Patents Assigned to PLM Aktiebolag
  • Patent number: 4758452
    Abstract: An article of a thermoplastic of polyester or polyamide type, preferably of polyethylene terephthalate, manufactured from an element consisting of an edge part which surrounds a body in an arrangement in which the latter is sunk relative to the edge part. The element is formed from a blank of mainly amorphous material or from a material having a crystallinity of less than 10%. The blank consists, for example, of a flat plate, a blank shell or the like. The body or parts thereof are shaped by stretching the blank until that material flows which is located within the material sections of the blank, which form the edge part in the element, the material stretched up to flowing in the body assuming a crystallinity of between 10% and 25%, while the crystallinity in the material in the edge part and in the unstretched parts retains its original value of less than 10%. At least the body of the element is expanded against warm mould walls until the final shape of the particular article is obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 1985
    Date of Patent: July 19, 1988
    Assignee: PLM Aktiebolag
    Inventors: Kjell M. Jakobsen, Claes T. Nilsson
  • Patent number: 4530811
    Abstract: A process of producing a tubular pre-moulding of a thermoplastic material, suitable for subsequent shaping to form containers by a rolling process. The material in a part of a tube is axially oriented as a result of reducing the wall thickness by applying an external pressure which causes the material to flow. The oriented material is moulded by a blow-moulding process into future mouth parts and parts of adjacent neck sections, preferably from two blank parts, joined to one another, of pre-mouldings, the blank parts in the transition between the two mouth parts being severed in order to form two separate blank parts, so that, after closing one end and, if necessary, reworking in order to obtain the requisite closing faces at the other end, the two blank parts each form a tubular pre-moulding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 1982
    Date of Patent: July 23, 1985
    Assignee: PLM Aktiebolag
    Inventors: Kjell M. Jakobsen, Claes T. Nilsson
  • Patent number: 4518340
    Abstract: Apparatus for producing a tubular premoulding of a thermoplastic material, suitable for subsequent shaping to form containers by a rolling process. The material in a part of a tube is axially oriented as a result of reducing the wall thickness by applying an external pressure which causes the material to flow. The oriented material is moulded by a blow-moulding process into future mouth parts and parts of adjacent neck sections, preferably from two blank parts, joined to one another, of pre-mouldings, the blank parts in the transition between the two mouth parts being severed in order to form two separate blank parts, so that, after closing one end and, if necessary, reworking in order to obtain the requisite closing faces at the other end, the two blank parts each form a tubular pre-moulding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 1982
    Date of Patent: May 21, 1985
    Assignee: PLM Aktiebolag
    Inventors: Kjell M. Jakobsen, Claes T. Nilsson
  • Patent number: 4511322
    Abstract: Apparatus for the manufacture of articles from a thermoplastic of polyester or polyamide type, preferably of polyethylene terephthalate, the element consisting of an edge part which surrounds a body in an arrangement in which the latter is sunk relative to the edge part. The element is formed from a blank of mainly amorphous material or from a material having a crystallinity of less than 10%. The blank consists, for example, of a flat plate, a blank shell or the like. The body or parts thereof are shaped by stretching the blank until that material flows which is located within the material sections of the blank, which form the edge part in the element, the material stretched up to flowing in the body assuming a crystallinity of between 10% and 25%, while the crystallinity in the material in the edge part and in the unstretched parts retains its original value of less than 10%. At least the body of the element is expanded against warm mould walls until the final shape of the particular article is obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 1983
    Date of Patent: April 16, 1985
    Assignee: PLM Aktiebolag
    Inventors: Kjell M. Jakobsen, Clees T. Nilsson
  • Patent number: 4493633
    Abstract: Apparatus for moulding an article (11) of thermoplastic material from a parison (10) in which certain parts (17,16) of the parison are re-formed while other parts (13,12,20) retain their shape. A difference in pressure is applied to the wall of the parison during the re-forming process. Material in the parison is also moved in the direction of those parts of the parison which are to be re-formed, whereby attenuation of the material may be avoided entirely, if so desired, also in those parts which are to be re-formed. The invention enables the parison for a bottle to be re-formed to an extent which is small by comparison with the thickness of the material, for example the so-called "neck support" ring and the so-called "pilfer proof" ring, starting with a tube of oriented material. In a device for the application of the invention the elements (22,21,25) are in contact with the parts (13,12,20) of the parison.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 1983
    Date of Patent: January 15, 1985
    Assignee: PLM Aktiebolag
    Inventors: Kjell M. Jakobsen, Claes T. Nilsson, Lars G. Larsson
  • Patent number: 4485134
    Abstract: A form-retaining container made of synthetic plastic material and apparatus for its manufacture in which a plastic material is fed in liquid state onto a male member to provide a layer on the male member constituting a blank for the container. The layer is cooled to prevent crystallization of the material. The thus cooled blank is placed into a mold cavity having an interior configuration corresponding to the desired outer shape of the container to be produced. The layer is inflated into conformity with the mold cavity. The configuration of the mold cavity is such that the blank undergoes biaxial stretching in a middle region of the container by at least 1.5 times while the mouth and part of the bottom of the container will be formed by biaxially stretching the blank less than 1.5 times. The inflated blank is then heated until curing is completed and then the blank is removed from the mold.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 1983
    Date of Patent: November 27, 1984
    Assignee: PLM Aktiebolag
    Inventor: Kjell M. Jacobsen
  • Patent number: 4464106
    Abstract: Apparatus for producing a tubular pre-moulding of a thermoplastic material, suitable for subsequent blow-moulding to form a container comprising a mold in which a future mouth portion and a portion of adjacent neck section of a tube are moulded to form a pre-moulding, preferably from two mutually joined blank parts, by an axial stretch operation and a blow-moulding operation, the parts in the transition between the mouth portions being severed by a cutting device in order to form two separate blank parts. A tubular pre-moulding is produced after closing one end of the particular blank part and, if necessary, reworking in order to obtain the requisite closing face at the other end.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 1982
    Date of Patent: August 7, 1984
    Assignee: PLM Aktiebolag
    Inventors: Kjell M. Jakobsen, Claes T. Nilsson
  • Patent number: 4426416
    Abstract: An article of thermoplastic material adapted for being molded into a container comprising a tubular neck portion including annular protuberances of hollow ring-shaped profile, and a tubular shoulder portion continuing from the neck portion. The material of the wall of the neck portion is substantially monoaxially oriented and the annular protuberances are circumferentially expanded from the wall without axial strain of the monoaxially oriented material of the wall whereby the material in the neck portion is of substantially uniform thickness and monoaxially oriented therethroughout including the annular protuberances.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 1983
    Date of Patent: January 17, 1984
    Assignee: PLM Aktiebolag
    Inventors: Kjell M. Jakobsen, Clacs T. Nilsson, Lars G. Larsson
  • Patent number: 4409176
    Abstract: An article (11) of thermoplastic material is moulded from a parison (10) in which certain parts (17,16) of the parison are re-formed while other parts (13,12,20) retain their shape. A difference in pressure is applied to the wall of the parison during the re-forming process. Material in the parison is also moved in the direction of those parts of the parison which are to be re-formed, whereby attenuation of the material may be avoided entirely, if so desired, also in those parts which are to be re-formed. The invention enables the parison for a bottle to be re-formed to an extent which is small by comparison with the thickness of the material, for example the so-called "neck support" ring and the so-called "pilfer proof" ring, starting with a tube of oriented material. In a device for the application of the invention the elements (22,21,25) are in contact with the parts (13,12,20) of the parison.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 1980
    Date of Patent: October 11, 1983
    Assignee: PLM Aktiebolag
    Inventors: Kjell M. Jakobsen, Claes T. Nilsson, Lars G. Larsson
  • Patent number: 4387815
    Abstract: A form-retaining container made of synthetic plastic material and apparatus for its manufacture in which a plastic material is fed in liquid state onto a male member to provide a layer on the male member constituting a blank for the container. The layer is cooled to prevent crystallization of the material. The thus cooled blank is placed into a mold cavity having an interior configuration corresponding to the desired outer shape of the container to be produced. The layer is inflated into conformity with the mold cavity. The configuration of the mold cavity is such that the blank undergoes biaxial stretching in a middle region of the container by at least 1.5 times while the mouth and part of the bottom of the container will be formed by biaxially stretching the blank less than 1.5 times. The inflated blank is then heated until curing is completed and then the blank is removed from the mold.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 1980
    Date of Patent: June 14, 1983
    Assignee: PLM Aktiebolag
    Inventor: Kjell M. Jacobsen
  • Patent number: 4381279
    Abstract: A process for the manufacture of articles from a thermoplastic of polyester or polyamide type, preferably of polyethylene terephthalate, the element consisting of an edge part which surrounds a body in an arrangement in which the latter is sunk relative to the edge part. The element is formed from a blank of mainly amorphous material or from a material having a crystallinity of less than 10%. The blank consists, for example, of a flat plate, a blank shell or the like. The body or parts thereof are shaped by stretching the blank until that material flows which is located within the material sections of the blank, which form the edge part in the element, the material stretched up to flowing in the body assuming a crystallinity of between 10% and 25%, while the crystallinity in the material in the edge part and in the unstretched parts retains its original value of less than 10%. At least the body of the element is expanded against warm mould walls until the final shape of the particular article is obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 1980
    Date of Patent: April 26, 1983
    Assignee: PLM Aktiebolag
    Inventors: Kjell M. Jakobsen, Claes T. Nilsson
  • Patent number: 4380525
    Abstract: The invention relates to a tubular pre-moulding of a thermoplastic, suitable for subsequent blow-moulding shaping to give containers, and to a process and equipment for producing such pre-moulding. In a tube, future mouth portions and portions of adjacent neck sections are moulded to pre-mouldings, preferably from two mutually joined blank parts, by an axial stretch process and a blow-moulding process, the parts in the transition between the mouth portions being severed in order to form two separate blank parts. A tubular pre-moulding is produced after closing one end of the particular blank part and, if necessary, reworking in order to obtain the requisite closing face at the other end.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 1980
    Date of Patent: April 19, 1983
    Assignee: PLM Aktiebolag
    Inventors: Kjell M. Jakobsen, Claes T. Nilsson
  • Patent number: 4376024
    Abstract: Ironing, drawing and/or other non chip-producing process is used to form a metal workpiece into an article which is then coated with a protective layer. The lubricating agents used in the non-chip-producing process are removed from the surfaces of the formed article in conjunction with the coating of the article with the protective layer. This is done by dissolving the lubricating agents in the liquid which is used in the application of the protective layer and which contains one or more bonding agents which form the protective layer after the treatment is complete. In one preferred embodiment, at least that protective layer which is closest to the material of the container is applied by electrolytic deposition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 1980
    Date of Patent: March 8, 1983
    Assignee: PLM Aktiebolag
    Inventors: Torsten Andersson, Bengt Jeppsson
  • Patent number: 4374878
    Abstract: A tubular premoulding of a thermoplastic, suitable for subsequent shaping to produce containers by a rolling process. The material in a part of a tube is axially oriented as a result of reducing the wall thickness by applying an external pressure which causes the material to flow. The oriented material is moulded by a blow-moulding process into future mouth parts and parts of adjacent neck sections, preferably from two blank parts, joined to one another, of pre-mouldings, the blank parts in the transition between the two mouth parts being severed in order to form two separate blank parts, so that, after closing one end and, if necessary, reworking in order to obtain the requisite closing faces at the other end, the two blank parts each form a tubular pre-moulding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 1980
    Date of Patent: February 22, 1983
    Assignee: PLM Aktiebolag
    Inventors: Kjell M. Jakobsen, Claes T. Nilsson
  • Patent number: 4374166
    Abstract: The invention relates to an element of a thermoplastic of the polyester or polyamide type, and preferably of polyethylene terephthalate, the element consisting of an edge part which surrounds a body in an arrangement in which the latter is sunk relative to the edge part. The element is formed from a blank of mainly amorphous material or from a material having a crystallinity of less than 10%, the blank being, for example, a flat plate, a blank shell or the like. The body or parts thereof are shaped by stretching the blank until that material which is located within the material sections of the blank flows to from the edge part in the element, the material stretched to flowing in the body assuming a crystallinity of between 10 and 25%, while the crystallinity in the material in the edge part and in the unstretched parts retaining its original value of less than 10%. There is also disclosed a process and equipment for manufacturing the element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 1980
    Date of Patent: February 15, 1983
    Assignee: PLM Aktiebolag
    Inventors: Kjell M. Jakobsen, Claes T. Nilsson
  • Patent number: 4372908
    Abstract: A process for the manufacture of articles from a thermoplastic of polyester or polyamide type, preferably of polyethylene terephthalate, the articles being manufactured from elements which consist of an edge part which surrounds a body in an arrangement in which the latter is sunk relative to the edge part. The element is formed from a blank of mainly amorphous material or from a material having a crystallinity of less than 10%. The blank consists, for example, of a flat plate, a blank shell or the like. The body or parts thereof are shaped by stretching the blank until that material flows which is located within the material sections of the blank, which form the edge part in the element, the material stretched up to flowing in the body assuming a crystallinity of between 10 and 25%, while the crystallinity in the material in the edge part and in the unstretched parts retains its original value of less than 10%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 1980
    Date of Patent: February 8, 1983
    Assignee: PLM Aktiebolag
    Inventors: Kjell M. Jakobsen, Claes T. Nilsson
  • Patent number: 4359165
    Abstract: A reinforced container of thermoplastic material in which a blank is pre-heated from an amorphous structure and finished in a subsequent blowing process with biaxial stretching, wherein the container is provided simultaneously with internal reinforcing ribs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 1981
    Date of Patent: November 16, 1982
    Assignee: PLM Aktiebolag
    Inventor: Kjell M. Jakobsen
  • Patent number: 4264558
    Abstract: A method of producing a form retaining container made of synthetic plastic material comprising feeding a plastic material in liquid state onto a male member to provide a layer on the male member constituting a blank for the container. The layer is cooled to prevent crystallization of the material. The thus cooled blank is placed into a mold cavity having an interior configuration corresponding to the desired outer shape of the container to be produced. The layer is inflated into conformity with the mold cavity. The configuration of the mold cavity is such that the blank undergoes biaxial stretching in a middle region of the container by at least 1.5 times while the mouth and part of the bottom of the container will be formed by biaxially stretching the blank less than 1.5 times. The inflated blank is then heated until curing is completed and then the blank is removed from the mold.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 1979
    Date of Patent: April 28, 1981
    Assignee: PLM Aktiebolag
    Inventor: Kjell M. Jacobsen