Apple Patents

Apple Inc. designs, manufactures and markets smartphones, tablets and personal computers, including the iPhone, iPad, Mac. It also produces the iPod, Apple Watch and Apple TV, as well as the operating systems and applications that support these devices. The company also sells digital content and applications through its iTunes Store, App Store, Mac App Store, iBooks Store and Apple Music.

Apple Patents by Type

  • Apple Patents Granted: Apple patents that have been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).
  • Apple Patent Applications: Apple patent applications that are pending before the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).
  • Patent number: 10103423
    Abstract: A housing for a personal electronic device is described herein. The housing may include at least one modular subassembly configured to be arranged within an internal cavity of the housing. The at least one modular subassembly is aligned with a feature external to the housing, is affixed to an interior surface of the internal cavity, and is configured to function both as an antenna and as an internal support member of the housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Daniel W. Jarvis, Richard Hung Minh Dinh, Miguel C. Christophy, Hao Xu, Jayesh Nath, Jared M. Kole, Mattia Pascolini, Ruben Caballero, Jennifer M. Edwards, Peter I. Bevelacqua, Robert W. Schlub
  • Patent number: 10103424
    Abstract: An electronic device may be provided with wireless circuitry. The wireless circuitry may include one or more antennas. The antennas may include phased antenna arrays each of which includes multiple antenna elements. Phased antenna arrays may be formed from printed circuit board Yagi antennas or other antennas. A millimeter wave transceiver may use the antennas to transmit and receive wireless signals. The antennas may be mounted at the corners of an electronic device housing or elsewhere in an electronic device. An electronic device housing may be formed from metal and may have an opening filled with dielectric. The antennas may be aligned with portions of the dielectric. Printed circuit board antennas may have reflectors, radiators, and directors. The reflectors, radiators, and directors may be arranged to align radiation patterns for the antennas with the plastic-filled slots or other dielectric regions in the metal housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Basim Noori, Ming-Ju Tsai, Boon Wai Shiu, Matthew A. Mow, Yuehui Ouyang, Mattia Pascolini, Ruben Caballero
  • Patent number: 10102669
    Abstract: Sampling map labels is disclosed. A region of a map to be rendered is determined. It is determined that a first subregion is included in the region. Map labels associated with subregions in a neighborhood of the first subregion are analyzed to determine a regional density of map labels. Map labels associated with the first subregion are sampled based on the regional density of map labels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2018
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Michael Marcel William Watts, Erez Cohen
  • Patent number: 10104615
    Abstract: In order to reduce the power consumption after a transmitting electronic device in a wireless network has been detected, a receiving electronic device calculates transmit times of subsequent beacons from the transmitting electronic device based on a clock drift of the transmitting electronic device and the beacon period. Then, the receiving electronic device receives the subsequent beacon by opening scan windows that encompass the calculated transmit times. However, because the transmit times are more predictable after the transmitting electronic device has been detected (and the clock drift of the transmitting electronic device is known to the receiving electronic device), the receiving electronic device can reduce the width of the scan windows. In addition, the transmitting electronic device can further reduce the power consumption by increasing the beacon period.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Ran Irony, Ran Katz, Alon Paycher
  • Patent number: 10104303
    Abstract: The present invention can provide solutions to many common imaging problems, such as, for example, unevenly distributed illumination, shadows, white balance adjustment, colored ambient light and high dynamic range imaging. Imaging systems and methods can be provided through a computer (e.g., laptop or desktop) such that the system or method can take advantage of the computer's processing power to provide functionality that goes beyond typical camera. Such an imaging system may include an imaging device, a camera, a light source and a user interface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventor: Peter H. Mahowald
  • Patent number: 10104573
    Abstract: This disclosure relates to estimating throughput of wireless networks by a wireless device. According to some embodiments, estimated uplink and downlink actual temporal load available to a wireless device in a wireless network may be determined. An uplink data rate and a downlink data rate of the wireless device in the wireless network may be estimated. Based on the estimated uplink and downlink actual temporal load available to the wireless device and the estimated uplink and downlink data rates of the wireless device, the maximum possible uplink throughput and downlink throughput of the wireless device in the wireless network may be estimated. Such throughput estimates may be used to select a wireless network to join from among multiple available wireless networks or to select an initial data rate for an application executing on the wireless device, among possible uses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Yuchul Kim, Joonsuk Kim
  • Patent number: 10104375
    Abstract: Method For Implementing A Quantizer In A Multimedia Compression And Encoding System is disclosed. In the Quantizer system of the present invention, several new quantization ideas are disclosed. In one embodiment, adjacent macroblocks are grouped together into macroblock groups. The macroblock groups are then assigned a common quantizer value. The common quantizer value may be selected based upon how the macroblocks are encoded, the type of macroblocks within the macroblock group (intra-blocks or inter-blocks), the history of the motion vectors associated with the macroblocks in the macroblock group, the residuals of the macroblocks in the macroblock group, and the energy of the macroblocks in the macroblock group. The quantizer value may be adjusted in a manner that is dependent on the current quantizer value. Specifically, if the quantizer value is at the low end of the quantizer scale, then only small adjustments are made.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2018
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Thomas Pun, Roger Kumar, Xiaochun Nie, Hsi-Jung Wu
  • Patent number: 10104441
    Abstract: A content rental system includes one data store for storing rental content. The content rental system also includes a content server for transferring content to one viewing device based upon a received request. The content server is further configured to authorize the transfer of the content from the viewing device to another viewing device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Hiro Mitsuji, Alan Ward, Mihailo Despotovic, Sam Gharabally
  • Patent number: 10104787
    Abstract: Electronic devices may be provided that contain multiple housing portions. The housing portions may be coupled together using hinges. The hinges may include hinges based on a three-bar linkage, hinges based on a four-bar linkage, hinges with slotted members, hinges formed from flexible support structures, and hinges based on flexible housing structures. Flexible displays may be mounted to the housing portions overlapping the hinges. When the housing portions in a device are rotated relative to each other, the flexible display may bend. The hinge may be configured to allow the flexible display to be placed in a front-to-front configuration in which an active side of the display faces itself or a back-to-back configuration. Engagement structures may be used to help the housing grip external objects and to hold the housing portions together. The hinges may be provided with rotational detents to help hold the flexible display in desired positions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Fletcher R. Rothkopf, Andrew J. M. Janis, Teodor Dabov
  • Publication number: 20180292468
    Abstract: Systems, methods and non-transitory, computer-readable mediums are disclosed for a magnetic field sensor array with electromagnetic interference cancellation. In an embodiment, a circuit comprises: a first circuit configured for obtaining an output signal from a magnetic field sensor array in an electronic system, the output signal representing a magnetic field present in the electronic system, the magnetic field including electromagnetic interference (EMI) generated by one or more magnetic aggressors of the electronic system; and a second circuit configured to apply one or more magnetic field gradient heat maps to the output signal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 11, 2017
    Publication date: October 11, 2018
    Applicant: Apple Inc.
    Inventor: Jian Guo
  • Publication number: 20180293243
    Abstract: A method for slide shows. The method includes receiving one or more video content element and one or more image content element that are each associated with a respective audio track, where a first video content element includes a corresponding first audio track and a second video content element includes a corresponding second audio track that is disabled or non-existent, receiving input selecting a background audio track for the slide show, and automatically integrating the video content element, the image content element, and the background audio track together into the slide show, where the background audio track is played during playback of the slide show when the computing device detects that there is no audio signal generated by another audio track in the slide show.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 8, 2018
    Publication date: October 11, 2018
    Applicant: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Ralf Weber, Guillaume Vergnaud
  • Publication number: 20180294013
    Abstract: A method to author music. The method includes generating, based on a collection of media clips stored on a device, an audio component for an audio/video (A/V) presentation, determining a plurality of locations within the audio component where a beat, onset, segment boundary, or stinger occurs within the audio component, selecting a particular location in the plurality of locations as a transition location, generating, based the collection of media clips and the transition location within the audio component, a video component for the A/V presentation, and generating the A/V presentation based on the audio component and the video component.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 8, 2018
    Publication date: October 11, 2018
    Applicant: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Aaron M. Eppolito, Conner Stuart Richardson, Wendy L. DeVore
  • Patent number: 10095500
    Abstract: When a new version of a first program is to be installed on a first device, metadata supplied to that device specifies which versions of a second program stored on a second device are compatible with the new version. The first device uses this metadata to determine a compatibility classification that indicates how compatible the current version of the second program and the new version of the first program are, and transitions to a state representative of this compatibility classification. A process executing on the first device receives messages from applications executing on the first device. The process reads mappings between these applications and the message types these applications send. The process forwards an application's message to the second device if the application sends a message type allowable in the first device's state. Otherwise, the process queues that message at least until the first device transitions to a different state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Daniel B. Pollack, Eric S. Brown, Gregory B. Novick, Paul W. Chinn, David C. Donley, Tyler D. Hawkins, Julien A. Poumailloux
  • Patent number: 10097664
    Abstract: A media item recommendation can be based on application purchase data. Application purchase data of a population of users can be used to create application preference clusters that represent unique application preference profiles. Media preference data of the same population of users can be used to create media preference clusters that represent unique media preference profiles. A preference relationship between an application preference cluster and a media preference cluster can be identified based on the number of members of the media preference cluster that are also members of the application preference cluster. Upon receiving a recommendation request from a user, the user's application preference profile can be determined based on the user's application purchase data. A media item can then be recommended based on a media preference cluster that has a preference relationship with an application preference cluster that represents the application preference profile of the user.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: David E. Ralston, Daniel Joseph Sherman, Christopher Laurence Bell, Eswar Priyadarshan, Andrew Williams
  • Patent number: 10097017
    Abstract: The disclosed embodiments provide a charging system for a portable electronic device. The charging system includes a first bidirectional switching converter connected to a first power port of the portable electronic device, a low-voltage subsystem in the portable electronic device, and a high-voltage subsystem in the portable electronic device and a second bidirectional switching converter connected to a second power port of the portable electronic device, the low-voltage subsystem, and the high-voltage subsystem. The charging system also includes a control circuit that operates the first and second bidirectional switching converters to provide and receive power through the first and second power ports and convert an input voltage received through the first or second power port into a set of output voltages for charging an internal battery in the portable electronic device and powering the low-voltage subsystem and the high-voltage subsystem.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas C. Greening, Kamran M. Hasan, Edrick C. G. Wong
  • Patent number: 10095803
    Abstract: The disclosed embodiments provide a system that delivers content to an electronic device. The system includes a content provider that obtains a public address of the electronic device from a first request for the content from the electronic device. Next, the content provider uses the public address to identify a local caching server on a local area network (LAN) of the electronic device. Finally, the content provider provides a local address of the local caching server to the electronic device, wherein the local address is used by the electronic device to obtain the content from the local caching server and the LAN without accessing a content delivery network (CDN) outside the LAN.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Kazuhisa Yanagihara, Lionel Gentil, Darrin B. Jewell, Jason R. Thorpe, Jordan L. Redner, Gregory B. Vaughan, Gregory Burns
  • Patent number: 10095679
    Abstract: Referring to cells using header cell values is disclosed. In some embodiments, a header cell value of a header cell is allowed to be used to refer to one or more other cells that are associated with the header cell. The header cell may be included in a header row or column included in a table. A header row cell value may be employed to refer to one or more other cells in a corresponding column, and a header column cell value may be employed to refer to one or more other cells in a corresponding row.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Yaniv Gur, Jay Christopher Capela, Peter William Rapp, Roger Rock Rosner, Christopher Douglas Weeldreyer
  • Patent number: 10096622
    Abstract: An electronic device may include a display having an array of display pixels on a substrate. The display pixels may be organic light-emitting diode display pixels or display pixels in a liquid crystal display. In an organic light-emitting diode display, hybrid thin-film transistor structures may be formed that include semiconducting oxide thin-film transistors, silicon thin-film transistors, and capacitor structures. The capacitor structures may overlap the semiconducting oxide thin-film transistors. Organic light-emitting diode display pixels may have combinations of oxide and silicon transistors. In a liquid crystal display, display driver circuitry may include silicon thin-film transistor circuitry and display pixels may be based on oxide thin-film transistors. A single layer or two different layers of gate metal may be used in forming silicon transistor gates and oxide transistor gates. A silicon transistor may have a gate that overlaps a floating gate structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Vasudha Gupta, Jae Won Choi, Shih Chang Chang, Tsung-Ting Tsai, Young Bae Park
  • Patent number: 10097247
    Abstract: To report feedback information regarding a wireless channel, a mobile station determines whether a predefined condition is satisfied. In response to determining that the predefined condition is satisfied, feedback information regarding an individual one of plural subbands of the wireless channel is included in a first report to be sent to a base station. In response to determining that the predefined condition is not satisfied, aggregate feedback information regarding the plural subbands is included in a second report to be sent to the base station.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Sairamesh Nammi, Shankar Venkatraman, Gaurav Hemrajani, Ashvin Chheda, Lai King Tee, Neng Wang, Kathiravetpillai Sivanesan
  • Patent number: 10094888
    Abstract: Systems, methods, and computer-readable media for calibrating the offset of a magnetometer assembly with reduced power are provided. In one embodiment, a method for operating an assembly may include determining a difference between a current signal measurement output component of a first magnetometer sensor and a previous signal measurement output component of the first magnetometer sensor, comparing the determined difference with a current threshold value, and generating an assembly output based on the comparing, where, when the determined difference is greater than the current threshold value, the generating may include providing a first assembly output using a current offset output component of a second magnetometer sensor, and, when the determined difference is less than the current threshold value, the generating may include providing a second assembly output using a previous offset output component of the second magnetometer sensor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Henry H. Yang, Jian Guo
  • Patent number: 10094708
    Abstract: An electronic device may be provided with light sensors. The electronic device may have an electronic device housing in which a display is mounted. The display may have a transparent layer such as a transparent display cover layer, a thin-film transistor layer, or a color filter layer. An opaque masking layer such as a layer of black ink may be used to cover an inner surface of the transparent layer in an inactive area of the display. Sensor window openings may be formed in the black ink layer. A layer of ink may be formed in each sensor window opening. Each layer of ink may have a diffuse reflectivity that is matched to that of the black ink. A diffuser layer such as a polymer coating layer with light-scattering particles may be coated on the inner surface of the layer of ink in a sensor window opening.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Zhang Jia, Christopher S. Erickson, James J. Dudley, Kenichi Nakajima, Chunji Li
  • Patent number: 10097771
    Abstract: Optical apparatus includes an image sensor and objective optics, which are configured to collect and focus optical radiation over a range of wavelengths along a common optical axis toward a plane of the image sensor. A dispersive element is positioned to spread the optical radiation collected by the objective optics so that different wavelengths in the range are focused along different, respective optical axes toward the plane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Alexander Shpunt, Niv Gilboa, Haim Bezdin
  • Patent number: 10097759
    Abstract: Techniques are disclosed for stabilizing a stream of spherical images captured by an image capture device to produce a stabilized spherical video sequence. The rotation of the image capture device during capture may be corrected in one or more desired axial directions in a way that is agnostic to the translation of the image capture device. The rotation of the image capture device may also be corrected in one or more desired axial directions in a way that is aware of the translation of the image capture device. For example, the assembled output spherical video sequence may be corrected to maintain the horizon of the scene at a constant location, regardless of the translation of the image capture device (i.e., a ‘translation-agnostic’ correction), while simultaneously being corrected to maintain the yaw of the scene in the direction of the image capture device's translation through three-dimensional space (i.e., a ‘translation-aware’ correction).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Ricardo Motta, David D. Kuo, Matthaeus Krenn
  • Patent number: 10095391
    Abstract: An electronic device with a display, touch-sensitive surface and one or more sensors to detect intensity of contacts with the touch-sensitive surface displays a first user interface object and detects first movement of the contact that corresponds to movement of a focus selector toward the first user interface object. In response to detecting the first movement, the device moves the focus selector to the first user interface object; and determines an intensity of the contact. After detecting the first movement, the device detects second movement of the contact. In response to detecting the second movement of the contact, when the contact meets selection criteria based on an intensity of the contact, the device moves the focus selector and the first user interface object; and when the contact does not meet the selection criteria, the device moves the focus selector without moving the first user interface object.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Jeffrey Traer Bernstein, Julian Missig, Avi E. Cieplinski, Matthew I. Brown, May-Li Khoe, B. Michael Victor
  • Patent number: 10097973
    Abstract: Systems and methods for proactively populating an application with information that was previously viewed by a user in a different application are disclosed herein. An example method includes: while displaying a first application, obtaining information identifying a first physical location viewed by a user in the first application. The method also includes exiting the first application and, after exiting the first application, receiving a request from the user to open a second application that is distinct from the first application. In response to receiving the request and in accordance with a determination that the second application is capable of accepting geographic location information, the method includes presenting the second application so that the second application is populated with information that is based at least in part on the information identifying the first physical location.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Daniel C. Gross, Patrick L. Coffman, Richard R. Dellinger, Christopher P. Foss, Jason J. Gauci, Aria D. Haghighi, Cyrus D. Irani, Bronwyn A. Jones, Gaurav Kapoor, Stephen O. Lemay, Colin C. Morris, Michael R. Siracusa, Lawrence Y. Yang, Brent D. Ramerth, Jerome R. Bellegarda, Jannes G. A. Dolfing, Giulia P. Pagallo, Xin Wang, Jun Hatori, Alexandre R. Moha, Sofiane Toudji, Kevin D. Clark, Karl Christian Kohlschuetter, Jesper S. Andersen, Hafid Arras, Alexandre Carlhian, Thomas Deniau, Mathieu J. Martel
  • Patent number: 10095270
    Abstract: This application relates to devices and accessories that include or are configured to react with a mixture of electromagnets and permanent magnets. In particular the permanent magnets are configured to maintain persistent connections between components while the electromagnets are configured to pulse or activate periodically to maintain the connections or fix alignment of the various connections in certain circumstances.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventor: James A. Stryker
  • Patent number: 10097337
    Abstract: A method and device are described that may be implemented by a user equipment (UE) that established a first connection to a first network component, the user equipment configured to establish a second connection with a second network component, the user equipment configured for a carrier aggregation functionality, the first network component serving as a primary serving cell (PCell) and the second network component serving as a secondary serving cell (SCell). The method may include determining a cycle comprising a first time when a SCell measurement is performed and a remainder second time, when the cumulative first and second times is less than a threshold cycle time, determining an interruption opportunity based on activity between the UE and the PCell and when the interruption opportunity is determined, deactivating a radio frequency (RF) chain associated with the SCell during the second time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Zhu Ji, Beibei Wang, Johnson O. Sebeni
  • Patent number: 10095286
    Abstract: A method and apparatus of a device that manages a thermal profile of a device by selectively throttling central processing unit operations of the device is described. The device manages a thermal profile of the device by adjusting a throttling a central processing unit execution of a historically high energy consuming task. In this embodiment, the device monitors thermal level of the thermal profile of the device, the device is executing a plurality of tasks that utilize a plurality of processing cores of the device. If the thermal level of the device exceeds a thermal threshold, the device identifies one of the plurality of tasks as a historically high energy consuming task, and throttles this historically high energy consuming task by setting a force idle execution time for the historically high energy consuming task. The device further executes the plurality of tasks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventor: Derek R. Kumar
  • Patent number: 10098087
    Abstract: A digitally stored map can indicate the signal quality for each of the map's regions. A device can determine its location, speed, and direction using global positioning system (GPS) and other sensors. Based on this information, the mobile device can predict a field of locations within which the device will probably be located within a specified future time frame. Based on both the information indicating signal quality and the probable future field of locations, the device can estimate a moment at which the device will probably begin to suffer from low-quality or absent signal. Using this prediction, the device can proactively perform a variety of anticipatory remedial actions. For example, the device can begin allocating a greater portion of currently available wireless network communication bandwidth to the reception of data packets that represent content that is being streamed to the device, so that the device can proactively buffer those packets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Bharath Narasimha Rao, Cherif Jazra, Leonardo A. Soto Matamala
  • Patent number: 10095345
    Abstract: A low power can for device wake up and unlock is disclosed. The low power scan can include one or more algorithms used to detect a sequence and/or one or more gestures to wake up a processor and unlock the device for user interaction. A sequence and/or one or more gestures can be determined by a microcontroller and/or by a separate hardware component. The microcontroller can send a notification or a wake signal to the processor and/or switch the device from an idle to an active state. By detecting a sequence and one or more gestures in the microcontroller before powering on or waking up the processor, the amount of power consumed can be reduced and the battery life extended.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Louis W. Bokma, Sean Erik O'Connor
  • Patent number: 10098021
    Abstract: A wireless voice call may be established between an originating user equipment (UE) and a terminating UE, via a cellular network, using preconditions. The originating UE may transmit an invitation for a packet-switched wireless voice call, beginning a first period of time. The terminating UE may cancel the invitation in response to determining that a first precondition, such as establishment of a dedicated bearer between the originating UE and the cellular network, is not satisfied within the first period of time. The first period of time may be interrupted in response to determining that the first precondition is satisfied, and a second period of time may then begin. The cellular network may cancel the invitation in response to determining that a second precondition, such as establishment of a dedicated bearer between the terminating UE and the cellular network, is not satisfied within the second period of time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Si Li, Deepak Chitlur Lakshman, Srinivasan Vasudevan
  • Patent number: 10095366
    Abstract: Disclosed embodiments relate to a force detection system that detects force exerted on a flexible display based upon changes in resistance and/or capacitance. In one embodiment, a method includes measuring a baseline comprising a baseline resistance or a baseline capacitance or both of a force measurement layer disposed within or overlaid on the display panel. The method further includes detecting a change in the baseline resistance or the baseline capacitance or both and calculating a change location where the change in the baseline resistance or the baseline capacitance or both occurred. The method also includes calculating a magnitude of the change in the baseline resistance or the baseline capacitance or both.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Stephen Brian Lynch, Benjamin Mark Rappoport, Fletcher R. Rothkopf, Paul Stephen Drzaic, Scott Andrew Myers
  • Patent number: 10092197
    Abstract: Reflective surfaces for the apertures of PPG optical components in PPG systems is disclosed. In a PPG system or device, the addition of reflective surfaces around, under, or near the apertures of the optical components can enhance the amount of light received by the light detector. As a result, the measured PPG signal strength can be higher and more accurate compared to the same PPG device without reflective surfaces. The reflective surfaces can reflect and/or recycle light that is incident upon the reflective surfaces back into the skin for eventual capture of the light by the light detectors. In some examples, the reflective surfaces can be diffuse or specular reflectors and/or can be configured to selectively reflect one or more wavelengths of light. In some examples, the back crystal and/or component mounting plane of the PPG system can be made of the same material as the reflective surfaces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventor: Chin San Han
  • Patent number: 10094902
    Abstract: Systems, methods, and devices are provided to estimate angle of arrival of wireless signals. An electronic device may include two or more antennas that receive a wireless transmission. The wireless transmission includes a first frequency signal at a first frequency and a second frequency signal at a second frequency. The electronic device includes angle of arrival logic that may determine one or more angles of arrival of the wireless transmission to the electronic device using phase difference on arrival based on each of the first and second frequency signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Alejandro J. Marquez, Mohit Narang, Ruben Caballero, Indranil S. Sen, Shang-Te Yang
  • Patent number: 10097924
    Abstract: An electronic device such as a pair of headphones may be provided with left and right speakers for playing audio to a user. Control circuitry in the electronic device may play audio through the speakers in an unreversed configuration in which left channel audio is played through a first of the speakers that is adjacent to a left ear of the user and right channel audio is played through a second of the speakers that is adjacent to a right ear of the user or a reversed configuration in which these channel assignments are reversed. A grip sensor may be used to distinguish between the user's left hand and the user's right hand. A motion sensor may detect movement as the headphones are placed on the user's head or on someone else's head. Control circuitry may use grip information and motion information to determine left and right channel assignments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Jonathan R. Peterson, Daniel D. Sunshine, Jahan C. Minoo
  • Patent number: 10097913
    Abstract: A case for a pair of earbuds includes a housing having cavities to receive the pair of earbuds and charging circuitry that is configured to initiate charging of the pair of earbuds when an earbud detector detects that the earbuds are inserted within the cavities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Rico L. Zörkendörfer, Lee M. Panecki, James L. McPeak, Chandrahas Aralaguppe Chandramohan, Daniel C. Wagman, Zachary C. Rich, Darshan R. Kasar
  • Patent number: 10096284
    Abstract: An electronic device includes a display panel. The display panel includes a number of pixels, each of which includes a driving thin-film-transistor (TFT) and a light-emitting diode. Compensation circuitry external to the display panel applies offset data to pixel data for each pixel of the plurality of pixels before the pixel data is provided to the plurality of pixels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Mohammad B. Vahid Far, Jesse A. Richmond, Yafei Bi
  • Patent number: 10098168
    Abstract: In one set of embodiments, one or more client stations operate to configure Neighbor Awareness Networking (NAN)—direct communication with neighboring client stations, i.e., direct communication between the client stations without utilizing an intermediate access point. Embodiments of the disclosure relate to NAN datapath scheduling and NAN pre-datapath operation setup and scheduling. The NAN datapath embodiments described herein provide a mechanism through which devices can communicate and provide services. Aspects of the datapath development include datapath scheduling, including datapath setup and scheduling attributes, as well as pre-datapath operation triggering and scheduling. Scheduling may include determination of a type of datapath, including paging and synchronized datapaths. NAN data cluster base schedules may be scheduled as equal-sets or subsets of datapath schedules. The datapath model may be implemented for unicast and multicast communication between client stations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Yong Liu, Christiaan A. Hartman, Daniel R. Borges, Peter N. Heerboth, Lawrie Kurian, Su Khiong Yong, Anand Rajagopalan, Saravanan Balasubramaniyan, Tashbeeb Haque, Andreas Wolf, Guoqing Li, Lilach Zukerman, Oren Shani
  • Patent number: 10094675
    Abstract: Some embodiments provide a map application that displays a selectable user interface (UI) item for a transit station, a representation of which, is displayed over a presentation of a portion of a map of an area. Upon selection of the UI item, the map application of some embodiments provides a graphical user interface (GUI) that includes a first set of information about the transit station, and a second set of information about departure schedules of several different transit lines from the transit station.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Usama M. Hajj, Ian Leighton, David Hodge, Cameron Sabol, Marcel van Os
  • Patent number: 10097805
    Abstract: Systems, methods, and computer-readable media to improve multi-image color-refinement operations are disclosed for refining color differences between images in a multi-image camera system with application to disparity estimation. Recognizing that corresponding pixels between two (or more) images of a scene should have not only the same spatial location, but the same color, can be used to improve the spatial alignment of two (or more) such images and the generation of improved disparity maps. After making an initial disparity estimation and using it to align the images, colors in one image may be refined toward that of another image. (The image being color corrected may be either the reference image or the image(s) being registered with the reference image.) Repeating this process in an iterative manner allows improved spatial alignment between the images and the generation of superior disparity maps between the two (or more) images.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventor: Thomas E. Bishop
  • Patent number: 10097180
    Abstract: Embodiments are directed to a dome switch and methods related to the use thereto. In one aspect, an embodiment includes a key cap. The embodiment may further include a domed structure having upper and lower portions. The domed structure may be configured to deform in response to an input force received at the upper portion by the key cap. The embodiment may further include a collar affixed to the lower portion and extending toward the key cap. The collar may resist deformation of the domed surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Alex J. Lehmann, Kenneth M. Silz, Paul X. Wang, Qiliang Xu, Zheng Gao
  • Patent number: 10098237
    Abstract: Electrical components may be mounted on a printed circuit or other substrate. The electrical components may be covered with a conformal coating containing a wavelength-tuned-light-absorption-enhancement additive. The additive may be a dye or other additive that creates a light absorption peak at a given wavelength. To form openings in the conformal coating in alignment with the electrical components without damaging the components, a laser ablation tool may apply laser light at the given wavelength to the conformal coating. Openings may also be formed by placing tape over the components before the con form at coating is applied. The tape may have a color with a light absorption peak at the given wavelength to facilitate the formation of openings without damaging sensitive components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Ferdinand S. Toting, Arpit K. Akkinepalli, Goran S. Diminich, Xiaoyi Zhou
  • Patent number: 10095343
    Abstract: An electronic device detects a change in intensity of an input at a location corresponding to a first user interface element associated with a user-interaction behavior model; generates, with an application-independent software module, output associated with the first user interface element determined in accordance with the change in intensity of the input and the user-interaction behavior model, including a first user-interaction component behavior and a second user-interaction component behavior; detects a change in intensity of an input at a location corresponding to a second user interface element associated with a subset of the user-interaction component behaviors; obtains, from the application-independent software module, an indication of whether the change in intensity of the input has met conditions associated with the first user-interaction component behavior; and updates, based on the indication, an appearance of the second user interface element based on the first user-interaction component behavio
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Sophia Teutschler, Stephen R. Breen, Kenneth L. Kocienda
  • Patent number: 10095287
    Abstract: An electronic device is configured to detect the presence or absence of a case that is positioned over at least one surface of the electronic device. When a case is present, the electronic device is configured to determine one or more characteristics of the case and adjust one or more operations of the electronic device based on at least one characteristic of the case.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Scott A. Myers, Ihtesham H. Chowdhury, Richard Hung Minh Dinh, Benjamin J. Pope, Matthew D. Hill, Dhaval N. Shah, Martin J. Auclair
  • Patent number: 10095332
    Abstract: Systems and methods for improving display image quality on electronic displays are provided. One embodiment of an electronic display includes display pixels that share a common electrode. Each of the display pixels includes a first conductive path electrically coupled between a pixel electrode and a data line, in which the first conductive path only enables the data line to charge the pixel electrode; and a second conductive path electrically coupled between the pixel electrode and the data line in parallel with the first conductive path, in which the second conductive path enables the data line to discharge the pixel electrode such that discharge rate of the pixel electrode is approximately equal to charge rate of the pixel electrode. Additionally, the embodiment includes a touch pixel that detects occurrence and position of a touch on a screen of the electronic display using the first common electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Kasra Omid-Zohoor, Jie Won Ryu, Jiayi Jin, Hyunwoo Nho
  • Patent number: 10095375
    Abstract: An icon can be created for a contact (e.g., an individual(s) or an entity) and presented on a user interface of a mobile device, such as a “home screen.” The icon can be used to retrieve and display contact information. The icon can also be used to invoke one or more applications that are personalized to the contact. The icon can be modified to display information related to the contact. In one aspect, an icon associated with an entity can be temporarily displayed on the mobile device based on the proximity of the mobile device to the entity. The icon can be used to retrieve and display information related to the entity. Additionally, the icon can be removed from the display on the mobile device when the mobile device is no longer within a certain proximity of the entity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventor: Marcel Mwa van Os
  • Patent number: 10094963
    Abstract: An electronic device may be provided with a display. The display may have a display cover layer. The display may have an active area with pixels and an inactive area without pixels. An opaque masking layer such as a layer of black ink may be formed on the underside of the display cover layer in the inactive area. Windows may be formed from openings in the opaque masking layer. Optical components such as infrared-light-based optical components may be aligned with the windows. The windows may include coatings in the openings that block visible light while transmitting infrared light. The window coatings may be formed from polymer layers containing pigments, polymer layers containing dyes that are coated with antireflection layers, thin-film interference filters formed from stacks of thin-film layers, or other coating structures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Marta M. Giachino, Naoto Matsuyuki, Matthew S. Rogers, Xianwei Zhao, Ligang Wang
  • Patent number: D830169
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Jody Akana, Bartley K. Andre, Shota Aoyagi, Anthony Michael Ashcroft, Jeremy Bataillou, Daniel J. Coster, Daniele De Iuliis, M. Evans Hankey, Julian Hoenig, Richard P. Howarth, Jonathan P. Ive, Duncan Robert Kerr, Matthew Dean Rohrbach, Peter Russell-Clarke, Benjamin Andrew Shaffer, Mikael Silvanto, Christopher J. Stringer, Eugene Antony Whang, Rico Zörkendörfer
  • Patent number: D830377
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Imran Chaudhri, Jonathan P. Ive, Tiffany Jon, Woo-Ram Lee, Wan Si Wan, Christopher Wilson, Chun Kin Minor Wong
  • Patent number: D830410
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Gary Butcher, Alan C. Dye, Chance Graham, Jonathan P. Ive