Abstract: In an acoustic logging system for providing information regarding selected parameters of the wall of a borehole in the earth, and of the rock formation which is adjacent the borehole, in which a single transmit/receive transducer system (T/RTS) mounted on a rotating assembly probes the wall of the borehole in a circular scanning pattern as a function of depth, the improvement which includes at least a second T/RTS mounted on the rotating assembly in known geometrical relation to the first T/RTS, and means to process two or more analog electrical scan signals for transmission over one or more electrical transmission channels in a logging cable. In particular, methods and means are described for the transmission of multiple scan signals, whereby more bottom hole parameters are transmitted, including composite electrical scan signals, in which the early part provides a gated high frequency scan signal and the latter part, the gated flow frequency scan signal, for greater penetration into the rock.
Abstract: A method and system for geophysical exploration including obtaining, processing, displaying and interpreting seismic data. Seismic energy is imparted into the earth's subterranean formation along at least two linear independent lines of action in a seismic survey. At least two linearly independent components of the seismic wave energy imparted along each line of action are detected within the seismic survey. A concord of seismic signals is produced from the seismic wave energy detected for selected combinations of receiver and source locations. An orientation module operates on the concord of the seismic signals so as to generate synthetic concords of seismic signals so as to focus on a particular component of the seismic wave energy in order to infer the geologic characteristics of the earth's subterranean formations.
July 20, 1984
Date of Patent:
February 7, 1989
Standard Oil Company (Indiana), now Amoco Corp.
Abstract: In a process for the mass polymerization of vinyl aromatic monomer wherein vinyl aromatic monomer is polymerized in successive stages of increasing temperature, the improvement which narrows the molecular weight distribution of the resulting polymer comprising incorporating a polymerization inhibiting agent into a polymerizing mass at a point where about 60 to about 95% of monomer is converted to polymer.
Abstract: The present invention relates to a plug valve which effects the immediate and intimate mixing of fluidizable cracking catalyst with a fluid hydrocarbon in a riser reactor. Further, a stationary guide tube is located around a portion of the plug valve stem so as to define an upper and a lower annular compartment which are separated by a bushing. Bushings also define the upper end of the upper compartment and the lower end of the lower compartment. Each of the annular compartments has a bleed medium conduit connected thereto.
Abstract: An ashless two-stroke cycle additive is prepared by condensing isostearic acid and tetraethylenepentamine. The additive maintains excellent engine cleanliness and has excellent low-temperature storage stability in a lubricant composition.
Abstract: A process for the manufacture of a phosphorus-vanadium and phosphorus-vanadium co-metal catalysts suitable for use in the manufacture of maleic anhydride from benzene, butane, and other C.sub.4 hydrocarbons which process comprises reacting at a temperature of about 0.degree. C. to about 200.degree. C. a vanadium compound in an organic ether solvent having about 2 to about 10 carbon atoms with a phosphoryl halide in the presence of water or an aliphatic alcohol having from about 1 to about 8 carbon atoms, eliminating the solvent and activating the catalyst by the addition of the hydrocarbon feedstock and water and a phosphorus compound at a temperature of about 300.degree. C. to about 500.degree. C. wherein the amount of water added is about 1000 parts per million to about 40,000 parts per million by weight of the reactor feed gas stream is disclosed. The catalysts are useful for the manufacture of maleic anhydride from butane, benzene, and other C.sub.4 hydrocarbon feedstocks.
Abstract: Novel polyamide-imide-phthalamide copolymers and polyamide-imide copolymers containing aromatic sulfone polymers are disclosed. These copolymers are useful in the manufacture of molded objects and engineering resins.
Abstract: Three-dimensional seismic prospecting is conducted using a less than complete multifold array of seismic sources and receivers which are positioned so that the resulting system of linear static connection equations according to common depth point are continuously coupled.
Abstract: A specially constructed decoking apparatus is provided to effectively and efficiently bore a pilot hole and ream the remainder of a bed of coke with a high pressure stream of water or other cutting fluid without first changing nozzle heads or using different cutting instruments. The novel decoking apparatus has a vertical pilot nozzle and pilot pipe and a separate reamer and reaming pipe which are secured adjacent to each other and work in tandem.
Abstract: An apparatus and method for heating materials with photoelectric radiant energy include directing photoelectric radiant energy onto a reflective conical member positioned at one focal line of an ellipsoidal reflective surface. The radiant energy is dispersed by the conical member and directed to the reflective wall. Radiant energy is further reflected by the ellipsoidal surface to an opposite focal line creating an area of intense radiant energy. Materials to be heated are introduced into the area of intense photoelectric radiant energy. Embodiments of the present invention are applicable to reacting silane and ammonia to form silicon nitride by laser pyrolysis.
Abstract: A process and system is provided to produce and dedust oil from oil shale and other types of solid hydrocarbon-containing material. In the process, raw oil shale is retorted, preferably with solid heat carrier material, to liberate an effluent product stream of hydrocarbons containing entrained particulates of dust derived from the oil shale or other solid hydrocarbon-containing material. A fraction of oil containing most of the dust is separated from the effluent product stream and fed to one or more dedusters. The dust-laden oil is dissolved in a special mixture of dedusting solvents which contains both polar and non-polar dedusting solvents. In the deduster, the dissolved oil is separated into a dedusted stream of oil and solvents and a residual stream of dust-laden sludge. Solvents are recovered from the dedusted stream as well as the sludge. The recovered solvents are recycled to the deduster for use in dedusting the oil.
June 28, 1985
Date of Patent:
June 2, 1987
Standard Oil Company (Indiana), Gulf Oil Corporation (Pennsylvania)
Abstract: A method for producing a kerogen concentrate from oil shale comprises treating shale with an aqueous caustic treating solution to produce a shale product of substantially transformed mineral content, and then treating the shale product with an aqueous acid solution to produce a kerogen concentrate. The acid solution extracts minerals from the shale product to lower the ash content of the kerogen concentrate. A spent acid solution containing the extracted minerals can be treated to recover minerals therefrom.
Abstract: A process for the manufacture of novel phosphorus-vanadium and phosphorus-vanadium co-metal catalysts having a characteristic X-ray diffraction pattern suitable for use in the manufacture of maleic anhydride from benzene, butane and other C.sub.4 hydrocarbons which process comprises reacting at a temperature of about 0.degree. C. to about 200.degree. C. a vanadium compound in an organic ether solvent having about 2 to about 10 carbon atoms with a phosphoryl halide in the presence of water or an aliphatic alcohol having from about 1 to about 8 carbon atoms, eliminating the solvent and activating the catalyst by the addition of the hydrocarbon feedstock and water and a phosphorus compound at a temperature of about 300.degree. C. to about 500.degree. C. wherein the amount of water added is about 1000 parts per million to about 40,000 parts per million by weight of the reactor feed gas stream is disclosed. The catalysts are useful for the manufacture of maleic anhydride from benzene, butane and other C.sub.
Abstract: An improved underground tank assembly is provided for storing motor fuels, such as gasoline or diesel fuel. the underground tank assembly has an expandable bladder-like primary tank positioned within the interior of a rigid secondary tank. Advantageously, the secondary tank meets most safety regulations and secondary containment laws by dependably providing for secondary containment of any leakage of motor fuel from the primary tank. The underground tank assembly has numerous alternative conduit arrangements for ease and flexibility of assembly, installation, and manufacture. The underground tank assembly also desirably has a protective barrier wall for protecting and isolating the conduits from the expanded primary tank. Other safety equipment and controls, such as leakage detectors, are provided.
Abstract: A process for the reactivation of a vanadium-phosphorus-oxygen catalyst promoted by metals selected from the group consisting of zinc, molybdenum, niobium, tungsten, uranium, cobalt and tin with alkyl esters of phosphoric acid and water is disclosed. The catalysts are useful for the manufacture of maleic anhydride from butane, butene, butadiene or benzene feedstock.
Abstract: An unleaded gasoline in combination with a minor amount of gasoline soluble molybdenum(VI) compound is effective in reducing elevated steady state octane requirement and suppressing octane requirement increase in spark ignition internal combustion engines.
February 24, 1986
Date of Patent:
March 3, 1987
William H. Magidson, Standard Oil Company (Indiana)