Abstract: Polymerization processes for ethylene and at least one mono-1-olefin comonomer having from about three to eight carbon atoms per molecule in the presence of a twice-aged catalyst system comprising chromium supported on a silica-titania support and a trialkylboron compound is provided. Novel ethylene copolymers also are produced.
December 17, 1998
Date of Patent:
March 20, 2001
Phillips Petroleum Co.
Joseph J. Bergmeister, Steven J. Secora, Gerhard K. Guenther, Elizabeth A. Benham, Max P. McDaniel
Abstract: A process for producing an organic trisulfide compound comprises contacting, in the presence of a catalyst, a mercaptan with an organic polysulfide compound to produce a product mixture and optionally contacting the product mixture with an acid wherein the catalyst comprises a base and surfactant and the organic polysulfide contains about 4 or more sulfur atoms per molecule.
Abstract: A method for converting methane to higher hydrocarbon products and coproduct water wherein a gas comprising methane and a gaseous oxidant are contacted with a nonacidic catalyst at temperatures within the range of about 700.degree. to 1200.degree. C. in the presence of a halogen promoter, the contacting being conducted in the substantial absence of alkali metals or compounds thereof.
Abstract: The present invention provides a method for the removal of biofilms composed of microorganisms from submerged surfaces in an aqueous medium comprising contacting said biofilm with an aqueous stabilized chlorine dioxide and at least one nutrient source, wherein said nutrient source is provided in an amount effective to result in the generation of one or more acidic compounds by said biofilm, and the aqueous stabilized chlorine dioxide is provided in an amount sufficient, when activated by said one or more acidic compounds generated by said microorganisms, to kill a sufficient number of microorganisms in the biofilm to result in the biofilm's removal. Optionally a second biocide may be provided with or after the nutrient source to kill any microorganisms released from the biofilm during its removal and thereby inhibit the reformation of the biofilm.
Abstract: A continuous process for alkylating an alkylatable hydrocarbon in the presence of a acid-type catalyst in which the alkylatable hydrocarbon is contacted with an alkylating agent in the presence of a catalyst in a reaction zone so as to alkylate the alkylatable hydrocarbon. The reaction product is separated in an acid settler vessel into an alkylate product phase, located in the upper portion of the first separation zone, and a catalyst phase located in the lower portion of the first separation zone. The catalyst phase is further separated into a first portion and second portion, such that the first portion is cooled and recycled for use in the alkylation reaction zone as a catalyst recycle, and the second portion is passed into a second separation zone, wherein the catalyst phase is further separated into a rerun catalyst stream containing acid-type catalyst and an acid soluble oil stream. The rerun catalyst stream is passed into the hydrocarbon phase of the acid settler vessel.
Abstract: In a heat exchange unit that recovers waste heat from carbon black smoke by preheating oxygen-containing gas such as air being passed to a carbon black producing reactor, a control loop is provided that automatically diverts the oxygen-containing gas being preheated through a by-pass line if the temperature of the effluent smoke being removed from the heat exchange is below a minimum temperature value in order to minimize the deposition of carbon on the heat exchange surfaces in said heat exchange zone.
Abstract: The moving of adjacent axial stream at sufficiently different speeds to create turbulence and rapid mixing of feedstock and hot gases in a carbon black reactor is utilized to provide a high surface area carbon black.
Abstract: There are disclosed a method and apparatus for effecting a chemical reaction. There is provided an aspirator-mixer or zone to which the reaction mass is pumped to activate the same and into which another reactant is furnished and from which admixed reaction mass and reactant are discharged into a reaction zone in which the concentration or proportion of a vaporous or gaseous reactant is maintained at a level as desired by sucking therefrom into the suction side of the aspirator-mixer or zone any excess of such reactant. In one embodiment, a mercaptan is oxidized to corresponding disulfides with oxygen and the oxygen level in the reaction zone is maintained as desired by sucking off into the suction side of the aspirator-mixer any oxygen in the reaction zone in excess of that desired therein.
Abstract: Catalyst supports, catalysts, method for the preparation thereof, and dimerization processes therewith are provided. Catalyst supports consist essentially of potassium carbonate with a crush strength of at least 5 pounds and at least one carbonaceous compound. Catalysts consist essentially of at least one elemental alkali metal deposited on the novel catalyst supports. Optionally, the catalysts further consist essentially of at least one promoter selected from the group consisting of elemental copper, elemental cobalt, and finely divided stainless steel.
Abstract: Hydrocarbyl-substituted sulfinyl and sulfonyl carboxylic acids are effective corrosion inhibitors for surfaces of various metals. In one embodiment, mineral acid compositions such as aqueous hydrochloric acid metal cleaning solutions exhibit diminished corrosiveness when corrosion inhibiting additives of the invention are present in the compositions.
Abstract: In a cracking process wherein used zeolitic catalyst is withdrawn from the cracking zone and treated with steam and then returned to the cracking zone, the improvement comprising diluting the steam with an organic compound.
Abstract: The hydrogenation of olefin polymers and especially diene polymers can be carried out effectively in a fixed bed mode of operation, preferably with up-flow of polymer solution, using a heterogeneous catalyst containing an active hydrogenation metal in which the catalyst support has defined surface area and pore volume characteristics and the hydrogenation metal or metal compound is incorporated into the support by impregnation with a non-aqueous solution of the metal or metal compound.
July 12, 1985
Date of Patent:
December 16, 1986
Phillips Petroleum Co.
Yen-Shin Shyr, Rex L. Bobsein, Marvin M. Johnson
Abstract: A post-primary oil recovery process wherein the subterranean oil-bearing formation is treated by the sequential injection of (1) optional aqueous preflush to adjust connate water salinity, (2) aqueous saline surfactant system containing at least one acylated polypeptide salt surfactant, (3) optional thickened aqueous mobility buffer and (4) an aqueous drive, for the recovery of oil driven from the formation thereby.
Abstract: A propylene polymer composition containing a clarifier and a small amount of a hydrotalcite to enhance the effect of the clarifier. The resulting composition is of particular value as an injection molding grade resin.
Abstract: A metalworking composition containing 2-hydroxyethyl-(3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyl)sulfide in an aqueous medium. A method for enhancing the extreme pressure lubricating properties of an aqueous metalworking composition by admixing therein 2-hydroxyethyl-(3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyl)sulfide.
August 17, 1984
Date of Patent:
August 27, 1985
Phillips Petroleum Co.
Gary D. Macdonell, Merlin R. Lindstrom, Bernard A. Baldwin, Rector P. Louthan, Alexander D. Schuettenberg
Abstract: In accordance with the present invention, an improved collector means for a solar energy collector system having an absorber plate and a glazing panel spaced from at least one side of the absorber plate in which a cap means is coupled to and extends along one edge of the absorber plate and a depending leg extends over the complimentary edge of the glazing panel, the cap means having formed therein at least one air channel conforming in shape to the cross-sectional shape of the cap means and having air inlet means adjacent the bottom of a leg of the cap means in communication with the channel and an air outlet means adjacent the top of the cap means and in communication with the channel and adapted to permit currents of cooling air to pass therethrough from the inlet to the outlet, thereby maintaining said complimentary edge of the glazing panel relatively cool.
Abstract: Olefins are converted into other olefins having different numbers of carbon atoms by contact with a catalyst comprising an inorganic refractory oxide support containing at least one of tungsten oxide and molybdenum oxide and a promoting amount of at least one methylating agent under conditions suitable for the methylating agent compounds to promote the activity of tungsten and molybdenum oxides for the disproportionation reaction.