Abstract: The method of casting of the present invention is capable of making volume of a feeder head can be small and making cooling rate of the feeder head can be easily made lower than that of a cavity. The method is executed in a casting machine, which includes a casting die, in which the feeder head is provided between a metal inlet and the cavity and in which heat insulating of the feeder head is greater than that of the cavity so as to make cooling rate of the feeder head lower than that of the cavity. The method comprises the steps of: pouring a molten metal into the cavity; reacting the molten metal on a deoxidizing compound in the cavity so as to deoxidize an oxide film formed on a surface of the molten metal; and supplementing the molten metal in the feeder head to the cavity when the molten metal in the cavity is solidified and shrinked.
Abstract: Disclosed is a friction pad of a disc brake for a vehicle. The friction pad has a lining, which contacts the brake disc with friction and is formed of a carbon composite material, and a coating layer formed of glass or a heat resistant resin on the back surface and side surfaces of the lining. The carbon composite layer is preferably a carbon-carbon composite or a glass-impregnated carbon material. Borosilicate glass is suitable as the glass.
Abstract: In a tandem type vacuum booster, the inner peripheral end of a front booster piston and the inner peripheral bead of a front diaphragm are clamped between a front end of a sleeve fitted over the outer periphery of a piston boss and a flange provided on the piston boss and are thereby fixed to a front portion of the piston boss, while the inner peripheral end of a rear booster piston and the inner peripheral bead of a rear diaphragm are clamped between a stopper member mounted on the piston boss and a rear end of the sleeve and are thereby fixed to a rear portion of the piston boss. A first port for communicating the front and rear working chambers with the control valve, and a second port for communicating the front and rear vacuum chambers with the control valve extend through both the piston boss and the sleeve, and communication between both the ports is inhibited by a single annular sealing member mounted at an axially intermediate portion of a junction surface between the piston boss and the sleeve.
Abstract: This invention relates to a floating type automotive brake disc having a disc hub and a friction disc combined with a very small clearance therebetween. In the brake disc according to this invention, the friction disc (14) is fixed to the disc hub (10) by a collar (16) inserted through them, a connecting bolt (17) inserted through the collar (16) and a nut (18) to be fitted to the bolt (17). The collar has a annular ridge (16) on the circumference thereof at substantially the middle for defining a clearance between the disc hub (10) and the friction disc (14). The friction disc is supported between the outer lateral side (16b) of the annular ridge (16a) and the head (17a) of the connecting bolt (17). The length of the shaft (16e) protruding from the inner lateral side (16d) of the connecting bolt (17) is greater than the thickness of the disc hub (10).
Abstract: A reaction force type disk brake includes a brake disk, first and second friction pads opposed to opposite faces of the brake disk, a brake caliper including first and second clamping arms for clamping the pads, a hanger pin bridged over the clamping arms for hanging the pads, an urging member in the first clamping arm for urging the first friction pad against the brake disk, a stationary bracket for supporting the brake caliper through a pair of slide pins arranged on both sides of the urging member circumferentially of the disk for sliding movement along the rotational axis of the disk, a portion on the bracket for supporting the braking torque of the first friction pad, and a portion on the brake caliper for supporting the braking torque of the second friction pad. The brake caliper is formed of a first block having the first clamping arm and a second block having the second clamping arm and secured to the first block.
Abstract: A hydraulic braking pressure control system includes a shut-off valve (4) which is provided in an oil passage (58) connecting a brake device with an output port in a master cylinder and which is brought into a closed state by a control circuit when a braking operation is detected by an operation-amount detector, and a locking device (5) for inhibiting the closing of the shut-off valve when the output hydraulic pressure from a hydraulic pressure supply source in equal to or less than a predetermined value. The shut-off valve is opened when there is no braking operation, thereby ensuring that even if a hydraulic pressure is delivered from a hydraulic pressure control valve when there is no braking operation, such hydraulic pressure can be released into a reservoir.
Abstract: A vacuum booster includes a booster piston having a front surface facing a vacuum chamber, a diaphragm superposed on the rear surface of the booster piston and having a rear surface facing a working chamber adapted to be selectively put into communication with the vacuum chamber or the atmosphere, a piston boss carried on a central portion of the rear wall of the booster shell for a longitudinal reciprocal movement and provided with an annular step with which an inner peripheral bead of the diaphragm engages from the rear, and an annular stopper retained on the piston boss to abut against the inner peripheral bead from the rear. The stopper includes an annular retaining portion at an outer periphery thereof to project forwardly which has a curved front end, and the inner peripheral bead of the diaphragm is formed into a ring shape projecting rearwardly to have its outer periphery engaged with the stopper retaining portion.
Abstract: In a tandem type booster, the inner peripheral end of a front booster piston and the inner peripheral bead of a front diaphragm are clamped between a front end of a sleeve fitted over an outer periphery of the piston boss and a flange provided on the piston boss, so that they are connected to a front portion of the piston boss, and a rear booster piston and the piston boss are coupled to each other in a bayonet manner by retaining pawls formed on a inner peripheral end of a rear booster piston and retaining grooves provided in the outer periphery of the piston boss. The rear booster piston, the sleeve and the piston boss are engaged with one another while preventing relative rotation therebetween, and an inner peripheral bead of a rear diaphragm is clamped between the rear booster piston and a set ring and connected to a rear portion of the piston boss.
Abstract: A hydraulic braking pressure control system which includes a sleeve slidably received in a housing with opposite ends facing an output chamber connected to a brake device, and a pilot chamber connected to a control hydraulic pressure source. A control piston is slidably received in the sleeve, with one end of the control piston facing the output chamber and the other end facing a control chamber connected to the control hydraulic pressure source through a lock valve which is adapted to be closed in response to the movement of the sleeve, in a direction to increase the volume of the output chamber. A cut-off valve located between an input chamber leading to a master cylinder and the output chamber includes a valve member having a maximum amount of movement in a seating direction which is regulated to a position of the valve member spaced apart from a valve seat when a valve seat member follows movement of the sleeve in a direction to reduce the volume of the pilot chamber to the maximum amount.
Abstract: A master cylinder apparatus for a vehicle is adapted to be attached to a bar type steering handle. This master cylinder apparatus comprises a master cylinder attached directly or via a bracket to the bar type steering handle, an operating level pivoted on the bracket or a lever bracket of the master cylinder by means of a support shaft, an adjust bolt provided thrustable forward and backward to the operating lever, and a push rod having one end abutting on the rear end of a piston in the master cylinder and the other end pivoted on a free end of the adjust bolt. The forward/backward thrusting movement of the adjust bolt alters the distance between the support shaft and the point of action of the operating lever to the push rod, thereby changing the lever ratio of the operating lever to provide the operational feeling desired by a rider.
Abstract: A reservoir, provided with a device for warning when the level of an operation fluid to be supplied to a fluid pressure master cylinder drops below a given level, comprises a fluid tank for storage of the operation fluid and a float chamber with an upper wall provided on the side portion of the fluid tank. A reed switch for the fluid level drop warning device is provided at the lower portion of the float chamber, and a float having a magnet is retained in the float chamber. A partition for restricting the movement of the float is detachably mounted at the communicating section between the fluid tank and float chamber. This arrangement facilitates the mounting and replacement of the float and reed switch.
Abstract: In a tandem type vacuum booster, the booster comprises a first and a second flange, and the second flange is formed with a first stop projection and a second stop projection, the first stop projection being adapted to abut against a predetermined one of the locking claw to stop the flanges at the assembled position before the locking claws interfere with a positioning means during rotation of the flanges to the assembled position, and the second stop projection permitting passing thereover of a locking claw other than the predetermined locking claw during rotation of the flanges toward the assembled position, but coming into abutment against such other locking claw to resist the rotation of the flanges back to the disassembled position when the flanges have reached the assembled position.
Abstract: A tandem-type vacuum booster comprises a partition plate fixedly mounted in a booster shell for partitioning the interior of the booster shell into a front shell chamber and a rear shell chamber; a front booster piston dividing said front shell chamber into a front-side fore vacuum chamber connected to a vacuum pressure source and a rear-side fore operating chamber; a rear booster piston dividing the rear shell chamber into a front-side hind vaccum chamber and a rear-side hind operating chamber, the both booster pistons being interconnected through a piston boss slidably carried on the partition plate and connected to an output rod; a valve tube integrally connected to the piston boss to project from a rear end of the piston boss and slidably supported on a rear wall of the booster shell; a first port permitting the interior of the valve tube to communicate with both the vaccum chambers; a second port permitting the interior of the valve tube to communicate with both the operating chambers, the first port bei
Abstract: A hydraulic booster for a master cylinder in which an inlet valve is interposed between an output pressure chamber at the back of the booster piston and an input pressure chamber connected to a pressure source. Advance of the valve piston opens the inlet valve. An outlet valve between the output chamber and an outlet chamber connected to an oil tank closes at advance of the valve piston relative to the booster piston. The booster chamber is exposed to a rear of a master cylinder operation piston. The valve piston oil feed passage connects input pressure chamber with booster chamber at opening of the outlet valve. The reaction chamber at the front surface of the booster piston is reduced in volume with the advancing movement and is connected to an accumulator making it possible to smooth initial operation of the master cylinder and reduce booster system size.
Abstract: In a hydraulic pressure booster comprising a booster piston slidably fitted in a booster cylinder coupled to a rear end of a master cylinder, the piston having at a leading end thereof an output rod abutting against a rear end of a master piston slidably fitted in the master cylinder, an inlet valve interposed between an output hydraulic oil chamber defined to face a back surface of the booster piston and an input hydraulic oil chamber leading to a hydraulic pressure supply source, the inlet valve being opened in response to an advancing movement, relative to the booster piston, of a valve piston connected to an operating member and slidably fitted in the booster piston, an outlet valve interposed between the output hydraulic oil chamber and an outlet chamber leading to an oil tank, said outlet valve being adapted to be closed in response to the advancing movement of the valve piston relative to the booster piston, and a reaction mechanism provided between the valve piston and the output rod for transmitting
Abstract: A tandem-type vacuum booster having a partition plate providing front and rear chambers with a booster piston and diaphragm in each chamber. A piston boss is slidably supported on the partition plate and a connecting cylinder is formed on the front chamber booster piston. A press plate is provided on the piston boss and the rear booster piston and an end plate of the connecting cylinder are coupled to the piston boss by the press plate and a plurality of bolts disposed around the piston boss with the rear booster piston and diaphragm clamped between the press plate and piston boss. The front ends of the bolts are disposed to come closer to the piston boss axis than the rear ends. The bolt heads are also received in recesses provided in the press plate to prevent relative rotation between the bolts and press plate.
Abstract: A master cylinder comprising a cylinder body having a bore, a plunger in the bore, a bearing secured to the rear end of the cylinder body and slidably supporting the plunger, a sleeve fitted in the cylinder bore adjacent to the bearing and receiving the plunger therein, and stopper means between the sleeve and plunger for defining a retreat limit of the plunger, wherein the cylinder body is connected to a booster shell with a sealing member therebetween, and the rear end of the plunger protrudes into the booster shell for connection to an output rod of the booster, the sealing member having a lip placed in close contact with the outer peripheral surface of the plunger. An annular set screw is threadedly mounted to the rear opening of the cylinder bore to fix the sleeve while surrounding the plunger, so that the lip of the sealing member is received in a tool-engaging recess provided on the set screw. Alternatively, the plunger comprises a front plunger and a rear plunger.
Abstract: A hydraulic booster device comprises a booster cylinder coupled with a rear end of a cylinder body of a master cylinder, a booster piston slidably received in a piston guide mounted in the booster cylinder and spring-biased in a retreating direction, a valve piston connected to an operating member and slidably received in the booster piston, an output hydraulic pressure chamber defined to face a back of the booster piston, an input hydraulic pressure chamber leading to a hydraulic pressure supply source, an inlet valve interposed between the input and output hydraulic pressure chambers and opened in response to the advancing operation of the valve piston relative to the booster piston, an outlet valve interposed between the output hydraulic pressure chamber and an outlet chamber leading to an oil reservoir and closed in response to the advancing operation of the valve piston relative to the booster piston, and a booster chamber facing a back of the operating piston and defined between the operating piston and
Abstract: In a lever system for vehicles, comprising an operating element for operating a master cylinder, an operating lever for actuating the operating element, the operating element and the operating lever being mounted on a lever holder attached to a steering handle, and an adjusting means interposed between the operating element and the operating lever for adjusting the distance between the operating lever and the steering handle, the operating element is pivotally supported on the lever holder through a first support shaft, and the operating lever is pivotally supported on the operating element through a second support shaft. This makes it possible to improve the fitting strength and assembling of the operating lever and the operating element without degradation of the appearance.
Abstract: A reservoir, for retaining liquid such as coolant of a radiator of an automobile comprises a container having an opening and a deep portion. A switch case extends in the container, which has a flange at an end portion and a float cover at the other end portion. The flange is mounted on the periphery of the opening so as to suspend the switch case in the container. A reed switch is contained in the switch case. A float having a device for turning one and off the reed switch is slidably contained in the float cover. A tube extends into the container through the flange, through which tube the liquid is supplied into, and removed from the container. A holder is fixed on the float cover, which holds the tube in a fixed position. The flange of the switch case is positioned such that the tip portion of the tube is located at the deepest portion of the container.