Apple Patents

Apple Inc. designs, manufactures and markets smartphones, tablets and personal computers, including the iPhone, iPad, Mac. It also produces the iPod, Apple Watch and Apple TV, as well as the operating systems and applications that support these devices. The company also sells digital content and applications through its iTunes Store, App Store, Mac App Store, iBooks Store and Apple Music.

Apple Patents by Type

  • Apple Patents Granted: Apple patents that have been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).
  • Apple Patent Applications: Apple patent applications that are pending before the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).
  • Patent number: 10056050
    Abstract: The disclosure describes procedures for dynamically employing a variable refresh rate at an LCD display of a consumer electronic device, such as a laptop computer, a tablet computer, a mobile phone, or a music player device. In some configurations, the consumer electronic device can include a host system portion, having one or more processors and a display system portion, having a timing controller, a buffer circuit, a display driver, and a display panel. The display system can receive image data and image control data from a GPU of the host system, evaluate the received image control data to determine a reduced refresh rate (RRR) for employing at the display panel, and then transition to the RRR, whenever practicable, to conserve power. In some scenarios, the transition to the RRR can be a transition from a LRR of 50 hertz or above to a RRR of 40 hertz or below.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Prasanna Nambi, Jason N. Gomez, Fenghua Zheng, Paolo Sacchetto, Sandro H. Pintz, Taesung Kim, Christopher P. Tann, Marc Albrecht, David W. Lum
  • Patent number: 10055369
    Abstract: Systems, apparatuses, and methods for coalescing interrupts temporally for later processing are described. An interrupt controller in a computing system maintains a timer for tracking an amount of time remaining after receiving an interrupt before a processor is awakened to service the interrupt. For a received interrupt with a latency tolerance greater than a threshold, the interrupt controller compares a value currently stored in the timer and the latency tolerance selected based on class. The smaller value is retained in the timer. When the timer expires, the interrupt controller sends wakeup indications to one or more processors and indications of the waiting interrupts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Charles E. Tucker, Erik P. Machnicki, Fan Wu, John H. Kelm
  • Patent number: 10057927
    Abstract: Apparatus and methods to support emergency services sessions by network elements and by a wireless device are disclosed. The wireless device, when roaming to a visited country/region, queries a network-based server to obtain information for Public Land Mobile Networks (PLMNs) that support emergency services sessions via non-cellular wireless access in the visited country/region. The network-based server responds with a list of PLMNs from which the wireless device selects a PLMN. The wireless device further queries the network-based server to obtain information for evolved Packet Data Gateways (ePDGs) for a selected PLMN and receives from the network-based server a list of Internet Protocol (IP) addresses for ePDGs that support emergency services sessions via non-cellular wireless access for the selected PLMN.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Krisztian Kiss, Rohan C. Malthankar, Rafael L. Rivera-Barreto, Vikram Bhaskara Yerrabommanahalli
  • Patent number: 10056022
    Abstract: Systems, methods, and computer readable media that improve the gamut size for a multi-layer display. Various embodiments receive a color input value indicative of a target display color associated with an input image and determine a color saturation value for the received color input value. Based on the color saturation value, a drive value for a monochromatic modulation panel and a drive value for a color modulation panel may be determined. The various embodiments can then drive the monochromatic and color modulation panel according to the drive values. The monochromatic modulation panel is not modulated until the color modulation panel is driven to full illumination.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Nicolas P. Bonnier, William M. Riedel
  • Patent number: 10055394
    Abstract: Various features and processes related to document collaboration are disclosed. In some implementations, animations are presented when updating a local document display to reflect changes made to the document at a remote device. In some implementations, a user can selectively highlight changes made by collaborators in a document. In some implementations, a user can select an identifier associated with another user to display a portion of a document that includes the other user's cursor location. In some implementations, text in document chat sessions can be automatically converted into hyperlinks which, when selected, cause a document editor to perform an operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Keng Fai Lee, Wang Chiu Chan, Charles J. Migos, M. Frank Emanuel
  • Patent number: 10056443
    Abstract: An electronic device may have a flexible portion that allows the device to be folded. The device may have a flexible display. The flexible display may have edge portions that are joined along a flexible middle portion. The flexible middle portion may overlap a bend axis and may be bent about the bend axis. Flexibility enhancement regions may be formed in a backing layer, polarizer layer, organic-light-emitting display layer, and other display layers to enhance flexibility for the middle portion. The device may have a display with a flexible tail that is bent about a bend axis. Metal trace on the flexible display may include metal trace strips that serve as power lines. Flexibility enhancement regions such as slot-shaped openings or other openings may be formed in the metal trace strips to enhance flexibility.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Terry C. Shyu, Paul S. Drzaic, Zhen Zhang
  • Patent number: 10056695
    Abstract: An electronic device may have wireless circuitry with antennas. An antenna resonating element arm for an antenna may be formed from conductive housing structures running along the edges of a device. The antenna may have a pair of switchable return paths that bridge a slot between the antenna resonating element and an antenna ground. An adjustable component and a feed may be coupled in parallel across the slot. The adjustable component may switch a capacitor into use or out of use and the return paths may be selectively opened and closed to compensate for antenna loading due to the presence of external objects near the electronic device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Enrique Ayala Vazquez, Hongfei Hu, Nanbo Jin, Matthew A. Mow, Liang Han, Ming-Ju Tsai, Erica J. Tong, Erdinc Irci, Salih Yarga, Mattia Pascolini, Benjamin Shane Bustle, Ruben Caballero
  • Patent number: 10056384
    Abstract: A semiconductor device package is described that includes a power consuming device (such as an SOC device). The power consuming device may include one or more current consuming elements. A passive device may be coupled to the power consuming device. The passive device may include a plurality of passive elements formed on a semiconductor substrate. The passive elements may be arranged in an array of structures on the semiconductor substrate. The power consuming device and the passive device may be coupled using one or more terminals. The passive device and power consuming device coupling may be configured in such a way that the power consuming device determines functionally the way the passive device elements will be used.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Jared L. Zerbe, Emerson S. Fang, Jun Zhai, Shawn Searles
  • Patent number: 10056029
    Abstract: Systems, methods, and devices are provided in which photodetectors disposed throughout a display are used to control the display brightness. The photodetectors are to be used for ambient light sensing, proximity sensing, or to compensate for aging OLEDs. In some embodiments, photodiodes are fabricated with OLEDs during the TFT fabrication process. In some embodiments, the photodetectors may be disposed throughout the display in zones containing OLEDs. The photodetectors are used to control the display brightness and color for the OLEDs in areas around each photodetector based on ambient light, aging, and/or nearby objects. A controller makes driving strength adjustments to the OLEDs in each zone independent of other zones. Photodetectors disposed throughout the display may improve proximity sensing and provide additional functionality to the device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Stephen Brian Lynch, Paul Stephen Drzaic, Benjamin Mark Rappoport, Fletcher R. Rothkopf, John Patrick Ternus, Scott A. Myers
  • Patent number: 10054720
    Abstract: A Fresnel lens can be adhered to a window in an optical apparatus by liquid optically clear adhesive (LOCA). However, during adhesion the LOCA may spill over into grooves of the Fresnel lens, and the grooves can carry the LOCA into an active area of the lens potentially causing visual artifacts and altering the functional and cosmetic optical qualities of the lens. In examples of the disclosure, one or more grooves along the circumference of a surface of the lens surrounding inner grooves of the Fresnel lens can form a barrier ring that prevents the LOCA from reaching the inner grooves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Ueyn L. Block, Tobias J. Harrison-Noonan, David Nazzaro
  • Patent number: 10056059
    Abstract: The disclosed embodiments provide a system that drives a first display and a second display with a higher pixel density than the first display from a computer system. During operation, the system provides a set of backing stores for windows in the computer system. Next, the system enables a first set of clients to draw to the backing stores using a virtual coordinate system. Finally, the system uses the backing stores to drive the first and second displays so that a given distance in the virtual coordinate system is substantially the same size on the first and second displays.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventor: Andrew R. Barnes
  • Patent number: 10055046
    Abstract: Described herein are devices, methods and computer readable media that allow a device with a touch-screen to respond to different pressure inputs. For example, while the device displays a plurality of media controls on the touch screen, it detects a gesture at a location corresponding to a respective medial control. In accordance with a determination that the gesture meets first pressure criteria, the device performs a first media operation associated with the respective media control; and in accordance with a determination that the gesture meets second pressure criteria different from the first pressure criteria, the device performs a second media operation associated with a second media control that is different from the first media operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Gerhard Lengeling, Jonathan J. Rubinstein
  • Patent number: 10058016
    Abstract: A compensation coil placed at least partially underneath a magnetic field sensor package in an electronic system provides attenuation of electromagnetic interference (EMI). In an embodiment, the compensation coil attenuates EMI in a frequency band which overlaps with an operating frequency band of the magnetic field sensor. This allows the magnetic field sensor to make accurate magnetic field measurements in the presence of system level alternating current (AC) EMI. In an embodiment, a system comprises: a magnetic field sensor; a compensation coil placed at least partially underneath the magnetic field sensor; and a reverse current generator coupled to the compensation coil and to a power supply that is coupled to an electromagnetic interference (EMI) source, the reverse current generator operable to generate a reverse current in the compensation coil to generate a counter magnetic field for compensating the EMI.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Jian Guo, Sean M. Gordoni
  • Patent number: 10054734
    Abstract: A display may have an array of pixels that display images for a user. The backlight unit may have a light-guide layer. An array of light-emitting diodes may emit light into an edge of the light-guide layer. The light guide layer may overlap a backlight reflector. A quarter wave plate may be interposed between the light guide layer and the backlight reflector. A turning film may be interposed between a lower polarizer in the array of pixels and the light guide layer. The lower polarizer may be a reflective polarizer. Light exiting the upper surface of the turning film may have a dominant polarization. A half wave plate may be used to rotate the dominant polarization into alignment with a pass axis of the reflective polarizer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Yi Huang, Xinyu Zhu, Jun Qi
  • Patent number: 10054985
    Abstract: A multipart computer housing is described. The multipart computer housing includes at least a structural support layer and a body. The body includes at least an outer layer formed of lightweight flexible material and an inner layer attached to the outer layer. The inner layer is connected to the support layer forming a load path between the inner layer and the structural support layer. A load applied to the multipart computer housing is transferred by way of the load path to the support layer without substantially affecting the outer layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: John Raff, Bartley K. Andre, Laura Deforest, John C. DiFonzo, Zheng Gao, Michelle Goldberg, Bradley J. Hamel, Timothy S. Hibbard, Ron Hopkinson, William F. Leggett, Chris Ligtenberg, Gavin J. Reid, Charles A. Schwalbach
  • Patent number: 10056719
    Abstract: An electronic device that includes a plug connector having a tab adapted to be inserted into a receptacle connector of a second device during a mating event, the tab including first and second opposing surfaces and a contact region formed at the first surface of the tab, the contact region including a plurality of contacts spaced apart along a first row, the plurality of contacts including a first contact, a power contact and a ground contact; a computer-readable memory having identification, configuration and authentication information relevant to the electronic device that can be communicated to the second device during a mating event stored therein; circuitry coupled to the first contact and configured to, after a mating event in which the plug connector is inserted into the receptacle connector, participate in a handshaking algorithm that includes receiving a command over the first contact from the second device and sending a response to the command that includes contact configuration information for the
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Albert J. Golko, Eric S. Jol, Mathias W. Schmidt, Jeffrey J. Terlizzi
  • Patent number: 10054927
    Abstract: A manufacturing process for providing an assembly formed of a first piece and a best fitted second piece is described. The manufacturing process is carried out by performing at least the following operations: receiving the first piece characterized in accordance with at least a first attribute, selecting the best fitted second piece from a buffer, the selecting based in part upon a best matching value of a second attribute in relation to the first attribute, replacing the selected best fitted second piece with another second piece such that the number of second pieces in the buffer remains about the same, and forming the assembly the first part and the second part to form the assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Ashley N. Saulsbury, Nicholas I. Reid
  • Patent number: 10055039
    Abstract: Electronic devices may be provided that contain flexible displays that are bent to form displays on multiple surfaces of the devices. Bent flexible displays may be bent to form front side displays and edge displays. Edge displays may be separated from front side displays or from other edge displays using patterned housing members, printed or painted masks, or by selectively activating and inactivating display pixels associated with the flexible display. Edge displays may alternately function as virtual buttons, virtual switches, or informational displays that are supplemental to front side displays. Virtual buttons may include transparent button members, lenses, haptic feedback components, audio feedback components, or other components for providing feedback to a user when virtual buttons are activated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Scott A. Myers, Stephen Brian Lynch, Anthony S. Montevirgen
  • Patent number: 10057939
    Abstract: In some embodiments, a UE is configured to, in response to detecting an absence of received packets associated with a voice call over a first time interval of a pre-determined length, initiate transmission of a first control packet to a base station. In some embodiments, the UE is further configured, based on a response to the first control packet, not to drop the packet-switched voice call at least until expiration of a second time interval of a pre-determined length after transmission of the first control packet. In some embodiments, the absence of received packets is an absence of both voice and silence packets. In some embodiments, based on absence of a response to the first control packet, the UE is configured to drop the packet-switched call.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Prateek Sharma, Sanjay K. Verma, Deepankar Bhattacharjee, Sreevalsan Vallath
  • Publication number: 20180233951
    Abstract: Embodiments describe a wireless power receiving module to receive magnetic flux for wireless power transfer. The wireless power receiving module includes a receiver coil comprising a single length of wire wound into a plurality of turns, an electromagnetic receiver shield coupled to a first side of the receiver coil, a ferrite layer coupled to a second side of the receiver coil opposite of the first side, the ferrite layer positioned to redirect magnetic flux during the charging event to improve charging efficiency, and a thermal mitigation shield comprising a thermally conductive layer adhered to an electrically conductive layer where the electrically conductive layer is coupled to ground, and where the ferrite layer is sandwiched between the thermal mitigation shield and the receiver coil.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 11, 2017
    Publication date: August 16, 2018
    Applicant: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Karl Ruben F. Larsson, Eric S. Jol, Christopher S. Graham, Aaron A. Oro
  • Publication number: 20180234923
    Abstract: An example computer-implemented method includes determining, by an electronic device, that the electronic device has not received a user activity for an interval of time. The method also includes determining, by the electronic device, a contextual state of the electronic device, and adapting, by the electronic device, a sleep delay value based on the determined contextual state of the electronic device. The method also includes determining that the interval of time has exceeded the sleep delay value, and responsive to determining that the interval of time has exceeded the sleep delay value, transitioning, by the electronic device, from a first power state to a second power state, where the first power state is higher or lower than the second power state.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 4, 2018
    Publication date: August 16, 2018
    Applicant: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Gaurav Kapoor, Andrei Dorofeev, Varaprasad V. Lingutla, Cyril de la Cropte de Chanterac
  • Publication number: 20180233867
    Abstract: Connector inserts having retention features with good reliability and holding force. These connector inserts may include ground contacts that provide an insertion portion having a reduced length. These connector inserts may be reliable, have an attractive appearance, and be readily manufactured.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 16, 2018
    Publication date: August 16, 2018
    Applicant: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: George Tziviskos, Paul J. Hack, Samuel W. Yuen, Nathan N. Ng, Zheng Gao, Mahmoud R. Amini, Min Chul Kim, Colin J. Abraham
  • Patent number: 10049675
    Abstract: This is directed to processing voice inputs received by an electronic device. In particular, this is directed to receiving a voice input and identifying the user providing the voice input. The voice input can be processed using a subset of words from a library used to identify the words or phrases of the voice input. The particular subset can be selected such that voice inputs provided by the user are more likely to include words from the subset. The subset of the library can be selected using any suitable approach, including for example based on the user's interests and words that relate to those interests. For example, the subset can include one or more words related to media items selected by the user for storage on the electronic device, names of the user's contacts, applications or processes used by the user, or any other words relating to the user's interactions with the device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventor: Allen P. Haughay
  • Patent number: 10050634
    Abstract: A system includes an oscillator, a frequency divider, and a delay circuit. The oscillator may generate a clock signal using a reference signal. A frequency of the clock signal may be a non-integer multiple of a frequency of the reference signal. The frequency divider may generate a feedback signal using the clock signal and an adjustment factor based on the non-integer multiple. The delay circuit may select a particular delayed feedback signal from a plurality of delayed feedback signals based on a value of the adjustment factor. Each of the delayed feedback signals may be generated using periods of the clock signal. The delay circuit may also modify the particular delayed feedback signal using a portion of a period of the clock signal based on the adjustment factor. The oscillator may also adjust the frequency of the clock signal using the reference signal and the particular delayed feedback signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Feng Zhao, Wei Deng, Dennis M. Fischette, Jr.
  • Patent number: 10051522
    Abstract: Systems and methods for transitioning between networks are disclosed. A multifunction device detects a vehicle network advertisement beacon over a first communication channel. The vehicle network advertisement beacon indicates wireless network capabilities of a wireless networking device hosting a wireless network in a vehicle. Responsive to detecting the vehicle network beacon over the first communication channel, a handoff process for migrating the multifunction device from a first wireless network to the wireless network in the vehicle is performed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Bob Bradley, Daniel De Rocha Rosario
  • Patent number: 10050761
    Abstract: Methods that are performed by a user equipment (UE) and corresponding methods of base stations that allow a UE to determine whether the UE is in a carrier aggregation enabled or disabled state. One exemplary embodiment of a method performed by a UE determines a first artificial value for a first parameter and a second artificial value for a power headroom (PHR) for a secondary component carrier (SCC), the first and second artificial values being substantially low relative to a configuration of the network, generates an artificial report including the first and second artificial values, transmits the artificial report to a primary cell providing a primary component carrier (PCC) and receives an indication that the UE is placed in a carrier aggregation disabled state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Samy Khay-Ibbat, Tarik Tabet, Sarma V. Vangala, Swaminathan Balakrishnan, Rafael L. Rivera-Barreto, Sree Ram Kodali
  • Patent number: 10048819
    Abstract: A touch sensor panel having column traces that can terminate at a short edge of a substrate is disclosed. A flex circuit can have a wide flex circuit portion extending the full width of the short edge that can bond to the bond pads on the top side of the substrate. It can be undesirable to have column traces (e.g., sense lines) and row traces (e.g., drives lines) cross over each other at the bonding area, and it can also be undesirable to have bond pads formed on directly opposing sides of the substrate because such areas can generate unwanted stray mutual capacitance and coupling of signals. Row traces can be routed to the same short edge of the substrate as column traces using wide conductive traces running along the borders of the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Martin Paul Grunthaner, Lili Huang
  • Patent number: 10048802
    Abstract: Various embodiments for detecting and rejecting false, unintended rotations of rotary inputs of electronic devices are disclosed herein. In one example, an electronic device is provided with an optical detector that measures the distance between the electronic device and the wearer's forearm or hand, and when the distance is smaller than a threshold distance, the turns of the rotary input are false, unintended turns. In another example, a crown of a rotary input includes a plurality of capacitive sensors that detects the presence of a wearer's finger, which when absent, the turns of the rotary input are false turns. In another example, deflections or positions of a shaft of the rotary input are measured and if the deflections/positions indicate an upward force on the rotary input (which are likely caused by the wearer's forearm or hand), the turns of the rotary input are false turns. Other embodiments are described herein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Anna-Katrina Shedletsky, Christopher M. Werner, Colin M. Ely, Samuel Weiss
  • Patent number: 10049255
    Abstract: A finger biometric sensing device may include drive circuitry for generating a drive signal and an array of finger biometric sensing pixel electrodes cooperating with the drive circuitry and generating a detected signal based upon placement of a finger adjacent the array. The detected signal may include a drive signal component and a sense signal component superimposed thereon. A gain stage may be coupled to the array and drive signal nulling circuitry may be coupled to the gain stage for reducing the drive signal component from the detected signal. The drive signal nulling circuitry may include a first digital-to-analog converter (DAC) generating an inverted scaled replica of the drive signal for the gain stage. Error compensation circuitry includes a memory storing error compensation data and a second DAC coupled in series with the first DAC compensating an error in the inverted scaled replica based upon the error compensation data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Pavel Mrazek, Giovanni Gozzini, Jean-Marie Bussat
  • Patent number: 10048893
    Abstract: An electronic circuit includes transmit-side circuitry and receive-side circuitry. The transmit-side circuitry belongs to a first domain of the circuit and is configured to transmit a data signal from the first domain to a second domain of the circuit. The receive-side circuitry belongs to the second domain and is configured to receive the transmitted data signal. The receive-side circuitry is configured to transfer to the transmit-side circuitry a read pointer value indicative of a readout position in a buffer memory that buffers the data signal, and to retain the read pointer value in a non-volatile element that is accessible to the transmit-side circuitry.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Mark Goikhman, Tzach Zemer
  • Patent number: 10050368
    Abstract: Contact structures that are readily manufactured, where contacts in the contact structures provide a sufficient normal force while consuming a minimal amount of surface area, depth, and volume in an electronic device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Daniel C. Wagman, Eric S. Jol
  • Patent number: 10045708
    Abstract: A wearable device configured to acquire and process electrocardiographic measurements, detect lead inversion and correct the acquired measurements for lead inversion is provided. In one example, the wearable device can detect lead inversion by first assessing whether the P-wave of a given electrocardiographic measurement has a negative amplitude, and if the P-wave is found to be negative, the device can determine if the magnitude of the R-wave is smaller than the maximum of the magnitudes of the S-wave and the Q-wave. In another example, the device can be put through an enrollment procedure in which electrocardiographic measurements are taken with the device being worn at known locations on the body. Once the enrollment procedure is completed, when the device is being used, any electrocardiographic results obtained can be compared against the measurements taken during the enrollment phase, and the location of the device on the body can be determined.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventor: Sorin V. Dusan
  • Patent number: 10049668
    Abstract: Systems and processes for converting speech-to-text are provided. In one example process, speech input can be received. A sequence of states and arcs of a weighted finite state transducer (WFST) can be traversed. A negating finite state transducer (FST) can be traversed. A virtual FST can be composed using a neural network language model and based on the sequence of states and arcs of the WFST. The one or more virtual states of the virtual FST can be traversed to determine a probability of a candidate word given one or more history candidate words. Text corresponding to the speech input can be determined based on the probability of the candidate word given the one or more history candidate words. An output can be provided based on the text corresponding to the speech input.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Rongqing Huang, Ilya Oparin
  • Patent number: 10048788
    Abstract: Improvement of visual uniformity of an integrated touch screen display is provided. A touch screen can include common electrodes separated by gaps in a Vcom layer. To improve visual non-uniformity in the display resulting from the gaps, a first set of semi-transparent dummy features (primary-dummy features) can be formed on a second layer at the locations of the gaps, and a second set of dummy features (supplementary-dummy features) can also be formed on the second layer or another layer to mitigate low spatial resolution of the primary-dummy features and/or non-uniform spacing of the primary-dummy features. In some examples, holes or slits can be formed in the Vcom layer at areas of the supplementary-dummy features to further improve visual uniformity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Yu Cheng Chen, Abbas Jamshidi-Roudbari, Hiroshi Osawa, Shang-Chih Lin, Shih-Chang Chang, Shin-Hung Yeh, Ting-Kuo Chang, Majid Gharghi, Keitaro Yamashita
  • Patent number: 10051464
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for managing processing of electronic Subscriber Identity Modules (eSIM) data at a mobile device are disclosed. An eSIM management entity of an embedded Universal Integrated Circuit Card (eUICC) in the mobile device obtains an encrypted eSIM package, decrypts the eSIM package to obtain eSIM contents formatted generically and not specifically tailored to requirements of the eUICC. In some embodiments, the eSIM contents are formatted based on an abstract syntax notation (ASN) distinguished encoding rules (DER) format. The eSIM management entity parses the formatted eSIM contents to retrieve individual eSIM components and installs each eSIM component for the eSIM in an eSIM security domain on the eUICC.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Xiangying Yang, Li Li, Arun G. Mathias
  • Patent number: 10051281
    Abstract: A video coder, responsive to detection of a zooming transition in source video, estimates a scale factor and a zooming rectangle for a reference frame, scales content of the reference frame within the zooming rectangle according to the scaling factor, codes content of a new frame of the source video predictively using the scaled reference frame as a basis of prediction, and transmits coded video data obtained from the predictive coding to a decoder along with an indication of the scaling factor and zooming rectangle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Xiaosong Zhou, Hsi-Jung Wu, Chris Y. Chung
  • Patent number: 10051682
    Abstract: This disclosure relates to techniques for scheduling radio resource control connections between a wireless device and a network element of a network in advance. According to some embodiments, a wireless device may provide an indication of one or more types of upcoming data traffic to the network element. The network element may schedule one or more radio resource control connections for the wireless device based at least in part on the indication of one or more types of upcoming data traffic. The network element may provide an indication of the scheduled radio resource control connection(s) to the wireless device. The wireless device and the network may establish the scheduled radio resource control connection at the scheduled time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Sarma V. Vangala, Tarik Tabet, Venkateswara Rao Manepalli, Madhusudan Chaudhary, Faraz Faheem, Syed Aon Mujtaba, Jianxiong Shi, Sreevalsan Vallath
  • Patent number: 10048720
    Abstract: In an embodiment, an integrated circuit such as an SOC (or even a discrete chip system) includes one or more local timebases in various locations. The timebases may be incremented based on a high frequency local clock that may be subject to variation during use due. Periodically, based on a lower frequency clock that is subject to less variation, the local timebases may be synchronized to the correct time, using hardware circuitry. In particular, the correct timebase value for the next synchronization may be transmitted to each local timebase, and the control circuit for the local timebase may be configured to saturate the local timebase at the correct value if the local timebase reaches the correct value before the synchronization occurs. Similarly, if the synchronization occurs and the local timebase has not reached the correct value, the control circuit may be configured to load the correct timebase value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Shu-Yi Yu, Erik P. Machnicki, Gilbert H. Herbeck, Kiran B. Kattel, Manu Gulati
  • Patent number: 10049206
    Abstract: Improved techniques to control utilization of accessory devices with electronic devices are disclosed. The improved techniques can use cryptographic approaches to authenticate electronic devices, namely, electronic devices that interconnect and communicate with one another. One aspect pertains to techniques for authenticating an electronic device, such as an accessory device. Another aspect pertains to provisioning software features (e.g., functions) by or for an electronic device (e.g., a host device). Different electronic devices can, for example, be provisioned differently depending on different degrees or levels of authentication, or depending on manufacturer or product basis. Still another aspect pertains to using an accessory (or adapter) to convert a peripheral device (e.g., USB device) into a host device (e.g., USB host). The improved techniques are particularly well suited for electronic devices, such as media devices, that can receive accessory devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Jonathan J. Rubinstein, Anthony M. Fadell, Jesse Lee Dorogusker, Mitchell D. Adler, John Wesley Archibald
  • Patent number: 10048721
    Abstract: A portable computing device is disclosed. The portable computing device can take many forms such as a laptop computer, a tablet computer, and so on. The portable computing device can include at least a single piece housing. The single piece housing including a plurality of steps. The plurality of mounting steps are formed by at least removing a preselected amount of housing material at predetermined locations on the interior surface. At least some of the mounting steps are used to mount at least some of the plurality of internal operating components housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Stephen R. McClure, Joshua D. Banko, Kevin D. Gibbs, Benjamin M. Rappoport, John P. Ternus
  • Patent number: 10049427
    Abstract: Systems and methods for improving operation of an electronic device that includes a processing pipeline. The processing pipeline includes a prediction block that determines prediction residuals based on difference between uncompressed image data corresponding with a pixel tile and prediction of a first pixel group in the pixel tile and difference between the uncompressed image data and prediction of a second pixel group in the pixel tile, a run encode block that replaces a first of the prediction residuals with an escape value and a second of the prediction residuals with a run length value when a run starting in the first pixel group and continuing into the second pixel group is detected, and an entropy encode block that generates compressed image data corresponding with the pixel tile by entropy encoding a third of the prediction residuals, the escape value, and the run length value when the run is detected.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventor: Stephan Lachowsky
  • Patent number: 10048775
    Abstract: A touch input device configured to detect stylus signals generated by an external stylus is provided. The touch input device includes a plurality of stylus signal detectors that can receive the stylus signal and estimate the start and end time of the stylus signal in order to facilitate windowed demodulation of signal. The touch input device also includes circuitry to determine which of the plurality of detectors is most likely to have received the stylus signal and based on that determination can demodulate the signal and extract data embedded within the stylus signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Shahrooz Shahparnia, John Greer Elias
  • Patent number: 10049538
    Abstract: An electronic device may include a device housing and a haptic actuator carried by the device housing and that includes a haptic actuator housing and a field member movable within the haptic actuator housing. The electronic device may also include a motion sensor carried by the device housing to sense motion of the field member, an audio sensor carried by the device housing to sense audio noise from the haptic actuator, and a controller coupled to the haptic actuator, the motion sensor, and the audio sensor. The controller may be configured to drive the haptic actuator based upon sensed motion of the field member and audio noise from the haptic actuator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Denis G. Chen, Shingo Yoneoka, Riccardo Tarelli, Hari Vasudevan, Domenico Geria, Mi Hye Shin
  • Patent number: 10048716
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for distributing power in an integrated circuit (IC) is disclosed. The IC includes at least one electrically conductive bump coupled to a true voltage node. Power may be distributed to the IC from an external power source coupled to the bump. The integrated circuit further includes a virtual voltage node. A power switch may be implemented, with the power switch being located directly beneath the bump. A first vertical connector may couple one portion of the power switch to the bump, while a second vertical conductor may couple another portion of the switch to the virtual voltage node.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventor: Shingo Suzuki
  • Patent number: 10051417
    Abstract: Methods, systems, and computer-readable media for forming and tracking a location-sharing group are disclosed. The location-sharing group can be performed ad hoc without the assistance of a central server. A geofence can be defined that encloses the current locations of the participating devices in the location-sharing group. The geographic location of the location-sharing group as a whole can be tracked and provided to the participating devices in the location-sharing group. Group-level location-sharing can be enabled. Departure of a participating device from the location-sharing group can be detected based on the current location and the coverage radius of each device in the location-sharing group. Entry of points of interest into the geofence of the location-sharing group can be detected and notified to the participating devices in the location-sharing group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventor: Hooman Borghei
  • Patent number: 10048163
    Abstract: Optical apparatus includes a diffractive optical element (DOE), which includes multiple optical surfaces, including at least an entrance surface and an exit surface, and a side surface, which is not parallel to the optical surfaces of the DOE. A grating is formed on at least one of the optical surfaces so as to receive radiation entering the DOE via the entrance surface and to diffract the radiation into a predefined pattern comprising multiple diffraction orders that exit the DOE via the exit surface. An optical detector is positioned in proximity to the side surface so as to receive and sense an intensity of a high order of the radiation diffracted from the grating that passes through the side surface of the DOE.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: Alon Yasovsky, Benny Pesach
  • Patent number: D825552
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Bartley K. Andre, Daniel J. Coster, Daniele De Iuliis, M. Evans Hankey, Richard P. Howarth, Jonathan P. Ive, Steven P. Jobs, Duncan Robert Kerr, Shin Nishibori, Matthew Dean Rohrbach, Peter Russell-Clarke, Douglas B. Satzger, Christopher J. Stringer, Eugene Antony Whang, Rico Zörkendörfer
  • Patent number: D825556
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Jody Akana, Molly Anderson, Bartley K. Andre, Shota Aoyagi, Anthony Michael Ashcroft, Marine C. Bataille, Jeremy Bataillou, Daniele De Iuliis, Markus Diebel, M. Evans Hankey, Julian Hoenig, Richard P. Howarth, Jonathan P. Ive, Julian Jaede, Duncan Robert Kerr, Peter Russell-Clarke, Benjamin Andrew Shaffer, Mikael Silvanto, Christopher J. Stringer, Joe Sung Ho Tan, Clement Tissandier, Eugene Antony Whang, Rico Zörkendörfer
  • Patent number: D826231
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Jody Akana, Molly Anderson, Bartley K. Andre, Shota Aoyagi, Anthony Michael Ashcroft, Jeremy Bataillou, Daniel J. Coster, Daniele De Iuliis, M. Evans Hankey, Julian Hoenig, Richard P. Howarth, Jonathan P. Ive, Duncan Robert Kerr, Matthew Dean Rohrbach, Peter Russell-Clarke, Benjamin Andrew Shaffer, Mikael Silvanto, Christopher J. Stringer, Eugene Antony Whang, Rico Zörkendörfer
  • Patent number: D826241
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Christopher Foss, Jonathan P. Ive, Matthew Dean Rohrbach