Abstract: In an ocean thermal energy conversion system utilizing solar energy stored as heat in tropical waters to generate electricity, the evaporating and condensing functions of the heat exchangers are interchanged in order to prevent the accumulation of micro-organisms on their surfaces. The surfaces of the heat exchangers are also mechanically brushed or scraped so as to remove any thin films of microbial slime. In order to remove additional micro-organisms from the surfaces of the heat exchangers, the flow of hot and cold sea water through each of the heat exchangers is interchanged preferably on a daily basis. Thus, micro-organisms from the warm surface waters that attach themselves to one heat exchanger surface will be destroyed by the cold water that flows through that heat exchanger on the next day. On the other hand, the organisms that live in the cold water at great depths cannot survive the next day's warm water environment which is caused by alternating the flow to the two heat exchangers.
September 29, 1976
Date of Patent:
December 13, 1977
Pacific Power and Protein, Inc.
David Mager, William E. Heronemus, Peter M. J. Woodhead