Patents Assigned to Stauffer Chemical Company
  • Patent number: 5247349
    Abstract: Pnictide thin films, particularly phosphorus, grown on III-V semiconductors, particularly InP, GaP, and GaAs, are amorphous and have a novel layer-like, puckered sheet-like local order. The thin films are typically 400 Angstroms thick and grown preferably by molecular beam deposition, although other processes such as vacuum evaporation, sputtering, chemical vapor deposition, and deposition from a liquid melt may be used. The layers are grown on the <100> <110>, and surfaces of the III-V crystals. The pnictide layer reduces the density of surface states, and allows the depletion layer to be modulated, the surface barrier reduced, the electron concentration at the surface increased, and there is a decrease in the surface recombination velocity and an increase in the photoluminescence intensity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 1990
    Date of Patent: September 21, 1993
    Assignee: Stauffer Chemical Company
    Inventors: Diego J. Olego, John A. Baumann, Rozalie Schachter, Harvey B. Serreze, William E. Spicer, Paul M. Raccah
  • Patent number: 5032472
    Abstract: High phosphorus polyphosphides, namely MP.sub.x, where M is an alkali metal (Li, Na, K, Rb, and Cs) or metals mimicking the bonding behavior of an alkali metal, and x=7 to 15 or very much greater than 15 (new forms of phosphorus) are useful semiconductors in their crystalline, polycrystalline and amorphous forms (boules and films). MP.sub.15 appears to have the best properties and KP.sub.15 is the easier to synthesize. P may include other pnictides as well as other trivalent atomic species. Resistance lowering may be accomplished by doping with Ni, Fe, Cr, and other metals having occupied d or f outer electronic levels; or by incorporation of As and other pnictides. Top contacts forming junction devices doped with Ni and employing Ni as a back contact comprise Cu, Al, Mg, Ni, Au, Ag, and Ti. Photovoltaic, photoresistive, and photoluminescent devices are also disclosed. All semiconductor applications appear feasible.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 1989
    Date of Patent: July 16, 1991
    Assignee: Stauffer Chemical Company
    Inventors: Christian G. Michel, Rozalie Schachter, Mark A. Kuck, John A. Baumann, Paul M. Raccah
  • Patent number: 4999066
    Abstract: A fast-setting magnesium phosphate one-component adhesive/grout is used to bond tiles, e.g. ceramic tiles, to a substrate, e.g. sheet-rock. The grout comprises an activator prepared by e.g., mixing diatomaceous earth with at least a sufficient amount of an ammonium phosphate solution to form a paste then heating the paste to coat the pores of the diatomaceous earth and result in a dry solid which is then milled to yield the activator, magnesium oxide, diammonium phosphate, boric acid, and sufficient water to form a paste. This grout is applied to the surfaces to be bonded which are then brought together to form a composite which is allowed to set at ambient temperatures forming a durable bond in about three hours.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 1986
    Date of Patent: March 12, 1991
    Assignee: Stauffer Chemical Company
    Inventor: Fawzy G. Sherif
  • Patent number: 4880831
    Abstract: Novel fungicidal carbanilates having the general structural formula ##STR1## wherein R is methoxy or allyloxy; R.sub.1 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, C.sub.2 -C.sub.4 alkoxyalkyl and formyl; and R.sub.2 is C.sub.1 -C.sub.6 alkyl, preferably C.sub.2 -C.sub.3 alkyl which are highly effective fungicides are disclosed herein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 1988
    Date of Patent: November 14, 1989
    Assignee: Stauffer Chemical Company
    Inventors: Don R. Baker, Keith H. Brownell, Charles Kezerian
  • Patent number: 4874593
    Abstract: A process for treating a pyrophoric P.sub.4 -containing material to convert it to a substantially non-pyrophoric P.sub.2 O.sub.5 material is described. The process comprises supplying streams of fluid P.sub.4 -containing material and an oxygen-containing gas to a reactor filled with water. The P.sub.4 -containing material and the oxygen and the oxygen-containing gas react with one another after both have entered the aqueous medium within the reactor to thereby form the desired P.sub.2 O.sub.5 material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 1987
    Date of Patent: October 17, 1989
    Assignee: Stauffer Chemical Company
    Inventors: Auston K. Roberts, William E. Trainer, David L. Biederman
  • Patent number: 4871856
    Abstract: Compounds having the formula ##STR1## wherein R is halogen; C.sub.1 -C.sub.2 alkyl; C.sub.1 -C.sub.2 alkoxy; nitro; cyano; C.sub.1 -C.sub.2 haloalkyl; or R.sup.a SO.sub.n --wherein n is 0 or 2 and R.sup.a is C.sub.1 -C.sub.2 alkyl; R.sup.1 is hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl; R.sup.2 is hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl; or R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 together are alkylene having 2-5 carbon atoms; R.sup.3 is hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl; R.sup.4 is hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl; or R.sup.3 and R.sup.4 together are carbonyl; and R.sup.5 and R.sup.6 independently are (1) hydrogen; (2) halogen; (3) C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl; (4) C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkoxy; (5) trifluoromethoxy; (6) cyano; (7) nitro; (8) C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 haloalkyl; (9) R.sup.b SO.sub.m --wherein m is the integer 0, 1 or 2; and R.sup.b is (a) C.sub.1 - C.sub.4 alkyl; (b) C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl substituted with halogen or cyano; (c) phenyl; or (d) benzyl; (10) --NR.sup.c R.sup.d wherein R.sup.c and R.sup.d independently are hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 1988
    Date of Patent: October 3, 1989
    Assignee: Stauffer Chemical Company
    Inventor: Jeff K. Curtis
  • Patent number: 4855477
    Abstract: Compounds of the formula ##STR1## wherein R is halogen; C.sub.1 -C.sub.2 alkyl; C.sub.1 -C.sub.2 alkoxy; trifluoromethoxy or difluoromethoxy; nitro; cyano; C.sub.1 -C.sub.2 haloalkyl; R.sup.a SO.sub.n --wherein n is 0 or 2 and R.sup.a is C.sub.1 -C.sub.2 alkyl, trifluoromethyl or difluoromethyl;R.sup.1 is hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl;R.sup.2 is hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl; orR.sup.1 and R.sup.2 together are C.sub.2 -C.sub.5 alkylene;R.sup.3 is hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl;R.sup.4 is hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl; orR.sup.3 and R.sup.4 together are C.sub.2 -C.sub.5 alkylene;R.sup.5, R.sup.6, R.sup.7 and R.sup.8 independently are (1) hydrogen; (2) halogen; (3) C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl; (4) C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkoxy; (5) trifluoromethoxy; (6) cyano; (7) nitro; (8) C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 haloalkyl; (9) R.sup.b SO.sub.n --wherein n is the integer 0, 1 or 2; and R.sup.b is (a) C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl; (b) C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl substituted with halogen or cyano; (c) phenyl; or (d) benzyl; (10) --NR.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 1988
    Date of Patent: August 8, 1989
    Assignee: Stauffer Chemical Company
    Inventor: David L. Lee
  • Patent number: 4854966
    Abstract: A compound of the formula ##STR1## wherein R is halogen, C.sub.1 -C.sub.2 alkyl, C.sub.1 -C.sub.2 alkoxy, nitro; cyano; C.sub.1 -C.sub.2 haloalkyl, or R.sup.a SO.sub.n - wherein n is 0 or 2 and R.sup.a is C.sub.1 -C.sub.2 alkyl; R.sup.1 is hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl; R.sup.2 is hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl; or R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 together are alkylene having 2 to 5 carbon atoms; R.sup.3 is hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl; R.sup.4 is hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl; or R.sup.3 and R.sup.4 can be oxo; R.sup.5 is hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl; R.sup.6 is hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl; or R.sup.5 and R.sup.6 together are alkylene having 2 to 5 carbon atoms; and R.sup.7 and R.sup.8 independently are (1) hydrogen; (2) halogen; (3) C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl; (4) C.sub. 1 -C.sub.4 alkoxy; (5) trifluoromethoxy; (6) cyano; (7) nitro; (8) C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 haloalkyl; (9) R.sup.b SO.sub.n -wherein n is the integer 0, 1 or 2; and R.sup.b is (a) C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl; (b) C.sub.1 -C.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 1988
    Date of Patent: August 8, 1989
    Assignee: Stauffer Chemical Company
    Inventor: Christopher G. Knudsen
  • Patent number: 4853028
    Abstract: Compounds of the formula ##STR1## wherein R is halogen, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkoxy, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 haloalkyl, cyano, nitro, (S(O).sub.n R wherein R is C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl and n is the integer 0, 1 or 2; and R.sup.2 through R.sup.8 are hydrogen or certain substituents, their salts, herbicidal compositions containing the compound or salts and the herbicidal use thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 1987
    Date of Patent: August 1, 1989
    Assignee: Stauffer Chemical Company
    Inventors: Charles G. Carter, David L. Lee, William J. Michaely
  • Patent number: 4838932
    Abstract: A method of controlling undesirable vegetation utilizing an herbicidal compounds of the formula ##STR1## wherein X NR.sup.9 wherein R.sup.9 is hydrogen, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkoxy;R is halogen; C.sub.1 -C.sub.2 alkyl; C.sub.1 -C.sub.2 alkoxy; trifluoromethoxy; difluoromethoxy; nitro; cyano; C.sub.1 -C.sub.2 haloalkyl; R.sup.a SO.sub.n -- wherein n is 0 or 2 and R.sup.a is C.sub.1 -C.sub.2 alkyl, trifluoromethyl or difluoromethyl;R.sup.1 is hydrogen, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl, phenyl or substituted phenyl;R.sup.2 is hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl; orR.sup.1 and R.sup.2 together are C.sub.2 -C.sub.5 alkylene;R.sup.3 is hydrogen, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl, phenyl or substituted phenyl, with the proviso that R.sup.1 and R.sup.3 are not both phenyl or substituted phenyl;R.sup.4 is hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl;R.sup.5 is hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl;R.sup.6 is hydrogen, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 haloalkyl;R.sup.7 and R.sup.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 1987
    Date of Patent: June 13, 1989
    Assignee: Stauffer Chemical Company
    Inventor: Christopher G. Knudsen
  • Patent number: 4837352
    Abstract: An intermediate compound having the structural formula ##STR1## wherein R is halogen, C.sub.1 -C.sub.2 alkyl, C.sub.1 -C.sub.2 alkoxy, nitro; cyano; C.sub.1 -C.sub.2 haloalkyl, or R.sup.a SO.sub.n - wherein n is 0 or 2 and R.sup.a is C.sub.1 -C.sub.2 alkyl; R.sup.1 is hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl; R.sup.2 is hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl; or R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 together are alkylene having 2 to 5 carbon atoms; R.sup.3 is hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl; R.sup.4 is hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl; or R.sup.3 and R.sup.4 together can be oxo; R.sup.5 is hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl; R.sup.6 is hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl; or R.sup.5 and R.sup.6 together are alkylene having 2 to 5 carbon atoms; R.sup.7 and R.sup.8 independently are (1) hydrogen; (2) halogen; (3) C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl; (4) C.sub. 1 -C.sub.4 alkoxy; (5) trifluoromethoxy; (6) cyano; (7) nitro; (8) C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 haloalkyl; (9) R.sup.b SO.sub.n - wherein n is the integer 0, 1 or 2; and R.sup.b is (a) C.sub.1 -C.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 1988
    Date of Patent: June 6, 1989
    Assignee: Stauffer Chemical Company
    Inventor: Christopher G. Knudsen
  • Patent number: 4837209
    Abstract: Compounds and compositions containing them, for insecticidal control, particularly for use as soil and/or foliar insecticides, have the formula ##STR1## in which R.sub.1 is methyl or ethyl;R.sub.2 is C.sub.1 -C.sub.6 alkyl; andR.sub.3 is C.sub.3 -C.sub.6 cycloakyl.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 1987
    Date of Patent: June 6, 1989
    Assignee: Stauffer Chemical Company
    Inventor: Charles G. Chavdarian
  • Patent number: 4828823
    Abstract: The monofluorophosphate compatibility of dicalcium phosphate dihydrate can be improved in processes in which a slaked lime slurry is reacted with phosphoric acid to form a monocalcium phosphate solution to which is added magnesium oxide, additional lime slurry and pyrophosphoric acid with later removal of the dicalcium phosphate dihydrate. The improvement involved adding the magnesium oxide at 0.3%-2% and adding 0.1%--less than 0.5% of trimagnesium phosphate to the recovered dicalcium phosphate dihydrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 1986
    Date of Patent: May 9, 1989
    Assignee: Stauffer Chemical Company
    Inventor: Rosa Li
  • Patent number: 4824649
    Abstract: An improved process for preparing potassium metaphosphate is provided which comprises reacting potassium ions, preferably from the carbonate or bicarbonate, with phosphare ions in an amount sufficient to provide a K/P molar ratio ranging from about 0.85 to about 0.95 substantially in the absence of metal ion other than potassium under heat for a period of time and at a temperature sufficient to convert the potassium and phosphate ions to potassium metaphosphate but insufficient to overconvert. A product of higher viscosity can be obtained by dissolving the potassium metaphosphate in sodium bicarbonate rather than using other sources of sodium ion, particularly when the potassium metaphosphate is prepared with potassium bicarbonate or potassium carbonate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 1987
    Date of Patent: April 25, 1989
    Assignee: Stauffer Chemical Company
    Inventor: Lieh-Jiun Shyu
  • Patent number: 4822905
    Abstract: Compounds having the structural formula ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1, R.sub.2 R.sub.3, R.sub.4 and R.sup.5 are the same or different and are selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, chlorine, bromine, iodine, nitro, alkyl having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, alkoxy having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, trifluoromethyl, trifluoromethoxy, cyano, alkylsulfonyl, and alkylthio having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, and wherein R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 or R.sub.3 and R.sub.4 together can be methylene or ethylenedioxy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 1986
    Date of Patent: April 18, 1989
    Assignee: Stauffer Chemical Company
    Inventors: David L. Lee, Donald R. James, William J. Michaely
  • Patent number: 4822581
    Abstract: High phosphorus polyphosphides, namely MP.sub.x, where M is an alkali metal (Li, Na, K, Rb, and Cs) or metals mimicking the bonding behavior of an alkali metal, and x=7 to 15 or very much greater than 15 (new forms of phosphorus) are useful semiconducutors in their crystalline, polycrystalline and amorphous forms (boules and films). MP.sub.15 appears to have the best properties and KP.sub.15 is the easier to synthesize. P may include other pnictides as well as other trivalent atomic species. Resistance lowering may be accomplished by doping with Ni, Fe, Cr, and other metals having occupied d or f outer electronic levels; or by incorporation of As and other pnictides. Top contacts forming junction devices doped with Ni and employing Ni as a back contact comprise Cu, Al, Mg, Ni, Au, Ag, and Ti. Photovoltaic, photoresistive, and photoluminescent devices are also disclosed. All semiconductor applications appear feasible.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 1984
    Date of Patent: April 18, 1989
    Assignee: Stauffer Chemical Company
    Inventors: Christian G. Michel, Rozalie Schachter, Mark A. Kuck, John A. Baumann, Paul M. Raccah
  • Patent number: 4822906
    Abstract: Intermediate compounds of the structural formula ##STR1## wherein R.sup.60 is hydrogen; halogen; C.sub.1 -C.sub.2 alkyl; C.sub.1 -C.sub.2 alkoxy; nitro; cyano; C.sub.1 -C.sub.2 haloalkyl; or R.sup.a SO.sub.n -- wherein n is 0 or 2 and R.sup.a is C.sub.1 -C.sub.2 alkyl, trifluoromethyl or difluoromethyl; or trifluoromethoxy or difluoromethoxy; R.sup.61 is hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl; R.sup.62 is hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl; or R.sup.61 and R.sup.62 together are C.sub.2 -C.sub.5 alkylene; R.sup.63 C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl; R.sup.64 is C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl; or R.sup.63 R.sup.64 together are C.sub.2 -C.sub.5 alkylene; R.sup.65 and R.sup.66 independently are (1) hydrogen; (2) halogen; (3) C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl; (4) C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkoxy; (5) trifluoromethoxy; (6) cyano; (7) nitro; (8) C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 haloalkyl; (9) R.sup.b SO.sub.n --wherein n is the integer 0, 1 or 2; and R.sup.b is (a) C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl; (b) C.sub.1 -C.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 1987
    Date of Patent: April 18, 1989
    Assignee: Stauffer Chemical Company
    Inventor: Charles G. Carter
  • Patent number: 4820325
    Abstract: A filter cake formed of a glass precursor material and impregnated with a normally leachable toxicant can be heated, preferably with at least one other glass precursor material, at a sufficiently high temperature to form a molten composition which solidifies, upon cooling, to form a glass. The normally leachable toxicant becomes fixed within the glass rendering it substantially more non-leachable allowing for a more environmentally sound means for disposal, e.g., by landfill techniques. The process can be used to treat the arsenic sulfide-impregnated filter cake derived from the manufacture of food grade phosphoric acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 1987
    Date of Patent: April 11, 1989
    Assignee: Stauffer Chemical Company
    Inventor: Donald R. Wheeler
  • Patent number: 4818636
    Abstract: High phosphorus polyphosphides, namely MP.sub.x, where M is an alkali metal (Li, Na, K, Rb, and Cs) or metals mimicking the bonding behavior of an alkali metal, and x=7 to 15 or very much greater than 15 (new forms of phosphorus) are useful semiconductors in their crystalline, polycrystalline and amorphous forms (boules and films). MP.sub.15 appears to have the best properties and KP.sub.15 is the easier to synthesize. P may include other pnictides as well as other trivalent atomic species. Resistance lowering may be accomplished by doping with Ni, Fe, Cr, and other metals having occupied d or f outer electronic levels; or by incorporation of As and other pnictides. Top contacts forming junction devices doped with Ni and employing Ni as a back contact comprise Cu, Al, Mg, Ni, Au, Ag, and Ti. Photovoltaic, photoresistive, and photoluminescent devices are also disclosed. All semiconductor applications appear feasible.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 1984
    Date of Patent: April 4, 1989
    Assignee: Stauffer Chemical Company
    Inventors: Christian G. Michel, Rozalie Schachter, Mark A. Kuck, John A. Baumann, Paul M. Raccah
  • Patent number: 4816059
    Abstract: Compounds of the formula ##STR1## wherein R is hydrogen; halogen; C.sub.1 -C.sub.2 alkyl; C.sub.1 -C.sub.2 alkoxy; nitro; cyano; C.sub.1 -C.sub.2 haloalkyl; or R.sup.a SO.sub.m -- wherein m is 0 or 2 and R.sup.a is C.sub.1 -C.sub.2 alkyl;R.sup.1, R.sup.2, R.sup.3 and R.sup.4 are methyl or ethyl;R.sup.5 and R.sup.6 independently are (1) hydrogen; (2) halogen; (3) C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl; (4) C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkoxy; (5) trifluoromethoxy; (6) cyano; (7) nitro; (8) C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 haloalkyl; (9) R.sup.b SO.sub.n -- wherein n is the integer 0, 1 or 2; and R.sup.b is (a) C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl; (b) C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl substituted with halogen or cyano; (c) phenyl; or (d) benzyl; (10) --NR.sup.c R.sup.d wherein R.sup.c and R.sup.d independently are hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl; (11) R.sup.e C(O)-- wherein R.sup.e is C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkoxy; or (12) --SO.sub.2 NR.sup.c R.sup.d wherein R.sup.c and R.sup.d are defined; and (13) --N(R.sup.c)C(O)R.sup.d wherein R.sup.c and R.sup.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 1987
    Date of Patent: March 28, 1989
    Assignee: Stauffer Chemical Company
    Inventor: Charles G. Carter