pulling device is attached to the pulling pipes at one end and the cutting and barrier forming device is attached at the other. The tractor pulls the cutting and barrier forming device through the soil under the waste site without intersecting the waste site.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 28, 1999
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company
    Inventors: Ernest E. Carter, Jr., Frank L. Sanford, R. Kent Saugier
  • Patent number: 5942440
    Abstract: A system for detecting organic contaminants in water supplies. A sampling unit is employed which includes a housing having at least one opening therein and a tubular member positioned within the housing having a central passageway surrounded by a side wall. The side wall is made of a composition designed to absorb the contaminants. In use, the sampling unit is immersed in a water supply. The water supply contacts the tubular member through the opening in the housing, with any contaminants being absorbed into the side wall of the tubular member. A carrier gas is then passed through the central passageway of the tubular member. The contaminants will diffuse out of the side wall and into the central passageway where they will subsequently combine with the carrier gas, thereby yielding a gaseous product. The gaseous product is then analyzed to determine the amount and type of contaminants therein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 24, 1999
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company
    Inventors: Kirk J. Dooley, Scott L. Barrie, William J. Buttner
  • Patent number: 5939711
    Abstract: The invention is an electro-optic voltage sensor head designed for integration with existing types of high voltage transmission and distribution apparatus. The sensor head contains a transducer, which comprises a transducing material in which the Pockels electro-optic effect is observed. In the practice of the invention at least one beam of electromagnetic radiation is routed into the transducing material of the transducer in the sensor head. The beam undergoes an electro-optic effect in the sensor head when the transducing material is subjected to an E-field. The electro-optic effect is observed as a differential phase a shift, also called differential phase modulation, of the beam components in orthogonal planes of the electromagnetic radiation. In the preferred embodiment the beam is routed through the transducer along an initial axis and then reflected by a retro-reflector back substantially parallel to the initial axis, making a double pass through the transducer for increased measurement sensitivity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 17, 1999
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company
    Inventors: Thomas M. Crawford, James R. Davidson, Gregory K. Woods
  • Patent number: 5936863
    Abstract: A process for improving packaging efficiency uses three dimensional, computer simulated models with various optimization algorithms to determine the optimal segmentation process and packaging configurations based on constraints including container limitations. The present invention is applied to a process for decontaminating, decommissioning (D&D), and remediating a nuclear facility involving the segmentation and packaging of contaminated items in waste containers in order to minimize the number of cuts, maximize packaging density, and reduce worker radiation exposure. A three-dimensional, computer simulated, facility model of the contaminated items are created. The contaminated items are differentiated. The optimal location, orientation and sequence of the segmentation and packaging of the contaminated items is determined using the simulated model, the algorithms, and various constraints including container limitations. The cut locations and orientations are transposed to the simulated model.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 10, 1999
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company
    Inventors: Kevin M. Kostelnik, Richard H. Meservey, Mark D. Landon
  • Patent number: 5935293
    Abstract: A fast quench reaction includes a reactor chamber having a high temperature heating means such as a plasma torch at its inlet and a means of rapidly expanding a reactant stream, such as a restrictive convergent-divergent nozzle at its outlet end. Metal halide reactants are injected into the reactor chamber. Reducing gas is added at different stages in the process to form a desired end product and prevent back reactions. The resulting heated gaseous stream is then rapidly cooled by expansion of the gaseous stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 10, 1999
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company
    Inventors: Brent A. Detering, Alan D. Donaldson, James R. Fincke, Peter C. Kong, Ray A. Berry
  • Patent number: 5922559
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for determining the nutrients to stimulate microorganisms in a particular environment. A representative sample of microorganisms from a particular environment are contacted with multiple support means wherein each support means has intimately associated with the surface of the support means a different nutrient composition for said microorganisms in said sample. The multiple support means is allowed to remain in contact with the microorganisms in the sample for a time period sufficient to measure difference in microorganism effects for the multiple support means. Microorganism effects for the multiple support means are then measured and compared. The invention is particularly adaptable to being conducted in situ. The additional steps of regulating nutrients added to the particular environment of microorganisms can enhance the desired results.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 11, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 13, 1999
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company
    Inventors: Frederick S. Colwell, Gill G. Geesey, Richard J. Gillis, R. Michael Lehman
  • Patent number: 5921528
    Abstract: A fluid control valve is described having a valve housing having first and second valve housing openings for the ingress and egress of fluid through the control valve. Disposed within a void formed by the control valve is a sleeve having at least one sleeve opening to permit the flow of fluid therethrough. A flow restricter travels within the sleeve to progressively block off the sleeve opening and thereby control flow. A fluid passageway is formed between the first valve housing opening and the outer surface of the sleeve. A second fluid passageway is formed between the inside of the sleeve and the second valve housing opening. Neither fluid passageway contains more than one 90.degree. turn. In the preferred embodiment only one of the two fluid passageways contains a 90.degree. turn. In another embodiment, the control valve housing is bifurcated by a control surface having control surface opening disposed therethrough.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 13, 1999
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company
    Inventor: John A. McCray
  • Patent number: 5920601
    Abstract: A neutron delivery system that provides improved capability for tumor control during medical therapy. The system creates a unique neutron beam that has a bimodal or multi-modal energy spectrum. This unique neutron beam can be used for fast-neutron therapy, boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT), or both. The invention includes both an apparatus and a method for accomplishing the purposes of the invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 6, 1999
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company
    Inventors: David W. Nigg, Charles A. Wemple
  • Patent number: 5915476
    Abstract: A monitoring well including a conduit defining a passageway, the conduit having a proximal and opposite, distal end; a coupler connected in fluid flowing relationship with the passageway; and a porous housing borne by the coupler and connected in fluid flowing relation thereto.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 29, 1999
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company
    Inventors: Joel M. Hubbell, James B. Sisson
  • Patent number: 5908486
    Abstract: Austenitic stainless steels and nickel-base alloys containing, by wt. %, 0.1 to 3.0% V, 0.01 to 0.08% C, 0.01 to 0.5% N, 0.05% max. each of Al and Ti, and 0.005 to 0.10% O, are strengthened and ductility retained by atomization of a metal melt under cover of an inert gas with added oxygen to form approximately 8 nanometer-size hollow oxides within the alloy grains and, when the alloy is aged, strengthened by precipitation of carbides and nitrides nucleated by the hollow oxides. Added strengthening is achieved by nitrogen solid solution strengthening and by the effect of solid oxides precipitated along and pinning grain boundaries to provide temperature-stabilization and refinement of the alloy grains.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 1996
    Date of Patent: June 1, 1999
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company
    Inventors: John E. Flinn, Thomas F. Kelly